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Newsletter September 2012


Frankfurter Buchmesse logo Frankfurt Book Fair 2012 and
Tools of Change Conference

This year’s Frankfurt Book Fair is now only three weeks away. EDItEUR will once again be very active at the Tools of Change conference on the eve of the fair, and during the Book Fair itself. Book now for EDItEUR’s Supply Chain Track within Tools of Change – save €120 (plus 19% VAT) on the normal registration fee using the promo code “TOC12Partner20Editeur”. A full 5-day trade pass for the Fair is included too.

Full details of the EDItEUR conference programme, and of other EDItEUR events are in the Forthcoming Events section, and there are updates from the relevant sectors of our work throughout this newsletter. We hope to see as many of our Members and colleagues in Frankfurt as possible!

The International ISBN Agency’s 2012 Annual General Meeting

On Monday 10 and Tuesday 11 September, the International ISBN Agency held its 40th Annual General Meeting which was hosted by the National Book Chamber in Chisinau, Moldova. The Book Chamber operates the national ISBN Agency in Moldova. Although the International ISBN Agency is also involved in regionally oriented events at other times of the year, the AGM is the main opportunity open to all national ISBN agencies to meet and discuss the latest developments in the Standard and in other related identifiers. This year's meeting was again well-attended, with about 65 delegates representing around 40 national ISBN agencies from across the world participating, and with European agencies in particular being well-represented. A number of national agencies participated for the first time, such as Philippines and Oman and some agencies (including Cyprus and Syria) who had not been able to attend a meeting for a number of years were represented. Delegates from other, closely-related ISO identifier standards such as ISSN, ISTC, ISNI and ISMN also attended the meeting.

Following the formal aspects of the AGM, among the important topics discussed during the plenary meeting were market developments, particularly with regard to the progress of the identification of digital publications in a number of countries (with special focus on Moldova, Spain, France, Italy, Germany, US) and the role of the ISBN in today’s book trade supply chain. With the upcoming ISO systematic review of the Standard, the meeting also looked at some of the critical factors that national agencies need to consider during that process. The International ISBN Agency is very grateful to the National Book Chamber of Moldova for hosting such a wonderful event. Next year, the meeting will be hosted by Bowker in New York and we hope to encourage yet wider participation, particularly from national ISBN Agencies based in Latin America.

ISBN Agency’s 2012 Annual General Meeting

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ONIX for Books

Codelists Issue 18 released

Issue 18 of the ONIX for Books codelists was released in mid-August.

Highlights of this issue are:

Issue 19 is in preparation, and the very short list of suggested new codes has been circulated to ONIX National Groups for comments. It is expected that issue 19 will be released at the end of October.

Enhanced schema for ONIX

ONIX implementers benefit from a range of tools to check the correctness of ONIX XML messages. The ONIX DTD, or the XSD and RNG schemas can be used to ‘validate’ an ONIX message. The DTD checks only the syntactic structure of the XML – are the right tags used, in the right order, and are they nested properly? The XSD and RNG schema files validate the structure, but also check some of the data content – is this code taken from the right codelist, is that number an integer, is that text too long? But the checks an XSD or RNG schema can implement are limited, and the ONIX schemas deliberately don’t even do all they could – they don’t enforce maximum lengths on text data, for example, since the standard merely recommends maximum lengths.

Schematron is a type of rule-based enhanced schema that can check the deeper structure of an ONIX file. It can validate the check digit of an ISBN algorithmically, or check co-occurence constraints. There are many of these in ONIX – where data in one element affects the validity of another, for example, an e-book cannot have physical measurements in <Measure>, or if an identifier for a contributor is proprietary (eg a publisher’s own internal author number), it must be accompanied by an <IDTypeName> element.

And as well as flagging such errors, it can produce warnings – for example if a text element like a short description is too long, or if the ONIX does not follow some particular best practice. Here’s a simplified snippet that implements the rule about requiring an <IDTypeName> and guidance that IDTypeName should be no longer than 50 characters:

<rule context="//onix:Contributor/onix:NameIdentifier">
    <assert role="error" test="onix:NameIDType != '01' or onix:IDTypeName">A proprietary contributor identifier (NameIDType = 01) requires a name for the identifier type in IDTypeName</assert>
    <assert role="error" test="onix:NameIDType = '01' or not(onix:IDTypeName)">IDTypeName should only be used with proprietary identifiers (NameIDType = 01)</assert>
    <report role="warn" test="string-length(onix:IDTypeName) gt 50">IDTypeName is longer than the maximum recommended length of 50 characters</report>

A full Schematron validation tool for ONIX 3.0 is in preparation: the first (incomplete) version will be released on the EDItEUR website before the Frankfurt Book Fair. It’s not a tool for everyone, but for developers who use XML software tools like oXygen or XML Spy, it will provide a way of evaluating ONIX messages in an automated way.

ONIX training in London

BIC is repeating its popular Bibliographic metadata and ONIX: practical guidance and best practice training course on 23 November in London. This is an in-depth, full-day session led by Graham Bell of EDItEUR. The course is equally suitable for those who are new to metadata management and ONIX, and for those who’ve been using ONIX for a decade. Register at http://bit.ly/NBNfrn (EDItEUR members can save £100 by registering at the ‘BIC members’ rate).

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EDItX implementation news

With revenue from ebooks now increasingly important to publishers and their supply chain partners, there have been moves in several countries to standardise the way that ebook sales are reported through the supply chain, and the EDItX Sales Report Version 1.1 standard is proving to be what is needed.

In Germany publishers, intermediaries and retailers have recently agreed a sales reporting specification derived from the EDItX standard. The specification is available (in German only) from http://bit.ly/PSq3p0.

Since its publication just over a year ago, in parallel with the EDItX standard of which it is a subset, the Book Industry Study Group (BISG) sales reporting standard has been implemented by a number of major publishers and other key players in North America. BISG has just announced plans to review the standard and make revisions to reflect how reporting requirements have evolved over the past year. EDItEUR members in North America who would like to participate in this review or find out more about the BISG sales reporting standard are encouraged to contact Len Vlahos (len@bisg.org) or Karen Forster (karen@bisg.org) at BISG.

In North America and in the UK there are signs of interest in extending the usefulness of the sales report format to enable its use for reporting revenue streams from sources other than conventional ebook sales. Both Book Industry Communication (BIC) in the UK and BISG are looking into whether the existing format could usefully be extended to enable its use in reporting revenue streams such as subscriptions and rentals. Contact Karen Forster at BISG or Karina Luke (karina@bic.org.uk) at BIC for further information.

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News from ICEDIS: serials, subscriptions & library supply

ICEDIS Meeting at Frankfurt

Many of you have already advised us that you will be attending the ICEDIS Meeting in Frankfurt on Monday 8 October, just ahead of the Book Fair. We have a full and diverse agenda planned, including updates on the projects being developed in three ICEDIS Working Groups, a review of implementations achieved or planned, and a prioritization exercise to confirm our approach for 2013 and beyond.

Mini breakout sessions proved really popular at our last few meetings, so we will again be looking to tap into the expertise of ICEDIS members attending. Suggested breakout topics this time include possible impacts of Open Access on the daily business of our member organizations, increasing focus on communicating metadata to Knowledge Bases and ILS Systems, and how to manage increasingly diverse product ranges in the absence of generally agreed Product Identifiers.

If you would like to join us for the ICEDIS Meeting and haven’t already been in touch, please drop us a line at info@editeur.org and/or come along to the Hotel Bristol, Ludwigstrasse 15, 60327 Frankfurt for a 14:00 start on 8 October: you will be most welcome!

A new Co-Chair for ICEDIS

One important piece of business at the ICEDIS Meeting will be the election of a new Co-Chair of the Committee, to replace Ramon Schrama of Swets who will be standing down after seven years in the post. We will be thanking Ramon for his excellent contributions and dedicated guidance of ICEDIS over such a long period, as well as welcoming a newcomer to the "hot seat"! The other Co-Chair of ICEDIS – Keith Whiter of Elsevier – will continue in office.

Structured Name & Address Model

A very active ICEDIS Working Group has made significant progress over the past year in developing a standardized model to communicate structured names, addresses and party identifiers. The model is expressed in XML and draws on many concepts and data elements familiar from the ONIX range of standards. We have now reached a point where the draft model seems sufficiently robust that we can publish an overview description on the EDItEUR website – both to communicate the work to date and to invite wider suggestions and critique. We are delighted to report that this model is now available and can be found on the EDItEUR website at http://bit.ly/PzlJsT.

Legacy standards and changing business needs

Recently there have been several suggestions to look again at some of the legacy standards that EDItEUR maintains, notably the ICEDIS fixed-format standards and some EDIFACT standards used for serials. Quite naturally, some of these formats have been overtaken by the emergence of business models that didn’t exist when the formats were designed. But there are clearly trade-offs to be struck when considering whether or not to amend established standards that have been so widely implemented. We will debate the pros and cons of these suggestions during the Frankfurt ICEDIS Meeting and try to decide upon the most effective way forward.

Working Group updates

In addition to the Structured Name & Address model (see above), other Groups have been collaborating to develop a standard for New Subscription Orders and to devise best-practice recommendations for minimizing the pain associated with Price/Payment Reconciliation. Representatives of both of these groups will be reporting back on progress and asking for guidance from the ICEDIS Committee on how best to bring the projects to completion.

The New Order work has a particular significance, since it both speaks to a clearly defined business need and represents essentially a prototype for future message development in the subscription transaction area. Working drafts of both the New Order message and the Price/Payment Reconciliation best practice recommendations will be published during the next month.

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Other Major Projects

Enabling Technologies Framework

Graham Bell attended part of the annual IFLA World Library and Information Congress (http://bit.ly/OErhFF) in Helsinki in August, and presented to IFLA’s Libraries Serving Persons with Print Disabilities section on how new e-book formats like EPUB 3 and improved metadata coverage of accessibility options can help make ordinary, commercial e-books suitable for blind, partially-sighted or otherwise print-disabled readers.

At the Frankfurt Book Fair there will again be an Accessibility Seminar on the Wednesday. This year the seminar is entitled "A New Market: accessible ebooks in mainstream channels" and further details can be found in our Forthcoming Events section.

Version 3.0 of Accessible Publishing: Best practice Guidelines for Publishers is now available via the EDItEUR website in English and other language editions are currently being updated. Please continue to send your updates and suggestions to sarah@editeur.org for further and amendments.

Work also continues on the training modules for publishers and we are about to publish our second module Accessible Formats which will give a half hour overview of the degrees of accessibility available within the variety of formats that publishers are working with. These resources complement the accessible publishing guidelines and are being developed in collaboration with colleagues from JISC TechDis. They provide an interactive desktop training session which all publishers can access, free of charge. See http://bit.ly/MxTDdg for further information.

Linked Heritage

As part of the Linked Heritage project (http://bit.ly/NKMicv) EDItEUR and its project partners have produced a comprehensive mapping of ONIX for Books 3.0.1 to the LIDO cultural heritage metadata schema (http://bit.ly/L8A0sg), implemented in XSLT. This should allow publishers to contribute book data to the European Commission’s flagship heritage portal, Europeana (http://bit.ly/PM6JKc) where, alongside relevant museum, library and art gallery objects, the books will appear in search results, with a Web link to allow browsing to the publisher’s site for purchase.

The ONIX for Books mapping is the central result in a report on the interoperability of commercial product data with the heritage sector’s standard data models, also taking in film and TV data (EIDR and ISAN standards), photos (IPTC and XMP) and recorded music (DDex). The report builds on EDItEUR’s first deliverable for Linked Heritage, a best-practice report surveying the commercial standards (available at http://bit.ly/S5Ec3P), and contains detailed recommendations for pushing forward semantic interoperability across the media sectors and between commercial creative industries and memory institutions.

EDItEUR member MVB has worked on a similar ONIX 2.1 to LIDO mapping.

Michael Hopwood and Graham Bell will attend a workshop in Paris this month to help evaluate software for representing controlled vocabularies such as ONIX codelists in SKOS (http://bit.ly/PGCnoX).

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Forthcoming Events

Digital Publishing Forum: Online Copyright Infringement: a winning battle?

26 September 2012, 16:00 to 18:00
Darwin Building B15, Biochemistry Lecture Theatre, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT

In the early years of the transition from the physical marketplace to today’s physical-plus-digital world, online copyright infringement ripped a hole in the revenues of many creative sectors. In recent years, however, thanks to a combination of policy developments and strong and attractive legal offerings, the creators have been fighting back.

This seminar will look at the policy and commercial choices facing a range of British creative sectors as they have learned to deal with, and begun to overcome, the challenges posed by online copyright infringement. It will also discuss the extent to which publishing needs to engage with the main policy tools, such as the Digital Economy Act. The website for this Digital Publishing Forum can be found at http://bit.ly/S5EO9A.

ICEDIS Committee Meeting

8 October 2012, 14:00 to 17:00
Manhattan Room, Bristol Hotel, Ludwigstrasse 15, 60327 Frankfurt am Main, Germany

As indicated in the ICEDIS section of this newsletter, ICEDIS will once again be hosting a meeting in Frankfurt in advance of the 2012 Book Fair. The meeting, which is open to EDItEUR and ICEDIS members, or by invitation, will report on Price/Payment Reconciliation, New Orders, Structured Addresses and others. If you would like to attend, please e-mail info@editeur.org.

Tools of Change Conference, featuring EDItEUR’s Supply Chain Track

9 October 2012, 08:30 to 18:00
Frankfurt Marriott Hotel, Hamburger Allee 2, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Tools of Change Frankfurt returns for a fourth year on Tuesday 9 October, gathering the best and brightest in the global publishing and technology community for a full day of intriguing keynotes, sessions, and networking.

And EDItEUR’s Supply Chain Track returns as an integral part of Tools of Change. The programme is stronger than ever, focusing on the operational issues facing all parts of the global book and e-book supply chains, as publishers, distributors and retailers struggle with rapid business change and the challenge of connecting with the internet-enabled customer.

The Supply Chain Track begins after the Tools of Change keynote presentations. There will be six sessions on the following topics:

The Supply Chain Track is presented by EDItEUR in association with its members l’Associazione Italiana Editori (AIE), Book Industry Communication (BIC), Book Industry Study Group (BISG) and Marketing- und Verlagsservice des Buchhandels (MVB).

More than 30 other Tools of Change sessions will cover not only the latest debates on e-book standards, pricing, metadata, and supply chain innovations, but will also feature cutting edge presentations from visionary speakers on topics including digital authoring and design tools, trends and forecasts in e-commerce and shifts in business models and modes of delivery.

Register for Tools of Change and EDItEUR’s Supply Chain Track at http://bit.ly/NfdPXz – cost is €479 using the promo code “TOC12Partner20Editeur”, instead of the normal €599 (all prices +19% VAT). This gives access to the whole TOC conference, and a full 5-day trade pass for the Fair is included.

Our event flyer, available at http://bit.ly/UnQQdI provides further information.

Frankfurt Book Fair

10–14 October 2012
Messe Frankfurt GmbH, Ludwig-Erhard-Anlage 1, 60327 Frankfurt am Main, Germany

The 2012 Frankfurter Bookmesse will take place beginning Wednesday 10 October 2012. EDItEUR will, as usual, be hosting several meetings ahead of the Book Fair including the ICEDIS Meeting (8 October), the Accessibility Seminar, the ONIX for Books International Steering Committee and the EDItEUR Open meeting for Members (all 10 October.) Full details for these meetings are available in their own listing; the Book Fair’s website can be found at http://bit.ly/UchZ4N.

A New Market: accessible ebooks in mainstream channels

10 October 2012, 10:00 to 12:00
Room Europa 1, Hall 4.0, Messe Frankfurt GmbH, Ludwig-Erhard-Anlage 1, 60327 Frankfurt am Main, Germany

This will be a practical and informative two hour session at the Frankfurt Book Fair about the advances in accessibility publishing. There are full details at the website http://bit.ly/S5GqjJ. It will be jointly hosted by EDItEUR and by Libri Italiani Accessibili (LIA). Confirmed speakers include:

ONIX for Books International Steering Committee

10 October 2012, 13:30 to 15:00
Room Europa 1, Hall 4.0, Messe Frankfurt GmbH, Ludwig-Erhard-Anlage 1, 60327 Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Frankfurt Book Fair will host the next meeting of the ONIX for Books International Steering Committee, held in the usual slot on the Wednesday of the Book Fair.

EDItEUR Members Open Meeting

10 October 2012, 15:30 to 17:00
Room Europa 1, Hall 4.0, Messe Frankfurt GmbH, Ludwig-Erhard-Anlage 1, 60327 Frankfurt am Main, Germany

The next EDItEUR Members Open Meeting will take place at the 2012 Frankfurt Book Fair; it’s open to all EDItEUR members. As usual, this meeting provides members with an opportunity to learn more about EDItEUR’s current work and to provide feedback on new areas of work.

UKSG Conference - Rethinking collections: approaches, business models, experiences

15 November 2012, 19:00 to 17:00
Rutherford Theatre, 76 Portland Place, London, W1B 1NT

This one-day UKSG conference will look at how different parties in the scholarly information chain are addressing changing concepts of the collection. It will help inform approaches and suggest ways forward. Details of the programme can be found on the UKSG website at http://bit.ly/RsuJUB.

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New Members


Capita is a leading library management software provider in the UK. Capita’s software solutions are designed to promote and support effective library services through customisable and innovative applications ensuring performance optimisation of efficient, progressive libraries. Their website can be found at www.capita.co.uk.

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For further details, contact

Mark Bide, Executive Director
United House Tel: +44 (0) 20 7503 6418
North Road Mobile: +44 (0) 7785 306267
London N7 9DP Email: mark@editeur.org

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