NotationCategory headingAddMod
AThe Arts
Use all A* codes for: specialist and general adult titles, including both highly illustrated and more text based works. For a hobby or recreational approach, prefer a WF* code as the main subject and supplement with A* code(s) where appropriate. Use all A* codes with: other subject categories and qualifiers as appropriate, in particular STYLE 6*, plus PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers
1.4
ABThe arts: general issues
ABATheory of art
QDTN Philosophy: aesthetics
ABCConservation, restoration and care of artworks
ABKForgery, falsification and theft of artworks
ABQArt: financial aspects
Class here: art sales and auctioneering, funding, patronage and sponsorship
AFThe Arts: art forms
Use for: works on the fine, visual and applied arts. Use all AF* codes with: the relevant AG* code(s), AGA for History of art and artworks, AGZ for specialist works about technique, and STYLE Qualifiers 6* as appropriate. Prefer: WF* codes as the main subject for more amateur, hobby or recreational approaches
1.4
AFCPaintings and painting
Class here: painting or paintings in general, or in any medium with no more specific category below. Use all AFC* codes for: works about a painting or paintings, by individuals or groups, including the history of particular paintings, or a particular style of painting. Use with: STYLE 6* Qualifiers as appropriate. Use with: AGA for History of artworks, AGB for monographs of painters, AGZ for specialist works about technique, etc. Prefer: WF* codes as the main subject for more amateur, hobby or recreational approaches
1.4
AFCCPaintings and painting in watercolours or pastels
Class here: gouache
1.4
AFCLPaintings and painting in oils
AFCMMurals and wall paintings
Class here: trompe l’oeil, frescos, ceiling paintings, muralism, marouflage
1.31.4
AFCPPaintings and painting in ink
Class here: ink wash
1.4
AFFDrawing and drawings
Class here: sketches. Use all AFF* codes for: works about a drawing or drawings, by individual artists or groups, including the history of particular drawings, or a particular style or technique of drawing. Use with: STYLE 6* Qualifiers as appropriate. Use with: AGA for History of artworks, AGB for monographs of artists, AGZ for specialist works about technique. Prefer: WF* codes as the main subject for more amateur, hobby or recreational approaches
1.4
AFFCDrawing and drawings in pencil, charcoal, crayon or pastel
Class here: graphite, chalk, conté
1.4
AFFKDrawing and drawings in pen or brush and ink1.4
AFHPrints and printmaking
Class here: etchings, silk screens, screenprints, woodcuts, lithographs, line engravings, aquatints, dry point, mezzotints, monotypes, woodblocks
1.4
AFJOther graphic or visual art forms
Class here: collage; photomontage. Use for: general works or art forms that do not have a specific code in AFC*, AFF* or AFH*
1.4
AFJYBody art and tattoos
Class here: body piercing, body painting as art. Use with: AFKP for performance art
1.4
AFKNon-graphic and electronic art forms
Use for: general works on non-graphic forms of art, or art using forms not listed below, including newer forms of media
1.4
AFKBSculpture
Class here: statues, figurines, monumental sculpture. Use for: works about three-dimensional art made in any material, and for works about the art form, or associated traditions and techniques
1.4
AFKCCarvings, masks, reliefs
Class here: petroglyphs, small-scale and monumental carvings. Use for: both the technique and works about specific carved objects or carved designs in any material
1.4
AFKGPrecious metal, precious stones and jewellery: artworks and design
Class here: gold and silversmithing, Fabergé, etc
WFJ Jewellery and beadcrafts, WCP Antiques, vintage and collectables: jewellery, WCR Antiques, vintage and collectables: gold, silver and other metals (other than jewellery), WFP Decorative metalwork
AFKNInstallation art
Class here: land art, site-specific art, environmental art
1.4
AFKPPerformance art
AFKVDigital, video and new media arts
Class here: computer, electronic, holographic, virtual, cyborg, interactive, internet, generative, telematic, sound and evolutionary arts
UG* Graphical and digital media applications
1.4
AFPCeramics, mosaic and glass: artworks
Class here: pottery (including porcelain, earthenware, stoneware, bisque), stained glass, tiles or enamelwork as artworks
WFN Pottery, ceramics and glass crafts
1.4
AFTDecorative arts
Class here: ornament, decorative details, faux painting or finishing, decorative metalwork and other decorative arts. Use for: works that look at the subject from a fine arts or history of art perspective, or aimed at a more professional, technical or skilled audience
WF* Handicrafts, decorative arts and crafts
1.4
AFWTextile artworks
Class here: carpets, kilims, rugs, quilts, tapestries and other textiles as art
AKT Fashion and textile design, WFB* Needlework and fabric crafts, WFF Rug and carpetmaking, WFG Spinning and weaving
1.4
AGThe Arts: treatments and subjects
Use for: works on the fine, visual and applied arts. Use all AG* codes with: the relevant AB*, AF*, AG*, AJ* code(s) and also STYLE 6*, PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
AGAHistory of art
Use with: other Arts codes A* and also STYLE 6*, PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
AGBIndividual artists, art monographs
Use for: works on both individual artists and ateliers or workshops that produced under a single artist’s name
1.4
AGCExhibition catalogues and specific collections
Use for: publications that are linked to a temporary exhibition or the catalogues of permanent collections such as art galleries, museums or individual collectors. Use with: other A* codes to indicate Art form and a PLACE 1* Qualifiers if it is the catalogue of a permanent location such as a specific gallery or museum
WTHM Travel guides: museums, historic sites, galleries etc, GLZ Museology and heritage studies
1.4
AGHHuman figures depicted in art
Class here: figure painting or drawing, illustrations of human anatomy for artists, anatomical drawing, or any art that depicts the human or parts of the human body. Use with: AGZ for techniques of drawing
1.4
AGHFPortraits and self-portraiture in art1.3
AGHNNudes depicted in art
AGHXErotic art
Use with: Qualifier 5X as appropriate
AJCX Erotic and nude photography
AGKSmall-scale, secular and domestic scenes in art
Class here: ‘genre’ subjects, everyday scenes and events in art
1.3
AGNNature in art
Use for: any depiction of nature in any artistic form or tradition. Use with: AKLB for illustration, or PS* for art that has or was originally for, a scientific purpose
1.4
AGNAAnimals in art
Class here: animal painters, wildlife art, birds, insects, fish in art. Use for: any depiction of fauna in any artistic form or tradition. Use with: AKLB for illustration, or PS* for art that has or was originally for, a scientific purpose
1.31.4
AGNBBotanical art
Class here: botanical illustration. Use for: flowers or plants depicted in any art form or tradition. Use with: PST for botanical art that has a scientific purpose
1.4
AGNLLandscapes / seascapes1.3
AGNSStill life
Class here: vanitas. Use for: depictions of small scale scenes of mostly inanimate objects both natural and man-made
1.3
AGPMan-made objects depicted in art
Class here: buildings, cityscapes, machines, transport etc, depicted in any art form or tradition
1.4
AGRReligious and ceremonial art
Class here: sacred or ritual art, icons. Use with: QR* codes to denote a particular religion as appropriate
1.4
AGTPublic art
Use for: works on art in any media that were planned and executed with the intention of being staged in the public realm, often outside and accessible to all, either permanent or temporary, and which may be specially commissioned for a site or unofficial or unauthorised
1.4
AGTSUrban arts
Class here: guerrilla art, graffiti art, flyposting, sticker art, yarn bombing, street installations, urban styles etc. Use for: works about visual or applied art forms in urban areas, inspired by urban lifestyles or environment and in the public space
1.4
AGZThe Arts: techniques and principles
Use for: textbooks, advanced level and specialised works on techniques, perspective etc. Use with: appropriate AF* or AK* codes to indicate the art form, for example AFF for drawing techniques. Prefer: WF* codes as the main subject for more amateur, hobby or recreational approaches
WFA Painting, drawing and art manuals
1.4
AGZCColours and colour theory
Class here: colour science in art. Use with: P* or T* codes for more scientific or technical works
1.4
AJPhotography and photographs
AJCPhotographs: collections
Use for: works that are or are about collections or curated selections of photos usually with a common theme or principle or representing the collection of a museum, gallery, agency or collector. Use with: AG* codes for specific treatments or subjects or other codes indicating the theme as appropriate
WQP Places in old photographs
1.3
AJCDIndividual photographers
Class here: photographic monographs
1.4
AJCPPhotography: portraits and self-portraiture
Use for: works that present an individual or individuals and groups through photos, including selfies and individual models, as well as works on portrait photography. Use with: AJTF for works on the practical techniques of portrait photography
1.11.4
AJCXErotic and nude photography
Use with: Qualifier 5X as appropriate
AGHX Erotic art
AJFPhotojournalism and documentary photography
Class here: photographic reportage, social documentary and street photography, event and celebrity photography
DNP Reportage, journalism or collected columns
1.4
AJTPhotographic equipment and techniques: general
Class here: cameras, lenses, lighting, film, flash, darkroom techniques and photo processing, retouching and digital manipulation, principles of colour, composition, black and white etc
UGP Photo and image editing
1.4
AJTACamera-specific manuals
Use for: any publication about a specific camera type or brand
1.4
AJTFPhotography: subject-specific techniques and principles
Class here: aerial, drone, studio, street, landscape, nature and wildlife, portrait, underwater photography, micro- and astrophotography techniques and guides. Use for: works on composition etc
1.4
AJTHDigital photography1.4
AJTVVideo photography / videography
AFKV Digital, video and new media arts, ATFX Filmmaking and production: technical and background skills, ATJX Television production: technical and background skills
1.3
AKDesign, Industrial and commercial arts, illustration
Use all AK* codes for: works that look at the subject from a fine arts or history of art perspective, or aimed at a professional, technical or skilled audience. Use with: STYLE 6*, PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate. Prefer: WF* codes as the main subject for more amateur, hobby or recreational approaches
1.4
AKBIndividual designers or design groups
Class here: design agencies, brands, companies, firms or houses as well as named individuals. Use with: other subject codes to indicate what field of design as appropriate, e.g. AKT for fashion designers, plus AKX for historical approaches
1.4
AKCGraphic design
AKDTypography and lettering
Class here: typefaces, font design and fonts, sign painting, shufa, shodo, khatt and other forms of calligraphy as an art
WFU Calligraphy and hand-lettering
1.4
AKHBook design and Bookbinding
Class here: cover design, fine binding, paper marbling, etc as arts. Use for: works on the arts of designing and creating books
WFT Book and paper crafts, AKLB Illustration, KNTP1 Publishing and book trade
1.4
AKHMManuscripts and illumination
Class here: miniatures, illuminated or painted manuscripts, scrolls and codices
1.31.4
AKLIllustration and commercial art
AKLBIllustration
Class here: book illustrations and information graphics as an art. Use for: works on illustration as an art form as well as illustration, both contemporary and historical, used for scientific, technical, narrative and other purposes
AFF Drawing and drawings
1.4
AKLCComic book and cartoon artwork
Use all AKLC* codes with: X* subject codes to indicate the form of the comic book involved, with AGZ for specialist works about the techniques of drawing comic book art or characters, with AKX for histories of comic book art. Prefer: WF* codes as the main subject for more amateur, hobby or recreational approaches or UGL for more technical digital illustration
AFF Drawing and drawings
1.4
AKLC1Graphic novel and Manga artwork
Use with: X* subject codes to indicate the form of the artwork involved
XA* Graphic novel and Comic book: types, XR* Graphic novel and comic books: guides and reviews, AFF Drawing and drawings
1.2
AKLFComputer game art
Use for: works on artistic aspects of game design, artwork, graphics etc
UGG Computer games design
1.1
AKLPPoster art
AKPProduct design
Class here: universal or accessible design for products, Industrial design. Use for: works about product design in general, including associated trade or brand names, about design of an individual product or types of products, about functionality and safety, sustainable design of products etc
TBD Technical design, UGC Computer-aided design (CAD)
1.4
AKRFurniture design
AKTFashion and textile design
Use for: fashion styles and trends in fashion design, general and reference works, works about specific items of clothing, illustrated works about fashion etc. Use all AKT* codes with: AKB for individual fashion designers, with AKX for history of fashion, plus STYLE 6*, PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate, with AJC* for photographic collections or fashion photography, with AGZ for practical techniques for fashion students and designers. Prefer: WJF as the main subject code for works aimed at a general audience about how to dress, guides to looking stylish, practical tips etc
TDPF* Textiles and fibres, KNDD Apparel, garment and textile industries, KNSX Fashion and beauty industries, WJF Fashion and style guides
1.3
AKTFFashion and textile design: accessories
Class here: millinery, cordwainer, glove making, fashion and style in bags, hats, shoes and other accessories . Use for: works, usually illustrated, that look at aspects of the design, or the aesthetics of different accessories in fashion or costume
1.4
AKTRNational or regional costume
Class here: folk, ethnic and traditional costume. Use for: works that look at costumes of the past as well as contemporary costume. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers codes as appropriate
1.31.4
AKXHistory of design
Use with: other AK* and also STYLE 6*, PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
AMArchitecture
Use all AM* codes with: STYLE 6*, PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
AMATheory of architecture
AMBIndividual architects and architectural firms
Class here: architectural monographs
1.4
AMCArchitectural structure and design
Class here: architectural drawings, sections, elevations, architectural renderings, floor plans. Use for: works that look at the subject from an architectural perspective. Use with: STYLE 6* Qualifiers as appropriate. Prefer: TN* codes for works that look at the technical nature of building and construction
TN* Civil engineering, surveying and building
1.4
AMCDArchitectural details, components and motifs
Use for: works that examine the individual elements of a building or structure, e.g. windows, doors, roof design, ornamentation etc
1.3
AMCMMaterials in architecture
Use for: works, often highly illustrated, that look at structures specifically from the point of view of the materials they are made from, such as concrete, brick, steel, glass, wood etc. Prefer: TN* codes for more technical, structural engineering approaches
TN* Civil engineering, surveying and building
1.4
AMCREnvironmentally-friendly (‘green’) architecture and design
Class here: low-impact, sustainable and energy-efficient or energy-neutral architecture, building and interior design and technologies, arcology, green buildings, ecodesign and environmental design, biophilic and biomimetic architecture
1.4
AMDArchitecture: professional practice
AMGArchitecture: public, commercial and industrial buildings
Class here: agricultural, industrial, commercial and civic buildings, concert halls, arenas, stadia, memorials and monuments, hospitals, lighthouses, libraries, museums, galleries, exhibition spaces, stations, airports, hotels, spas, factories, warehouses, offices, shops, stores etc. Use for: works on buildings which have a primary function other than residential or domestic, and which are usually accessible to large groups of people. Use with: AMR as appropriate
JWT Military institutions, WTHM Travel guides: museums, historic sites, galleries etc
1.4
AMKArchitecture: residential and domestic buildings
Class here: private homes, houses, apartments, flats, lofts, cottages, villas. Use for: works on house design, or about residential dwellings, both contemporary and historical, that can either be purpose built or converted structures. Use with: AMR interior design as appropriate
WJK Interior design, decor and style guides, AMR Architecture: interior design
1.4
AMKHArchitecture: small-scale domestic buildings
Class here: works on cabins, huts, sheds, tree houses, follies, tiny houses, summerhouses, outhouses, boathouses etc. Use for: works about smaller domestic, but not necessarily residential, buildings and structures, often connected with leisure, holidays, recreation or pleasure
1.21.4
AMKLArchitecture: castles and fortifications
AMKSArchitecture: palaces, stately homes and mansions1.2
AMNArchitecture: religious buildings
Class here: architectural aspects of abbeys, cathedrals, churches, mosques, synagogues, temples and other religious buildings or structures
1.4
AMRArchitecture: interior design
Use for: works that look at the subject as a decorative art, often presented in well illustrated editions and aimed at a more professional or skilled audience, including studies of interior architecture and design, lighting design, residential, commercial or other interior design specialisations. Use with: AKB for individual interior designers. Prefer: WJK as a main subject code for more amateur and domestic approaches
WJK Interior design, decor and style guides
1.4
AMVLandscape architecture and design
WMD Garden design and planning
1.3
AMVDCity and town planning: architectural aspects
RPC Urban and municipal planning and policy
AMXHistory of architecture
Use with: STYLE 6*, PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
ATPerforming arts
Use all AT* codes with: STYLE 6*, PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
ATCIndividual actors and performers
Class here: media personalities, presenters. Use with: relevant AT* code to indicate whether specifically theatre, film, TV, radio etc
DNBF* Biography: arts and entertainment
1.3
ATDTheatre studies
DD* Plays, playscripts
ATDCActing techniques
Class here: monologues, audition material, etc
ATDFTheatre direction and production
ATDHTheatre: technical and background skills
Class here: stagecraft, wardrobe and makeup, lighting, scenery, etc
ATDSTheatre management
ATFFilms, cinema
Use all ATF* codes for: performing arts aspects only, both for the traditional big screen and made-for-TV movies or for long-form films made for new media, including streaming, on demand or other services (but excluding episodic presentations)
KNTC Film, TV and Radio industries
1.4
ATFAFilm history, theory or criticism
Use for: works on national cinemas, history or critiques of individual films, film studios, movie franchises
1.4
ATFBIndividual film directors, film-makers
ATFDFilm scripts and screenplays
ATFGFilm guides and reviews
ATFNFilm: styles and genres
Use for: works about specific styles or genres of cinema. Use with: ATM* codes or other ATF* codes to describe the specific style or genre of film, as appropriate
ATM* Film, television, radio and performing arts genres
1.4
ATFRDocumentary films
Use for: works on short or long form documentaries, for documentary film making for the big and small screen, works on scripted, largely factual programming
1.4
ATFVAnimated films and animation
Use for: works about animated films or shorts. Use with: AGZ for techniques of animation
UGN Digital animation
1.4
ATFV1Anime
Use for: Japanese style animated films
AKLC1 Graphic novel and Manga artwork
1.3
ATFXFilmmaking and production: technical and background skills
Class here: cinematography, editing, lighting, scenery, costume, special effects, artwork and design, makeup and hair, props, casting
CBVS Screenwriting techniques, UG* Graphical and digital media applications
1.4
ATJTelevision
Use all ATJ* codes for: performing arts aspects only, both for traditional television or for new media, including streaming, on demand or other forms of consuming small screen entertainment (including episodic presentations)
KNTC Film, TV and Radio industries
1.4
ATJDTelevision screenplays, scripts and performances
WHG TV tie-in humour
1.2
ATJSTelevision: styles and genres
Class here: works on series, soap operas, plays for TV, situation comedies, made for TV shows etc both live-action and animated, fiction and non-fiction, dramas, reality shows, documentaries, news and current affairs etc. Use for: works about any particular genre or style of television or small screen entertainment. Use with: ATM* codes or other AT* codes to describe the specific style or genre, as appropriate
ATM* Film, television, radio and performing arts genres
1.4
ATJXTelevision production: technical and background skills
Class here: television camerawork, editing, lighting, scenery, costume, special effects, art and design, makeup and hair, props, casting
1.4
ATLRadio / podcasts
Use all ATL* codes for: performing arts aspects only, both for traditional radio or for new media, including streaming, on demand or other forms of consuming audio content
KNT Media, entertainment, information and communication industries
1.4
ATLDRadio plays, scripts and performances1.2
ATMFilm, television, radio and performing arts genres
Use for: the performing arts aspects of these genres only. Use with: other AT* codes to indicate that a work is about a particular genre of film, tv show, stage production etc. Prefer: F* codes for fictionalised works in particular genres, including tie-ins
ATJS Television: styles and genres, ATFN Film: styles and genres
1.4
ATMBFilm, television, radio genres: Action, adventure, crime and thrillers
Class here: works about martial arts, disaster, mysteries, suspense, gangster, heist, spy, espionage, westerns, action-based war films, shows, programmes or series
1.4
ATMCFilm, television, radio genres: Comedy and humour
Use for: works about humour-based films, shows, programmes or series
1.4
ATMFFilm, television, radio genres: Drama
Use for: works about films, shows, programmes or series
1.4
ATMHFilm, television, radio genres: Historical
Class here: period drama, peplums, historical biographies, historical epic films, samurai cinema etc. Use for: works on films, shows, programmes or series where the historical period is one of the most important aspects
1.4
ATMNFilm, television, radio genres: Science fiction, fantasy and horror1.4
ATMPFilm, television, radio genres: superhero and comic book inspired
Use for: works about films, shows, programmes or series inspired by comic book characters or stories
1.4
ATNInternet and digital media: arts and performance
Class here: all aspects of Internet as media channel, especially for material that originates online; internet celebrities, bloggers and blogging, vloggers, podcasts etc
UD* Digital Lifestyle and online world: consumer and user guides, KNTV Computer and video game industry, KNTX Information technology industries
1.2
ATQDance
Use for: general works on techniques, studies, reference etc. Use with: JBC* for cultural studies aspects or academic works as appropriate. Use all ATQ* codes with: STYLE 6* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
ATQCChoreography
ATQLBallet
ATQRBallroom dancing
Class here: Latin dance
1.3
ATQTContemporary dance
ATQVDancers / choreographers
Class here: dance troupes, dance groups, companies
1.3
ATQZFolk dancing
ATXOther performing arts
Class here: mime, noh, street theatre, variety shows, music hall, cabaret, juggling, ventriloquism etc
1.3
ATXCCircus and circus skills
Class here: clowns, funambulism, acrobatics
ATXZ Animal spectacles, performing animals
1.3
ATXDComedy and stand-up
Class here: Improvisational comedy, impressionists, alternative comedy, sketch comedy, comedians
1.3
ATXFConjuring and magic
Class here: illusions, prestidigitation, card tricks, magicians as performers
QRYX2 Magic, alchemy and hermetic thought, VXWM Magic, spells and alchemy
1.3
ATXMPuppetry, miniature and toy theatre
ATXPPageants, parades, festivals
ATXZAnimal spectacles, performing animals
ATXZ1Bullfighting
ATYHistory of Performing Arts
Use with: other AT* codes as appropriate
1.4
ATZFilm, television, radio and performing arts: companion works
Use for: non-fiction, companion works to TV series, films, shows, franchises, etc. These are typically uncritical, such as a compendium of characters, a guide to the making of, or art of a series. Use with: other AT* codes as appropriate. Prefer: FYV or FZ for tie-in versions of novels, novelisations or novels inspired by a particular film, series, show or franchise
FYV Fiction: inspired by or adapted from, FZ Fiction companions, YFZZ Children’s / Teenage fiction: Companion works
1.4
AVMusic
Use all AV* codes with: STYLE 6* Qualifiers to indicate the specific style or genre of music, PLACE 1* Qualifiers if specific to a particular region and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers if historical
1.4
AVATheory of music and musicology
AVCMusic reviews and criticism
AVDDiscographies and buyer’s guides
AVLMusic: styles and genres1.4
AVLAArt music, orchestral and formal music
AVLCChoral music
AVLFOpera
Class here: comic opera, operetta, Opéra comique, sainete, Singspiel, Zarzuela
1.4
AVLKSacred and religious music
Class here: spirituals, hymns. Use for: works on music associated with, or used in, sacred rituals or religious observance. Use with: QR* codes as appropriate
1.4
AVLMMusic of film and stage
Class here: works on musicals, film scores, musical theatre
1.11.4
AVLPPopular music
Class here: Jazz, Rock, Pop, Soul, Rap, Latin, Blues, Easy listening, Country, Reggae music and all their associated variations. Use for: all forms of popular music, as distinct from art music and traditional music. Use with: STYLE 6* Qualifiers to indicate the style or genre of popular music
1.4
AVLTTraditional and folk music
Use for: works about songs and tunes which have often been performed, by custom, over a long period (usually several generations). They are most often folk songs, country dance or similar types of music, often associated with the folklore, traditions or cultural heritage of a region. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
AVLWOther global and regional music styles
Class here: ‘World music’, worldbeat, global or world fusion. Use for: works about music that is a blend of two or more different styles or cultural traditions or works about music that do not fit into one of the other music categories. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
AVLXElectronic music
Use for: works on all forms of music produced using electronic musical instruments, digital instruments or circuitry-based music technology
AVRS Electronic musical instruments
1.4
AVMHistory of music
Use with: STYLE 6*, PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
AVNComposers and songwriters
AVPMusicians, singers, bands and groups
Class here: conductors, orchestras and other musical or singing ensembles or individuals
1.4
AVQMusical scores, lyrics and libretti
Class here: sheet music. Use with: AVR* codes to indicate if the music is for a particular type of instrument
1.4
AVQSSongbooks
Class here: songs for easy piano, guitar, etc
AVRMusical instruments
AVRGKeyboard instruments
Class here: Harpsichord, Organ
1.4
AVRG1Piano1.2
AVRJPercussion instruments
Class here: Drums
1.4
AVRLString instruments
AVRL1Guitar
AVRL2Plucked instruments
Class here: Harp
1.4
AVRL3Violin1.2
AVRNWind instruments
Class here: brass instruments such as trumpet, trombone, cornet, reed instruments such as oboe or saxophone, and woodwind instruments such as recorder, flute, clarinet
1.4
AVRQMechanical musical instruments
AVRSElectronic musical instruments
AVLX Electronic music
AVSTechniques of music / music tutorials / teaching of music
Class here: learning an instrument; self study tutorials and books for or about the teaching of music, the techniques of conducting
1.4
AVSASinging: techniques
Class here: learning to sing, the voice as a musical instrument
1.4
AVSDMusic composition
Class here: orchestration, musical arrangement, transposition, songwriting
1.4
AVXMusic recording and reproduction
Use for: works about the recording and reproduction of music and sound, both general works and practical approaches. For more technical works use with or prefer the appropriate codes from T* or U*
KNT Media, entertainment, information and communication industries, TTA Acoustic and sound engineering, UDM Digital music and audio: consumer / user guides, UGM Digital music: professional
1.4
CLanguage and Linguistics
Use all C* codes for: specialist and general adult titles. DO NOT USE: code ‘C’ itself, but select specific categories from section C*. Use all C* codes with: other subject categories and qualifiers where appropriate, in particular LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers plus PLACE 1*, TIME 3* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers
1.4
CBLanguage: reference and general
Use all CB* codes with: LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers as appropriate
CBDDictionaries
Class here: Glossaries. Use with: LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
CBDXBilingual and multilingual dictionaries
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
CBFThesauri
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
CBGUsage and grammar guides
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
CBPSpeaking in public: advice and guides
Use for: general guides to public speaking, example speeches and quotes, preparing or giving presentations. Use with: WJW for wedding and best man speeches or with KJP for business presentations
1.4
CBVCreative writing and creative writing guides
CBVSScreenwriting techniques
CBWWriting and editing guides
Class here: general guides as well as journalist style guides, technical writing, letter writing guides, etc
1.3
CBXLanguage: history and general works
Use for: more general or popular works on language. Prefer: CF* for more scientific or academic studies
1.4
CFLinguistics
Class here: the scientific study of language, philology. Use for: more academic and specialist works
1.4
CFAPhilosophy of language
GTD Semiotics / semiology
CFBSociolinguistics
CFCLiteracy
JNF Educational strategies and policy, VSL Adult literacy guides and handbooks
CFDPsycholinguistics and cognitive linguistics
Class here: neurolinguistics, psychology of language
1.4
CFDCLanguage acquisition
CFDMBilingualism and multilingualism
CFFHistorical and comparative linguistics
Class here: etymology, language family studies
CBX Language: history and general works
CFFDDialect, slang and jargon
Use with: CB* codes for dictionaries etc as well as PLACE 1* and LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers as appropriate
WHL Slang and dialect humour
1.4
CFGSemantics, discourse analysis, stylistics
Class here: pragmatics, lexicology, rhetoric
CFHPhonetics, phonology
CFKGrammar, syntax and morphology
CFLPalaeography
Class here: study of writing and writing systems
1.2
CFLAWriting systems, alphabets
CFMLexicography
CFPTranslation and interpretation
Class here: hermeneutics
CFXComputational and corpus linguistics1.3
CFZSign languages, Braille and other linguistic communication
CJLanguage teaching and learning
Use all CJ* codes for: all material for or about teaching or learning of a language or languages. Use with: LANGUAGE 2* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate. Use with: JN* codes for different aspects of language education. Prefer: YPC* or YRD* codes for language material aimed at children or teenagers
YPC* Educational: Language, literature and literacy, 4LE* For ELT / ESL learning, courses, examinations and certificates, 4LZ* For specific language learning, courses, examinations and certificates other than ELT / ESL
1.4
CJALanguage teaching theory and methods
CJABLanguage teaching and learning: first or native languages
Use for: all material for or about the teaching or learning of a first language or languages
YPCA Educational: First / native language
1.4
CJADLanguage teaching and learning: second or additional languages
Use for: all material for or about the teaching or learning of, or in, an additional language or languages
YPCK Educational: Modern (non-native or second) languages, 4L* For language learning courses and examinations, 4TP Content and language integrated learning (CLIL), 4TQ For Intercultural bilingual education (IBE)
1.4
CJBLanguage teaching and learning material and coursework
CJBGLanguage learning: grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation
Class here: verbs, nouns, adjectives, conjunctions, phrasal verbs, tenses, idioms etc
1.4
CJBRLanguage readers
Use for: purpose-written or simplified versions of texts written for language learners. These are usually graded by language level and breadth of vocabulary. Use with: LANGUAGE 2* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate and other secondary subject codes to indicate what subject or genre they are, for example with F* codes for fiction
1.4
CJBTLanguage self-study
Use for: language learning material designed for self-learning. Use with: LANGUAGE 2* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate, for example 4L
WTK Language phrasebooks
1.3
CJCLanguage learning: specific skills
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
CJCKLanguage learning: speaking skills
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
CJCLLanguage learning: listening skills
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
CJCRLanguage learning: reading skills
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
CJCWLanguage learning: writing skills
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
CJPLanguage learning for specific purposes
Use with: other secondary subject codes to indicate specific purpose or type of language and LANGUAGE 2* & EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
CJPDLanguage learning for business, professional and vocational
Use with: other secondary subject codes, as appropriate, to give specific purpose and indicate type of language, for example with KJ* for Business, and LANGUAGE 2* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
CJPGLanguage learning for academic, technical and scientific purposes
Use with: other secondary subject codes, as appropriate, to give specific purpose and indicate type of language, for example with P* for science and LANGUAGE 2* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
DBiography, Literature and Literary studies
Use all D* codes for: specialist and general adult titles. DO NOT USE: code ‘D’ itself, but select specific categories from section D*. Use all D* codes with: other subject categories and qualifiers where appropriate, in particular STYLE 6*, PLACE 1*, LANGUAGE 2* or TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers
1.4
DBAncient, classical and medieval texts
Class here: texts from the European Renaissance. Use all DB* codes for: texts, including annotated versions, written in an early, ancient or classical language or an old or archaic form of a modern language, and not typically readable by a modern non-academic reader. For works that could be read by a modern reader (e.g. modern translations of these texts or texts originally written in an understandable form of a contemporary language) prefer the relevant subject code, for example from F* for fiction or DC* for poetry, DD* for plays, N* for History, QD* for Philosophy, etc as the main subject, if used with DB* codes
1.4
DBSAncient Sagas and epics
Use for: the texts of classical or medieval sagas and epics, in the original language, an annotated version or a modern translation. Prefer: DC* plus 6EH for more recent Epic poetry
FT Generational sagas, FN Traditional stories, myths and fairy tales
1.11.4
DBSGAncient Greek and Roman literature
Use for: the texts of classical epics, prose, verse or plays, including versions of traditional myths and legends, written by Classical Greek, Hellenic or Latin authors, in the original language, an annotated version or a modern translation
QRSG Ancient Greek religion and mythology, QRSL Roman religion and mythology
1.11.4
DBSNIcelandic and Old Norse sagas
Use for: the texts of Icelandic and Old Norse sagas in the original language, an annotated version or a modern translation
QRSW Norse religion and mythology
1.11.3
DCPoetry
Use all DC* codes with: STYLE 6* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
DCAClassic and pre-20th century poetry
Use with: DCF or DCQ and DB* as appropriate
1.4
DCCModern and contemporary poetry (c 1900 onwards)
Use with: DCF or DCQ or DCR* as appropriate
1.4
DCFPoetry by individual poets
Use with: DCA or DCC or DCR* as appropriate
1.4
DCQPoetry anthologies (various poets)
Class here: anthologies of poems by genre or by tradition. Use with: DCA or DCC or DCR* as appropriate; PLACE 1* Qualifiers only to indicate national context where significant, e.g. an anthology of the poetry of Australia or the poetry of Mexico; TIME PERIOD 3* qualifiers for an anthology of a specific period; LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers only with poetry anthologies where the language of the poems is a key part of the content, e.g. an anthology of Anglo-Saxon poetry in both Anglo-Saxon and a modern translation, meant to be used for improving understanding of Anglo-Saxon
DNT Anthologies: general
1.4
DCRPoetry by form
Use for: collections of poetry by single or multiple poets, where the form is one of the major aspects for classification or search. Use all DCR* codes with: other DC* or DB* codes as appropriate
1.4
DCRBPoetry by form: Haiku
Class here: Senryu, Haikai
1.4
DCRCPoetry by form: Tanka
Class here: Kyoka, Waka
1.4
DCRGPoetry by form: Ghazal1.4
DCRHPoetry by form: Calligram1.4
DCRLPoetry by form: Limerick1.4
DCRSPoetry by form: Sonnet1.4
DDPlays, playscripts
Use all DD* codes with: PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3*, STYLE 6* Qualifiers where these aspects are particularly pertinent and significant; appropriate codes, including FX* codes, may be added after DD* codes to indicate specific central themes or topics in drama and theatre. DO NOT USE: Qualifiers to indicate when or where the work was published
ATFD Film scripts and screenplays, ATJD Television screenplays, scripts and performances, ATLD Radio plays, scripts and performances
1.4
DDAClassic and pre-20th century plays
DDCModern and contemporary plays (c 1900 onwards)
DDLComedic plays
Class here: farce, entremés. Use for: different traditions of comedic theatre
1.21.4
DDTTragic plays
Class here: tragedies, revenge tragedy
1.21.3
DDVMonologues / Duologues1.4
DNBiography and non-fiction prose
Class here: life-writing. Use all DN* codes with: another specific subject code where possible, e.g. SFH “Golf” with DNBS
FC Biographical fiction
1.4
DNBBiography: general
DNBAAutobiography: general
DNBBBiography: business and industry
DNBB1Autobiography: business and industry
DNBFBiography: arts and entertainment1.4
DNBF1Autobiography: arts and entertainment1.4
DNBHBiography: historical, political and military
DNBH1Autobiography: historical, political and military
DNBLBiography: writers
Class here: literary biography, biographies of novelists, poets, playwrights, journalists etc
1.4
DNBL1Autobiography: writers
Class here: literary autobiography, autobiographies of novelists, poets, playwrights, journalists etc
1.4
DNBMBiography: philosophy and social sciences1.2
DNBM1Autobiography: philosophy and social sciences1.2
DNBPBiography: adventurers and explorers1.3
DNBP1Autobiography: adventurers and explorers1.3
DNBRBiography: royalty
DNBR1Autobiography: royalty
DNBSBiography: sport
DNBS1Autobiography: sport
DNBTBiography: science, technology and medicine
DNBT1Autobiography: science, technology and medicine
DNBXBiography: religious and spiritual
DNBX1Autobiography: religious and spiritual
DNBZCollected biographies
Use for: biographies of several people in single volume. Use with: appropriate DNB* code indicating area where possible
GBCB Dictionaries of biography
DNCMemoirs
Use for: Memoirs are typically less structured and less encompassing than entire autobiographies, and are often about part of a life (e.g. childhood, a politician’s time in office) rather than one’s whole life. Use with: an autobiography code from the DNB* sequence above to indicate area where possible
DNDDiaries, letters and journals
Use for: works where diary or journal entries, or letters, are collected, including collected correspondence between more than one person, rather than the work being written specifically as an autobiography or memoir. Use with: an autobiography code from the DNB* sequence above to indicate area where appropriate
1.4
DNGAnimal life stories
Class here: biographies of specific animals, such as performing animals, racehorses, rescue animals etc
1.3
DNLLiterary essays
Use for: essays or causeries on literary subjects; classify essays on a specific subject, e.g. philosophy, economics, with a code from and within that subject
1.3
DNPReportage, journalism or collected columns
Class here: interviews. Use for: works that are usually written in a journalistic style and that were either previously published in a news medium or published as original works. Use with: other appropriate subject codes to indicate the particular subject, for example with JP* codes for political or KC* codes for economic reportage or use on its own for more general works
WTL* Travel writing, AJF Photojournalism and documentary photography
1.4
DNSSpeeches
Use for: collections of transcribed speeches. Use with: other code indicating subject where appropriate
QRVH Sermons
DNTAnthologies: general
Use for: all anthologies except poetry anthologies. Use with: other code indicating subject or literary form where appropriate
DCQ Poetry anthologies (various poets)
DNXTrue stories: general
Use all DNX* codes for: for popular accounts of actual events written in a narrative or journalistic style
1.4
DNXCTrue crime
Use with: JKV* or other codes as appropriate
1.3
DNXC3True crime: serial killers and murderers1.3
DNXHTrue stories of discovery
Use for: discovery of a historical or scientific nature
1.2
DNXMTrue war and combat stories
DNXPTrue stories of heroism, endurance and survival
Use for: primarily physical ordeals arising from misadventure, conflict, disasters etc
DNXR True stories of survival of abuse and injustice
1.2
DNXRTrue stories of survival of abuse and injustice
Class here: ‘misery memoirs’. Use for: physical or emotional ordeals arising from deliberate mistreatment, miscarriages of justice, victims of crime, etc. Prefer: DNXC for objective or criminal’s view of criminal activity
DNXC True crime, DNXP True stories of heroism, endurance and survival
1.21.3
DNXZErotic confessions and true stories
DSLiterature: history and criticism
Use all DS* codes with: LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers to indicate the language of the literature in question and PLACE 1* Qualifiers to indicate the location of a literary tradition for a work of literary criticism or national or regional context where significant, e.g. work about the Literature in English of Australia or the Literature in Spanish of Mexico, but DO NOT USE for an actual work (e.g. a novel) from that tradition, or where it was published. Use TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers to give greater precision to studies of a period
1.4
DSALiterary theory
DSBLiterary studies: general
DSBBLiterary studies: ancient, classical and medieval1.1
DSBCLiterary studies: c 1400 to c 1600
DSBDLiterary studies: c 1600 to c 1800
DSBFLiterary studies: c 1800 to c 1900
DSBHLiterary studies: c 1900 to c 2000
DSBH5Literary studies: postcolonial literature1.4
DSBJLiterary studies: from c 2000
DSCLiterary studies: poetry and poets
Use for: critical books on poetry or individual poets and also for general books that talk about poems or poetry, including the appreciation of poetry
1.4
DSGLiterary studies: plays and playwrights
DSKLiterary studies: fiction, novelists and prose writers
DSMComparative literature1.2
DSRLiterary reference works
DSRCLiterary companions, book reviews and guides
FZ Fiction companions, XR* Graphic novel and comic books: guides and reviews
DSYChildren’s and teenage literature studies: general
DSYCChildren’s and teenage book reviews and guides
FFiction and Related items
DO NOT USE: code ‘F’ itself, but select specific categories from section F*. Use all F* codes with: other subject categories and qualifiers where appropriate, in particular PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers where these aspects are particularly pertinent and significant. N.B. F* codes maybe used with appropriate non-fiction categories to indicate key settings or topics of the narrative, but for all adult fiction the primary category must be an F* code. FX* codes may be used to indicate a strong underlying theme. Also use with 5H*, 5J*, 5L* or 5P* qualifiers when these represent a significant topic or part of the appeal of the narrative. FY* codes may be used to indicate special features of a fiction title
1.4
FBFiction: general and literary
Use for: works of literary and general non-genre fiction where either the date is unknown or where neither ‘classic’ nor ‘contemporary are applicable. Use all FB* codes with: FX* or FY* codes to give greater detail about themes or features where applicable. FB* codes may be used as the main code with genre fiction codes where a literary novel is also considered to be a significant example of the genre. Prefer: FBA or FBC wherever appropriate, and prefer a genre fiction code as the main subject when this is more appropriate
1.4
FBAModern and contemporary fiction
Use for: works of literary and non-genre fiction first published in the last few decades
1.4
FBAN‘Street’ fiction
Class here: urban fiction. Use for: stories, usually set in urban, inner-city enclaves, that are often dark, focusing on the underside of city life
1.3
FBCClassic fiction
Class here: works of literary and general non-genre fiction widely regarded or presented as ‘classic’ and typically but not necessarily published and in print for several decades. Prefer: ‘classic’ headings for genre fiction where available
DBS* Ancient Sagas and epics, FFC Classic crime and mystery fiction, FLC Classic science fiction
1.4
FCBiographical fiction
Class here: fictional life writing, autobiographical stories, autofiction. Use for: highly fictionalised accounts of the lives of real people (including fictionalised autobiographies) or where an author is using events or experiences from their own life as an integral part of the narrative or story. Use with: FV as appropriate
DN* Biography and non-fiction prose
1.11.4
FDSpeculative fiction
FDBDystopian and utopian fiction
Use for: any fiction set in an ideal, dysfunctional or degraded society. Use with: FL* or other F* codes as appropriate
1.1
FDKAlternative history fiction
Use for: any fiction, apart from Fantasy or SF, set in an imagined world that might have emerged had key historical events happened differently e.g. outcome of WW2
FDMAfrofuturism / Black Speculative fiction
Use with: FL* for Black Science Fiction, or FK* or FM* codes as appropriate
1.4
FFCrime and mystery fiction
FFCClassic crime and mystery fiction
Use for: works of crime fiction widely regarded or presented as ‘classic’ and typically, but not necessarily, published and in print for several decades
1.4
FFDCrime and mystery: private investigator / amateur detectives
Use for: stories where the main investigator is not an official police or judicial investigator
1.3
FFHHistorical crime and mysteries
Use for: contemporary mysteries set in past times, e.g. in Victorian, Medieval, Roman period. Use with: PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3 * Qualifiers to indicate setting as appropriate
1.3
FFJCrime and mystery: cosy mystery
Use for: mysteries set in rural or traditional communities featuring minimal violence and typically amateur sleuths
FFKComic (humorous) crime and mystery
FFLCrime and mystery: hard-boiled crime, noir fiction
FFPCrime and mystery: police procedural
Class here: police and forensic investigation, judicial or detective investigators
1.3
FFSCrime and mystery: women sleuths
FGSports fiction
Use with: S* codes to indicate specific sport featured
1.1
FHThriller / suspense fiction
FHDEspionage and spy thriller
FHKTechnothriller
Use for: thrillers incorporating scientific, technological (including computing), medical, etc elements as important parts of the narrative
1.1
FHPPolitical / legal thriller
FHQEsoteric thriller
Use for: thrillers featuring traditions of ancient, secret or esoteric knowledge, such as Holy Grail, etc
FHXPsychological thriller
FJAdventure fiction
Use for: works that primarily emphasise physical, and sometimes violent, action, that often have a sense of danger and are meant to give the reader a sense of excitement or adventure
FH Thriller / suspense fiction
1.4
FJHHistorical adventure fiction
Use for: adventure novels set in past times; prefer specific FJM* code if applicable. Use with: PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers to indicate setting as appropriate
FJMWar, combat and military adventure fiction
Class here: Special forces stories. Use for: stories that primarily emphasise the action or adventure side of war or combat, but prefer other F* codes and TIME PERIOD 1* qualifiers for works where war or conflict is part of the background of the story or that examine the impact of war but where the primary theme could not be seen as action or adventure
1.4
FJMCNapoleonic War fiction
FJMFFirst World War fiction
FJMSSecond World War fiction
FJMVVietnam War fiction
FJNSea stories
Class here: naval and maritime fiction, nautical fiction. Use for: adventure or action stories featuring seafarers, pirates, sailors, fishermen and so on, or largely set at sea
1.31.4
FJWAdventure fiction: Westerns
FKHorror and supernatural fiction
FKCClassic horror and ghost stories
Class here: classic gothic horror. Use for: horror and ghost stories widely regarded or presented as ‘classic’ and typically, but not necessarily, published and in print for several decades
1.4
FKMContemporary horror and ghost stories
Use for: horror set in the present day or contemporary settings, typically first published in the last few decades
1.4
FKWOccult fiction
FLScience fiction
FLCClassic science fiction
Use for: science fiction widely regarded or presented as ‘classic’ and typically, but not necessarily, published and in print for several decades
1.4
FLGScience fiction: time travel
FLMScience fiction: steampunk
Class here: dieselpunk, retrofuturism. Use for: science fiction based on an alternative world where 19th century steam power has emerged as the dominant technology
1.3
FLPScience fiction: near-future1.3
FLPBScience fiction: cyberpunk / biopunk
Use for: science fiction based on marginalised or low-life characters in a highly technologically advanced society or focused on the implications of biotechnology or genetic engineering
1.3
FLQScience fiction: apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic1.1
FLRScience fiction: military
Use for: science fiction set within the military or where organised use of weaponry is central to the plot
FLS Science fiction: space opera
1.1
FLSScience fiction: space opera
Use for: science fiction set in space, usually with advanced cultures and technology
FLUScience fiction: aliens / UFOs
Class here: first contact, alien invasion
1.11.3
FLWScience fiction: space exploration
Class here: colonisation of space
1.3
FMFantasy
FMBEpic fantasy / heroic fantasy
Class here: high fantasy
1.3
FMHHistorical fantasy
FMKComic (humorous) fantasy
FMMMagical realism
Use for: works that incorporates fantastic, magical, mythical or supernatural elements into an otherwise real-world or mundane setting. Use with: FBA or FBC for literary works that incorporate magical realism, for example, those of the kind frequently associated with literature from Latin America
1.11.4
FMRFantasy romance
Use for: fantasy stories using many of the elements and conventions of the romance genre but that remain primarily and recognisably a fantasy story
FRV Dark romance, FRT Romance: fantasy and paranormal
1.3
FMTDark fantasy
Use for: fantasy stories with darker and frightening themes, often incorporating elements of horror or that have a gloomy and threatening atmosphere or a sense of horror and dread
1.3
FMWContemporary fantasy
Use for: fantasy set in the present day or contemporary settings
1.3
FMXUrban fantasy
FNTraditional stories, myths and fairy tales
Use for: modern retellings in novel form or collections of these type of traditional tales and stories aimed primarily at adults, or works of fiction inspired by these traditional stories, tales or folklore
DBS* Ancient Sagas and epics, QRS* Ancient religions and Mythologies, JBGB Folklore, myths and legends, YFJ Children’s / Teenage fiction: Traditional stories, YNRU Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ancient religions, Mythology and legends
1.4
FNFFairy and Folk tales
Class here: folk and fairy tales from any culture told in a story form. Use for: modern retellings in novel form or collections of these type of traditional stories aimed primarily at adults, or stories recognisably inspired by traditional fairy stories
JBGB Folklore, myths and legends, YFJ Children’s / Teenage fiction: Traditional stories, YNXB4 Children’s / Teenage general interest: Fairies, elves, etc
1.4
FNMMyths and Legends
Class here: myths and legends from any culture told in story form. Use for: modern retellings in novel form or collections of these type of traditional stories aimed primarily at adults, or stories recognisably inspired by traditional myths. Use with: QRS* or QRR* codes to indicate which tradition, as appropriate
DBS* Ancient Sagas and epics, JBGB Folklore, myths and legends, QRS* Ancient religions and Mythologies, YFJ Children’s / Teenage fiction: Traditional stories, YNRU Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ancient religions, Mythology and legends
1.4
FPErotic fiction
Use for: stories of an erotic nature that deal explicitly with sexual relationships and themes, that are not primarily a romance story. Use with: INTEREST Qualifier 5X as appropriate. DO NOT USE: with FRX code
FRX Erotic romance
1.3
FQContemporary lifestyle fiction
Class here: romantic comedy, ‘feel good’, ‘up-lit’, ‘slice of life’ fiction. Use for: stories set in the present day or contemporary settings, dealing with realistic everyday themes or lifestyles, usually in a light-hearted, sometimes uplifting, manner
1.11.4
FRRomance
FRDContemporary romance
Use for: romance where main characters live and work in a world most readers can understand, with modern conveniences and current social mores
1.3
FRFRomance: wholesome
Class here: sweetheart, clean and cosy romance. Use for: romance that does not contain any strong language or physical intimacy. Use with: FW for religious romance, as appropriate, and with 5P* values from INTEREST 5* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
FRHHistorical romance
Use for: romance stories set in the past (typically before the writer’s lifetime), where the time period is a significant or essential part of the story, and that portray the spirit, manners, and social conditions of that time with realistic detail (e.g. Regency romances). Use with: PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers to indicate setting as appropriate
1.3
FRJRomance: ‘western’, rural or ‘outback’
Class here: cowboy romance. Use for: romance that takes place in very rural environments, often set on farms, ranches or in small rural communities, usually far from any city
1.3
FRMRomantic suspense
FRPRomance in uniform
Class here: military, armed services, firefighters, police, pilots, cabin crew etc. Use for: romance stories where one or more of the main protagonists is in a job that means wearing a formal uniform
1.3
FRQRomance: medical
Use for: romance stories featuring doctors, nurses, etc
1.3
FRTRomance: fantasy and paranormal
Class here: vampire romance, were / shifter romance. Use for: a romance story which blends elements from the fantasy genre or features mythical creatures or supernatural elements but remain primarily and recognisably a romance story. Use with: FM* codes as appropriate
1.3
FRURomance: time travel1.3
FRVDark romance
Use for: genre romance stories where the themes are dark, often exploring themes of evil or horror, usually featuring an anti-hero or non-heroic characters and/or distressing situations
1.3
FRXErotic romance
Use for: romance fiction which contains explicit sexual content, but which remains primarily and recognisably a romance story. Use with: INTEREST Qualifier 5X as appropriate. DO NOT USE: with FP code
FP Erotic fiction
1.3
FSFamily life fiction
Use for: novels of domestic or small-scale family life, often with a focus on the relationships within a family, but not of the FT* Generational sagas genre. Use with: other F* codes as appropriate
FT Generational sagas
1.11.4
FTGenerational sagas
Class here: family sagas. Use for: genre novels which chronicle the lives and fortunes of a family or a number of related or interconnected families over a period of time and often over generations. These are often part of a sequence of novels. Use with: FR* codes for Romantic sagas or with FV when the historical setting is particularly important. DO NOT USE: for traditional Icelandic or Old Norse sagas
FS Family life fiction
1.4
FUHumorous fiction
Use for: fiction where humour is the primary aim and feature except prefer genre-specific ‘humorous’ headings where available. Use with: other F* codes as appropriate
FUPSatirical fiction and parodies
Use for: humorous fiction which is satirical and/or which parodies existing fiction, genres or writers
WHP Parodies and spoofs: non-fiction, FYH Fiction: pastiche
FVHistorical fiction
Use for: stories set in the past (typically before the writer’s lifetime), where the time period is a significant or essential part of the story and that portray the spirit, manners, and social conditions of that time with realistic detail. Use with: other F* codes as appropriate. Use with: PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers to indicate setting as appropriate. Prefer: genre-specific ‘historical’ headings where available
FFH Historical crime and mysteries, FJH Historical adventure fiction, FMH Historical fantasy, FRH Historical romance
1.3
FWReligious and spiritual fiction
Use for: fiction designed to promote a particular religious, spiritual or visionary message. Use with: 5PG* values from INTEREST 5* Qualifiers as appropriate, or where unavailable, a QR* or VX* code. Use with: other F* codes, for example FR* for Religious romance novels
1.3
FXFiction: narrative themes
Use all FX* codes for: identifying the primary theme of a narrative work, when that theme is not conveyed by the choice of a genre fiction category. Use all FX* codes with: other F* codes indicating genre or type, or with DB*, DC*, DD* or XQ* codes, to indicate the principal underlying narrative theme of a work of fiction. FX* codes can be also be used in conjunction with non-fiction categories to give greater definition to the narrative theme where appropriate. DO NOT USE: FX* codes as the primary or main subject code
1.11.4
FXBNarrative theme: Coming of age
Class here: bildungsroman
1.1
FXDNarrative theme: Love and relationships
Use for: fiction where a strong relationship or love is the central theme but not a genre romance novel. This can include friendships, family relationships etc as long as it is one of the principal themes of the story. Use with: INTEREST 5* Qualifiers for detail of specific kinds of relationships as appropriate
1.31.4
FXENarrative theme: Environmental issues
Use for: fiction that addresses a specific environmental issue as a central theme
1.2
FXLNarrative theme: Death, grief, loss
Use for: fiction where a loss or the experience of grief is a central theme
1.2
FXMNarrative theme: Interior life
Use for: fiction which places particular emphasis on interior characterization, and on the motives, feelings and thoughts of characters. Prefer: FHX for psychological thrillers
1.1
FXNNarrative theme: Identity / belonging
Use for: fiction where the identity, the sense of, or search for, identity (of whatever kind, social, cultural, religious, gender, etc) of the main character(s) is the main, or one of the main themes of the story. Use with: other subject codes and INTEREST 5* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
FXPNarrative theme: Politics
Use for: fiction where political concerns are the underlying narrative theme including political allegories. Prefer: FHP for political thrillers
1.1
FXQNarrative theme: displacement, exile, migration
Use for: fiction that has major themes relating to diasporas, dispersion, asylum, deracination, forced relocation, cultural transitions, forced journeys, etc
1.4
FXRNarrative theme: Sense of place
Use for: fiction set in a real location (often but not necessarily rural or historic), where the setting very deeply pervades the work to the extent that it could not be set anywhere else; e.g. the French tradition of ‘roman du terroir’. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers
1.2
FXSNarrative theme: Social issues
Use for: fiction that addresses a specific social problem or issue as a central theme. Use with: other non-fiction codes, especially JBF* codes, to give more detail of the main social issue
1.11.3
FYFiction: special features
Use all FY* codes with: other F* code indicating genre or type. FY* codes should not usually be the primary or main subject code
1.4
FYBShort stories
FYDEpistolary fiction
Use for: fiction written in a series of documents, letters, diaries, emails, blogs etc
1.3
FYHFiction: pastiche
Use for: fiction written deliberately in the style of another (typically earlier) author (as homage rather than parody), often as a sequel to a novel written by, or using a popular character created by, the original author
FUP Satirical fiction and parodies
FYMFiction: mashup
Use for: fiction which combines a pre-existing text, often a classic novel, with another contrasting genre, such as horror, into a single narrative. Use with: other F* or non-fiction codes to indicate component elements
FUP Satirical fiction and parodies
1.1
FYQFiction: special features: Yaoi / BL novels
Use with: other F* codes to indicate genre, for example FR* codes for Romance stories, 5LKE * codes if they are about that generation
XAMT Manga: Yaoi
1.4
FYRCategory fiction
Use for: the kind of romance, science fiction or other types of genre fiction, usually published on a monthly basis, short, in clearly delineated lines and with a certain number published every month. Use with: other F* code indicating genre or type. DO NOT USE: FYR as the main or primary subject or the only code
1.31.4
FYSFiction: special features: ranobe (‘light novels’)
Use for: short fiction aimed at adults, usually driven primarily by dialogue and character and generally accompanied by illustrations in manga/anime or similar styles. Use with: other F* codes to indicate the genre. FYS may be used as a main subject as appropriate
1.4
FYTFiction in translation
Use for: fiction translated from another language. Use with: F* codes to ensure classification is meaningful beyond the translation of the work itself. DO NOT USE: PLACE 1* or LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers to specify the original language (this is described in other metadata). You may still use a PLACE 1* Qualifier if it is relevant to the plot or setting of the book. DO NOT USE: FYT as the main or primary subject or the only code
1.4
FYVFiction: inspired by or adapted from
Use for: stories that were published as spin-offs or companions to pre-existing non-book media or merchandise, novelizations and novels inspired by a popular film franchise, an online game or a TV series. Use with: other F* codes indicating genre or type, or with DB*, DC*, DD* or XQ* codes if this work is presented as a poem or a comic book. DO NOT USE: for titles that were subsequently made into films, film tie-in versions (this is described in other metadata)
1.31.4
FYWFiction: special features: game-related
Class here: LitRPG, GameLit, RoLit. Use for: fiction that is structured like a videogame, or features the same kind of challenges as would be found in a game, or is about or set in a videogame. Use with: other F* codes especially FL* or FM* as appropriate
1.4
FZFiction companions
Use for: companion works to popular fiction series or titles, typically uncritical, such as an atlas of a mythical world, a compendium of characters, a guide to the series, etc. Use with: other F* codes indicating genre or type, or with DB*, DC*, DD* or XQ* codes if this work is presented as a poem or a comic book etc
DSR Literary reference works, XR* Graphic novel and comic books: guides and reviews
1.4
GReference, Information and Interdisciplinary subjects
Use all G* codes for: specialist and general adult titles. DO NOT USE: code ‘G’ itself, but select specific categories from section G*. Use all G* codes with: other subject categories and qualifiers where appropriate
1.4
GBEncyclopaedias and reference works
GBAGeneral encyclopaedias
Use for: non-subject-specific works only
GBCReference works
Use with: other subject code indicating the area or scope of the work
CB* Language: reference and general, DSR* Literary reference works
GBCBDictionaries of biography
Class here: Who’s Who. Use with: other subject code indicating the area or scope of the work
1.3
GBCDSubject dictionaries
Use for: dictionaries and glossaries covering a particular subject e.g. Legal dictionaries. Use with: other subject codes as appropriate
1.21.4
GBCQQuotations, proverbs and sayings
Class here: collections of common phrases or aphorisms, helpful quotations for specific purposes
1.3
GBCRBibliographies, catalogues
AVD Discographies and buyer’s guides
GBCSSerials, periodicals, abstracts, indexes
GBCTDirectories
Use for: works listing individuals or organisations (generally arranged alphabetically, thematically, phonetically, etc) with details such as names, addresses, and telephone numbers
1.4
GBCYYearbooks, annuals, almanacs
GBDMiscellanies and compendia
Use for: works containing a mixture or assortment of pieces compiled from varied sources and that can include many subjects and be in a variety of different forms, such as quotes, facts, illustrations etc. Use with: other subject codes when the miscellany covers one broad subject, (e.g. for a bestiary use with WN* codes)
WDKX Trivia and quiz questions
1.3
GLLibrary and information sciences / Museology
GLCLibrary, archive and information management
GLCAInformation retrieval and access
GLFIT, Internet and electronic resources in libraries
GLHAcquisitions and collection development
GLKBibliographic and subject control
Class here: indexing, cataloguing and classification
GLMLibrary and information services
Class here: academic, specialist, public and school libraries; reference, circulation and community services
GLPArchiving, preservation and digitization
GLZMuseology and heritage studies
Class here: museum studies, curatorship, heritage interpretation, and historical conservation. Use for: works about the preservation and promotion of culturally and socially significant sites, buildings, monuments, the tangible, intangible and natural cultural heritage of a society, etc
ABC Conservation, restoration and care of artworks, AGC Exhibition catalogues and specific collections, NK* Archaeology, RNK Conservation of the environment, TNKX Conservation of buildings and building materials, NK* Archaeology
1.4
GPResearch and information: general
GPFInformation theory
GPFCCybernetics and systems theory
Class here: control and stability of systems, entropy
GPHData science and analysis: general
Class here: data visualization and infographics, large data sets, big data. Use for: interdisciplinary works about data and its uses. Use with: other subject codes as appropriate
UN* Databases, UX* Applied computing, UYZF Information visualization
1.4
GPJCoding theory and cryptology
Class here: cryptography
URY Data encryption
1.4
GPQDecision theory: general
KJMD Management decision making
GPQDRisk assessment
Class here: risk management, risk analysis
1.4
GPSResearch methods: general
Use with: other subject codes for research methods within a particular discipline
JHBC Social research and statistics, KJT Operational research
1.3
GTInterdisciplinary studies
GTBHistory of scholarship (principally of social sciences and humanities)
Use for: historical studies concentrating on fields of study not covered by the English term ‘science’ (cf. history of science), but included for example in the German term ‘Wissenschaft’ (i.e. all kinds of academic studies)
PDA Philosophy of science, PDX History of science
1.1
GTCCommunication studies
Use for: Communication Studies textbooks and for works covering a range of aspects of communication – linguistic, social, industrial, technological etc
JBCT* Media studies
GTDSemiotics / semiology
CFA Philosophy of language
GTKCognitive studies
Use for: interdisciplinary works
QDTM Philosophy of mind, JM* Psychology, MKJ Neurology and clinical neurophysiology, PSAN Neurosciences, UYQ* Artificial intelligence, UXJ Computer applications in the social and behavioural sciences
1.1
GTMRegional / International studies
Use for: interdisciplinary works covering a range of topics within a defined geographical or linguistic area. Use with: PLACE 1*, LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers as appropriate
RGL Regional geography
1.4
GTPDevelopment studies
KCM Development economics and emerging economies
GTQGlobalization
GTTFlags, emblems, symbols, logos
NHTG Genealogy, heraldry, names and honours
GTUPeace studies and conflict resolution
JWLP Peacekeeping operations
GTVInstitutions and learned societies: general
JPSN International institutions
GTZGeneral studies and General knowledge
Use for: usually interdisciplinary material aimed specifically at General Studies courses at undergraduate level or general knowledge and cultural information for adult education. Use with: with 4CN*, 4CP* or 4TN* for tests
WDKX Trivia and quiz questions, YPWL Educational: General studies, educational skills and competencies
1.4
JSociety and Social Sciences
Use all J* codes for: specialist and some general adult titles, but see also V* codes for practical approaches to many topics. Use all J* codes with: other subject categories and qualifiers where appropriate. In J* use the most appropriate code(s) available, as many social sciences are broad topics that can have many alternative terms or names
1.4
JBSociety and culture: general
Use all JB* codes for: both general and academic works on social topics. Use with: JH* codes for sociology textbooks and other specialist works as appropriate
VFV* Relationships and families: advice and issues
JBCCultural and media studies
JBCCCultural studies
Class here: intercultural studies, studies of cultural identity, general studies of cultural heritage, contemporary culture in society. Use with: PLACE 1*, LANGUAGE 2* or 5P* INTEREST Qualifiers to indicate the cultural studies of a particular region(s) or country / countries, language grouping or groups of people
1.4
JBCC1Popular culture
JBCC2Material culture
Use for: the interdisciplinary field telling of relationships between people and their things, the role of artefacts and objects in society, the making, history, preservation, and interpretation of objects
1.3
JBCC3Cultural studies: fashion and society
Class here: ideas of beauty or body image in culture, fashions in different cultures or societies. Use with: NHTB for an historical approach or AKT* codes as appropriate
1.4
JBCC4Cultural studies: food and society
Use for: works that examine the traditions, habits, customs, rituals, ceremonies, taboos linked to food and drink in different cultures, food or drink as intangible cultural heritage. Use with: NHTB for an historical approach and with WB* codes as appropriate
1.4
JBCC6Cultural studies: customs and traditions
Class here: studies of traditional rituals and ceremonies; cultural taboos or superstitions, social behaviour, values and norms as defined by society, institutions, traditions and cultural beliefs
JBGB Folklore, myths and legends
1.21.4
JBCC7Cross-cultural studies and topics
Class here: cross-cultural encounters, cross-cultural exchanges, cultural clashes. Use for: works that examine social and cultural topics and issues around the meeting of different of cultures, including conflicts, negative or positive exchanges, on a personal or a societal level. Use with: NH* codes for historical topics
1.4
JBCC8Cultural policies and debates
Use for: works about current debates, policies, ideas, controversies around the role of culture or cultural heritage in society
1.4
JBCC9History of ideas
Use for: works that look at the expression, preservation, and change of human ideas over time. Use with: other J* or NH* or QD* codes as appropriate
1.4
JBCTMedia studies
GTC Communication studies
JBCT1Media studies: internet, digital media and society
Use for: all aspects of online, digital and social media and their role or impact in society, including things such as blogging, tweeting, influencers, spread of real and false information, changing habits and behaviour linked to digital media
ATN Internet and digital media: arts and performance
1.4
JBCT2Media studies: TV and society
Use for: works on both traditional and new forms of consuming small screen entertainment, including streaming and on demand services, impacts and influences on culture, links to popular culture, etc
1.4
JBCT3Media studies: advertising and society
JBCT4Media studies: journalism
KNTP Publishing industry and journalism
1.2
JBCT5Disinformation and misinformation
Class here: propaganda, ‘fake news’. Use for: the purposeful use of false or misleading information, manipulation of thoughts and actions by use of information, the spread of misleading or non-fact based information. Use with: JBCT1 for works about the role of digital platforms
1.4
JBFSocial and ethical issues
PDR Impact of science and technology on society, QDTQ Ethics and moral philosophy, RNT Social impact of environmental issues
JBFASocial discrimination and equal treatment
Use for: works about various forms of discrimination, about equality or inequality, about prejudice based on a person’s identity and also about measures to address these issues, such as diversity and inclusion policies, positive discrimination, work on unconscious bias. Use with: other JB* categories, or other subject codes and Qualifiers to denote specific forms of discrimination, e.g. with JBSF* codes for sexism or discrimination based on gender, QRAM9 plus 5PG* codes for discrimination based on religion, JBSJ plus 5PS* codes for discrimination based on sexual orientation etc
1.4
JBFA1Racism and racial discrimination
Class here: institutional racism, xenophobia. Use for: works about discrimination and prejudice based on skin colour, race or ethnic origin, or prejudices based on the perception that someone is foreign or from outside the community, and issues of inequality and discrimination, as well as measures to address racism
1.4
JBFBSocial Integration and assimilation1.3
JBFCPoverty and precarity
Use for: works about food poverty, food banks, unemployment or employment when linked to poverty, the precariat, economic insecurity, underemployment, chaotic lifestyles, malnutrition linked to poverty, in-work poverty, the working poor etc
1.4
JBFDHousing and homelessness
Class here: the unhoused, issues around providing houses, cost of homes, lack of accommodation etc
1.4
JBFFSocial impact of disasters
Class here: diseases, famine, malnutrition, forced movement of peoples as a result of disasters etc. Use with: other subject codes as appropriate
RNR Natural disasters
1.4
JBFGRefugees and political asylum
Class here: asylum seekers, sanctuary. Use with: other codes for specific topics, such as JBFA for discrimination, JBFD for housing topics, NHTB for social history, FX for novels, etc
1.4
JBFG1Aiding escape and evasion
Class here: the Underground Railroad, the Comet Line, Fluchthilfe, etc. Use for: titles about helping refugees escape repression, slavery, conflicts etc. Use with: NH* codes and PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
JBFHMigration, immigration and emigration
Use for: works about diasporas, expatriates, settlers or the migrants themselves, or cultural or social topics linked to migration. Use with: other codes for specific topics, such as JBFA for discrimination, JBFD for housing topics, NHTB for social history, FX for novels etc
1.4
JBFJHuman trafficking
Class here: forced labour, forced marriage, sexual slavery, modern-day slavery, forced prostitution, child labour
NHTS Slavery and abolition of slavery
1.3
JBFKViolence and abuse in society
Class here: ill-treatment, maltreatment or wilful neglect in society, violence based on cultural traditions, violence against particular groups or individuals, institutional violence, violent criminal behaviour in society etc. Use for: works about perceptions of violence and insecurity in society, as well as works on actual violence, abuse and neglect
JKV Crime and criminology
1.4
JBFK1Child abuse
Class here: child neglect
1.4
JBFK2Sexual abuse and harassment
Class here: sexual violence, rape, sexual assault
JKVN Violent crimes
1.3
JBFK3Domestic abuse
Class here: domestic violence, family violence, intimate partner violence, coercive control, gaslighting, master suppression techniques and countermeasures
1.4
JBFK4Bullying and harassment
Class here: mobbing, social media trolling, cyberbullying, intimidation, coercion, mobbing, stalking and threatening behaviour. Use with: JBCT* codes when linked to different kinds of media, KNXC or KJMV2 for workplace harassment
1.31.4
JBFLControl, privacy and safety in society
Use for: issues and debates around privacy, use of data, the role of government and big corporations, security, anti-terrorism, rights of the individual versus the rights of society, surveillance, public safety, social control and coercion
JPV Political control and freedoms
1.4
JBFMDisability: social aspects
Use for: works that look at societal barriers to a person with impairments, the way societies treat disabled persons, the impact of policies, etc. Use with: 5PM* Qualifiers as appropriate and other codes for specific topics, such as JBFA for discrimination, JBFD for housing topics, JKS* for welfare, NHTB for social history, FX for novels etc
1.4
JBFNHealth, illness and addiction: social aspects
Use for: studies of the social or cultural impact of health policies or different illnesses or addictions; social or cultural behaviour or reactions to different types of addictions, illnesses or health scares. Use with: MBP to indicate social aspects of health systems
1.4
JBFN2Drugs and alcohol: social aspects
Class here: drug or alcohol addiction, opioid addiction, substance abuse. Use for: works about impact of drugs and alcohol addiction or abuse on society, groups or individuals, intervention strategies, public policies etc
1.4
JBFQSocial mobility
JBFSConsumerism
JBFUAnimals and society
Class here: animal rights, vivisection, hunting, animal welfare, the use of animals for food, as resources, as commodities, human impact on animal world, trade in animals etc, treated as issues
1.4
JBFVEthical issues and debates
Use with: other categories to indicate works that treat a subject as an ethical debate
PSAD Bioethics, QDTQ Ethics and moral philosophy
1.4
JBFV1Ethical issues: abortion and birth control1.1
JBFV2Ethical issues: capital punishment
Class here: the death penalty
1.11.4
JBFV3Ethical issues: censorship
Class here: debates around freedom of speech, censorship vs security, etc
1.11.4
JBFV4Ethical issues: euthanasia and right to die
Class here: assisted suicide, assisted death. Use with: LNT for legal aspects
1.11.4
JBFV5Ethical issues: scientific, technological and medical developments1.1
JBFWSex and sexuality, social aspects
Use for: general interest works on sex and society, pornography and the sex industry, sex work and prostitution
JMU Psychology: sexual behaviour, VFVC Sex and sexuality: advice and issues
1.3
JBFXSocial attitudes
Class here: political correctness. Use for: general works about social, political and moral attitudes in societies. Use with: other categories for attitudes towards particular subjects or groups
1.4
JBFZSocial forecasting, future studies
JBGPopular beliefs and controversial knowledge1.2
JBGBFolklore, myths and legends
Use for: non-fiction studies of traditional stories or material, verbal or customary folklore; studies of urban and contemporary myths and legends; studies of the origins of myths, fairy tales, tall-stories, paranormal tales, supernatural beings, Old wives’ tales, popular superstitions etc; specialist works about the origin of the stories of Atlantis, the Holy Grail, the Hidden Folk, the Bermuda Triangle, the Green Man etc. Prefer: QR* codes for the spiritual or religious aspects of mythology or VX* codes for more popular approaches or FN* codes for the stories themselves
FN Traditional stories, myths and fairy tales, QRS* Ancient religions and Mythologies, VXQM* Mythical and legendary beings, monsters and creatures
1.4
JBGXConspiracy theories
Class here: hoaxes, cover ups etc
1.21.3
JBSSocial groups and identities
Use all JBS* codes with: other codes for specific topics, such as JBFA for discrimination, NHTB for social history, FX* for novels and INTEREST 5* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
JBSASocial classes
Class here: class conflict, social stratification, socio-economic groups. Use for: works that examine class, a particular class, characteristics and distinctions of that class, interaction between different strata of society, perceptions and prejudices about particular classes
1.4
JBSCRural communities
Class here: small settlements in rural areas, people living in the countryside, semi-rural areas, isolated communities
1.4
JBSDUrban communities
Class here: inner cities, suburbs, city and town dwellers, suburban communities. Use for: any works on urban or semi-urban settings
1.4
JBSFGender studies, gender groups
Use for: works that examine social roles based on the sex of the person (gender role) or personal identification of one’s own gender based on an internal awareness (gender identity), as well as works that look at sex (based on the anatomy of an individual’s reproductive system, and secondary sex characteristics), including intersex people
1.4
JBSF1Gender studies: women and girls
Class here: Women’s studies. Use with: other subject codes when a work is primarily about women or girls. Use with: JBFA for discrimination based on gender or sexism, NHTB for women’s history, etc
1.4
JBSF11Feminism and feminist theory
JBSF2Gender studies: men and boys
Class here: Men’s studies, topics around masculinity. Use with: other subject codes when a work is primarily about men or boys
1.4
JBSF3Gender studies: ‘trans’, transgender people and gender variance
Class here: transsexual, transgender, gender non-conforming, non-binary, genderqueer, gender minority, two spirit, third gender etc. Use for: works that look at those whose gender is different (wholly or partially) from that assigned to them at birth, or gender variance in cultures who have established more than two genders. Use with: JBFA for issues around discrimination and transphobia
1.21.4
JBSJLGBTQ+ / Gay and Lesbian Studies
Class here: queer studies, sexual diversity studies. Use for: studies of sexuality, sexual orientation and associated identity-based groups or cultures. Use with: other codes for specific topics, e.g. JBFA for homophobia or issues around discrimination or NHTB for LGBTQ+ history and 5PS* values from INTEREST 5* Qualifiers, as appropriate
JBSF3 Gender studies: ‘trans’, transgender people and gender variance
1.4
JBSLEthnic studies
Use with: other subject codes for interdisciplinary studies and PLACE 1* and 5PB* values from INTEREST 5* Qualifiers, as appropriate
1.4
JBSL1Ethnic groups and multicultural studies
Class here: race relations, ethnic minorities, multiculturalism. Use for: works on social and cultural topics linked to multicultural societies
JBFA Social discrimination and equal treatment
1.4
JBSL11Indigenous peoples
JBSL13Mixed heritage / mixed race groups or people1.3
JBSPAge groups and generations
Use for: works that look at different generations, or topics, issues, problems for different generations or generational misunderstandings or conflicts, intergenerational topics, etc
1.4
JBSP1Age groups: children
JBSP2Age groups: adolescents
JBSP3Age groups: adults
JBSP4Age groups: the elderly
JBSRSocial groups: religious groups and communities
Use with: 5PG* values from INTEREST 5* Qualifiers and QR* codes as appropriate
JBSWSocial groups: alternative lifestyles
Use for: lifestyles that are diverse in regards to the mainstream or perceived to be outside the cultural norms
1.4
JBSXSecret societies
Class here: freemasonry
QRY* Alternative belief systems, FHQ Esoteric thriller
JBSYSocial groups: clubs and societies
Class here: voluntary association or ‘elective affinities’, how and why people join and associate themselves with specific groups
JHSociology and anthropology
Use all JH* codes for: textbooks or academic and specialist works. Use with: other J* codes indicating specific topics where appropriate
JHBSociology
LAQ Law and society, sociology of law, MBS Medical sociology
JHBASocial theory
JHBCSocial research and statistics
GPS Research methods: general
JHBDPopulation and demography
JHBKSociology: family and relationships
Use for: works about family structures, relationships within families, social networks, peer-groups, friendships, sociology of physical and emotional relationships with other people, social control or conformity within groups or families, etc
JBFW Sex and sexuality, social aspects, VFV* Relationships and families: advice and issues
1.4
JHBLSociology: work and labour
Class here: sociology of employment / unemployment
1.3
JHBSSociology: sport and leisure
JHBZSociology: death and dying
VFJX Coping with death and bereavement
JHMAnthropology1.2
JHMCSocial and cultural anthropology
Class here: ethnography, kinship and family, Institutional anthropology, sociocultural anthropology. Use with: other J* codes for different specialities in anthropology
JBCC* Cultural studies
1.4
JKSocial services and welfare, criminology
JKSSocial welfare and social services
JKSBWelfare and benefit systems
JKSB1Child welfare and youth services
Class here: child protection and safeguarding, social work services aimed at support of vulnerable/under-privileged youths in society
LNMK Family law: children
1.4
JKSFAdoption and fostering
JKSGCare of the elderly
Class here: elder abuse, maltreatment and neglect, institutions for the care of older people. Use for: social care aspect, community and government policies and associated professions or roles
1.4
JKSLCare of people with specific needs
Class here: care of people with visible or hidden disabilities, people with physical and sensory impairments, care of neurodivergent persons with additional needs. Use for: social care aspect, community and government policies and associated professions or roles. Use with: 5PM* qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
JKSMCare of people with mental health issues
Use for: social care aspect, community and government policies and associated professions or roles. Use with: 5PM* qualifiers as appropriate
MBPK Mental health services, VFJQ Coping with mental health issues
1.4
JKSNSocial work
JKSN1Charities, voluntary services and philanthropy
JKSN2Social counselling and advice services
JKSRAid and relief programmes
Class here: works on international and foreign aid or assistance, humanitarian aid, disaster relief. Use for: domestic and international programmes, either short term or long term aid programmes, relief initiatives etc
1.4
JKSWEmergency services
JKSW1Police and security services
JKSW2Fire services
JKSW3Ambulance and rescue services
Use for: non-medical works about paramedical and equivalent emergency services
MQF First aid and paramedical services
1.4
JKVCrime and criminology
DNXC True crime
JKVCCauses and prevention of crime
Class here: surveillance, anti-terrorism measures, protection of the public from crime, policies around prevention and causes of crime, Social control theory
1.4
JKVFCriminal investigation and detection
JKVF1Forensic science
JMK Criminal or forensic psychology, MKT Forensic medicine
JKVGDrugs trade / drug trafficking
JKVJStreet crime
Class here: mugging, pickpocketing, vandalism, knife crime, gun crime
1.3
JKVKCorporate crime / white-collar crime
Class here: financial crimes, fraud, scams, embezzlement, bribery and corruption etc
1.3
JKVMOrganized crime
Class here: criminal gangs, mafia, banditry, piracy
1.3
JKVNViolent crimes
Class here: murder, unlawful killings, kidnapping, torture, assault, honour crimes, rape and crimes of sexual violence, etc. Use for: works that examine different aspects of different types of violent crime. Use with: DNXC* codes for journalistic style accounts of actual violent crimes
1.4
JKVPPenology and punishment
Class here: prisons, penitentiaries, penal systems and theories
JWXR Prisoners of war
JKVQOffenders
JKVQ1Rehabilitation of offenders
JKVQ2Juvenile offenders
Class here: juvenile delinquency
JKVSProbation services
JKVVVictimology and victims of crime
Class here: victim’s rights
DNXR True stories of survival of abuse and injustice
1.3
JMPsychology
Use all JM* codes for: academic, specialist and professional level works. Prefer: VS* codes for practical advice for the general reader
VSP* Popular psychology
JMAPsychological theory, systems, schools and viewpoints
QDTM Philosophy of mind
1.2
JMAFPsychoanalytical and Freudian psychology
Class here: psychoanalysis
1.2
JMAF1Lacanian psychoanalysis1.3
JMAJAnalytical and Jungian psychology
JMALBehaviourism, Behavioural theory1.2
JMANHumanistic psychology
JMAPPositive psychology1.2
JMAQCognitivism, cognitive theory
JMBPsychological methodology
JMBTPsychological testing and measurement
Class here: psychometrics
1.4
JMCChild, developmental and lifespan psychology
JNC Educational psychology
JMDPsychology of ageing
JMFFamily psychology
JMGPsychology of gender
JMHSocial, group or collective psychology
JMHCInterpersonal communication and skills
Class here: psychology of communication, both verbal and non-verbal
GTC Communication studies
1.31.4
JMJOccupational and industrial psychology
SCGP Sports psychology
JMKCriminal or forensic psychology
JKV* Crime and criminology
JMLExperimental psychology
JMMPhysiological and neuro-psychology, biopsychology
JMPAbnormal psychology
MKM* Clinical psychology
JMQPsychology: emotions
Class here: affective neuroscience
1.4
JMRCognition and cognitive psychology
Class here: Cognitive neuroscience, psychological works on learning, memory and memory loss, intelligence, reasoning, perception
1.4
JMSPsychology: the self, ego, identity, personality
JMTPsychology: states of consciousness
Class here: psychological works on conscious and unconscious mind; sleep and dreams; altered states of mind, hypnosis, drug-induced, etc
VXN Dreams and their interpretation
JMUPsychology: sexual behaviour
VFVC Sex and sexuality: advice and issues, JBFW Sex and sexuality, social aspects
JMXParapsychological studies
Use for: serious academic works
VXP Psychic powers and psychic phenomena
JNEducation
Use all JN* codes for: works about education as a practice or subject, but use YP* codes for schoolbooks or educational material for pupils in pre-tertiary education
1.4
JNAPhilosophy and theory of education1.1
JNAMMoral and social purpose of education
Use for: works supporting the theories behind education focussed particularly on themes connected to society and behaviour in it
1.11.2
JNBHistory of education
Class here: history of specific schools, colleges, as well as general history
JNCEducational psychology
JNDEducational systems and structures
Class here: issues of selection, admissions, inspection, governance etc. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers for comparisons between different education systems
1.4
JNDGCurriculum planning and development
JNDHEducation: examinations and assessment
JNESocial pedagogy
Use for: works about social pedagogy as a field of study
1.3
JNFEducational strategies and policy
Class here: teaching strategies for literacy, numeracy etc; policies regarding streaming etc
1.2
JNFCCounselling and care of students
Class here: pastoral care, student welfare issues, absence, truancy, discipline, safety in educational establishments, child protection in schools etc
1.21.4
JNFKEducational strategies and policy: inclusion
Use for: both formulating policy and practical applications
1.21.3
JNGEarly childhood care and education
Use for: works aimed at professionals dealing with childcare or general works on subject
JNLA Pre-school and kindergarten
1.3
JNHHome schooling
JNKEducational administration and organization1.3
JNKGFunding of education and student finance
JNKHTeaching staff
JNLSchools and pre-schools
VSK Advice on education
1.3
JNLAPre-school and kindergarten
JNLBPrimary and middle schools
Class here: elementary, preparatory, infant and junior schools
JNLCSecondary schools
Class here: senior and high schools
JNLPIndependent schools, private education
JNLRFaith (religious) schools
JNLVOutdoor schools / education
Class here: adventure education, outdoor learning, forest schools. Use for: organized learning that takes place in the outdoors
1.3
JNMHigher education, tertiary education
Class here: all advanced and post-secondary education, including institutions offering vocational, technical or non-degree courses as well as universities
VSK Advice on education
1.4
JNMTTeacher training
JNPAdult education, continuous learning
Class here: lifelong learning, popular education, community education, ‘Bildung’. Use for: works about education or training of adult learners that are neither university nor vocational training
VSL Adult literacy guides and handbooks, VSN Adult numeracy guides and handbooks
1.4
JNQOpen learning, distance education
JNRCareers guidance
JNRDWork experience, placements and internships1.3
JNRVIndustrial or vocational training
Use for: works on industrial / vocational training, professional development and education as a subject. Prefer: YPW* or other subjects codes, such as T*, and the appropriate 4CP* Qualifiers for teaching material and coursework for teaching vocational subjects
1.4
JNSTeaching of students with different educational needs
Class here: special education, mixed classes of students with different cultural or linguistic backgrounds etc
1.4
JNSCTeaching of students with physical impairments or disabilities
Use for: teaching of students with impaired hearing or vision, or any physical condition giving rise to specific educational needs. Use with: 5PM* codes as appropriate
1.4
JNSGTeaching of students with learning difficulties
Use for: teaching of students with dyslexia, dyscalculia, autism, behavioural difficulties, or any mental impairment giving rise to specific educational needs
1.3
JNSLTeaching of students with social, emotional or behavioural difficulties1.3
JNSPTeaching of gifted or talented students1.3
JNSRRemedial education and teaching
Class here: developmental education, compensatory education
1.3
JNSVEducation of bilingual or multilingual students
Class here: works looking at the theory of education through a secondary language, education in mixed language classes, works about the education of pupils who speak another language, but where the language teaching itself is not the focus of the education
1.4
JNTTeaching skills and techniques
Class here: classroom control, coaching and mentoring, lesson planning, tutoring
1.4
JNTCCompetence development
Class here: competency-based education and training, competency learning. Use for: works that examine the practical approach to developing competencies and concrete skills in education or training
1.21.4
JNTPProject-based learning1.3
JNTRPlay-based learning
Use for: works that examine the theories or approaches to using play and activity to teach and learn
1.4
JNTSTeaching of reading, writing and numeracy
Use for: works about the theory or different approaches of learning or teaching the basic skills
CJCR Language learning: reading skills, CJCW Language learning: writing skills, JNF Educational strategies and policy, YPCA2 Educational: First / native language: Reading and writing skills
1.4
JNUTeaching of a specific subject
Use with: the code for the subject taught, using YP* Educational codes where appropriate
JNUMTeachers’ classroom resources and material
Class here: interactive resources, teachers’ editions of textbooks, learning materials and teaching aids etc. Use with: the code for the subject taught, using YP* Educational codes where appropriate
1.4
JNUM1Lesson plans
Use with: the code for the subject taught, using YP* Educational codes where appropriate
1.3
JNVEducational equipment and technology, computer-aided learning (CAL)
Class here: media technology in classroom, Learning management systems. Use for: works about using digital technologies in class and for learning
1.4
JNWExtra-curricular activities
Class here: field trips, school trips, sporting and community activities, events, performances, playtime/mealtime, after-school activities, school clubs etc
1.3
JNZStudy and learning skills: general
JPPolitics and government
JPAPolitical science and theory
QDTS Social and political philosophy
JPBComparative politics
JPFPolitical ideologies and movements
Use for: works on different parts of the political spectrum
1.4
JPFAGreen politics / ecopolitics / environmentalism
Class here: green movements, activist organisations
RNA Environmentalist thought and ideology, RNB Environmentalist, conservationist and Green organizations
1.4
JPFBAnarchism
JPFCFar-left political ideologies and movements
Class here: Communism, Marxism-Leninism, Trotskyism, Maoism, extreme-left, radical left, hard left, democratic socialists, populist socialists, social populists, left-wing populism
1.4
JPFFLeft-of-centre democratic ideologies
Class here: social democracy, socialism
1.4
JPFKCentrist democratic ideologies
Class here: Communitarianism, Centrism
1.4
JPFMRight-of-centre democratic ideologies
Class here: Conservatism, Christian Democracy
1.4
JPFNNationalism
Class here: ethnic nationalism, language nationalism, nationalist or nativist movements. Use for: works that examine any form of nationalism. Use with: NH* codes for history titles and INTEREST 5* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
JPFN2Pan-nationalism
Use for: works about specific forms of nationalism that look beyond traditional boundaries of basic national identities, in order to create a ‘higher’ pan-national (all-inclusive) identity, based on various common denominators. Use with: NH* codes for history titles and INTEREST 5* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
JPFQFar-right political ideologies and movements
Class here: Fascism and neo-fascism, Nazism and neo-Nazism, ultra-nationalism, Extreme right, alt right, hard right, radical right, Palaeoconservatism, nativism, right-wing populism
1.4
JPFRReligious and theocratic ideologies
Class here: Theocracy. Use for: works about religion used as a source of political ideology, identity or action. Use with: QR* codes to indicate particular religion as appropriate
1.4
JPHPolitical structure and processes
JPHCConstitution: government and the state
JPHFElections and referenda
Class here: psephology, voting systems, suffrage. Use for: works both on the study of, as well as on specific elections or referendums, studies of voting behaviour, types of electoral and voting practices
1.4
JPHLPolitical leaders and leadership
JPHVPolitical structures: democracy
JPHXPolitical structures: totalitarianism and dictatorship
Class here: authoritarianism, tyranny, absolutism
1.4
JPLPolitical parties and party platforms
Use for: works that look at individual or multiple political parties, or examine particular party platforms or programs. Use with: JPF* codes for works about a particular party on the political spectrum
1.4
JPNIndigenous people: governance and politics
Class here: works on policies, government
1.31.4
JPPPublic administration
KNV Civil service and public sector
JPQCentral / national / federal government
JPQBCentral / national / federal government policies
KCP Political economy
JPRRegional, state and other local government
Use for: any government within a country that is not municipal or city based (these are within scope of JPT)
JPT Municipal / city government
1.3
JPRBRegional, state and other local government policies
Use for: policy of any government within a country that is not municipal or city based (these are within scope of JPT)
JPT Municipal / city government
1.3
JPSInternational relations
Class here: International politics, foreign policy
1.4
JPSDDiplomacy
JPSFArms negotiation and control
Class here: arms race, arms stockpiling, disarmament
1.4
JPSHEspionage and secret services
Class here: surveillance, counterintelligence, spying, military intelligence
1.4
JPSLGeopolitics
JPSNInternational institutions
Class here: UN and UN agencies, EU institutions, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations (IGOs and NGOs) etc. Use with: 1QF* values from PLACE 1* Qualifiers as appropriate
GTV Institutions and learned societies: general
1.3
JPTMunicipal / city government
Use for: city regions (e.g. Greater London or the Bay Area), metropolitan areas or key subdivisions of urban areas such as boroughs
1.21.3
JPVPolitical control and freedoms
Class here: political propaganda
JPVCCivics and citizenship
JPVHHuman rights, civil rights
Class here: freedom of speech, of information, of worship; land rights, etc
LNDC Law: Human rights and civil liberties
JPVRPolitical oppression and persecution
JPVR1Political abduction, imprisonment, ‘Disappearance’ and assassination
Use for: works about forced abduction, imprisonment, or unlawful killings used as a form of political oppression, the ‘Disappeared’ in various societies, the search for the people or their bodies, etc. Use with: LBBR or LNDC for legal aspects or NH* codes for historical material
1.4
JPWPolitical activism
JPWAPublic opinion and polls
JPWCPolitical campaigning and advertising
JPWGPressure groups, protest movements and non-violent action
Class here: lobbying, demonstrations, civil disobedience, peaceful resistance, active defiance of authority
1.3
JPWHNon-governmental organizations (NGOs)
JPWLTerrorism, armed struggle
Class here: political assassination
JWCG Irregular or guerrilla forces and warfare
1.2
JPWQRevolutionary groups and movements
NHTV Revolutions, uprisings, rebellions
JPWSArmed conflict
Class here: uprisings, armed skirmishes, flashpoints, outbreaks of organized violence short of full-scale war
JPZCorruption in politics, government and society
Class here: government and public sector corruption, judicial and police corruption, bribery and corruption as part of everyday life in society etc
JKV* Crime and criminology
1.4
JWWarfare and defence
JWATheory of warfare and military science
Use with: RG* codes for Military Geography topics
1.4
JWCMilitary forces and sectors
JWCDLand forces and warfare
JWCGIrregular or guerrilla forces and warfare
Class here: armed resistance movements, insurgents, foreign fighters. Use for: works about non-regular military forces who fight for political, economic, ideological or religious reasons. Use with: NHW* codes as appropriate and PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
JWCKNaval forces and warfare
NHTM Maritime history
JWCMAir forces and warfare
JWCSSpecial and elite forces
JWJMilitary administration
Class here: personnel issues, discipline, procurement, funding etc
JWKMilitary and defence strategy
Class here: military tactics, civil defence, national security policies
1.4
JWKFMilitary intelligence
JWLWar and defence operations
NHW* Military history
JWLFBattles and campaigns
JWLPPeacekeeping operations
GTU Peace studies and conflict resolution
JWMWeapons and equipment
Use with: code from JWC* to indicate sector
WCK Militaria, arms and armour
JWMCChemical and biological weapons
JWMNNuclear weapons
JWMVMilitary vehicles
Use with: code from JWC* to indicate sector and WG* as appropriate
1.3
JWTMilitary institutions
Class here: regiments, memorials, war cemeteries, rolls of honour, command centres, defence institutions, military academies, organisations for veterans or ex-combatants etc
AMG Architecture: public, commercial and industrial buildings, WCK Militaria, arms and armour
1.4
JWTUMilitary uniforms / insignia1.3
JWXOther warfare and defence issues
TTM Military engineering
JWXFArms trade
Class here: Armaments, weapons industry
1.4
JWXJNon-combatants
Class here: civilians, journalists, aid workers, combat medics, military chaplains, neutrals etc
1.4
JWXKWar crimes
NHTZ Genocide and ethnic cleansing, NHTZ1 The Holocaust
JWXNMercenaries
Class here: soldiers of fortune, private armies and private defence companies. Use for: works about soldiers who fight for money or personal gain
1.4
JWXRPrisoners of war
JWXTMutiny
JWXVMilitary veterans
JWXZCombat / defence skills and manuals
KEconomics, Finance, Business and Management
Use all K* codes for: specialist (professional and academic) and general adult titles, but see also VS* codes for practical approaches to many topics. Use all K* codes with: other subject categories and qualifiers where appropriate
1.4
KCEconomics
KCAEconomic theory and philosophy
Class here: history of economic thought. Use with: TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.2
KCBMacroeconomics
KCBMMonetary economics
Class here: monetary policy
1.3
KCCMicroeconomics
Class here: consumer activity, business decisions, etc
1.4
KCCDDomestic or internal trade
Class here: wholesale and retail trade. Use for: works on the economics of exchange of domestic goods within the boundaries of a country
KCLT International trade and commerce
1.4
KCDEconomics of industrial organization
KCFLabour / income economics
Class here: wage and salary policy, pay policy, basic income, earnings, comprehensive income
JBFC Poverty and precarity
1.3
KCGEconomic growth
KCHEconometrics and economic statistics
KCJEconomic forecasting
KCKBehavioural economics
KCLInternational economics
Class here: international finance
RGCM Economic geography
1.3
KCMDevelopment economics and emerging economies
GTP Development studies
KCLTInternational trade and commerce
Class here: International trade agreements, free trade and protectionism, economics of tariffs and quotas, subsidies, dumping, trade negotiations
KCCD Domestic or internal trade
1.31.4
KCPPolitical economy
KCSEconomic systems and structures
Use for: works on systems such as transitional economies, traditional economies, participatory economics, barter economy, gift economy, etc
1.3
KCSACapitalism
Class here: laissez-faire, market economies, free market, neoliberal economics, corporate capitalism, mercantilism, etc. Use for: works that look at capitalism as an economic model in all its variations
1.31.4
KCSDMixed economic systems
Class here: social market economies, welfare economies, social corporatism, state-sponsored capitalism, distributed ownership models, etc
1.31.4
KCSGPlanned economic systems
Class here: centrally-planned economies, command economies
1.3
KCSTCircular economic systems
Class here: Circularity models. Use for: works about circular economic models based on repairing, remaking, reusing, redesigning goods and sustainable economic models aimed at eliminating waste and creating a continual use of resources
1.4
KCVEconomics of specific sectors
KCVDAgricultural economics
KCVGEnvironmental economics
Class here: green economy, green accounting, ecotaxation, environmental economic strategies and policies
1.4
KCVJHealth economics
KCVKWelfare economics
KCVMDigital or internet economics1.3
KCVPKnowledge economics
Class here: information economy, knowledge-based economy, intellectual capital
1.31.4
KCVQService sector economics
Use for: works that look of the economics of the service sector, usually firms offering ‘intangible goods’ such as entertainment, retail, insurance, tourism, banking and other services
1.4
KCVSUrban economics
KCXEconomic and financial crises and disasters
KCYPopular economics
Use for: accessible works for the general reader
KCZEconomic history
Use with: NH* codes as appropriate and PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
KFFinance and accounting
Use all KF* codes for: academic, specialist and professional level works. Prefer: VS* codes for practical advice for the general reader
KFCAccounting
UFK Accounting software
KFCCCost accounting
KFCFFinancial accounting
KFCMManagement accounting and bookkeeping
Class here: auditing
KFCPPublic finance accounting
KFCRFinancial reporting, financial statements
Class here: International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) and works on other recognised international or national standards
1.4
KFCXAccounting: study and revision guides
Class here: revision or preparation for recognised international or national accountancy and bookkeeping qualifications, for example ACCA, CIMA or ICAEW etc. Use with: 4CP* codes as appropriate
KFFX Banking and finance: study and revision guides
1.4
KFFFinance
Class here: general works on the financial services sector etc. Prefer: U* codes especially UXT for financial technologies, fintech
VSB Personal finance
1.4
KFFDPublic finance and taxation
KCP Political economy
KFFHCorporate finance
KFFJCurrency / Foreign exchange
Class here: currency trading, money markets, cryptocurrencies (from a finance / investment aspect) etc
UNKD Distributed ledgers
1.3
KFFKBanking
KFFLCredit and credit institutions
KFFMInvestment and securities
Class here: commodities, stocks and shares, bonds, futures, hedge funds etc
VSB Personal finance
KFFNInsurance and actuarial studies
KFFPPensions
VSR Retirement
KFFRProperty and real estate
VSH Housing and property for the individual: buying/selling and legal aspects
KFFXBanking and finance: study and revision guides
Class here: revision or preparation for recognised international or national banking, finance, insurance qualifications, for example IMC, CFA, FIA etc. Use with: 4CP* codes as appropriate
KFCX Accounting: study and revision guides
1.4
KJBusiness and Management
Use all KJ* codes for: academic, specialist and professional level works. Prefer: VS* codes for practical advice for the general reader
KJBBusiness studies: general
KJBXBusiness and management: study and revision guides
KJCBusiness strategy
KJDBusiness innovation
Use for: works on business and the effect of new technologies, strategies, innovation in business
KJH Entrepreneurship
1.4
KJDDDisruptive innovation
Use for: developments that create new markets and value networks, and typically disrupt and replace existing markets
KJEE-commerce: business aspects
Class here: electronic commerce, internet commerce. Use for: works about the buying and selling of goods or services using the internet, and the transfer of money and data to execute these transactions
KJSG Online marketing
1.4
KJFBusiness competition
KJGBusiness ethics and social responsibility
KJHEntrepreneurship
KJJBusiness and the environment; ‘green’ approaches to business
KJKInternational business
KJLConsultancy
Class here: getting or giving advice about running a business, including obtaining grants, subsidies, research funding
1.3
KJMManagement and management techniques
VSC Advice on careers and achieving success
KJMBManagement: leadership and motivation
Class here: management of change
1.3
KJMDManagement decision making
GPQ Decision theory: general
KJMKKnowledge management
KCVP Knowledge economics
KJMPProject management
Class here: Agile, Scrum, etc, project and programme management methodologies
1.4
KJMQQuality Assurance (QA) and Total Quality Management (TQM)
KJMTTime management
KJMVManagement of specific areas
KJMV1Budgeting and financial management
KJMV2Personnel and human resources management
VSC Advice on careers and achieving success
KJMV21Performance management / appraisals
Class here: professional aptitude tests, performance testing, reviews and evaluations
VSC Advice on careers and achieving success
1.31.4
KJMV22Diversity and inclusion in the workplace1.31.4
KJMV4Management of real estate, property and plant
Class here: management of physical assets, Facilities management
1.4
KJMV5Production and quality control management
KJMV6Research and development management
KJMV7Sales and marketing management
KJS Sales and marketing
KJMV8Purchasing and supply management
KJMV9Distribution and logistics management
KNP Retail and wholesale industries
KJNBusiness negotiation
KJPBusiness communication and presentation
KJQBusiness mathematics and systems
KJRCorporate governance: role and responsibilities of boards and directors
Class here: role and responsibilities of company secretary etc
KJG Business ethics and social responsibility
1.1
KJSSales and marketing
Class here: general works on selling techniques, sales skills
KJMV7 Sales and marketing management
1.4
KJSAAdvertising
Class here: Advertising industry
1.3
KJSCBrands and branding
KJSGOnline marketing
Class here: use of social media and online resources to market products, web marketing, SEO techniques, the attention or experience economy, online newsletters, influencers
KJE E-commerce: business aspects
1.4
KJSJDirect marketing / telemarketing1.3
KJSMMarket research
KJSPPublic relations
KJSUCustomer services
KJTOperational research
PBW Applied mathematics
KJUOrganizational theory and behaviour
Class here: Organizational change management (OCM)
1.3
KJVOwnership and organization of enterprises
KJVBTakeovers, mergers and buy-outs
KJVDPrivatization
KJVFFranchises
KJVGMultinationals
KJVNPublic ownership / nationalization
KJVPMonopolies
KJVSSmall businesses and self-employment
Class here: creating and running your own business, freelancing, new business enterprises, start-ups
1.4
KJVTOutsourcing and insourcing
Use for: works that look at using external contractors and resources or using an organisation’s own internal resources
1.4
KJVVJoint ventures
Class here: Business partnerships, collaborations
1.4
KJVWEmployee-ownership and co-operatives
KJVXNon-profitmaking organizations
KJWOffice and workplace
KJWBOffice management
KJWFOffice systems and equipment
KJWSSecretarial, clerical and office skills
KJWXWorking patterns and practices
Class here: teleworking, shift, part-time and full-time working, the ‘gig economy’, flexible or restrictive work practices, etc
1.4
KJZHistory of specific companies / corporate history
NHTK Industrialisation and industrial history
KNIndustry and industrial studies
Use all KN* codes for: studies of whole sectors or works that look at aspects of these topics from a business or industrial studies perspective
1.3
KNAAgribusiness and primary industries
Use for: general works on these sectors or industries that do not have their own separate codes
KCVD Agricultural economics
1.3
KNACAgriculture, agribusiness and food production industries
Use for: titles about the agriculture and food production sector from a business or industrial studies perspective
TV* Agriculture and farming
1.3
KNAFFisheries and related industries
Class here: whaling industry. Use for: titles about fishing sector from a business or industrial studies perspective
TVT Aquaculture and fish-farming: practice and techniques
1.3
KNALForestry industry
Use for: titles about the business or industry of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forest and related resources
TDPJ Timber and wood processing, TVR Forestry and silviculture: practice and techniques
1.3
KNATExtractive industries
Class here: mining, drilling, dredging and quarrying. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
RBGL Economic geology, TTU Mining technology and engineering
1.3
KNBEnergy industries and utilities
Use for: general works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
TH* Energy technology and engineering
1.3
KNBLElectrical power generation and distribution industries
Class here: public and private utility companies, nuclear power industry etc. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
THY* Energy, power generation, distribution and storage
1.3
KNBPPetroleum, oil and gas industries
Class here: fracking. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
RBGL Economic geology, TDCF Fuels and petrochemicals
1.31.4
KNBTAlternative and renewable energy industries
Use for: works on the renewable energy industry (hydroelectric, wind, solar, wave etc) from a business, industrial studies perspective
THV Alternative and renewable energy sources and technology
1.3
KNBWWater industries
Class here: public and private utility companies, drinking water and waste water industries. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
TQSR Waste treatment and disposal, TQSW Water supply and treatment
1.3
KNDManufacturing industries
Use for: general works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
TDP* Other manufacturing technologies
1.3
KNDCChemical, biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries
Class here: petrochemical, plastics industries. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
TDC* Industrial chemistry and chemical engineering
1.3
KNDDApparel, garment and textile industries
Use for: titles about the business or industry of manufacturing clothing, cloth etc, particularly works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
TDPF Textiles and fibres, AKT Fashion and textile design
1.3
KNDRVehicle and transport manufacturing industries
Class here: automotive industry, shipbuilding, aircraft and rail vehicle manufacturing industries. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective. Use with: WG* codes to indicate what type of vehicle or transport as appropriate
TR* Transport technology and trades
1.31.4
KNGTransport industries
Class here: all transport industries; road, shipping, railway, aerospace, air etc. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective. Use with WG* codes to indicate what type of vehicle as appropriate
KNDR Vehicle and transport manufacturing industries, TR* Transport technology and trades, WG* Transport: general interest
1.3
KNJConstruction and heavy industry
Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
1.3
KNJCConstruction and building industry
Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
TN* Civil engineering, surveying and building
1.3
KNJHIron, steel and other metal industries
Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
TDPM Metals technology / metallurgy
1.3
KNPRetail and wholesale industries
Class here: Distribution, warehousing business. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
KJMV9 Distribution and logistics management
1.3
KNSHospitality and service industries
Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
TTVC Hotel, hospitality and catering trades
1.3
KNSBFood and drink service industries
Class here: catering industry
TDCT Food and beverage technology, TTVC2 Catering and food preparation skills and trades
1.3
KNSGHospitality, sports, leisure and tourism industries
Class here: hotel industry, hotel management, theme parks, fitness business. Use for: titles about the business or industry of leisure
TTVC Hotel, hospitality and catering trades, WT* Travel and holiday
1.31.4
KNSJEvents management industry
Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
1.3
KNSXFashion and beauty industries
Class here: make up, perfume industries. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
AKT Fashion and textile design, JBCC3 Cultural studies: fashion and society, KNDD Apparel, garment and textile industries, TTVH Hairdressing, salon and beauty therapy skills, WJF Fashion and style guides
1.3
KNTMedia, entertainment, information and communication industries
Class here: postal, telecommunications industries etc. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
GTC Communication studies, JBCT Media studies
1.3
KNTCFilm, TV and Radio industries
Use for: works about the industries, companies and technologies associated with the television, cinema, video, radio, podcast and audio industries, including associated streaming services
1.11.4
KNTFMusic industry
Class here: recorded and live music sectors, music publishing, streaming services
1.11.4
KNTPPublishing industry and journalism1.2
KNTP1Publishing and book trade
Class here: print, e-book and digital publishing, journals. Use with: NHTB for the History of books, book publishing etc
1.21.4
KNTP2News media and journalism
Class here: print and online news, newspapers and magazines
1.2
KNTRPrinting and reprographic industries
Class here: printed packaging and labelling industries
1.4
KNTVComputer and video game industry
Class here: Interactive entertainment industry
1.3
KNTXInformation technology industries
Class here: tech sector, tech industry, Silicon Valley
KJE E-commerce: business aspects
1.3
KNVCivil service and public sector
JPP Public administration
KNXIndustrial relations, occupational health and safety
Class here: trade unions, industrial action, industrial arbitration and negotiation, industrial health and safety etc. Use for: all industrial and commercial workplaces, not specifically manufacturing or heavy industry
1.3
KNXCHealth and safety in the workplace1.11.3
KNXNIndustrial arbitration and negotiation1.1
KNXUTrade unions
Class here: labour unions, organized labour
1.11.3
LLaw
Use all L* codes for: academic, professional or specialist titles only. DO NOT USE: code ‘L’ itself, but select specific categories from section L*. The L* section is not meant to reflect any particular legal system and many titles will need at least two codes to create the appropriate category. Use all L* codes with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers to indicate jurisdiction (especially with LN* codes), plus other qualifiers as appropriate. Prefer: VS* codes for more general adult titles
1.4
LAJurisprudence and general issues
LABMethods, theory and philosophy of law
LAFSystems of law
Use for: works about different legal systems or to indicate a particular type of law is from a particular system. Use all LAF* codes with: other L* codes and PLACE 1* Qualifiers, as appropriate, to indicate the type of legal system and the type of laws and the jurisdiction
1.4
LAFCSystems of law: common law
LAFDSystems of law: civil codes / civil law
Use for: works about bodies of law or civil law systems that are based on a code of law, legal codes or law codes
LAFR Systems of law: Roman law
1.4
LAFFSystems of law: customary law
Use for: works about bodies of law or legal systems wholly or partially based on custom and precedent
1.4
LAFGSystems of law: mixed systems
Use for: works about bodies of law or legal systems that are based on more than one legal system
1.4
LAFRSystems of law: Roman law
LAFSSystems of law: Islamic law
LW Shariah law
LAFTSystems of law: Jewish Law
LAFXSystems of law: ecclesiastical (canon) law
LAMComparative law
LAQLaw and society, sociology of law
LAQGLaw and society, gender issues
LARLegal aspects of criminology
LASLegal skills and practice
LASDLegal skills: advocacy
LASHLegal skills: drafting and legal writing
Class here: academic legal writing
1.3
LASKLegal skills: negotiating and interviewing
Class here: legal skills: oral communication
1.3
LASNLegal skills: research methods
Class here: legal skills: using online tools, legal databases etc
1.3
LASPLegal practice: paralegals and paralegalism
LATLegal profession: general
LNAL Legal systems: regulation of legal profession
LATCLegal ethics and professional conduct
LAYLaw as it applies to other professions and disciplines
VSD Law, citizenship and rights for the lay person
LAZLegal history
LBInternational law
LBBPublic international law
LBBCPublic international law: treaties and other sources
LBBC1Public International law: customary law
LBBDPublic international law: diplomatic law
LBBFPublic international law: jurisdiction and immunities
LBBJPublic international law: territory and statehood
LBBKPublic international law: law of the sea
Class here: law concerning maritime boundaries, marine resources, etc as it affects sovereign states
LBDM International law, transport and commerce: maritime law, LNCB5 Shipping law
LBBLPublic International law: health
LBBMPublic international law: economic and trade
LBBM1Public international law, economic and trade: tariffs
LBBM3Public international law, economic and trade: investment treaties and disputes
LBBM5Public international law: energy and natural resources
LBBM7Public international law, economic and trade: corporations
LBBPPublic international law: environment
LBBP1Public international law, environment: agricultural law
LBBQPublic international law: administration
LBBRPublic international law: human rights
Class here: substantive rights and inalienable rights in International Law
1.4
LBBR1Public international law, human rights: labour and social
LBBSPublic international law: humanitarian law
Class here: refugee law, law of war
LBBUPublic international law: international organizations and institutions
LBBVPublic international law: responsibility of states and other entities
LBBZPublic international law: criminal law
LBDInternational law: transport, communications and commerce
LBDAInternational law, transport: space and aerospace law
LBDKInternational law: transnational commerce and international sale of goods law
LBDMInternational law, transport and commerce: maritime law
Class here: law concerning shipping, cargo, insurance, piracy etc as it affects commercial bodies but not sovereign states
LBBK Public international law: law of the sea, LNCB5 Shipping law
LBDTInternational law: communications, telecommunications and media
LBGPrivate international law and conflict of laws
LBHInternational law: international disputes and civil procedure
LBHGInternational law: courts and procedures
LBHTInternational law: arbitration
LBJInternational law: intellectual property
LBKInternational law: sports
LBLInternational law reports
LNLaws of specific jurisdictions and specific areas of law
Use all LN* codes with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers to indicate jurisdiction, as appropriate
LNALegal systems: general
LNAALegal systems: courts and procedures
LNAA1Legal systems: judicial powers
LNAA2Legal systems: law of contempt
LNACLegal systems: civil procedure, litigation and dispute resolution
LNFX Criminal procedure
LNAC1Civil remedies
LNAC12Restitution
LNAC14Damages and compensation
LNAC16Injunctions and other orders
LNAC3Civil procedure: law of evidence
LNAC4Civil procedure: investigation and specific proceedings
LNAC5Arbitration, mediation and alternative dispute resolution
Class here: moderation and legal negotiation
1.4
LNAFLegal systems: costs and funding
LNALLegal systems: regulation of legal profession
LNBPrivate or civil law: general
LNBALegal entity (natural and legal persons)
LNBBCivil registration system
LNCCompany, commercial and competition law: general
LNCBCommercial law
LNCB1Franchising law
LNCB2E-commerce law
LNCB3Sale of goods law
LNCB4Outsourcing law
LNCB5Shipping law
Use for: domestic law governing maritime activities
LBBK Public international law: law of the sea, LBDM International law, transport and commerce: maritime law
1.3
LNCB6Aviation law
LNCB7Catering and restaurant law
Use for: works on laws and regulations covering preparation and cooking of food for consumption and the laws relating to the institutions, businesses or individuals who prepare, sell or serve food to the public, including hygiene, sanitary and safety laws
LNTV Food law
1.4
LNCB8Hospitality, Travel and Tourism law
Class here: Holiday law. Use for: works that relate to laws and regulations in the hospitality, travel and tourism industries
1.4
LNCCRegulatory compliance
LNCDCompany law
LNCD1Mergers and acquisitions law
LNCERegistry and proceedings law
LNCFPartnership and cooperative law
LNCGTransformation law, change of corporate form
LNCHCompetition law / Antitrust law
LNCJContract law
LNCKCompany and business offences
LNCLAgency law
LNCNProcurement law
LNCQConstruction and engineering law
LNCQ1Private construction and engineering law
LNCQ2Public construction law
LNCREnergy and natural resources law
LNDConstitutional and administrative law: general
LNDACitizenship and nationality law
LNDA1Immigration law
LNDA3Asylum law
LNDBAdministrative jurisdiction and public administration
LNDB1Administrative law, general
LNDB2Administrative procedure and courts
LNDB3State and public properties and assets
LNDB4Sanctioning power of the administration
LNDB5Compulsory expropriation, compulsory purchase, eminent domain
LNDB6Making of rules and administrative acts
LNDB7Regulation of public services
LNCN Procurement law
1.2
LNDB8Law of science and research, university college law
PDJ Regulation of science and experimentation
LNDCLaw: Human rights and civil liberties
Class here: substantive rights as applied to a jurisdiction
JPVH Human rights, civil rights
1.4
LNDC1Constitutional law and human rights
LNDC2Privacy law
LNDC4Freedom of expression law
LNDC5History of constitution and comparative constitutional law
LNDECivil and Public Servants law1.3
LNDFFreedom of information law
LNDGReligious law and concordats
LNDHGovernment powers
LNDJState liability and compensation law
LNDKMilitary and defence law and civilian service law
LNDLSafety and police law, regulatory and weapons law
LNDMJudicial review
LNDPParliamentary and legislative practice
LNDSElection law
LNDULocal government law
LNDVRegional government law
LNDXConstitution
LNEEconomic administrative law and public commercial law
LNEAFinancial administration and public finance law
LNEBForeign economics and customs law
LNECLaw of allowances and subsidies
LNEFPublic procurement, services and supplies
LNFCriminal law: procedure and offences
LNFBCriminal justice law
LNFGCriminal law: offences against the government
LNFG1Offences against the State, against public administration and the administration of justice
LNFG2Offences against land use and city planning, monument, land and environment protection
LNFJCriminal law: offences against the person
LNFJ1Criminal law: Harassment and stalking1.4
LNFJ2Criminal law: Gender violence1.4
LNFLCriminal law: offences against property
LNFNFraud
LNFQJuvenile criminal law
LNFROffences against public health, safety, order
LNFSCriminal law: additional penalty law
LNFTRoad traffic law, motoring offences
LNFUCriminal law: fiscal offences
LNFVCriminal law: terrorism law
LNFWCorruption
LNFXCriminal procedure
LNFX1Sentencing and punishment
LNFX3Criminal procedure: law of evidence
LNFX31Criminal procedure: investigation and specific proceedings
LNFX5Police law and police procedures
LNFX51Police law: preliminary injunction
LNFX7Prison law
LNFYJury trials
LNHEmployment and labour law: general
LNHDDiscrimination in employment and harassment law
LNHHOccupational health and safety law, working time law
LNHJLabour rules violations and penalties
LNHRIndustrial relations and trade unions law
LNHUEmployment contracts
LNHWLaw of professional training
LNHXEmployment and labour law: procedure, dispute resolution
LNJEntertainment and media law
LNJDDefamation law, slander and libel
LNJSSport and the law
LNJXAdvertising, marketing and sponsorship law
LNKEnvironment, transport and planning law: general
LNKFAgricultural law
LNKGAnimal law
LNKJEnvironment law
LNKKDisaster control and fire protection law
LNKNNature conservation law
LNKPWater and wastewater law
LNKTTransport law
LNKVWays and highways law
LNKWPlanning law
LNKXProtection of historic buildings and cultural assets
LNLLaw: equity and trusts, foundations
LNMFamily law
LNMBFamily law: marriage, separation and divorce
LNMCFamily law: cohabitation
LNMFFamily law: same-sex partnership
LNMIFamily law: financial statement between spouses
LNMKFamily law: children
LNPFinancial law: general
LNPAAccounting and auditing law
LNPBBanking law
LNPCBankruptcy and insolvency
Class here: judicial and related approaches to winding up or restructuring companies with financial issues
1.2
LNPC1Bankruptcy law: extrajudicial procedures
Class here: approaches to company financial issues beyond the judicial e.g. voluntary arrangements
1.2
LNPDCapital markets and securities law and regulation
LNPFFinancial services law and regulation
LNPNInsurance law
LNPPPensions, old-age provisions and private compensation
LNQIT and Communications law / Postal laws and regulations
LNCB2 E-commerce law
LNQDData protection law
LNQEComputer crime, cybercrime
LNRIntellectual property law
LNRCCopyright law
LNRDPatents law
LNRFTrademarks law
LNRLDesigns law
LNRVConfidential information law
LNQD Data protection law
LNSProperty law: general
LNKW Planning law
LNSHLand and real estate law
LNSH1Ownership and mortgage law
LNSH3Landlord and tenant law
LNSH5Conveyancing law
LNSH7Rating and valuation law
LNSH9Housing law
LNSPPersonal property law
LNTSocial law and Medical law
LNTCCharity law
LNTDEducation law
LNTHSocial security and welfare law
LNTH1Social insurance law
LNTJPublic health and safety law
LNTMMedical and healthcare law
LNTM1Mental health law
LNTM2Regulation of medicines and medical devices
LNTNPharmaceutical law
LNTQDisability and the law
LNTSLaw and the elderly
LNTUConsumer protection law
LNTVFood law
Use for: works on laws and regulations covering food standards, including food imports and exports, associated animal welfare regulations, food safety, traceability, on labelling and product withdrawals and recalls, allergy advice etc
LNCB7 Catering and restaurant law
1.4
LNTXLicensing, gaming and club law
Use for: works on laws relating to selling of alcohol, gambling etc, including their prohibition, and laws relating to establishments
1.4
LNUTaxation and duties law
LNUCCorporate and business tax
LNUDLocal taxation, charges, public sector pricing1.4
LNUPPersonal tax
LNUSSales tax, tariffs and customs duties
Class here: laws relating to value added taxes (VAT), systems of general sales taxes
1.4
LNUTTrusts and estates taxation, gift tax
LNUUReal estate tax, property valuation
LNUVExcise taxes and duties
Class here: laws relating to charges levied on goods such as alcohol, fuel, tobacco
1.4
LNUWOther transaction taxes
LNUXInternational taxation law
LNUYTaxation procedure
LNVLaw of torts, damages and compensation
LNAC14 Damages and compensation
LNVCNegligence
Use for: both general and professional negligence
LNVFNuisance
LNVJPersonal injury
LNWLaw: wills, probate, succession
LNXPublic Law1.2
LNZPrimary sources of law
Use with: other L* codes for identifying sources and type of Law
1.4
LNZCSources of law: case law, precedent
Use for: works about judicial decisions deciding law, ‘judge made law’
1.4
LNZLSources of law: legislation
Class here: material sources of law from institutions, or social groups, that are authorised to create laws
1.4
LWShariah law
LWFShariah law: four Schools of Fiqh
LWFAShariah law: Al-Shafi’i School of Fiqh
LWFBShariah law: Al-Hanbali School of Fiqh
LWFCShariah law: Al-Maaliki School of Fiqh
LWFDShariah law: Al-Hanafi School of Fiqh
LWKShariah law: key topics and practice
LWKFShariah law: family relations
LWKGShariah law: crime and punishment
LWKHShariah law: inheritance and disposal of property
LWKLShariah law: economics and finance
LWKMShariah law: dietary
LWKNShariah law: alcohol and gambling
LWKPShariah law: customs and behaviour
LWKRShariah law: administration of justice (including penalties and apostasy)
Class here: fatwa
1.3
LWKTShariah law: Islamic rituals
LWKT1Shariah law: Islamic rituals: purification
LWKT2Shariah law: Islamic rituals: jihad
LWKT3Shariah law: Islamic rituals: prayer and funeral prayer
LWKT4Shariah law: Islamic rituals: zakat (alms)
LWKT5Shariah law: Islamic rituals: fasting
LWKT6Shariah law: Islamic rituals: pilgrimage
LXLaw: study and revision guides
MMedicine and Nursing
Use all M* codes for: academic, technical and specialist healthcare and medical material only. Use with: Qualifiers NOT generally required and NOT usually mixed with other Subject codes. Prefer: V* codes for health topics aimed at a broad general adult audience
1.4
MBMedicine: general issues
MBDMedical profession
MBDCMedical ethics and professional conduct
MBDPDoctor/patient relationship
MBDSPatient safety
Use for: professional and specialist works concerning procedures, safeguards, standards and training designed to ensure the safety and welfare of patients within healthcare systems
MJCJ3 Hospital-acquired infections
1.1
MBFMedical and health informatics
PSAX Computational biology / bioinformatics
MBGMedical equipment and techniques
MBGLMedical laboratory testing and techniques
MBGRMedical research
MBGR1Clinical trials
MBGTTelemedicine
Class here: telehealth, mHealth, eHealth, video or electronic consultations, teletherapy. Use with: other M* codes to indicate the speciality as appropriate
1.4
MBNPublic health and preventive medicine
MBNCMedical screening
Class here: mass screening, high-risk or selective screening of populations or groups
1.3
MBNHPersonal and public health / health education
Class here: specialist and professional works on health education, patient education, training for health education specialists
1.3
MBNH1Hygiene
MBNH2Environmental factors
Class here: Environmental health, impact of environment on health, etc
1.4
MBNH3Dietetics and nutrition
Use for: medical and academic works on the relationship between diet, health and disease
VFM Fitness and diet
1.4
MBNH4Birth control, contraception, family planning
MBNH9Health psychology
MBNKVaccination1.3
MBNSEpidemiology and Medical statistics
Class here: works that deal with applications of statistics to medicine and the health sciences or with the study of the incidence, distribution, and possible control of diseases (both epidemic and disease in general) and other non-disease, health-related conditions
1.4
MBPHealth systems and services
MBPAPrimary care medicine, primary health care
MBPCGeneral practice / Family medicine
Class here: Family practice
1.4
MBPKMental health services
MBPMMedical administration and management
MBPNResidential care
Class here: elder care, convalescent home, hospices, nursing home, skilled nursing facility (SNF), care home, rest home or intermediate care
JKSG Care of the elderly, MQCL4 Geriatric nursing, MQCL9 Terminal care nursing
1.21.3
MBPRMedical insurance
MBQMedicolegal issues
MBSMedical sociology
MBXHistory of medicine
NHTF History: plagues, diseases etc
MFPre-clinical medicine: basic sciences
PSB Biochemistry
MFCAnatomy
MFCCCytology
MFCHHistology
MFCRRegional anatomy
MFCXDissection
MFGPhysiology
MFGCCellular physiology
MFGGRegional physiology
MFGMMetabolism
MFGTElectrophysiology
Class here: electroencephalography, electrocardiogram, Electrocorticography, EEG, ECG, Electroneuronography
1.4
MFGVBiomechanics, human kinetics
Class here: exercise physiology
SCGF Sport science, physical education
MFKHuman reproduction, growth and development
MFKCReproductive medicine
MFKC1Infertility and fertilization
Class here: assisted reproductive technology, IVF
1.3
MFKC3Embryology
MFKHHuman growth and development
MFKH3Maturation and ageing
MFNMedical genetics
MJClinical and internal medicine
MJAMedical diagnosis
MJADExamination of patients
MJCDiseases and disorders
MJCGCongenital diseases and disorders
MJCG1Hereditary diseases and disorders
MJCJInfectious and contagious diseases
Class here: transmissible / communicable diseases, epidemic diseases, viral, bacterial and parasitic infections, treatments and prevention
MKFM Medical microbiology and virology
1.4
MJCJ1Venereal diseases
Class here: Sexually transmitted infections
1.4
MJCJ2Medicine: HIV/AIDS, retroviral diseases
Use for: medical works about human immunodeficiency virus infections and acquired immune deficiency syndrome
1.4
MJCJ3Hospital-acquired infections
Class here: nosocomial (healthcare-acquired) infections, iatrogenic infections
MBDS Patient safety
1.4
MJCLOncology
MJCL1Radiotherapy
MJCL2Chemotherapy
MJCMImmunology
MJCM1Medicine: Allergies
Class here: Anaphylaxis, hay fever (allergic rhinitis), food allergies. Use for: medical works about allergic diseases
1.4
MJDCardiovascular medicine
MJEMusculoskeletal medicine
MNS Surgical orthopaedics and fractures
MJFHaematology
MJGEndocrinology
MJGDMedicine: Diabetes
Use for: medical works about Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, Gestational diabetes mellitus, Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
1.4
MJHGastroenterology
MJJHepatology
MJKDermatology
MJLRespiratory medicine
MJMRheumatology
MJPOtorhinolaryngology (ENT)
Class here: Ear, Nose and Throat, otolaryngology (head and neck surgery), Laryngology, Rhinology, Otology and neurotology. Use with: MN* codes for works about surgical techniques
1.4
MJPDAudiology and otology
MJQOphthalmology
Class here: ophthalmic, ocular or eye surgery. Use with: MN* codes for works about surgical techniques
1.4
MJRRenal medicine and nephrology
MJRDHaemodialysis
MJSUrology and urogenital medicine
Class here: male sexual dysfunction
MKMedical specialties, branches of medicine
MKAAnaesthetics
MKALPain and pain management
MKBPalliative medicine
MKCGynaecology and obstetrics
MKCMMaterno-foetal medicine / perinatology1.3
MKDPaediatric medicine
MKDNNeonatal medicine
MKEDentistry
Class here: preventive, therapeutic and cosmetic dentistry, dental hygiene. Use for: works about basic, general and clinical dentistry. Use with: MQC* for dental nursing, MBPM for Dental administration etc
1.4
MKEDOrthodontics
Class here: dentofacial orthopaedics, orthodontia
1.4
MKEHDentistry specialities
Class here: Prosthodontics, Endodontics, Periodontics, Paediatric dentistry, dental anaesthesiology
MKED Orthodontics
1.4
MKEPOral and maxillofacial surgery
MKFPathology
MKFCCytopathology
MKFHHistopathology
Class here: biopsy
MKFKChronic diseases and conditions
Class here: Chronic fatigue syndrome
1.21.4
MKFMMedical microbiology and virology
MJCJ Infectious and contagious diseases
MKFPMedical parasitology
MKFSPsychosomatics1.2
MKGPharmacology
Use for: works on basic, general and clinical pharmacology
1.4
MKGTMedical toxicology
MKGWPsychopharmacology
MKHRegenerative medicine1.1
MKHCRegenerative medicine: stem cells1.11.2
MKJNeurology and clinical neurophysiology
Use for: works on neurological and neurodegenerative disorders, and diseases and disorders of the nervous system
1.4
MKJAAutism and Asperger’s Syndrome
MKJDAlzheimer’s and dementia
MKLPsychiatry
MKLDPsychiatric and mental disorders1.3
MKMClinical psychology
JMP Abnormal psychology
MKMTPsychotherapy
MKMT1Psychotherapy: general
MKMT2Psychotherapy: group
MKMT3Psychotherapy: child and adolescent
MKMT4Psychotherapy: couples and families
MKMT5Psychotherapy: counselling
MKMT6Cognitive behavioural therapy
MKNGeriatric medicine
MKPAccident and emergency medicine
MKPBTrauma and shock
Class here: post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
1.3
MKPDBurns
MKPLIntensive care medicine
MKRNuclear medicine
MKSMedical imaging
TTBM Imaging systems and technology
MKSFMedical imaging: ultrasonics1.3
MKSGMedical imaging: nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR / MRI)1.3
MKSHMedical imaging: radiology1.3
MKSJMedical imaging: tomography1.3
MKTForensic medicine
MKVEnvironmental medicine
MKVBAviation and space medicine
MKVDDiving and hyperbaric medicine
MKVPOccupational medicine
KNX Industrial relations, occupational health and safety
MKVQTravel medicine / emporiatrics1.3
MKVTTropical medicine
MKWSports injuries and medicine
SCGF Sport science, physical education
MKZTherapy and therapeutics
MJCL1 Radiotherapy, MJCL2 Chemotherapy, MKMT* Psychotherapy, MQS Physiotherapy, MQT* Occupational therapy
MKZDEating disorders and therapy
MKZFObesity: treatment and therapy
MKZLSpeech and language disorders and therapy
Class here: Speech-Language Pathology, all therapies associated with speech and language
1.4
MKZRAddiction and therapy
MKZSSleep disorders and therapy
Class here: Somnipathy and insomnia, sleep apnoea
1.4
MKZVGene therapy
MNSurgery
MKEP Oral and maxillofacial surgery
MNBSurgical techniques
MNCGeneral surgery
MNDAbdominal surgery
MNGGastrointestinal and colorectal surgery
MNHCardiothoracic surgery
MNJVascular surgery
MNKSurgical oncology
MNLCritical care surgery
MNNNeurosurgery
MNPPlastic and reconstructive surgery
MNPCCosmetic surgery
MNQTransplant surgery
MNSSurgical orthopaedics and fractures
MJE Musculoskeletal medicine
MNZPeri-operative care
MQCL6 Surgical nursing
MQNursing and ancillary services
Use for: works for healthcare professionals, allied professions or ancillary roles that do not have their own code, or for general works
1.4
MQCNursing
MQCANursing fundamentals and skills
MQCBNursing research and theory
MQCHNurse/patient relationship
MQCLNursing specialties
MQCL1Accident and emergency nursing
MQCL2Intensive care nursing
Class here: critical care nursing
1.4
MQCL3Paediatric nursing
Class here: Children’s nursing
1.4
MQCL4Geriatric nursing
Class here: gerontological nursing, nursing and care of elderly
1.4
MQCL5Psychiatric nursing
Class here: Mental health nursing
1.4
MQCL6Surgical nursing
Class here: Perioperative and theatre nursing
MNZ Peri-operative care
1.4
MQCL7Nurse practitioner/ Advanced Practice nursing and equivalents1.4
MQCL9Terminal care nursing
Class here: Palliative nursing, end of life care
1.4
MQCMNursing pharmacology
MQCWNursing sociology
MQCXCommunity nursing
Class here: health visitors, general practice nursing and other nursing specialities outside of a hospital setting
1.4
MQCZNursing management and leadership
MQDMidwifery
MQDBBirthing methods
MQFFirst aid and paramedical services
MQGMedical assistants / Physicians’ assistants
Class here: clinical assistants, healthcare assistants, physicians’ associates. Use for: qualified healthcare professionals training or trained to assist doctors, physicians and other qualified medical professionals. Use with: other M* codes to indicate a speciality
1.31.4
MQHRadiography
MQKChiropody and podiatry
MQPPharmacy / dispensing
MQROptometry / opticians
MQSPhysiotherapy
Class here: physical therapy, exercise prescription
1.4
MQTOccupational therapy
Class here: Recreational Therapy, Horticultural therapy
1.4
MQTCCreative therapy
Class here: art, music, drama therapy
1.4
MQUMedical counselling
MQVRehabilitation
MQVBRehabilitation: brain and spinal injuries
MQWBiomedical engineering
MQWBOrthotics
MQWPProsthetics
MQZMortuary practice
MRMedical study and revision guides and reference material
MRGMedical study and revision guides
Use with: PLACE 1* or EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers for medical exams as appropriate
1.3
MRGDMedical revision aids: MRCP
MRGKMedical revision aids: MRCS
MRGLMedical revision aids: PLAB
MRTMedical charts, colour atlases
Class here: anatomical charts, atlases and posters
1.4
MXComplementary medicine
Use all MX* codes for: academic, technical or specialist works for medical students and practitioners about alternative or traditional medicine for professionals, works on Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine aimed at professionals, Naturopathic medicine, Phytotherapy, medical acupuncture, moxibustion. Use with: VXH* codes as secondary codes, to give detail of a particular complementary medicine as appropriate
VXH* Complementary therapies, healing and health
1.4
MXHChiropractic and osteopathy
MZVeterinary medicine
MZAVeterinary medicine: general1.4
MZABVeterinary medicine: research1.4
MZADVeterinary medicine: reference and statistics1.4
MZBPre-clinical veterinary medicine: basic sciences1.4
MZCVeterinary medicine: small animals
Class here: veterinary medicine of small pets, canine and feline medicine, avian practice
MZG Veterinary medicine: exotic and zoo animals
1.4
MZDVeterinary medicine: large animals
Class here: veterinary medicine of domestic / farm animals
MZG Veterinary medicine: exotic and zoo animals
1.4
MZDHEquine veterinary medicine
MZFVeterinary medicine: laboratory animals
MZGVeterinary medicine: exotic and zoo animals
MZHVeterinary anatomy and physiology
MZKVeterinary pathology and histology
MZLVeterinary nutrition
MZMVeterinary medicine: diseases and therapeutics1.4
MZMPVeterinary bacteriology, virology, parasitology
MZPVeterinary pharmacology
MZRVeterinary radiology
MZSVeterinary surgery
MZSNVeterinary anaesthetics
MZTVeterinary dentistry
MZVVeterinary nursing
MZXComplementary medicine for animals
NHistory and Archaeology
Use all N* codes for: specialist and general adult titles. DO NOT USE: code ‘N’ itself, but select specific categories from section N*. Use all N* codes with: other subject categories and qualifiers where appropriate, in particular PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers. A History work will usually need more than one subject category, from either History or non-History subjects to give greater detail, for example categories from Social Sciences (J*) with NHTB
1.4
NHHistory
Use for: general history of broad topics, places etc. Use all NH* codes with: other subject codes to give more detail and also PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate. Prefer: ‘history of’ categories from within that subject where they exist, e.g. PDX History of science, QRAX history of Religion or KCZ Economic History
1.4
NHAHistory: theory and methods
NHAHHistoriography
NHAPHistorical research: source documents
Use for: works about the subject, and also the historical documents published in contemporary or modern formats, usually as annotated versions of the original text or modern translations
CFL Palaeography
1.4
NHBGeneral and world history
Class here: encyclopaedias, dictionaries or timelines of world history. Use for: works that take a truly global view of history and that do not fit into a more precise history category. For general or global history of specific topics, use with an appropriate subject category. Prefer: ‘history of’ categories from within that subject where they exist
1.4
NHCAncient history
Use for: works about ancient history according to the concept or notion of ‘ancient history’ as applied to the particular region and subject of the work. Use with: other NH* codes and relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
NHDEuropean history
Use with: relevant PLACE 1D* or 1QB* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
NHDAEuropean history: the Romans
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHDCEuropean history: the Celts
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHDEEuropean history: the Vikings
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHDGEuropean history: the Normans
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHDJEuropean history: medieval period, middle ages
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHDLEuropean history: Renaissance
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHDNEuropean history: Reformation
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHFAsian history
Use with: relevant PLACE 1F* or 1QB* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
NHGMiddle Eastern history
Use with: relevant PLACE 1FB* or 1QB* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
NHHAfrican history
Use with: relevant PLACE 1H* or 1QB* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
NHHAAfrican history: pre-colonial period
Use with: relevant PLACE 1H* or 1QB* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
NHKHistory of the Americas
Use with: relevant PLACE 1K* or 1QB* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
NHKAHistory of the Americas: pre-Columbian period
Use with: relevant PLACE 1K* or 1QB* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
NHMAustralasian and Pacific history
Class here: Histories of Oceania, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, etc. Use with: relevant PLACE 1M* or 1QB* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
NHQHistory of other geographical groupings and regions
Class here: Antarctica, the Polar regions, isolated oceanic islands etc. Use for: works about areas not covered by other NH* codes or trans-continental or multi-location histories. Use with: relevant PLACE 1Q* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
NHTHistory: specific events and topics
Use all NHT* codes with: regional NH* codes where possible and other subject codes to give more detail and also PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NHTBSocial and cultural history
Use with: other subject codes, especially J* codes, to indicate what branch of, or topic in, social or cultural history the work is about, for example, for labour history use with JHBL, or JBSF1 for women‘s history
1.4
NHTDOral history
NHTFHistory: plagues, diseases etc
Class here: the Black Death, epidemics and pandemics in history
MBX History of medicine
1.4
NHTGGenealogy, heraldry, names and honours
GTT Flags, emblems, symbols, logos, VFXB1 Baby names: guides for parents, WQY Family history, tracing ancestors
NHTKIndustrialisation and industrial history
Class here: industrial or technological revolutions, impact of industrial or technological changes on society
KJZ History of specific companies / corporate history
1.4
NHTMMaritime history
Class here: Nautical histories of seafaring, sailors, piracy, whaling, fishing, navigation, exploration, maritime trade, shipping, sea-related communities, etc. Use for: any historical aspect of human interaction with or activity at sea
1.4
NHTPHistorical geography
NHTP1Historical maps and atlases
Use for: works that present a history of a topic through maps – of any sort, including old maps or purpose drawn – as well as a standard atlas of history
RGXB World atlases / world maps, RGV Cartography, map-making and projections
1.4
NHTQColonialism and imperialism
Class here: colonisation, studies of colonies or empires
NHTR National liberation and independence
1.4
NHTRNational liberation and independence
Class here: decolonisation. Use for: works about achieving independence, or histories of newly independent or postcolonial societies
1.4
NHTSSlavery and abolition of slavery
Use for: works about any form or aspect of historical slavery in different societies, cultures or regions
1.4
NHTTInvasion, conquest and occupation1.4
NHTVRevolutions, uprisings, rebellions
JPWQ Revolutionary groups and movements
NHTWCold wars and proxy conflicts
Class here: The Cold War, phoney wars. Use for: works that examine conflicts between nations that do not involve direct military action but are pursued primarily through economic and political actions, propaganda, espionage or proxy wars waged by surrogates
1.4
NHTXViolence, intolerance and persecution in history
Class here: Purges, pogroms, violent repression, cruelties, atrocities, massacres etc. Use for: works that examine these themes in history, aspects of these topics or specific events in different societies, cultures or regions
1.4
NHTZGenocide and ethnic cleansing
NHTZ1The Holocaust
NHWMilitary history
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
JW* Warfare and defence
NHWAAncient warfare
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NHWDMedieval warfare (predating gunpowder warfare)
Use for: works that look at warfare post-antiquity, usually periods of greater use of mounted cavalry, and technologies such as the stirrup, or heavily armoured knights or castles, but prior to modern technologies such as gunpowder warfare. Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
NHWFEarly modern warfare (including gunpowder warfare)
Use for: works that look at warfare in periods when gunpowder and associated armaments and techniques were developed and used. Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
NHWLModern warfare
Use for: works that look at periods of total war, war using industrial techniques, sophisticated technologies, conscript armies etc. Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
NHWRSpecific wars and campaigns
Use for: works that look at particular wars or campaigns (the name of the war is described in other metadata). Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
NHWR1Specific battles
Use for: works that look at particular battles (the name of the battle is described in other metadata). Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
NHWR3Civil wars
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NHWR5First World War
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NHWR7Second World War
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NHWR9Military history: post-WW2 conflicts
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NKArchaeology
NKAArchaeological theory
NKDArchaeology by period / region
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NKDSArchaeological sites
Class here: works about specific sites or digs
1.4
NKLLandscape archaeology
NKPEnvironmental archaeology
NKRUnderwater archaeology
Class here: maritime or marine archaeology
1.4
NKTIndustrial archaeology
NKVBattlefield archaeology
NKXArchaeological science, methodology and techniques
PMathematics and Science
Use all P* codes for: mostly academic, technical and specialist titles and some general adult works. Qualifiers are mostly not required with P* codes. DO NOT USE: code ‘P’ itself, but select specific categories from section P*. Prefer: WN* codes for general interest adult titles where appropriate
1.4
PBMathematics
PBBPhilosophy of mathematics
PBCMathematical foundations
PBCDMathematical logic
PBCHSet theory
PBCNNumber systems
PBDDiscrete mathematics
Class here: finite mathematics
PBFAlgebra
PBGGroups and group theory
PBHNumber theory
PBJPre-calculus
PBKCalculus and mathematical analysis
PBKACalculus
PBKBReal analysis, real variables
PBKDComplex analysis, complex variables
PBKFFunctional analysis and transforms
Class here: Fourier, Hilbert, Laplace, Z transforms
PBKJDifferential calculus and equations
PBKLIntegral calculus and equations
PBKQCalculus of variations
PBKSNumerical analysis
PBMGeometry
PBMBTrigonometry
PBMHEuclidean geometry
PBMLNon-Euclidean geometry
PBMPDifferential and Riemannian geometry
PBMSAnalytic geometry
PBMWAlgebraic geometry
PBMXFractal geometry
PBPTopology
PBPDAlgebraic topology
PBPHAnalytic topology
PBTProbability and statistics
PBTBBayesian inference
PBUOptimization
PBUDGame theory
PBUHLinear programming
PBVCombinatorics and graph theory
PBWApplied mathematics
PDE Maths for scientists, TBJ Maths for engineers, UYAM Maths for computer scientists
PBWHMathematical modelling
PBWLStochastics
PBWRNonlinear science
PBWSChaos theory
PBWXFuzzy set theory
PBXHistory of mathematics
PDScience: general issues
Use for: the natural sciences as well as general works on the different branches of science. Use with: other subject codes as appropriate
1.4
PDAPhilosophy of science
PDCScientific nomenclature and classification
PDDScientific standards, measurement etc
PDEMaths for scientists
PBW Applied mathematics
PDGIndustrial applications of scientific research and technological innovation
PDJRegulation of science and experimentation
Use for: works on regulation, whether legal or directed by other bodies or authorities, aimed at scientists and practitioners. Use with: other P* code indicating area of science where appropriate
LNDB8 Law of science and research, university college law
1.11.3
PDKScience funding and policy
PDMScientific research
PDNScientific equipment, experiments and techniques
PDRImpact of science and technology on society
Use for: works that look that at impact that any science or technology has had or could have on society. Use with: NHTB for social history or other P* or T* or J* codes as appropriate
JBFV5 Ethical issues: scientific, technological and medical developments, UBJ Digital and information technologies: social and ethical aspects
1.4
PDTNanosciences
Use for: nanomaterials, nanomaterial synthesis, nanoparticle chemistry
TBN Nanotechnology
1.11.3
PDXHistory of science
TBX History of engineering and technology
PDZPopular science
Use with: other P* code indicating area of science given popular treatment
WNW* The Earth: natural history: general interest, WNX Popular astronomy and space
PDZMPopular and recreational mathematics
Use with: other PB* codes indicating the area of maths given popular treatment as appropriate
1.3
PGAstronomy, space and time
TTD* Space science
PGCTheoretical and mathematical astronomy
PHVB Astrophysics
PGGAstronomical observation: observatories, equipment and methods
WNX Popular astronomy and space
PGKCosmology and the universe
PGMGalaxies and stars
Class here: exoplanets, extrasolar planets
1.4
PGSSolar system: the Sun and planets
Class here: the Moons of the different planets
1.4
PGTAstronomical charts and atlases
PGZTime (chronology), time systems and standards
PHPhysics
PHDClassical mechanics
PHDBElementary mechanics
PHDDAnalytical mechanics
PHDFPhysics: Fluid mechanics1.3
PHDSWave mechanics (vibration and acoustics)
PHDTDynamics and statics
PHDVGravity
PHDYEnergy
PHFMaterials / States of matter
PHFBLow temperature physics
PHFCCondensed matter physics (liquid state and solid state physics)
PHFC1Soft matter physics
PHFC2Mesoscopic physics
PHFGPhysics of gases
PHFPPlasma physics
PHHThermodynamics and heat
PHJOptical physics
PHJLLaser physics
PHKElectricity, electromagnetism and magnetism
PHMAtomic and molecular physics
Class here: Microphysics
1.4
PHNNuclear physics
PHPParticle and high-energy physics
PHQQuantum physics (quantum mechanics and quantum field theory)
PHRRelativity physics
Class here: physics of time
1.2
PHSStatistical physics
PHUMathematical physics
Class here: computational physics
1.4
PHVApplied physics
PHVBAstrophysics
PHVDMedical physics
PHVGGeophysics
RBG* Geology, geomorphology and the lithosphere
PHVJAtmospheric physics
PHVNBiophysics
PHVQChemical physics
PHVSCryogenics
PNChemistry
TDC Industrial chemistry and chemical engineering, TQ* Environmental science, engineering and technology
PNBMedicinal chemistry
Class here: drug discovery and design, drug development
MKG Pharmacology
1.1
PNCEnvironmental chemistry
Class here: atmospheric, soil and water chemistry, chemical pollution and remediation. Use TQ* for practical applications of environmental chemistry
RBGK Geochemistry, TQ* Environmental science, engineering and technology
1.1
PNDFood chemistry
Class here: food science. Prefer: TDCT2 for more practical applications
TDCT2 Food and beverage processing and engineering
1.11.4
PNFAnalytical chemistry
PNFCChromatography
PNFRMagnetic resonance
PNFSSpectrum analysis, spectrochemistry, mass spectrometry
PNKInorganic chemistry
PNNOrganic chemistry
PNNDOrganometallic chemistry
PNNPPolymer chemistry
PNRPhysical chemistry
PNRAComputational chemistry1.1
PNRCColloid chemistry
PNRDCatalysis
PNRD1Bio-catalysis1.1
PNREExperimental chemistry1.2
PNRHElectrochemistry and magnetochemistry
Class here: battery chemistry
1.2
PNRLNuclear chemistry, photochemistry and radiation
PNRPQuantum and theoretical chemistry
PNRRPhysical organic chemistry1.1
PNRSSolid state chemistry
PNRWThermochemistry and chemical thermodynamics
PNRXSurface chemistry and adsorption
PNTCrystallography
PNVChemistry of minerals, crystals and gems1.2
PSBiology, life sciences
Use all PS* codes for: academic, specialist and professional level works. Prefer: WN* codes for natural history etc for the general reader
WN* Nature and the natural world: general interest
PSALife sciences: general issues
PSABTaxonomy and systematics
PSADBioethics
Use for: issues surrounding the ethics of practices typically connected to new developments in biology and medicine
JBFV Ethical issues and debates, MBDC Medical ethics and professional conduct
1.2
PSAFEcological science, the Biosphere
Use for: comprehensive scientific, objective and descriptive works on living organisms and their relationship with their environment
RNC Applied ecology
PSAGXenobiotics
PSAJEvolution
PSAKGenetics (non-medical)
Class here: DNA, Genome etc
MFN Medical genetics, TCBG Genetic engineering
PSANNeurosciences
Prefer: MKMT6 “Cognitive behavioural therapy” for therapeutic aspects of neuroscience
GTK Cognitive studies, MKJ Neurology and clinical neurophysiology, MKMT6 Cognitive behavioural therapy
1.1
PSAN1Cellular and molecular neuroscience1.1
PSAN2Developmental neuroscience1.1
PSAN3Neuroimaging and neuroanatomy1.1
PSAN4Sensory and motor systems1.1
PSAN5Cognitive and behavioural neuroscience1.1
PSAXComputational biology / bioinformatics
MBF Medical and health informatics
PSBBiochemistry
Class here: biochemical immunology, non-medical toxicology, enzymology, lipids etc
PSCDevelopmental biology
PSDMolecular biology
PSEChemical biology
Class here: synthetic biology
1.1
PSFCellular biology (cytology)
PSGMicrobiology (non-medical)
Class here: protozoa, non-medical bacteriology, parasitology, virology etc
PSGNProtozoa
PSPHydrobiology
RBK Hydrology and the hydrosphere
PSPAPhycology (algae and seaweed)1.2
PSPFFreshwater biology
RBKF Limnology (inland waters)
PSPMMarine biology
RBKC Oceanography (seas and oceans)
PSQMycology, fungi
Class here: lichen
1.3
PSTBotany and plant sciences
PSTBPlant biology1.1
PSTHFlowering plants (angiosperms)1.3
PSTJConifers and gymnosperms
Class here: cycads, Ginkgo and gnetophytes
1.3
PSTMFerns, mosses and liverworts
Class here: clubmosses, hornworts
1.3
PSVZoology and animal sciences
WNC Wildlife: general interest
PSVAZoology: invertebrates
Class here: annelids (worms), Myriapoda, echinoderms (starfish, sea urchins), jellyfish
WNCN Wildlife: butterflies, other insects and spiders: general interest
1.3
PSVA2Insects (entomology)
Class here: caterpillars, butterflies and moths
1.3
PSVA4Crustaceans (carcinology)
Class here: crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, barnacles etc
1.3
PSVA6Molluscs (malacology)
Class here: cephalopod, octopus, squid, gastropods, snails, slugs, bivalves, clams, oysters, cockles, mussels, scallops etc
1.3
PSVA8Arachnids (arachnology)
Class here: spiders, scorpions, ticks, mites etc
1.3
PSVCZoology: fishes (ichthyology)
WNCS Wildlife: aquatic creatures: general interest
PSVFZoology: amphibians and reptiles (herpetology)
WNCK Wildlife: reptiles and amphibians: general interest
PSVJZoology: birds (ornithology)
WNCB Wildlife: birds and birdwatching: general interest
PSVMZoology: mammals (mammalogy)
WNCF Wildlife: mammals: general interest
1.3
PSVM1Zoology: marsupials and monotremes
PSVM2Zoology: marine and freshwater mammals
Class here: Cetacea and Sirenia – whales, dolphins, sea cows, etc. Use for: aquatic and semiaquatic mammals
PSVM Zoology: mammals (mammalogy), WNCS Wildlife: aquatic creatures: general interest
1.3
PSVM3Zoology: primates (primatology)
Class here: lemurs, monkeys, apes
PSVPEthology and animal behaviour1.3
PSXHuman biology
PSXEEvolutionary anthropology
Class here: early man, palaeoanthropology, Hominidae, human forebears and archaic humans
1.3
QPhilosophy and Religion
Use all Q* codes for: academic, specialist and general adult titles. DO NOT USE: code ‘Q’ itself, but select specific categories from section Q*. QRA* and QRV* codes should be used with other QR* codes to denote which particular religion
VX* Mind, body, spirit
1.4
QDPhilosophy
QDHPhilosophical traditions and schools of thought
Class here: History of Philosophy. Use all QDH* codes with: other Q* codes, relevant PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
QDHAAncient Greek and Roman philosophy
Class here: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Pythagoras, Pre-Socratic and Hellenistic philosophy, Stoicism, Sophism, Cynicism, Epicureanism etc and associated schools of thought
1.4
QDHCEast Asian and Indian philosophy
QRRL1 Confucianism, QRRL5 Taoism
QDHC2Yoga (as a philosophy)
VFMG1 Yoga for exercise
1.3
QDHFMedieval Western philosophy
Class here: Scholastic philosophy, Medieval scholasticism, Aquinas etc
1.4
QDHHHumanist philosophy
Class here: Renaissance humanism, Erasmus
QRYA Humanist and secular alternatives to religion
1.21.3
QDHKIslamic and Arab philosophy
QRP* Islam
QDHLJewish philosophy
Class here: Maimonides
1.4
QDHMWestern philosophy: Enlightenment
Class here: Empiricism, Rationalism, Descartes to Kant
QDHPAfrican philosophy
Class here: Africana philosophy and critical theory
1.4
QDHRWestern philosophy from c 1800
Class here: Post-Kantian philosophy, Continental philosophy, Critical theory. Use for: works about either Modern (c 17th to early 20th century) or Contemporary (20th and 21st century) philosophy from the ‘Western’ tradition
1.4
QDHR1Idealism
QDHR3Pragmatism
QDHR5Phenomenology and Existentialism
QDHR7Structuralism and Post-structuralism
QDHR9Analytical philosophy and Logical Positivism
QDTTopics in philosophy
CFA Philosophy of language, JNA Philosophy and theory of education, KCA Economic theory and philosophy, PBB Philosophy of mathematics, PDA Philosophy of science
QDTJPhilosophy: metaphysics and ontology
QRAB Philosophy of religion
QDTKPhilosophy: epistemology and theory of knowledge
QDTLPhilosophy: logic
QDTMPhilosophy of mind
JMA Psychological theory, systems, schools and viewpoints, GTK Cognitive studies
QDTNPhilosophy: aesthetics
ABA Theory of art
QDTQEthics and moral philosophy
JBFV Ethical issues and debates, KJG Business ethics and social responsibility, LATC Legal ethics and professional conduct, MBDC Medical ethics and professional conduct, PSAD Bioethics
QDTSSocial and political philosophy
JPA Political science and theory, JPF Political ideologies and movements, LAB Methods, theory and philosophy of law
QDXPopular philosophy
Use for: accessible works for the general reader seeking to apply principles of philosophy to everyday life
JBFV Ethical issues and debates, VSP Popular psychology
QRReligion and beliefs
QRAReligion: general
Class here: Religious Studies. Use all QRA* codes with: other QR* code indicating religion concerned
1.4
QRABPhilosophy of religion
QRAB1Nature and existence of God
QRACComparative religion
QRAFInterfaith relations
QRAMReligious issues and debates
Use all QRAM* codes with: other QR* code indicating religion concerned, or with QRAC if comparative
QRAM1Religious ethics
QRAM2Religion and politics
QRAM3Religion and science
QRAM6Religious fundamentalism
QRAM7Blasphemy, heresy, apostasy
QRAM9Religious intolerance, persecution and conflict
Use for: works about discrimination, intolerance, violence or persecution of, or within, a religion, by others with different beliefs. Use with: JBFA for issues of discrimination in societies based on religious identity
1.4
QRAXHistory of religion
QRDHinduism
QRDBHinduism: branches and groups
QRDFHindu sacred texts and revered writings
Use all QRDF* codes with: QRVC for critiques or examination of sacred texts
1.4
QRDF1Hindu texts: Vedas, Upanishads
QRDF2Hindu texts: Bhagavad Gita
QRDPHindu life and practice
QRFBuddhism
QRFBBuddhism: branches and groups
QRFB1Theravada Buddhism
QRFB2Mahayana Buddhism
QRFB21Tibetan Buddhism
QRFB23Zen Buddhism
QRFFBuddhist sacred texts and revered writings
Use all QRFF* codes with: QRVC for critiques or examination of sacred texts
1.4
QRFPBuddhist life and practice
QRJJudaism
QRJBJudaism: branches and groups
QRJB1Orthodox Judaism
Class here: Haredi Judaism, Modern Orthodox Judaism, Hasidic Judaism
1.4
QRJB2Masorti Judaism
Class here: Conservative Judaism
1.4
QRJB3Liberal and Reform Judaism
QRJFJudaism: sacred texts and revered writings
Use all QRJF* codes with: QRVC for midrash, critiques or examination of sacred texts
1.4
QRJF1Jewish texts: Tanakh, Torah, Nevi’im, Ketuvim
Class here: Hebrew Bible, Five Books of Moses, Mikra
1.4
QRJF5Rabbinic literature
Class here: Mishnah, the Talmud
1.4
QRJPJudaism: life and practice
QRMChristianity
QRMBChristian Churches, denominations, groups
QRMB1Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church
QRMB2Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox Churches
Class here: Greek, Russian, Coptic, Syrian Churches, etc
QRMB3Protestantism and Protestant Churches
QRMB31Anglican and Episcopalian Churches
Class here: Church of England, etc
QRMB32Baptist Churches
QRMB33Calvinist, Reformed and Presbyterian Churches
Class here: United Reformed, Church of Scotland, Huguenots, etc
QRMB34Lutheran Churches
QRMB35Methodist Churches
QRMB36Pentecostal Churches
QRMB37Quakers (Religious Society of Friends)
QRMB39Other Nonconformist and Evangelical Churches
QRMB5Denominations of American origin
Class here: Adventists, Mormons (Latter Day Saints), Jehovah’s Witnesses, Christian Science, etc
QRMB8Christian and quasi-Christian cults and sects
QRMB9Ecumenism
QRMFChristianity: sacred texts and revered writings
Use for: canonical and non-canonical writings. Use all QRMF* codes with: QRVC for critiques, exegesis or examinations of texts. Prefer: the relevant QRMF code for versions of the texts themselves
1.4
QRMF1Bibles
Class here: Any version of the Bible itself. Use with: QRVC for critiques or examination of the Bible, Biblical Studies, Biblical Concordances and Commentaries
1.4
QRMF12Old Testaments
Class here: The Psalms, Septuagint, Pentateuch. Use with: QRVC for critiques or examination of books of the Old Testament
1.4
QRMF13New Testaments
Class here: Gospels, Epistles. Use with: QRVC for critiques or examination of some or all of the books the New Testament
1.4
QRMF14Biblical Apocrypha and Intertestamental
class here: Biblical Pseudepigrapha
1.4
QRMF19Bible readings, selections and meditations
QRMF3Writings of the Early Church Fathers
Class here: Patristics or patrology. Use for: the works of early Christian Writers and with QRVC for critiques of the texts or on its own when just the text
1.4
QRMPChristian life and practice
QRMP1Christian sacraments
QRPIslam
QRPBIslam: branches and groups
QRPB1Islamic groups: Sunni, Alsalaf
QRPB2Islamic groups: Khawarij, Kharijite
QRPB3Islamic groups: Shi’ah, Shi’ite
QRPB4Islamic groups: Sufis
QRPFIslamic sacred texts and revered writings
Use all QRPF* codes with: QRVC for tafsir, critiques or examinations of sacred texts
1.4
QRPF1The Koran (Qur’an)
QRPF2Hadith1.4
QRPPIslamic life and practice
QRROther religions and spiritual beliefs
Use for: works about living religions and their beliefs, mythologies, practices, stories, rituals, etc. Use with: other Q* codes and PLACE 1* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
QRRBBaha’i
QRRCJainism
QRRDSikhism
QRRFZoroastrianism
QRRLEast Asian religions
QRRL1Confucianism
QRRL3Shintoism
QRRL5Taoism
QRRL6Chinese folk religion
Class here: Chinese Mythology and Chinese folk belief
1.31.4
QRRMAfro-American religions
Class here: Candomblé, Umbanda, Quimbanda, Voodoo, Voudou, Spiritual Baptist, Espiritismo, Hoodoo, Rastafari. Use for: Variations of African Religions in the Americas or African diasporic religions
1.3
QRRNTraditional African religions and spiritual beliefs
Use for: works on the living and traditional belief systems of African peoples including their mythologies, pantheons, gods and spirits, creation or origin myths, stories, legends, practices, rituals, traditional healers, etc. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers to indicate a particular tradition
1.31.4
QRRTOther indigenous, ethnic and folk religions and spiritual beliefs
Use for: works, when there is no more specific code, on religions and spiritual beliefs, including their mythologies, pantheons, gods and spirits, creation or origin myths, stories, legends, practices, rituals etc. Use with: PLACE 1* or LANGUAGE 2* or 5P* INTEREST Qualifiers to indicate a particular tradition
1.4
QRRT1Pre-Columbian religions and mythologies
Class here: Aztec, Mayan, Olmec, Inca religions and myths. Use for: works about spiritual beliefs, including mythology, religion, ceremonial practices, rituals and observances that have existed or were present in the Americas prior to contact with Europeans
1.4
QRRVAnimism and Shamanism
Class here: natural religion, nature worship, Fetishism, totemism. Use for: studies of these spiritual beliefs, associated rituals, practices, stories, mythologies etc. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers to indicate a particular tradition. Prefer: VXWS for more popular approaches
1.4
QRSAncient religions and Mythologies
Class here: Paganism, Comparative mythology, general studies of Mythology, studies of particular regional mythologies with no specific category. Use all QRS* codes for: works that study or examine these spiritual beliefs, their mythologies, pantheons, gods and spirits, creation or origin myths, stories, legends, practices, rituals etc. Use all QRS* codes with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers, especially 1QB* codes for historic entities, to indicate a particular tradition, other QR* codes for studies of mythologies associated with other living religions. Use with: FN* codes if these are retellings in modern form of a traditional story from these religions
FN Traditional stories, myths and fairy tales, JBGB Folklore, myths and legends
1.4
QRSAAncient Egyptian religion and mythology
QRSGAncient Greek religion and mythology
DBSG Ancient Greek and Roman literature
QRSLRoman religion and mythology
DBSG Ancient Greek and Roman literature
QRSTCeltic religion and mythology
Use for: works about Celtic mythologies and beliefs. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers to indicate a particular tradition
1.4
QRSVSlavic religion and mythology
Use for: works about pre-Christian Slavic mythologies and spiritual beliefs
1.4
QRSWNorse religion and mythology
Use for: works about pre-Christian Nordic and Germanic (including Anglo-Saxon and Viking) mythologies and beliefs
DBSN Icelandic and Old Norse sagas
1.4
QRVAspects of religion
Use all QRV* codes with: other QR* code indicating religion concerned. Prefer: religion-specific codes where available, e.g. for Buddhist sacred texts, use QRFF, not QRF with QRVA
1.1
QRVASacred texts, scriptures and revered writings
Use for: all (QRVA* codes) works about the texts as well as copies of the texts themselves. For studies, analysis, histories etc, use with an appropriate code such as QRVC
1.4
QRVA2Readings, selections and meditations from sacred texts
Use for: general collections or with other QR* codes for selections from specific texts
QRMF19 Bible readings, selections and meditations
1.4
QRVCCriticism and exegesis of sacred texts
Class here: concordances, commentaries. Use for: Studies of scriptures or religious texts. Use with: other QR* code indicating religion or text concerned, e.g. QRMF1 for studies and exegesis of the Bible, or QRPF1 for studies of the Koran (Qur’an)
1.4
QRVDReligious doctrines
Use for: codification of beliefs or bodies of teachings or instructions, taught principles or positions, as the essence of teachings in a belief system
1.4
QRVGTheology
QRVHSermons
Class here: preaching. Use for: collections and analysis of sermons, for preaching techniques etc
DNS Speeches
1.4
QRVJPrayers and liturgical material
QRVJ1Worship, rites, ceremonies and rituals
Class here: Hymnals, Psalters. Use for: works about ceremonial practices, rituals or observances, or works containing words, music and actions used in religious ceremonies
1.4
QRVJ2Prayer and prayer books
Use for: collections of prayers as well as how to pray or aspects of prayer
1.4
QRVJ3Devotional material
Use for: works that address ideas, themes, stories, and questions found in sacred texts and that is religious writing which is neither doctrinal nor theological, but designed for individuals to read for their personal edification and spiritual formation
1.4
QRVKSpirituality and religious experience
Class here: Spiritual awakening, development and personal religious growth
1.4
QRVK2Mysticism
QRVK4Miracles, apparitions and religious phenomena1.3
QRVPReligious life and practice
Class here: Faith, belief. Use for: general works, works that deal with belief as part of everyday life, living by the tenets of a belief or faith system on a day to day basis
1.4
QRVP1Pilgrimage
Class here: Pilgrims
1.31.4
QRVP2Religious Festivals
Use with: other QR* codes to denote religion and 5HP* values from INTEREST 5* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
QRVP3Religious instruction
QRVP4Fasting and abstinence1.3
QRVP5Religious counselling
QRVP7Religious aspects of sexuality, gender and relationships
Use for: works about religious teaching on, or attitudes towards, sex and relationships including marriage, family life, gender roles, etc
1.4
QRVSReligious institutions and organizations
QRVS1Religious and spiritual figures
Class here: religious leaders and influential or inspirational figures such as saints, gurus, mystics, prophets, theologians etc
1.1
QRVS2Religious social and pastoral thought and activity
QRVS3Religious ministry and clergy
Class here: ministers, clerics, priests, pastors, bishops, popes, rabbis, hazzans, imams, muftis, mullahs etc. Use for: works about aspects of the work of people who have specific roles in a religion
1.4
QRVS4Religious mission and Religious Conversion
Class here: missionaries, evangelism. Use for: works on or about the concept of mission, or works about religious conversion in any form
1.4
QRVS5Religious communities and monasticism
QRVXPersonal religious testimony and popular inspirational works
QRYAlternative belief systems
QRYAHumanist and secular alternatives to religion
Class here: Humanism, secularism
QDHH Humanist philosophy
1.4
QRYA5Agnosticism and atheism
QRYCEclectic and esoteric religions and belief systems
QRYC1Gnosticism
QRYC5Theosophy and Anthroposophy
QRYMContemporary non-Christian and para-Christian cults and sects
Class here: Scientology, apocalyptic cults, etc
QRYM2Spiritualism
QRYXOccult studies
Use for: serious and academic works only
VXW* Mysticism, magic and occult interests
QRYX2Magic, alchemy and hermetic thought
QRYX5Witchcraft
Use for: studies of both contemporary and historical witchcraft, the associated practices, those who practised it, societal attitudes towards witches and witchcraft, etc. Use with: PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate, as well as other subject codes to indicate context, for example NHTX for the persecution of witches. Prefer: VXWT for more popular approaches
VXWT Witchcraft and wicca
1.4
QRYX9Satanism and demonology
REarth Sciences, Geography, Environment, Planning
Use all R* codes for: academic, technical, specialist and general adult titles. DO NOT USE: code ‘R’ itself, but select specific categories from section R*. Use all R* codes with: other subject categories and qualifiers where appropriate, in particular PLACE 1* Qualifiers
1.4
RBEarth sciences
Use all RB* codes for: academic, specialist and professional level works. Prefer: WN* codes for the general reader
RGB* Physical geography and topography, WN* Nature and the natural world: general interest
1.3
RBCVolcanology and seismology
Use for: works about earthquakes, volcanoes, etc from an earth sciences perspective
1.4
RBGGeology, geomorphology and the lithosphere
PHVG Geophysics, RGB Physical geography and topography
1.2
RBGBSedimentology and pedology
PNC Environmental chemistry, TNCC Soil and rock mechanics, TVBP Soil science and management
1.2
RBGDGeomorphology and geological surface processes
Class here: erosion, deposition, glaciology, fluvial and aeolian processes etc
RGB Physical geography and topography
1.2
RBGFHistorical geology and palaeogeology
Class here: plate tectonics, continental drift, past supercontinents, such as Pangaea, Gondwana, Laurasia, the geological history of the Earth, etc
1.4
RBGGPetrology, petrography and mineralogy1.2
RBGHStratigraphy
RBGKGeochemistry
PNC Environmental chemistry, PNV Chemistry of minerals, crystals and gems
RBGLEconomic geology
Class here: petroleum and mining geology
RBKHydrology and the hydrosphere
PSP Hydrobiology
RBKCOceanography (seas and oceans)
PSPM Marine biology
1.3
RBKFLimnology (inland waters)
Class here: rivers, lakes (including saline lakes), etc
PSPF Freshwater biology
1.2
RBPMeteorology and climatology
Use for: general works on atmospheric phenomenon
WNWM Weather and climate: general interest, RNPG Climate change
1.4
RBPCClimatology and climate modelling
Class here: palaeoclimatology, climate forecasting, climate science
1.4
RBPMMeteorology
Class here: meteorological phenomena, short term weather systems, nephology (study of clouds)
1.4
RBXPalaeontology
RGGeography
Use all RG* codes with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers as appropriate
RGBPhysical geography and topography
RBG Geology, geomorphology and the lithosphere
1.3
RGBAArid zones, deserts
RGBCPlains and grasslands
RGBC1Prairies
RGBC2Savanna
RGBDTundra
RGBFWetlands, swamps, fens
RGBGRivers and lakes1.3
RGBLForests and woodland
RGBL1Rainforest
RGBL2Mixed forest
RGBL3Broadleaf forest
RGBL4Boreal, coniferous forest
Class here: Taiga
RGBPCoastlines
Class here: deltas, estuaries, fjords, beaches, spits, shorelines, cliffs, coastal erosion, etc
RBK* Hydrology and the hydrosphere
1.4
RGBRCoral reefs
RGBSMountains
RGBUGlaciers and ice caps1.3
RGCHuman geography
RGCDDevelopment and environmental geography1.2
RGCGPopulation and migration geography
Class here: population growth and movement
1.2
RGCMEconomic geography
RGCPPolitical geography
JPSL Geopolitics
RGCSSocial geography
Class here: Cultural Geography
1.21.4
RGCTTourism geography1.2
RGCUSettlement, urban and rural geography1.2
RGLRegional geography
GTM Regional / International studies
RGMBiogeography
PSAF Ecological science, the Biosphere, RN* The environment
RGRGeographical discovery and exploration
WTLP Expeditions: popular accounts
RGVCartography, map-making and projections
Use for: books about maps and mapping but not the maps themselves
1.4
RGWGeographical information systems and remote sensing
Class here: geomatics, quantitative and qualitative methods, geostatistics, spatial analysis, GPS
1.2
RGXGeographical reference works
RGXBWorld atlases / world maps
Class here: globes and small scale global or continental maps
NHTP1 Historical maps and atlases, WTR* Travel maps and atlases
1.4
RGXHGeographical maps (specialist)
Use for: specialist / topographical and other large scale maps only. Use with: another code indicating specific subject or application where appropriate
WTR* Travel maps and atlases
1.4
RGXMNaval and marine charts
Class here: Maritime charts, nautical charts, navigational charts. Use for: detailed charts of inland waterways, coastal waters and maritime shipping routes
WTR* Travel maps and atlases
1.21.4
RGXPPlace names and gazetteers
RNThe environment
Class here: Environmental science
TQ* Environmental science, engineering and technology
1.4
RNAEnvironmentalist thought and ideology
Class here: ecocentrism, technocentrism, deep ecology, ecofeminism, etc
JPFA Green politics / ecopolitics / environmentalism
RNBEnvironmentalist, conservationist and Green organizations
JPFA Green politics / ecopolitics / environmentalism
RNCApplied ecology
Use for: works taking a wide-ranging or ‘issues’-based approach
PSAF Ecological science, the Biosphere
RNCBBiodiversity
RNDEnvironmental policy and protocols
Use with: JPQB or JPRB codes as appropriate
KCVG Environmental economics
1.4
RNFEnvironmental management
Use with: code from RBK* or RGB* to indicate specific environment or habitat
1.2
RNFDDrought and water supply
TQSW Water supply and treatment
RNFFFood security and supply
RNFYEnergy resources
RNHWaste management
Class here: recycling, biodegradability
TQSR Waste treatment and disposal
RNKConservation of the environment
RNKHConservation of wildlife and habitats
Class here: rewilding, conservation biology
1.4
RNKH1Endangered species and extinction of species
RNPPollution and threats to the environment
Class here: plastic waste, air pollution, water pollution, over-consumption
TQK Pollution control
1.4
RNPDDeforestation
RNPGClimate change
Class here: global warming, ‘greenhouse effect’, ozone depletion, the climate emergency. Use for: works that examine climate change, its effects and possible actions to limit or mitigate the consequences
1.4
RNQNuclear issues
RNRNatural disasters
Class here: Earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods, mudslides, hurricanes and cyclones, tornados, tsunamis, droughts, wildfires, etc
JBFF Social impact of disasters
1.4
RNTSocial impact of environmental issues
RNUSustainability
TBR Intermediate technology, THV Alternative and renewable energy sources and technology, VSZ Self-sufficiency and ‘green’ lifestyle
RPRegional and area planning
Class here: Planning policy. Use all RP* codes with: JPQB or JPRB codes or other J* codes as appropriate, for example, JKSL for works about planning for people with specific needs, etc
1.4
RPCUrban and municipal planning and policy
Class here: smart cities, urban and suburban infrastructure, use of public space, zoning, street furniture etc. Use for: works on city, town and suburban planning and policies, universal design, accessibility and accessible environments, sustainable or eco-cities, housing policies, etc
AMVD City and town planning: architectural aspects
1.4
RPGRural planning and policy
Use for: works on policies and planning in rural areas, including rural infrastructure, land use, access and equality with urban areas, countryside management
1.4
RPTTransport planning and policy
Use for: works on transport policies and planning, including the provision of public transport, integrated transport networks, transport infrastructure, accessibility and affordability of transport, etc
1.4
SSports and Active outdoor recreation
Use all S* codes for: general adult and specialist titles. Use all S* codes with: other subject categories and qualifiers where appropriate, in particular PLACE 1* Qualifiers, for example with WT* for adventure holidays, or VFM for a sport as part of a fitness regime
1.4
SCSport: general
SCBSporting events and management
Use all SCB* codes with: other code denoting specific sport as appropriate
SCBBOlympic and Paralympic games
SCBCWorld Cups and World championships
Use with: other S* codes to indicate which type of sport this applies to
1.4
SCBGSports governing bodies
SCBMSports management and facilities
SCBTSports teams and clubs
SCBVSporting venues
SCGSports training and coaching
SCGFSport science, physical education
MFGV Biomechanics, human kinetics
SCGPSports psychology
SCKDrug abuse in sport
SCLParasport1.3
SCXHistory of sport
SFBall sports / ball games
Class here: Basque Pelota, jai alai, croquet. Use for: ball games that do not have their own code as well as general works
1.4
SFBFootball variants and related games
SFBCAssociation football (Soccer)1.2
SFBDAmerican football
SFBFAustralian Rules football
SFBHCanadian football1.2
SFBKGaelic football
SFBTRugby Union
SFBVRugby League
SFCBaseball
Class here: softball
1.2
SFDCricket
SFHGolf
SFJField hockey
STK Ice hockey
1.2
SFKLacrosse
SFLHurling
Class here: camogie
1.3
SFMBasketball
SFNNetball
SFPVolleyball
SFQHandball1.1
SFTRacket games
SFTATennis
SFTBBadminton
SFTCSquash and rackets (racquets)1.2
SFTDTable tennis
SFVBowls, bowling, petanque
SFXSnooker, billiards, pool
SHAthletics, gymnastics and related sports
SHBTrack and field sports, athletics
SHBFMarathon and cross-country running
SHBMMultidiscipline sports
Class here: triathlon, pentathlon, heptathlon, etc
SHGGymnastics
SHPWeightlifting
Class here: powerlifting
VFMG Exercise and workouts
1.3
SKEquestrian and animal sports
Class here: rodeo, polo
ATXZ1 Bullfighting, SVH Hunting or shooting animals and game
1.3
SKGHorse racing
SKLRiding, showjumping and horsemanship
Class here: eventing, dressage etc
WNGH Horses and ponies: general interest
SKRDog racing
STLN Sled dog racing
SMVehicle sports
SMCAir sports and recreations
Class here: ballooning, paragliding, skydiving, gliding, etc
SMFMotor sports
Class here: karting, go-karts, truck racing, any motorised sports not listed below
1.3
SMFACar racing
Class here: Formula 1, Grand Prix, Indianapolis 500, 24 Hours at Le Mans
1.3
SMFCMotor rallying / rally driving
SMFFStock car and hot rod racing
Class here: NASCAR, Daytona 500, drag racing etc
1.3
SMFKMotorcycle racing
Class here: road and track motorcycle racing; TT, Speedway etc
SMQCycle racing
Class here: road and velodrome (track) cycling racing; Tour de France etc
SZD Cycling: general and touring, WGD Bicycles and non-motorised transport: general interest and maintenance
SMQBBMX cycling
SMXRollerblading, skateboarding, etc
SPWater sports and recreations
Class here: water aerobics, aqua fitness, water polo
1.3
SPCSwimming and diving1.2
SPCAUnderwater (sub-aqua) swimming
Class here: freediving
1.3
SPCA1Scuba diving1.2
SPCA2Snorkelling1.2
SPCDDiving
Class here: platform and springboard diving etc
1.2
SPCSSwimming
Class here: open water, pool swimming and wild swimming
1.21.3
SPGSurfing, windsurfing, water skiing
SPNBoating: Sport and leisure1.3
SPNDMotor / power boating and cruising
Class here: speedboat racing
SPNGSailing / yachting
Class here: learning to sail, knots, splices and rope work for sailors, certification etc
1.3
SPNKCanoeing and kayaking
Class here: rafting
1.3
SPNLRowing and sculling
SRCombat sports and self-defence
SRBBoxing
SRCWrestling
SRFFencing
SRMMartial arts
Class here: Krav Maga etc. Use for: general works or for martial arts that do not have their own code
1.3
SRMAAikido1.2
SRMCCapoeira1.3
SRMJJudo1.2
SRMKJu-jitsu1.2
SRMLKarate1.2
SRMMKendo1.2
SRMNChinese martial arts / Kung-Fu
Class here: wushu
1.21.3
SRMN1Tai Chi
Use with: VFMG for titles specifically about fitness aspects, or VXH for health aspects
1.3
SRMN2Qigong
Use with: VFMG for titles specifically about fitness aspects, or VXH for health aspects
1.3
SRMSSumo1.2
SRMTTaekwondo1.3
SRMVMixed martial arts1.3
STWinter sports
STASkiing
STAAAlpine skiing
Class here: downhill skiing
1.2
STABBiathlon1.2
STANNordic skiing
Class here: Nordic combined
1.2
STAN1Cross-country skiing1.2
STAN2Ski jumping1.2
STCSnowboarding
STGIce-skating
STHSpeed skating1.2
STJFigure skating1.2
STKIce hockey
SFJ Field hockey
STLSledding
Class here: luge, skeleton and bobsledding
1.3
STLNSled dog racing
SKR Dog racing
1.3
STPCurling1.3
SVField sports: fishing, hunting, shooting
SVBFalconry and hawking
Class here: trained birds of prey
1.4
SVFFishing, angling
Class here: coarse fishing
KNA Agribusiness and primary industries
1.3
SVFFFly fishing1.3
SVFSSea fishing
Class here: big game fishing
1.3
SVHHunting or shooting animals and game
SVHHProfessional qualifications for hunting / shooting
Use for: works for licences, exams, certificates, vocational courses linked to hunting or shooting
1.3
SVRArchery
SVSSmall firearms, guns and other equipment
SVTTarget shooting
SXOther sports and competitive activities
SXBBodybuilding
SXDDarts1.3
SXEeSports / Professional video gaming
Use for: competitions, usually professional, using video games
1.3
SXQExtreme sports
Class here: bungee jumping, etc
SZActive outdoor pursuits
Class here: canyoning, free running and parkour, obstacle courses, outdoor games and activities. Use all SZ* codes for: indoor analogues or training for outdoor activities. Use all SZ* codes with: WTH* codes for guidebooks, VFM* for fitness aspects
1.4
SZCWalking, hiking, trekking
Class here: Hillwalking, backpacking, Nordic walking, fell walking, rambling, scrambling. Use for: any works about walking including walking for recreation, for fitness or as a specialised outdoor activity. Use with: WTH* codes for guidebooks for walkers or walking routes
1.4
SZDCycling: general and touring
Use with: WTH* codes for guidebooks for cyclists or cycling routes
SMQ Cycle racing, WGD Bicycles and non-motorised transport: general interest and maintenance
1.4
SZERunning and jogging
Class here: Trail and Mountain running, running for fitness. Use with: WTH* codes for guidebooks for runners
SHBF Marathon and cross-country running
1.4
SZGClimbing and mountaineering
Class here: Indoor wall, Via ferrata, bouldering, free, rock, rope, solo and ice climbing, abseiling, belaying. Use with: WTH* codes for guidebooks for climbers or climbing routes
1.4
SZKOrienteering
SZNCaving and potholing
Class here: Spelunking and speleology
1.4
SZRCamping
Class here: all forms of camping, survival camping, glamping, backpacking
1.3
SZVOutdoor survival skills
Class here: bushcraft, woodcraft (skills for living in the open air, close to nature), navigation skills
1.3
TTechnology, Engineering, Agriculture, Industrial processes
Class here: associated skills, trades and professions. Use all T* codes for: academic, technical, specialist and general adult titles. DO NOT USE: code ‘T’ itself, but select specific categories from section T*. Use all T* codes with: other subject categories and qualifiers where appropriate, in particular EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* qualifiers for vocational, professional or apprenticeship style education titles
1.4
TBTechnology: general issues
TBCEngineering: general
TBDTechnical design
AKP Product design, UGC Computer-aided design (CAD)
TBDGErgonomics
TBGEngineering graphics and draughting / technical drawing
Use for: computer aided draughting. Use with: other codes such as architecture, design or engineering as appropriate
1.3
TBJMaths for engineers
PBW Applied mathematics
TBMInstruments and instrumentation
TGH Precision engineering and manufacturing
1.4
TBMMEngineering measurement and calibration
TBNNanotechnology
PDT Nanosciences
TBRIntermediate technology
TBXHistory of engineering and technology
PDX History of science
TBYInventions and inventors
TCBiochemical engineering
TCBBiotechnology
Class here: Biological engineering, bio-engineering, Biomanufacturing
1.4
TCBGGenetic engineering
Class here: cloning; stem cell technology
PSAD Bioethics, PSAK Genetics (non-medical)
TCBSBiosensors
TJS Sensors
TDIndustrial chemistry and manufacturing technologies
TDCIndustrial chemistry and chemical engineering
Class here: technology of detergents, rubber; biocides etc
1.1
TDCAAgrichemicals1.1
TDCFFuels and petrochemicals
KNBP Petroleum, oil and gas industries
1.1
TDCJDyestuffs, pigments and paint technology
Class here: cosmetics technology, colour chemistry
1.11.4
TDCPPlastics and polymers
Use for: all aspects of the professional manufacturing of plastics
TGMP Engineering applications of polymers and composites
1.11.3
TDCQCeramic and glass technology1.1
TDCTFood and beverage technology
Class here: food sciences, technology linked to brewing and distilling
KNSB Food and drink service industries, PND Food chemistry, TTVC Hotel, hospitality and catering trades, WBXD Food and drink: alcoholic beverages, WBXD1 Wines
1.4
TDCT1Food and beverage safety
Class here: food quality, impact of food regulation and policy
RNFF Food security and supply, LNCB7 Catering and restaurant law, LNTV Food law
1.1
TDCT2Food and beverage processing and engineering
Class here: food processing by ingredient
1.1
TDCWPharmaceutical chemistry and technology1.1
TDCXProcess engineering technology and techniques
Class here: reaction engineering
1.1
TDPOther manufacturing technologies
Use for: manufacturing processes or technologies that do not have their own code
1.3
TDPFTextiles and fibres
Class here: fibre processing, spinning and weaving, leatherworking. Use for: technical and vocational works aimed at professionals or students in textile manufacture and related sectors, including both man-made and natural materials
AKT Fashion and textile design, KNDD Apparel, garment and textile industries
1.11.4
TDPF1Apparel and fashion: technology and techniques
Class here: patternmaking, tailoring, shoemaking, millinery, bagmaking. Use for: technical and vocational works aimed at professionals or students in the garment, fashion or related sectors including accessories
1.4
TDPJTimber and wood processing
Use for: all aspects of the professional processing of wood and wood products
KNAL Forestry industry, TVR Forestry and silviculture: practice and techniques
1.3
TDPJ1Paper and pulp manufacture and processing1.3
TDPMMetals technology / metallurgy
TDPPPrinting and reprographic technologies
TDPT 3D Printing
1.3
TDPT3D Printing
TDPP Printing and reprographic technologies
1.3
TGMechanical engineering and materials
TGBMechanical engineering
TGBFTribology (friction and lubrication)
TGBNEngines and power transmission
TGHPrecision engineering and manufacturing
Use for: works on the design, engineering and manufacture of scientific, technical, medical, chemical and optical devices, precision tools and equipment
TBM Instruments and instrumentation
1.4
TGMMaterials science
TGMBEngineering thermodynamics
TGMDEngineering: Mechanics of solids
Class here: dynamics, vibration, stress, fracture etc
1.3
TGMFEngineering: Mechanics of fluids
Class here: flow, turbulence, rheology etc. Use for: the application of fluid dynamics in technology
PHDF Physics: Fluid mechanics
1.3
TGMF1Aerodynamics1.3
TGMF2Hydraulics / Pneumatics1.3
TGMLEngineering applications of bio-materials1.1
TGMMEngineering applications of electronic, magnetic, optical materials1.1
TGMPEngineering applications of polymers and composites
TDCP Plastics and polymers
1.1
TGMSEngineering applications of surface coatings and films1.1
TGMTTesting of materials
Use for: destructive and non-destructive testing
TGPProduction and industrial engineering1.3
TGPCComputer aided manufacture (CAM)
TGPQIndustrial quality control
TGPRReliability engineering
TGXEngineering skills and trades
Class here: tool-making, welding, machinist, metalwork skills and trades etc
1.3
THEnergy technology and engineering
THFFossil fuel technologies
THFGGas technology
THFPPetroleum technology
THFSSolid fuel technology
THKNuclear power and engineering
THNHeat transfer processes
Class here: refrigeration, industrial air conditioning, heat pumps
TNKH Heating, lighting, ventilation
1.3
THRElectrical engineering
THRMElectric motors
THRXElectrician skills and trades
THVAlternative and renewable energy sources and technology
Class here: tidal and wave energy, osmotic power, marine current power
RNU Sustainability
1.4
THVBBiofuels
Class here: energy from biomass, biogas
1.11.4
THVGGeothermal energy and power
Class here: ground source heat pump technology
1.4
THVHHydropower / waterpower
Class here: hydroelectricity and hydropower, dams, watermills, waterwheels
1.4
THVSSolar power
Class here: solar energy, solar panels, photovoltaic panels
1.11.4
THVWWind power
Class here: windmills, wind farms, wind turbines
1.11.4
THYEnergy, power generation, distribution and storage
Class here: power networks and plants; power utilization and applications; energy conversion and storage including fuel cells and battery technology
1.2
THYCEnergy efficiency
TJElectronics and communications engineering
TJFElectronics engineering
TJFCElectronics: circuits and components
TJFDElectronic devices and materials
Class here: microprocessors, chips, transistors, semi-conductors, super-conductors etc
TJFMAutomatic control engineering
TJFM1Robotics
TJFNMicrowave technology
TJKCommunications engineering / telecommunications
TJKDRadar technology
TJKHSignal processing
Class here: analogue, continuous time, discrete time, nonlinear and statistical signal processing
UYS Digital signal processing (DSP)
1.4
TJKRRadio technology
TJKSSatellite communication technology
TJKTTelephone technology
TJKT1Mobile phone technology
TJKVTelevision technology
TJKWWAP (wireless) technology
TJSSensors
TCBS Biosensors
1.1
TNCivil engineering, surveying and building
TNCStructural engineering
TNCBSurveying, quantity surveying
TNCCSoil and rock mechanics
RBGB Sedimentology and pedology
TNCEEarthquake engineering
TNCJBridges
TNFHydraulic engineering
Class here: engineering of dams, reservoirs, harbours etc; also land reclamation and drainage
TNFLFlood control
TNHHighway and traffic engineering
TNKBuilding construction and materials
Class here: construction and building standards, building regulations and codes, general works for construction professionals
1.3
TNKAAccessibility in buildings and building design
Class here: barrier free, step free or accessible design and construction, universal design for buildings
RPC Urban and municipal planning and policy
1.21.4
TNKEBuilding physics and energy-efficient construction1.2
TNKFFire protection and safety
TNKHHeating, lighting, ventilation
THN Heat transfer processes
TNKPConstruction planning1.2
TNKRBuilding redevelopment1.2
TNKSSecurity and fire alarm systems
TNKXConservation of buildings and building materials
TNTBuilding skills and trades
Class here: bricklaying, plastering, masonry, glazing, carpentry, joinery, plumbing, roofing, construction and contracting skills
1.4
TQEnvironmental science, engineering and technology
Use all TQ* codes for: technical and practical aspects of environment, pollution, waste disposal, etc. Prefer: PNC for study and research
RN* The environment
1.1
TQDEnvironmental monitoring
TQKPollution control
RNP Pollution and threats to the environment
TQSSanitary and municipal engineering
TQSRWaste treatment and disposal
Class here: sewage and hazardous waste disposal
RNH Waste management
TQSWWater supply and treatment
Class here: water purification and desalination
RNFD Drought and water supply
TRTransport technology and trades
KNG Transport industries, RPT Transport planning and policy, WG* Transport: general interest
TRCAutomotive technology and trades
TRCSAutomotive (motor mechanic) skills
WGCV Vehicle maintenance and manuals
TRCTRoad transport and haulage trades
TRFRailway technology, engineering and trades
TRFTRailway trades
TRLShipbuilding technology, engineering and trades
TRLDShip design and naval architecture
TRLNNavigation and seamanship
TRLTMaritime and nautical trades
TRPAerospace and aviation technology
Class here: unmanned aerial vehicles and drone technology, aeronautical and aerospace engineering, aircraft avionics
1.4
TRPSAviation skills and piloting
Class here: learning to fly, practical manuals, pilot’s licence
1.3
TRTIntelligent and automated transport system technology
TTOther technologies and applied sciences
TTAAcoustic and sound engineering
TTBApplied optics
TTBFFibre optics
TTBLLaser technology and holography
TTBMImaging systems and technology
MKS* Medical imaging
TTBSScanning systems and technology
TTDSpace science
WNX Popular astronomy and space
TTDSAstronautics
Class here: technical aspects of space exploration e.g. spacecraft design and technology
1.2
TTDXSpace exploration
Class here: manned and unmanned space missions and programs, Apollo, Vostok, Sputnik, Voyager etc
WNX Popular astronomy and space
1.2
TTMMilitary engineering
TTMWOrdnance, weapons technology
TTPExplosives technology and pyrotechnics
TTSMarine engineering
Class here: offshore engineering, sonar etc
TTUMining technology and engineering
TTVOther vocational technologies and trades
TTVCHotel, hospitality and catering trades1.3
TTVC2Catering and food preparation skills and trades
Use for: any work aimed at professionals in the food and drinks industries
1.3
TTVHHairdressing, salon and beauty therapy skills1.3
TTVRTraditional trades, crafts and skills
Class here: blacksmithing, thatching, dry stone walling, carpentry and cabinetry, musical instrument making etc. Use for: technical, vocational or professional works that cover these pre-industrial, low technology, artisanal, often rural, crafts. Prefer: WF* for more amateur approaches
WFV Rural crafts
1.4
TTVSSecurity, safety and protection skills / professions
Use for: professional / vocational works for security and safety professionals, personal protection and related skills
1.3
TTVTCaretakers, janitors, housekeepers, cleaners and related skills
Use for: vocational works for professionals looking after buildings, domestic workers, caretaking, custodian skills
1.31.4
TTWAssistive technology
Class here: Adaptive technology, use of technology to assist and enable people with disabilities or impairments to live independent lives
1.21.4
TTXTaxidermy
TVAgriculture and farming
KCVD Agricultural economics, KNA Agribusiness and primary industries
TVBAgricultural science
TVBPSoil science and management1.2
TVDAgricultural engineering and machinery
WGCT Tractors and farm vehicles: general interest
TVDRIrrigation
TVFSustainable agriculture
TVGOrganic farming
TVHAnimal husbandry
Class here: animal care, livestock farming and management
WNF Farm and working animals: general interest
1.4
TVHBAnimal breeding
TVHEEquine Management
Class here: horse breeding, equine sciences
SK* Equestrian and animal sports
1.4
TVHFDairy farming
TVHHApiculture (beekeeping)
TVHPPoultry farming
TVKAgronomy and crop production
TVMSmallholdings
TVPPest control
Class here: agricultural use of pesticides and herbicides
TVQTropical agriculture: practice and techniques
TVRForestry and silviculture: practice and techniques
Class here: Arboriculture, tree-planting, tree surgery. Use for: practical or vocational titles about the creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forest and related resources
KNAL Forestry industry, TDPJ Timber and wood processing
1.4
TVSCommercial horticulture
Class here: market gardening; flower production
WM* Gardening
TVSHHydroponics / hydroculture1.3
TVSWViticulture
TVTAquaculture and fish-farming: practice and techniques
TVUUrban farming / urban agriculture
Use with: TVH (Animal husbandry) or other TV* codes as appropriate
1.3
UComputing and Information Technology
Use all U* codes for: academic, technical, specialist and some general adult titles. DO NOT USE: code ‘U’ itself, but select specific categories from section U*. Use all U* codes with: other subject categories and qualifiers where appropriate, in particular EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* qualifiers for vocational educational titles
1.4
UBInformation technology: general topics1.3
UBBHistory of Computing, digital and information technologies1.4
UBHDigital and information technologies: Health and safety aspects1.4
UBJDigital and information technologies: social and ethical aspects
Class here: Digital divide, Industry 4.0, Internet of things, smart cities, social technology, smart homes, intelligent environments, etc. Use for: works that look at issues or impacts on society, linked to the uses or changes to society associated with computer, digital or information technologies, the internet
JBFV5 Ethical issues: scientific, technological and medical developments, PDR Impact of science and technology on society
1.4
UBLDigital and information technologies: Legal aspects
Class here: legal aspects of open source, copyleft licensing, spamming, net neutrality, internet censorship, all legal aspects of the digital dissemination of information and software. Use for: works that discuss various legal aspects of IT
LNQ IT and Communications law / Postal laws and regulations
1.4
UBMMaker and hacker culture
Use for: general works on technology-led subcultures
1.3
UBWInternet: general works
UDDigital Lifestyle and online world: consumer and user guides
Use for: general works, usually aimed at a basic, introductory, non-specialist level or guides to help users make informed choices about digital technologies
ATN Internet and digital media: arts and performance
1.4
UDAPersonal organization software and apps
UDBInternet guides and online services
ATN Internet and digital media: arts and performance
1.2
UDBAOnline shopping and auctions
UDBDInternet searching
UDBGInternet gambling
UDBMOnline finance and investing
UDBRInternet browsers
UDBSSocial media / social networking1.3
UDBVVirtual worlds
UDDOnline safety and behaviour1.3
UDFEmail: consumer / user guides
UDHE-book readers, tablets and other portable devices: consumer / user guides
UDMDigital music and audio: consumer / user guides
ATN Internet and digital media: arts and performance
1.2
UDPDigital photography: consumer / user guides
Use for: all consumer/user guides to digital photography. Use with: AJT for general and artistic aspects or UGP for technical works on editing and software such as Photoshop
AJT Photographic equipment and techniques: general, UGP Photo and image editing
1.4
UDQDigital video: consumer / user guides
UDTMobile phones and smartphones: consumer / user guides
UDVDigital TV and media centres: consumer / user guides
UDXComputer games / online games: strategy guides
UDYSmart home technology and virtual assistants: consumer / guides
Use for: general practical works, usually aimed at a basic, non-specialist, level or guides to help users make informed choices about smart technologies or the internet of things
1.31.4
UFBusiness applications
UFBIntegrated software packages
Class here: Microsoft Office, Microsoft Works, Lotus SmartSuite, OpenOffice etc
UFCSpreadsheet software
Class here: Excel, Lotus 1-2-3, etc
UFDWord processing software
UFGPresentation graphics software
UFKAccounting software
UFLEnterprise software
Class here: content management system (CMS), customer relationship management (CRM), enterprise resource planning (ERP)
1.3
UFLSSAP (Systems, applications and products in databases)
UFMMathematical and statistical software
UFPProject management software
UFSCollaboration and group software
UGGraphical and digital media applications
UGAAccessibility in web and digital design
Class here: accessibility in digital products, accessible digital publishing, Electronic accessibility
1.4
UGBWeb graphics and design
UGCComputer-aided design (CAD)
UGDDesktop publishing
UGGComputer games design
Use for: logical and narrative aspects of games design
AKLF Computer game art
1.3
UGK3D graphics and modelling
UGLIllustration and drawing software
UGMDigital music: professional
UGNDigital animation
UGPPhoto and image editing
UGVDigital video: professional
UKComputer hardware
UKCSupercomputers
UKDMainframes and minicomputers
UKFServers
UKGGrid and parallel computing
UKLInterrelated smart technologies
Use for: technical or professional works about smart home technologies, interconnected smart devices, internet of things, systems of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines or objects
1.4
UKMEmbedded systems
UKNNetwork hardware
UKPPersonal computers
UKPCPCs (IBM-compatible personal computers)
UKPMMacintosh
UKRMaintenance and repairs
UKSStorage media and peripherals
UKXUtilities and tools
ULOperating systems
ULDMicrosoft (Windows) operating systems
ULHApple operating systems
Class here: mac OS, use with ULP to indicate iOS
ULP Mobile and other handheld operating systems
1.3
ULJOpen source and other operating systems
ULJLLinux1.2
ULPMobile and other handheld operating systems
Class here: Android, iOS, Blackberry, Tizen. Use for: mobile OS for phones, tablets and smart watches
ULD Microsoft (Windows) operating systems, ULH Apple operating systems
1.3
ULQIBM mainframe operating systems
ULRReal time operating systems
UMComputer programming / software engineering
UMAProgramming techniques
UMBAlgorithms and data structures
UMCCompilers and interpreters
UMFAgile programming
UMGAspect programming / AOP
UMHExtreme programming
UMJFunctional programming
UMKGames development and programming
UMKB2D graphics: games programming
UMKC3D graphics: games programming
UMKLLevel design: games programming
UMLGraphics programming
UMNObject-oriented programming (OOP)
UMPMicrosoft programming
UMPN.NET programming
UMPWWindows programming
UMQMacintosh programming
UMRNetwork programming
UMSMobile and handheld device programming / Apps programming
UMTDatabase programming
UMWWeb programming
UMWSWeb services
UMXProgramming and scripting languages: general
UMZSoftware Engineering
UMZLUnified Modelling Language (UML)
UMZTSoftware testing and verification
UMZWObject oriented software engineering
UNDatabases
UNADatabase design and theory
UNANNoSQL databases
Class here: Non-relational databases
1.3
UNARRelational databases
UNCData capture and analysis
Class here: infographics, data visualisation, big data, data sets, data analytics, data science
GPH Data science and analysis: general
1.4
UNDData warehousing
UNFData mining
UNHInformation retrieval
UNJObject-oriented databases
UNKDistributed databases
UNKDDistributed ledgers
Class here: blockchain, cryptocurrencies
1.3
UNKPPeer-to-peer networks
Class here: BitTorrent, Freenet
1.3
UNNDatabases and the Web
UNSDatabase software
Class here: Oracle, Access, SQL etc
UPPractical applications of information technology
Class here: maker guides, home automation etc
1.3
UQComputer certification
UQFComputer certification: Microsoft
UQJComputer certification: Cisco
UQLComputer certification: ECDL
UQRComputer certification: CompTIA
UQTComputer certification: CLAiT
URComputer security
URDPrivacy and data protection
URHComputer fraud and hacking
URJComputer viruses, Trojans and worms
URQFirewalls
URSSpam
URWSpyware
URYData encryption
GPJ Coding theory and cryptology
UTComputer networking and communications
UTCCloud computing
UTDClient–Server networking
UTESystem administration
UTFNetwork management
UTFBComputer systems back-up and data recovery
UTGGrid computing
UTMElectronic mail (email): professional
UTNNetwork security
UTPNetworking standards and protocols
UTRDistributed systems
UTSNetworking packages
UTVVirtualization
UTWWAP networking and applications
UTXEDI (electronic data interchange)
UXApplied computing
Class here: Digital research and techniques, application of artificial intelligence, ‘big data’ analysis or computational tools and methods to traditional disciplines and across society
PSAX Computational biology / bioinformatics, MBF Medical and health informatics
1.4
UXAComputer applications in the arts and humanities
UXJComputer applications in the social and behavioural sciences
GTK Cognitive studies
UXTComputer applications in industry and technology1.1
UYComputer science
UYAMathematical theory of computation
UYAMMaths for computer scientists
UYDSystems analysis and design
UYFComputer architecture and logic design
UYFLAssembly languages
UYFPParallel processing
UYMComputer modelling and simulation
UYQArtificial intelligence
GTK Cognitive studies
UYQEExpert systems / knowledge-based systems
UYQLNatural language and machine translation
UYQMMachine learning
Class here: deep learning
1.3
UYQNNeural networks and fuzzy systems
UYQPPattern recognition
UYQSSpeech recognition
UYQVComputer vision
UYSDigital signal processing (DSP)1.4
UYTImage processing
UYUAudio processing
UYVVirtual reality
UYWAugmented reality (AR)1.3
UYXQuantum computing and information
Class here: Quantum information science
1.4
UYZHuman–computer interaction
UYZFInformation visualization
UYZGUser interface design and usability
UYZMInformation architecture
VHealth, Relationships and Personal development
Use all V* codes for: general adult titles. DO NOT USE: code ‘V’ itself, but select specific categories from section V*. Use all V* codes with: other subject categories and qualifiers where appropriate, in particular INTEREST 5* Qualifiers. Prefer: codes from C*, J*, K*, L*, M*, Q*, R* for specialist works
1.4
VFFamily and health
Use all VF* codes for: popular accounts for general readership. Prefer: codes from Sections J, M etc, as appropriate, for specialist and academic works
VFBPersonal safety
VFDPopular medicine and health
Use for: popular health approaches to the human body or specific parts of the body
1.4
VFDFFirst aid for the home
VFDJChildren’s health
VFDMMen’s health
Class here: andropause, prostate issues, etc
1.3
VFDWWomen’s health
VFDW2Menopause1.3
VFGHome nursing and caring
Use for: popular works that give practical advice on caring and looking after people at home
MQC* Nursing
1.4
VFJCoping with personal, social and health topics
Use for: general works meant for a non-professional audience, or works that explore or explain how to deal or cope with these topics or give practical advice. Use with: other codes as appropriate, for example F* codes for novels that use these topics as themes or 5L* codes when the topic covers a particular age group
1.4
VFJBCoping with illness and specific health conditions
Use with: M* code for specific condition where available / appropriate
1.3
VFJB1Coping with allergies, including food allergies
VFJB2Coping with back problems1.2
VFJB3Coping with cancer1.3
VFJB4Coping with heart conditions1.3
VFJB5Coping with diabetes1.3
VFJB6Coping with Alzheimer’s and dementia1.3
VFJB7Coping with headaches and migraines1.4
VFJB9Coping with chronic or long-term illness or conditions
Use for: works giving advice about living with or coping with or caring of people with chronic or long-term conditions
1.4
VFJDCoping with physical impairments / disability
Use for: practical advice for people with disabilities, a person who is living with a particular physical or sensory impairment. Use with: 5PM* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
VFJGCoping with ageing
Use for: practical advice for growing older, dealing with topics or issues linked to ageing. Use with: 5LK* codes as appropriate
1.4
VFJHCoping with body image issues
Class here: body positivity, body negativity, body shaming, muscle dysmorphia etc
1.4
VFJJCoping with eating disorders
Class here: anorexia, bulimia
1.3
VFJKCoping with drug and alcohol problems
Class here: substance abuse
1.3
VFJLCoping with addiction
Use for: addictions not covered by other codes
1.3
VFJMCoping with abuse
VFJNCoping with bullying, coercion and harassment
Use for: works that give advice on dealing with social media trolling, cyberbullying, intimidation, mobbing, workplace harassment, coercion, stalking and threatening or controlling behaviour
1.4
VFJPCoping with anxiety and phobias
Class here: panic attacks, OCD
1.3
VFJQCoping with mental health issues
Use for: general mental health and other issues not covered elsewhere
1.3
VFJQ1Coping with depression and other mood disorders1.3
VFJQ2Coping with self-harm1.4
VFJRCoping with neurodevelopmental issues1.3
VFJR1Coping with autism / Asperger’s
Class here: autism spectrum disorders
1.3
VFJR2Coping with ADHD
Class here: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
1.3
VFJR3Coping with dyslexia and learning difficulties
Class here: dyscalculia, dysgraphia
1.3
VFJR4Coping with communication difficulties
Class here: stuttering, speech disorders
1.3
VFJSCoping with stress
Class here: coping with a crisis
1.4
VFJTCoping with loneliness / solitude1.3
VFJVCoping with sleep problems
Class here: how to sleep well
1.3
VFJXCoping with death and bereavement
Class here: funerals, memorials, grief and loss
JHBZ Sociology: death and dying
1.3
VFJX1Coping with suicide1.2
VFLGiving up smoking
VFMFitness and diet
VFMDDiets and dieting, nutrition
Use for: general works about good nutrition, food and health guides, as well as works on specific diets for health or weight loss. Use with: WB* codes for diets linked to particular foods, e.g. WBJK for a plant based (vegan) diet
WBH Health and wholefood cookery
1.4
VFMGExercise and workouts
Class here: Pilates, aerobics, stretching, Zumba, spinning, circuit training, cross-training, keep fit, CrossFit, cardio, etc. Use with: S* codes if fitness regime or workout linked to a particular sport
1.4
VFMG1Yoga for exercise
QDHC2 Yoga (as a philosophy)
1.3
VFMG2Weight training
Class here: strength training
SHP Weightlifting
1.3
VFMSMassage
VXHJ Reflexology
VFVRelationships and families: advice and issues
Use for: works giving advice about topics and issues for different types of relationships within families or social groups, not covered by more specific codes
JBFW Sex and sexuality, social aspects, JHBK Sociology: family and relationships, WQY Family history, tracing ancestors
1.4
VFVCSex and sexuality: advice and issues
Class here: sex manuals
JBFW Sex and sexuality, social aspects, JMU Psychology: sexual behaviour
VFVGDating, relationships, living together and marriage: advice and issues
Use for: works on advice or practical guides to different types or aspects of intimate relationships, such as, love, romance, fidelity, monogamous relationships, living apart together, adultery, infidelity, moving in together, jealousy, routine, polyamory, non-monogamy, casual dating
WJW Weddings, wedding planners
1.4
VFVJInvoluntary childlessness: advice and issues
Class here: infertility
1.3
VFVKAdoption and fostering: advice and issues
VFVMSolo lifestyles: advice and issues
Class here: advice on living without a partner, self-partnering, singleton life
1.21.4
VFVNRelationships: friends / peer groups
Class here: advice on making friends, friendships, relationships within peer groups, social networks, social groups, etc
1.4
VFVSSeparation and divorce: advice and issues
VFVXIntergenerational relationships: advice and issues
Class here: parent–child, grandparent–grandchild relationships, generation gaps, intergenerational friendships, generational misunderstandings or clashes, etc
1.4
VFXParenting: advice and issues
Class here: advice for mothers or fathers, grandparenting advice, advice on discipline, etc
1.4
VFXBPregnancy, birth and baby care: advice and issues
VFXB1Baby names: guides for parents
VFXCChild care and upbringing: advice for parents
Use with: 5L* values from INTEREST 5* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
VFXC1Teenagers: advice for parents
VSSelf-help, personal development and practical advice
Use all VS* codes for: popular accounts for general readership. Prefer: codes from Sections C*, J*, K*, L*, Q*, R* etc, as appropriate, for specialist and academic works
1.3
VSAPractical advice: Life hacks / handy tips
Use for: collections of useful and practical tips, often across different subjects, about making life a bit easier. Use with: other subject codes as appropriate
1.4
VSBPersonal finance
Class here: managing your money, income, household budget
1.3
VSCAdvice on careers and achieving success
Class here: presentation skills. Use for: practical advice for improving work-related skills and competencies, being successful professionally, advancing your career, navigating the workplace. Use with: 4CP* codes for preparation for professional tests, or exams, and with other subject codes for sector-specific advice
1.4
VSCBJob hunting / changing careers
Class here: CVs, resumes, cover letters, interview techniques, employment rights, dealing with job loss, job applications, passing recruitment tests. Use for: general works about the techniques of looking for and getting a job
1.31.4
VSDLaw, citizenship and rights for the lay person
VSFRoadcraft and driving
Class here: learning to drive, study aids for driving tests, getting a driver’s licence, advanced driving. Use with: WGC* codes to indicate what type of vehicle, as appropriate
1.3
VSGConsumer advice
WJS Shopping guides
VSHHousing and property for the individual: buying/selling and legal aspects
WK* Home and house maintenance
VSKAdvice on education
JN* Education
VSKBStudent life
Class here: practical guides to going away to study, life on campus, surviving as a student
1.3
VSLAdult literacy guides and handbooks
CFC Literacy
VSNAdult numeracy guides and handbooks
VSPPopular psychology
QDX Popular philosophy
VSPDMindfulness
Class here: therapy based upon meditation and related approaches
1.2
VSPMAssertiveness, motivation, self-esteem and positive mental attitude1.3
VSPPPersonality traits
Class here: personality tests, extroverts, introverts, empaths, highly sensitive persons, highly gifted persons etc. Use for: works aimed at a general audience that explore different personality traits and types
JMS Psychology: the self, ego, identity, personality
1.4
VSPTMemory improvement and thinking techniques
Class here: IQ tests etc for self-testing, mind-mapping, reasoning techniques
1.4
VSPXNeuro Linguistic Programming (NLP)
VSRRetirement
KFFP Pensions
VSSSoft skills and dealing with other people
Class here: advice on dealing with social situations, life skills, organising your life
1.21.4
VSWLiving and working in other countries: practical advice
VSYSurvivalism / Preparing for emergencies
Class here: disaster manuals, preppers’ guides. Use for: practical guides for preparing for possible disruptions, disasters (natural and man-made), emergencies or crises
1.4
VSZSelf-sufficiency and ‘green’ lifestyle
Class here: Ethical, low carbon, plastic-free, low-impact lifestyles, simple living. Use for: practical advice, tips or suggestions for living a sustainable lifestyle
RNU Sustainability
1.4
VXMind, body, spirit
Use all VX* codes for: Mind Body Spirit treatments for general readers only. Prefer: codes from Sections J*, M*, Q* etc, as appropriate for specialist and academic works
VXAMind, body, spirit: thought and practice
VXFFortune-telling and divination
VXFAAstrology
VXFA1Star signs and horoscopes
VXFCFortune-telling by cards (cartomancy)
VXFC1Tarot
VXFDThe I Ching
VXFGGraphology
VXFJDivination from physical attributes1.2
VXFJ1Palmistry, chiromancy
Class here: chirology, chirognomy
1.2
VXFJ2Phrenology and physiognomy1.2
VXFNNumerology
VXFTClairvoyance and precognition
VXHComplementary therapies, healing and health
Class here: Naturopathy, naturopathic medicine. Use for: therapies and associated practitioners, including healers, naturopaths. Use all VXH* codes with: MX if content aimed at qualified medical professionals
MX* Complementary medicine
1.4
VXHAAcupuncture1.1
VXHCAromatherapy and essential oils
VXHFNature therapy
Class here: Ecotherapy, horticultural therapy. Use for: popular approaches. Prefer: JM* Psychology codes for more academic approaches
MQT Occupational therapy
1.3
VXHHHomoeopathy
VXHJReflexology
VFMS Massage
VXHKReiki
VXHTTraditional medicine and herbal remedies
Class here: popular works on Chinese medicine, Ayurvedic therapies, Kampo, folk medicine, phytomedicine, phytotherapy, paraherbalism etc. Use for: therapies and associated practitioners etc. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers for particular regional traditions
1.4
VXKEarth energies
Class here: dowsing, ley lines, Earth mysteries, sacred landscapes
1.11.4
VXMMind, body, spirit: meditation and visualization
VXNDreams and their interpretation
JMT Psychology: states of consciousness
VXPPsychic powers and psychic phenomena
Class here: ESP, popular accounts of telepathy, telekinesis etc
JMX Parapsychological studies
VXPCCrystals and colour-healing
VXPHChakras, auras and spiritual energy
VXPJAstral projection and out-of-body experiences
VXPRThe afterlife, reincarnation and past lives
VXPSSpirit guides, angels and channelling
VXQUnexplained phenomena / the paranormal
VXQBUFOs and extraterrestrial beings
VXQGGhosts and poltergeists
VXQMMythical and legendary beings, monsters and creatures
Class here: things such as giants, goblins, golems, griffins, mermaids, ogres, trolls, unicorns, yetis, bigfoot, etc. Use for: popular works about fabulous creatures. Use all VXQM* codes with: F* codes for stories that feature one of these creatures. Prefer: JBGB or QR* codes for more academic studies
JBGB Folklore, myths and legends
1.4
VXQM1Mythical creatures: Dragons
Use with: F*, JBGB or QR* codes as appropriate
1.3
VXQM2Mythical creatures: Vampires, werewolves and other shapeshifters
Use with: F*, JBGB or QR* codes as appropriate
1.3
VXQM3Mythical creatures: Zombies and the undead
Use with: F*, JBGB or QR* codes as appropriate
1.3
VXQM4Mythical creatures: Fairies, elves and similar folk
Use with: F*, JBGB or QR* codes as appropriate
1.4
VXVFeng Shui and approaches to living space design and style
Class here: Vastu Shastra
1.2
VXWMysticism, magic and occult interests
Use all VXW* codes for: popular works on the occult. Prefer: QRY* codes for serious and academic works
QRYX* Occult studies
VXWKKabbalah: popular works
QRVK2 Mysticism
VXWMMagic, spells and alchemy
VXWSShamanism, paganism and Druidry
QRS Ancient religions and Mythologies
VXWTWitchcraft and wicca
Class here: Wiccans, Modern or Pagan witchcraft
QRYX5 Witchcraft
1.4
WLifestyle, Hobbies and Leisure
Use all W* codes for: popular accounts for general adult readership. DO NOT USE: code ‘W’ itself, but select specific categories from section W*. Use all W* codes with: other subject categories and qualifiers where appropriate. Prefer: codes from A*, K*, P*, R*, T*, etc, for specialist, technical and academic works
1.4
WBCookery / food and drink
Class here: gastronomy, general works on food, cookery or drinks. Use all WB* codes with: NHTB for the history of food or any historical aspects of drinks, food or cookery or with JBCC4 for examinations of foodstuffs in culture and society
JBCC4 Cultural studies: food and society
1.4
WBAGeneral cookery and recipes
WBACComfort food and food nostalgia1.3
WBBTV / celebrity chef cookbooks
Class here: TV series tie-in recipe books, recipes from specific restaurants, etc
WBCCooking for one
WBDBudget cookery
WBFQuick and easy cookery1.3
WBHHealth and wholefood cookery
WBHSCookery for specific diets and conditions
Use with: VF* or M* codes as appropriate
1.3
WBJVegetarian Cookery and vegetarianism
Use for: books of recipes, books about nutritional, health and ethical aspects of meat free diets
1.4
WBJKVegan Cookery and veganism
Use for: books of recipes, books about nutritional, health and ethical aspects of plant based diets
1.4
WBKOrganic food / organic cookery1.3
WBNNational and regional cuisine
Use with: PLACE 1* and also values from 5PB* INTEREST Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
WBNBStreet food1.3
WBQCookery for/with children1.3
WBRCooking for parties and special occasions
Use with: values from 5H* INTEREST Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
WBSCooking with specific gadgets
Class here: microwave cooking, wok, barbecue, slow cookers, etc
1.3
WBTCookery / food by ingredient1.3
WBTBCookery / food by ingredient: meat and game1.3
WBTCCookery / food by ingredient: chicken and other poultry1.3
WBTFCookery / food by ingredient: fish and seafood1.3
WBTHCookery / food by ingredient: herbs, spices, oils and vinegars1.3
WBTJCookery / food by ingredient: rice, grains, pulses, nuts and seeds
Class here: beans, peanuts, soy, oats, lentils
1.3
WBTMCookery / food by ingredient: fruit and vegetables1.3
WBTPCookery / food by ingredient: pasta and noodles1.3
WBTRCookery / food by ingredient: egg, cheese and dairy products1.3
WBTXCookery / food by ingredient: chocolate1.3
WBVCookery dishes and courses
WBVDCookery dishes and courses: soups and starters
Class here: dips, appetizers, finger food
1.3
WBVGCookery dishes and courses: salads and vegetables
WBVHCookery dishes and courses: sauces
Class here: salsa, marinades, condiments, dressings
1.3
WBVMCookery dishes and courses: main courses
WBVQCookery dishes and courses: desserts
WBVSBaking
Class here: pies, tarts, pastries, Use for: general works on baking or titles that cover different types of baked goods
1.4
WBVS1Cakes and cake decoration, icing and sugarcraft
Use for: making and baking of all types of cakes, as well as decorations
1.11.4
WBVS2Breads and bread making1.4
WBWCookery: preserving and freezing
Class here: chutneys, jams, pickles
1.3
WBXFood and drink: beverages
WBXDFood and drink: alcoholic beverages
WBXD1Wines
Class here: home winemaking, wine tasting
1.4
WBXD2Beers and ciders
Class here: home brewing
1.4
WBXD3Spirits, liqueurs and cocktails1.4
WBXNFood and drink: non-alcoholic beverages
WBXN1Tea and coffee
Class here: Tea Culture, Coffee Culture. Use for: works about the types of and preparation of these beverages, the ceremonies or rituals associated with them. Use with: other categories for works about trade of, history of, traditions associated with, works about health benefits etc
1.31.4
WBXN12Tea Ceremony
Class here: Way of the tea, chadō or sadō (Japanese Tea Ceremony)
1.4
WBXN3Juices and smoothies1.3
WBZCigars and smoking
VFL Giving up smoking
WCAntiques, vintage and collectables
Use all WC* codes for: titles about the objects themselves, as well as collecting them
1.4
WCBAntiques, vintage and collectables: buyer’s guides
Class here: price guides, guides to auctions, valuation, etc. Use with: other WC* code indicating types of items, as appropriate
UDBA Online shopping and auctions
1.4
WCCCare and restoration of antiques
WCFCollecting coins, banknotes, medals and other related items
Class here: collecting seals, numismatics
1.3
WCGCollecting stamps, philately
WCJAntique clocks, musical boxes and automata1.4
WCJBWatches
Class here: wristwatches. Use for: collecting watches, watches as fashion objects, as luxury objects, yearbooks of watches, etc
1.4
WCKMilitaria, arms and armour
WCLAntique or vintage furniture / furniture collecting
Use with: WCC for restoring antique furniture
1.4
WCNAntiques, vintage and collectables: ceramics, glass and other related items1.4
WCNCAntiques, vintage and collectables: ceramics, porcelain and pottery
Class here: collecting china
1.31.4
WCNGAntiques, vintage and collectables: glass
Class here: collecting bottles
1.31.4
WCPAntiques, vintage and collectables: jewellery1.4
WCRAntiques, vintage and collectables: gold, silver and other metals (other than jewellery)1.4
WCRBAntiques, vintage and collectables: buttons, badges, pins and related small items1.31.4
WCSAntiques, vintage and collectables: books, manuscripts, ephemera and printed matter
Class here: cigarette cards, programmes, postcards, comics, autographs, photographs, phonecards, etc
1.4
WCTAntiques, vintage and collectables: sports memorabilia1.4
WCUAntiques, vintage and collectables: pictures, prints and maps1.4
WCVAntiques, vintage and collectables: carpets, rugs and textiles1.4
WCVBAntiques, vintage and collectables: clothing and accessories1.4
WCWAntiques, vintage and collectables: toys, games, dolls and models
Class here: teddy bears
1.4
WCXAntiques, vintage and collectables: instruments, implements and tools1.4
WCXMAntiques, vintage and collectables: musical instruments1.21.4
WCXSAntiques, vintage and collectables: scientific instruments1.21.4
WDHobbies, quizzes and games
WDHHobbies
WF* Handicrafts, decorative arts and crafts
WDHBModel-making and construction
Class here: miniature figurines, military models, toy soldiers, gaming figurines, scale modelling
1.21.4
WDHMModel railways
WDHRRadio-controlled models
Class here: model aircraft, model cars, model boats, drones etc
1.4
WDHWRole-playing, war games and fantasy sports
Class here: wargaming, miniature games, Dungeons and Dragons style role playing games
FYW Fiction: special features: game-related
1.4
WDJ3D images and optical illusions
WDKPuzzles and quizzes
Class here: brainteasers, lateral thinking puzzles, logic tests, memory games, guessing games, jigsaw puzzles. Use for: works that set any form of conundrum or puzzle to solve, or questions to answer
1.4
WDKCCrosswords and word games
Class here: Scrabble dictionaries, wordlists, letter arrangement games, semantic games, language games
1.4
WDKNSudoku and number puzzles
Class here: number games
1.4
WDKXTrivia and quiz questions
Class here: General knowledge quizzes, ‘pub quiz’ questions. Use with: other subject codes for quizzes about a specific subject as appropriate
GBD Miscellanies and compendia
1.4
WDMIndoor games
Use for: works on any sort of game generally played inside, including party games, educational games, traditional games, games of chance, games of skill, action and reflex games, dice games
UDX Computer games / online games: strategy guides
1.4
WDMCCard games
Class here: Solitaire, Patience, trading card games. Use for: any type of game using any sort of playing card
1.4
WDMC1Card games: Bridge
WDMC2Card games: Poker
WDMGBoard, table top and strategy games
Class here: mahjong. Use for: any type of board game, either abstract or themed, traditional games, German-style board games, Amerigames etc
1.4
WDMG1Board games: Chess
Use for: works on chess and all its variants
1.4
WDMG2Board games: Shogi1.4
WDMG3Board games: Go1.4
WDPGambling: theories and methods
UDBG Internet gambling
WFHandicrafts, decorative arts and crafts
Use all WF* codes for: practical, ‘how-to’ and hobbyist approaches, often aimed at an interested amateur audience. Prefer: codes from Section A* where appropriate for art history and criticism approaches, or codes in T* section for more vocational and professional textbooks
AFT Decorative arts
1.4
WFAPainting, drawing and art manuals
AGZ The Arts: techniques and principles
1.4
WFBNeedlework and fabric crafts
Class here: books of patterns and designs
AFW Textile artworks, AKT Fashion and textile design
1.4
WFBCEmbroidery crafts
Class here: cross-stitch, needlepoint, tapestry-making, etc
WFBLLace and lacemaking
WFBQQuiltmaking, patchwork and appliqué
WFBSKnitting and crochet
WFBS1Knitting1.2
WFBS2Crochet1.2
WFBVFabric dyeing
Class here: Batik and tie-dye
WFBWSewing1.2
WFCRopework, knots and macramé
WFDLeather crafts and Leatherworking1.4
WFFRug and carpetmaking
AFW Textile artworks, AKT Fashion and textile design
WFGSpinning and weaving
AFW Textile artworks, AKT Fashion and textile design
WFHToys: making and decorating
Class here: soft toys, dolls, dolls’ houses etc
WFJJewellery and beadcrafts
AFKG Precious metal, precious stones and jewellery: artworks and design
WFKDecorative finishes and surfaces
Class here: decoupage
WFNPottery, ceramics and glass crafts
AFP Ceramics, mosaic and glass: artworks
WFPDecorative metalwork
WFQDecorative woodwork
Class here: decorative box-making; picture-framing
WFSCarving and modelling, moulding and casting
Class here: woodcarving, resin and plaster work, doughcraft, candle-making, etc
AFKC Carvings, masks, reliefs
WFTBook and paper crafts
Class here: paper-making, bookbinding, greeting card-making, scrapbooking, paper planes, paper models, papercraft
AKH Book design and Bookbinding
1.3
WFTMOrigami and paper engineering
WFUCalligraphy and hand-lettering
AKD Typography and lettering
WFVRural crafts
AFT Decorative arts
WFWFlower arranging and floral crafts
Class here: floral design, language of flowers
1.4
WFXAdult colouring and activity books
WGTransport: general interest
KNG Transport industries, TR* Transport technology and trades
WGCRoad and motor vehicles: general interest
TRCT Road transport and haulage trades
WGCBMotor cars: general interest
WGCFBuses, trams and commercial vehicles: general interest
WGCKMotorcycles: general interest
WGCQRoad and motor vehicles: Camper vans, Recreational vehicles1.3
WGCTTractors and farm vehicles: general interest
TVD Agricultural engineering and machinery
WGCVVehicle maintenance and manuals
TRCS Automotive (motor mechanic) skills
WGDBicycles and non-motorised transport: general interest and maintenance
SMQ Cycle racing, SZD Cycling: general and touring
WGFTrains and railways: general interest
Class here: company histories, maps and atlases, general works on railways
TRF* Railway technology, engineering and trades
1.3
WGFDLocomotives and rolling stock
Class here: steam, diesel or electric locomotives, wagons, carriages etc
1.3
WGFLUrban rail transit systems
Class here: underground and light rail systems (metro, subway, tube, etc), trams on rails, monorail, and any urban transit or transport system based on fixed rails
1.2
WGGShips and boats: general interest
Class here: inland waterways and ocean-going craft
NHTM Maritime history, SPN* Boating: Sport and leisure
1.3
WGGBBoats
Class here: rowing boats, narrowboats, barges, luxury yachts, houseboats. Use for: boats designed primarily for inland waterways or coastal waters
1.3
WGGDShips: Liners and other ocean-going vessels
Class here: cruise ships, sailing ships, tall ships. Use for: the history of these ships, the companies, larger ocean-going vessels etc
1.3
WGGPShips and boats: certification and licences
Class here: certification for driving small powered boats, amateur sailing qualifications etc
TRLN Navigation and seamanship, TRLT Maritime and nautical trades
1.3
WGGVBoatbuilding and maintenance
TRL* Shipbuilding technology, engineering and trades
WGMAircraft and aviation
Class here: commercial aircraft, airlines, airports
TRP* Aerospace and aviation technology
1.3
WHHumour
XY Strip cartoons
WHGTV tie-in humour
WHJJokes and riddles
WHLSlang and dialect humour
WHPParodies and spoofs: non-fiction
FUP Satirical fiction and parodies
WHXHumour collections and anthologies
WJLifestyle and personal style guides
WJFFashion and style guides
WJHCosmetics, hair and beauty
Class here: spa treatments, makeup, skin care, hairstyling, beauty therapies, salon skills, personal grooming
TTVH Hairdressing, salon and beauty therapy skills, VFM Fitness and diet, YPWC5 Educational: Hairdressing, salon and beauty therapy skills
1.4
WJJPerfume and incense
Class here: fragrances
1.4
WJKInterior design, decor and style guides
AMR Architecture: interior design
WJSShopping guides
UDBA Online shopping and auctions, VSG Consumer advice
WJWWeddings, wedding planners
WJXParties, etiquette and entertaining
WJXCManners: guides and advice
Class here: customary codes of polite behaviour, protocols, etiquette and interaction with others, forms and ways of addressing others, advice to avoid rudeness or causing offence, cross-cultural advice
1.4
WJXFTable settings and arts of the table1.3
WJYTraditional rituals and ceremonies
Class here: Japanese arts of refinement, ceremonies of welcome, bread and salt greetings, Use for: popular works about commonplace, traditional rituals and ceremonies and associated etiquettes, customs or codified conduct, often associated with daily life. Use with: other subject codes to indicate the nature of the ceremony, for example, WBXN12 for a Japanese traditional tea ceremony (Chadō), or WFW for Ikebana (Kadō) or WJJ for the Way of Fragrance (Kōdō)
JBCC6 Cultural studies: customs and traditions
1.4
WKHome and house maintenance
TTVT Caretakers, janitors, housekeepers, cleaners and related skills, VSH Housing and property for the individual: buying/selling and legal aspects
WKDDIY: general
WKDMDIY: house maintenance manuals
WKDWDIY: carpentry and woodworking
WKHHousehold management and home hints
Class here: home economics, household cleaning tips, decluttering, organising the home
1.4
WKRHome renovation and extension
WJK Interior design, decor and style guides
WKUOutdoor and recreational areas: design and maintenance
WMGardening
TVS Commercial horticulture
WMBGardens (descriptions, history etc)
WMDGarden design and planning
WMFGreenhouses, conservatories, patios
WMPGardening: plants and cultivation guides
Class here: herbs, succulents and cacti. Use for: titles about the growing of or guides to any type of garden plant, both indoor and outdoor. Use with: WMQR for house plants
1.3
WMPCGardening: flowers and ornamental plants1.3
WMPFGardening: fruit and vegetable1.3
WMPSGardening: trees and shrubs1.3
WMPYGardening: pests and diseases1.3
WMQSpecialized gardening methods
WMQBBonsai1.3
WMQFOrganic gardening
WMQLLandscape gardening
WMQNNatural and wild gardening
WMQPGardening with native plants
WMQRContainer gardening
Use for: titles about growing plants in pots, tubs, baskets, etc indoors or outdoors
1.3
WMQR1Indoor gardening1.3
WMQWWater gardens, pools
WMTAllotments / Community gardens
TVM Smallholdings, TVU Urban farming / urban agriculture
1.3
WNNature and the natural world: general interest
Use all WN* codes for: popular works only. Prefer: codes from Sections P*, R*, T* etc, as appropriate for specialist and academic works
WNADinosaurs and the prehistoric world: general interest
RBX Palaeontology
WNCWildlife: general interest
PSV* Zoology and animal sciences
WNCBWildlife: birds and birdwatching: general interest
PSVJ Zoology: birds (ornithology)
WNCFWildlife: mammals: general interest
PSVM Zoology: mammals (mammalogy)
WNCKWildlife: reptiles and amphibians: general interest
PSVF Zoology: amphibians and reptiles (herpetology)
WNCNWildlife: butterflies, other insects and spiders: general interest
PSVA Zoology: invertebrates
WNCSWildlife: aquatic creatures: general interest
PSP Hydrobiology, PSVC Zoology: fishes (ichthyology), PSVM2 Zoology: marine and freshwater mammals
WNCS1Sea life and the seashore: general interest
PSPM Marine biology
WNCS2Freshwater life: general interest
PSPF Freshwater biology
WNDThe countryside, country life: general interest
WNFFarm and working animals: general interest
Class here: titles about working or service dogs
TVH Animal husbandry
1.3
WNGDomestic animals and pets
WNGCCats as pets
WNGDDogs as pets
WNGD1Dog obedience and training
WNGFFishes as pets and aquaria
WNGHHorses and ponies: general interest
WNGKBirds, including cage birds, as pets
WNGRRabbits and rodents as pets
Class here: mice, hamsters, guinea pigs, gerbils, rats, etc as pets
1.3
WNGSReptiles and amphibians as pets
Class here: snakes, lizards, newts, terrapins, turtles, tortoises, etc as pets
1.3
WNGXInsects and spiders as pets
WNHZoos and wildlife parks: general interest
WNJNational parks and nature reserves: general interest
Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers, plus travel codes WT* for guidebooks to National (state, provincial, regional etc) parks as appropriate
1.3
WNPTrees, wildflowers and plants: general interest
PST* Botany and plant sciences, WMP Gardening: plants and cultivation guides
WNRRocks, minerals and fossils: general interest
Use for: popular works on aspects of geology, including guides to gems. Use with: codes for relevant discipline to indicate subject covered
PNV Chemistry of minerals, crystals and gems, RBX Palaeontology, RBG* Geology, geomorphology and the lithosphere
1.2
WNWThe Earth: natural history: general interest
Use for: popular works on natural history of the Earth as a whole, physical features and systems as well as life on Earth, popular works on volcanoes, earthquakes etc
RB* Earth sciences, PSAF Ecological science, the Biosphere
WNWMWeather and climate: general interest
Use for: popular works on weather and climate including storms and other extreme weather conditions
RBP Meteorology and climatology
1.2
WNXPopular astronomy and space
Class here: constellation and star guides, non-specialist guides to astronomy and space, including space exploration
PG* Astronomy, space and time, TTD Space science
WQLocal and family history, nostalgia
WQHLocal history
Use for: popular accounts of the history of a specific locality, generally only of local interest. Use with: PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
WQNNostalgia: general
Use for: popular works with fond, uncritical view of past times. Use with: other code indicating subject where appropriate, e.g. WGF “Trains and railways: general interest”
WQPPlaces in old photographs
Use for: collections of early or vintage photographs relating to a specific place or places. Use with: PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers wherever possible
AJC Photographs: collections
WQYFamily history, tracing ancestors
NHTG Genealogy, heraldry, names and honours
WTTravel and holiday
Use all WT* codes with: the most specific PLACE 1* Qualifiers available, as appropriate
WTDTravel tips and advice: general
WTHTravel and holiday guides
Use for: general travel guides, lists of places to visit, ‘best of’ guides, that are not in a more specific category and that remain primarily guidebooks. Use with: the most specific appropriate PLACE 1* Qualifiers, plus INTEREST 5* Qualifier, or another subject code, to indicate a specialised guidebook. For example, 5PS to indicate holidays aimed at a particular group
WJS Shopping guides, WTM Places and peoples: general and pictorial works
1.3
WTHATravel guides: adventure holidays
WTHBTravel guides: business travel
WTHCTravel guides: eco-tourism, ‘green’ tourism
WTHDTravel guides: food and drink regions
Class here: travel guides based around local foods, wine-producing regions etc. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifier as appropriate and WB* for detail on area of food and drink concerned
WTHR Travel guides: restaurants and cafes
1.2
WTHETravel guides: activity holidays
Class here: travel guides for active holidays. Use with: SZ* codes to indicate the activity involved
1.2
WTHFTravel guides: holidays with children / family holidays
WTHGTravel guides: budget travel1.3
WTHHTravel guides: hotel and holiday accommodation guides
Use for: ‘where to stay’ guides, recommendations of specific establishments
1.3
WTHH1Travel guides: caravan and camp-site guides
WTHKTravel guides: beaches and coastal areas
Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifier codes as appropriate
1.3
WTHLTravel guides: Cities
Use for: guides to specific cities. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifier codes as appropriate
1.4
WTHMTravel guides: museums, historic sites, galleries etc
Class here: guides to heritage sites, individual buildings, monuments, culturally significant sites, historic and archaeological sites, etc
1.4
WTHRTravel guides: restaurants and cafes
Class here: Inns, bars, pubs, bistros for food / drink. Use for: ‘where to eat/ drink’ guides, recommendations of specific establishments
WTHD Travel guides: food and drink regions
1.3
WTHTTravel guides: theme parks and funfairs
WTHVTravel guides: Rail travel
Class here: railway timetables for travellers, railway maps, travelling by train, railway journeys etc
1.4
WTHWTravel guides: routes and ways
Class here: guides to long distance routes, such as footpaths, trails, cycleways, waterways, highways, bridleways, etc. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifier codes plus subject codes, such as SZ*, where appropriate
1.3
WTHXTravel guides: cruises
Class here: river and sea cruises. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifier codes as appropriate
1.3
WTKLanguage phrasebooks
Use with: LANGUAGE Qualifier 2* as appropriate
CJBT Language self-study
WTLTravel writing
WTLCClassic travel writing
Use for: travel writing widely regarded or presented as ‘classic’ and typically, but not necessarily, published and in print for several decades
1.4
WTLPExpeditions: popular accounts
Class here: popular accounts of expeditions and exploration
RGR Geographical discovery and exploration
WTMPlaces and peoples: general and pictorial works
Use for: illustrated and inspirational travel books, books about places to visit, etc, that are NOT primarily guidebooks. Use with: the most specific PLACE 1* Qualifiers available plus INTEREST 5* qualifier or another subject code when the title has a specialised theme
AJC Photographs: collections
1.3
WTRTravel maps and atlases
RGX* Geographical reference works
WTRDRoad atlases and maps
WTRMTravel maps
Use for: all folded maps, other than city street maps and motorists’ road maps, for general and travel use
WTRSStreet maps and city plans
Class here: maps and books of maps of cities, towns and streets for general use
WZStationery and miscellaneous items
Use all WZ* codes for: products such as stationery and non-book articles for adults that would not be categorised using another subject category as a primary or main subject. Use with: other subject codes as appropriate but WZ* should be the main or principal code. Details of formats are conveyed in other product metadata
1.4
WZGGift books
Use for: books, typically small format and of a decorative, humorous or inspirational nature, intended to be given as gifts by the purchaser
YZG Children’s gift books
1.4
WZSStationery items
Use for: any printed stationery item, diaries, calendars, posters, kits, postcard packs, bookmarks, etc. Use with: another code indicating subject where possible
WZSJThematic journals and notebooks
Use for: journals that you fill in, which have some pre-printed text or images to inspire what to write or note down. Use with: another secondary code indicating a subject as appropriate
1.4
WZSNBlank stationery items
Class here: blank notebooks, autograph books and other content-free items
1.1
XGraphic novels, Comic books, Cartoons
Use all X* codes for: general adult, teenage or Children’s titles. DO NOT USE: code ‘X’ itself, but select specific categories from section X*. INTEREST AGE 5A* Qualifiers MUST be used with titles aimed at children or teenagers. Use all X* codes with: other subject categories and qualifiers where appropriate, in particular with PLACE 1*, TIME PERIOD 3* and INTEREST 5* Qualifiers
1.4
XAGraphic novel and Comic book: types
XABEuropean tradition graphic novels
Use for: In the European tradition, graphic novels are typically one-off publications, rather than part of a series, generally for an adult audience, often with distinctive graphics and more literary textual content, usually serious rather than humorous; they are works published originally as graphic novels, not adaptations of textual works
XADEuropean tradition comic books, Bandes dessinées
Use for: In the European tradition, comic books or ‘bandes dessinées’ are typically published in ongoing series, often featuring the same characters, as distinct from ‘one-off’ graphic novels
XADCEuropean comic books: general, classic, all ages
Class here: classic comic books which can usually be read and enjoyed by children or adults, and which are widely regarded or presented as ‘classic’ and typically but not necessarily published and in print for several decades
1.4
XAKAmerican / British style comic books and graphic novels
Use for: graphic novels and comic books in the American / British tradition
XAKCAmerican comic books: classic, Golden Age
Class here: early and classic ‘Golden Age’ characters, which can usually be read and enjoyed by children or adults, and which are widely regarded or presented as ‘classic’ and typically but not necessarily published and in print for several decades
1.4
XAMManga and Asian style comics
Use for: XAM codes includes all Japanese comic books (Manga) plus those from other Asian countries including Korean (Manhwa) and Chinese (Manhua) and from non-Asian countries, but designed according the ‘Manga style’
1.4
XAMCManga: Kodomo
Use for: Manga for children, boys and girls, age around 6 to 10
XAMFManga: Shōjo
Use for: Manga designed for young and teenage girls, age around 10 to 15
XAMGManga: Shōnen
Use for: Manga designed primarily for young and teenage boys, age around 10 to 15
XAMLManga: Seinen
Use for: Manga designed for young adult men, from about 15 to 30 years old. Use with: Qualifier 5X as appropriate
1.3
XAMRManga: Josei
Use for: Manga designed specifically for young adult women
XAMTManga: Yaoi
Class here: boys’ love (BL). Use for: Manga featuring young male same-sex relationships, created principally, but not exclusively, for a young female readership. Use with: 5PSG as appropriate
FYQ Fiction: special features: Yaoi / BL novels
1.4
XAMVManga: Bara
Class here: Men’s Love (ML) manga. Use for: manga focusing on male same-sex love, usually created by gay men for a gay male audience. Use with: 5PSG and 5X as appropriate
1.31.4
XAMXManga: adult (erotic, extreme violence)
Use for: Manga designed for adults featuring scenes of an overtly adult nature only suitable for an aware and mature audience. Use with: other XAM* codes as appropriate and Qualifier 5X as appropriate
XAMX2 Manga: hentai manga
1.3
XAMX2Manga: hentai manga
Use for: Manga designed for adults (over 18 years), of an extreme erotic or pornographic nature. Use with: Qualifier 5X as appropriate
XAML Manga: Seinen
1.3
XAMYManga: Yuri
Class here: girls’ Love. Use for: Manga featuring young female same-sex relationships often (but not exclusively) for a young female readership. Use with: 5PSL as appropriate
1.21.4
XQGraphic novel, Comic book and Manga: genres1.4
XQAGraphic novel / Comic book: memoirs, true stories and non-fiction
Class here: Slice of life, biographies, politics, travel. Use with: Non-fiction categories to indicate the subject as appropriate
1.4
XQAYGraphic novel / Comic book / Manga: Educational
Use for: titles published as comics or manga where the content is primarily non-fiction and aimed at educating people about the subject. Use with: YN* codes if for young people or other relevant non-fiction codes for titles aimed at adults. Use with: relevant XA* code to indicate type
1.4
XQBGraphic novel / Comic book: literary adaptations
Use for: adaptations of pre-existing literary works into graphic form
XQCGraphic novel / Comic book: inspired by or adapted from
Use for: stories that were published as spin-offs or companions to pre-existing non-book media or merchandise, for example story books based on a popular film franchise, an online game or a TV series. DO NOT USE: for titles that were subsequently made into films etc
1.3
XQDGraphic novel / Comic book: crime, mystery and thrillers
XQGGraphic novel / Comic book: action and adventure
XQGWGraphic novel / Comic book: Westerns
XQHGraphic novel / Comic book: horror
XQKGraphic novel / Comic book: super-heroes and super-villains
XQLGraphic novel / Comic book: science fiction
XQMGraphic novel / Comic book: fantasy, esoteric
Use for: comic books featuring traditions of mythical, secret or esoteric knowledge
XQNGraphic novel / Comic book: anthropomorphic / animal stories1.3
XQRGraphic novel / Comic book: romance
XQSGraphic novel / Comic book: school / college life
Use with: 5L* code as appropriate
1.3
XQTGraphic novel / Comic book: humorous
XQVGraphic novel / Comic book: historical
XQXGraphic novel / Comic book: adult
Use for: comic books designed for adults featuring scenes of an overtly adult nature or dealing with graphic themes only suitable for an aware, mature audience. Use with: Qualifier 5X plus other X* codes as appropriate
1.3
XQXEGraphic novel / Comic book: adult – erotic
Use for: comic books designed for adults featuring scenes of an overtly erotic nature or dealing with graphic sexual themes only suitable for an aware mature audience. Use with: Qualifier 5X plus other X* codes as appropriate
1.3
XQXVGraphic novel / Comic book: adult – extreme violence / gore
Use for: comic books designed for adults featuring scenes of an overtly violent or gory nature or dealing with graphic or disturbingly violent themes only suitable for an aware mature audience. Use with: Qualifier 5X plus other X* codes as appropriate
1.3
XRGraphic novel and comic books: guides and reviews
DSR Literary reference works, FZ Fiction companions
XRMManga guides and reviews
DSR Literary reference works, FZ Fiction companions
XYStrip cartoons
Use for: collections of typically humorous cartoons, in 3–5 panels, usually originally published in newspapers or magazines
YChildren’s, Teenage and Educational
Use all Y* codes for: material aimed at, or purposefully written or created for a juvenile or adolescent audience (except for graphic novels, comic books, manga in X*). DO NOT USE: code ‘Y’ itself, but select specific categories from section Y*. Use all Y* codes with: only one INTEREST AGE 5A* Qualifier to indicate a guideline starting interest age (detailed age ranges should be included in other metadata) – or for YP* use EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* qualifiers. All other qualifiers can be used as appropriate with Y* codes. DO NOT USE for: material intended primarily for adults that may also appeal to older teenagers. For ‘new adult’ content see note at 5LKE
1.4
YBChildren’s: picture books, activity books, early learning concepts
Use all YB* codes for: physical or digital items – the headings relate purely to the content, not the format (Format information is described in other metadata). Use all YB* codes with: only one INTEREST AGE 5A* Qualifier to indicate a guideline starting interest age
1.4
YBCChildren’s picture books
Use all YBC* codes for: highly illustrated books (typically colour throughout) for children in which the content (either fiction or non-fiction) is conveyed through the use of words and pictures in combination or through pictures alone. A ‘picture book’ differs from a ‘book with illustrations’, in that the pictures it contains are at least as important as the text (if any) and form an essential component of the book. Use all YBC* codes with: other codes from Y* sections as appropriate, for example, YNB for Picture book biographies, or YPCA21 for picture books that are part of a structured reading scheme
1.4
YBCBBaby books
Use for: usually small format, board, bath, cloth or rag book picture books with little or no text, and no explicitly educational early learning content, and usually very little story. Use with: YBG* codes for baby books which involve interactivity
1.4
YBCHPicture books: character books
Use for: all books based on TV or film characters, and all books featuring established pictorially-represented characters used in several books and or other products
YBCSPicture storybooks
Use for: fully illustrated storybooks for children where the narrative is told mostly or entirely through pictures and where any text is totally dependent on the illustrations. Use with: relevant YF* codes to indicate the genre of story, as appropriate, or YN* or YX* categories as secondary codes for stories with specific themes. YBCS should usually be the primary or main subject when used with YF*, YN* or YX* categories. Prefer: X* codes for stories told in comic book or manga form
1.4
YBCS1Picture storybooks: bedtime stories and dreams1.1
YBCS2Picture storybooks: imagination and play
Use for: picture books featuring use of imagination and/or play, for example with toys, often to create an imaginary world
1.1
YBDChildren’s / Teenage: Chapter books (transitional storybooks)
Use for: Children’s storybooks that are primarily text, but still contain plentiful illustrations. Usually of a relatively short length and low complexity, divided into very short chapters, and intended for transitioning readers – those moving on from picture storybooks. Use with: relevant YF* codes to indicate the genre of story, as appropriate, or YN* or YX* categories as secondary codes for stories with specific themes. Prefer: X* codes for stories told in comic book or manga form
YBCS Picture storybooks
1.4
YBGChildren’s interactive and activity books and kits
Use all YBG* codes for: children’s (of any age group) activity and interactive products; works where the primary purpose and main content of the product is an activity that requires participation and interaction, i.e. something to do or make, whether single use (e.g. press out and make) or repeatable (e.g. touch and feel). Use all YBG* codes with: other Y* codes as appropriate. Prefer: other Y* codes as the main category when the primary content (story or the subject) is more important than the interactivity. (Detailed format information is always described in other metadata)
1.4
YBGCChildren’s interactive and activity: drawing, colouring and painting
Class here: books to colour in, magic painting books, books and painting sets, fingerprinting, rubber stamps, connect the dots, paint-by-numbers, stencil books, doodles, finger painting, learning to draw or paint, etc
YNA Children’s / Teenage general interest: Art and artists
1.21.4
YBGHChildren’s interactive and activity: hidden object / search and discover
Class here: ‘magic eye’ or ‘3D’ books, optical illusions, wimmelbooks. Use for: material where aim is to look for and find item or character in pictures, or which have illustrations packed with details to find, but do not necessarily tell a story
YNVP Children’s / Teenage general interest: Puzzles and quizzes
1.11.4
YBGSChildren’s interactive and activity: papercrafts
Class here: origami, books of paper dolls to dress, paper models to make or assemble, things to cut out or punch-out, dioramas, paper folding, or other activities for children using paper or card
1.4
YBLEarly years / early learning concepts
Use all YBL* codes for: pre-school material only
1.1
YBLAEarly years: letters and words
Class here: ABC and alphabet books, first word books etc
1.4
YBLBEarly years: verse, rhymes and wordplay
Class here: nursery rhymes and simple verse for very young children, tongue-twisters etc
YDP Children’s / Teenage: Poetry
1.1
YBLCEarly years: numbers and counting1.1
YBLDEarly years: colours1.1
YBLFEarly years: opposites1.1
YBLHEarly years: size, shapes and patterns1.1
YBLJEarly years: time and seasons
Class here: telling the time, day and night, days of the week, seasons of the year, etc
1.1
YBLLEarly years: nature and animals
Class here: baby animals
1.11.4
YBLMEarly years: daily routine
Class here: elements of daily life for very young children: bath time and washing, meals and eating, bedtime, sleeping and getting up, getting dressed, potty and toilet training, etc
1.11.4
YBLNEarly years: first experiences1.1
YBLN1Early years: the body and the senses
Class here: sounds and noises, touch and feel, tastes and smells, fingers and toes, smiles and laughter, faces, peek-a-boo, hide-and-seek, etc
1.4
YBLPEarly years: people who help us1.1
YBLQEarly years: family
Use with: YXF* codes as appropriate
1.3
YBLTEarly years: things that go
Class here: books on ships, planes, trains, trucks, cars, bikes, buses and other moving vehicles for the very young
1.3
YDChildren’s / Teenage poetry, anthologies, annuals
Use all YD* codes with: INTEREST AGE 5A* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
YDAChildren’s / Teenage: Annuals
Class here: all annuals aimed at children or teenagers. Use for: material published every year, usually dated and thematic. Use with: second code indicating type or subject area where possible
1.4
YDCChildren’s / Teenage: Anthologies
Use with: other code denoting literary form where appropriate, e.g. with a YF* code for fiction anthologies, with YDP for poetry anthologies. Use alone for anthologies of various literary forms
YDPChildren’s / Teenage: Poetry
YBLB Early years: verse, rhymes and wordplay, YFV Children’s / Teenage fiction: Stories in verse
YFChildren’s / Teenage fiction and true stories
Use all YF* codes with: one 5A* INTEREST AGE Qualifier; with PLACE 1*, TIME PERIOD 3* or INTEREST 5* Qualifiers where these aspects are particularly pertinent and significant; with appropriate non-fiction categories YN* or YX* to indicate key settings or topics of the narrative, but NOTE for ALL Children’s and teenage fiction the primary category MUST be an YF* code; with 5H*, 5J*, 5L* or 5P* qualifiers when these represent a significant topic or part of the appeal of the narrative; with 5X, where appropriate, to indicate material that may have themes or topics only be suitable for older or mature teenagers; with YB* to indicate the genre of a picture or chapter book; with YDC for fiction anthologies; YFZ* codes may be used to indicate special features of a fiction title. Prefer: X* codes for fiction told in comic book or manga form
XADC European comic books: general, classic, all ages, XAKC American comic books: classic, Golden Age, XAMC Manga: Kodomo, XAMF Manga: Shōjo, XAMG Manga: Shōnen
1.4
YFAChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Classic fiction
Use for: children’s and teenage fiction widely regarded or presented as ‘classic’ and typically but not necessarily published and in print for several decades
1.4
YFBChildren’s / Teenage fiction: General fiction
Use for: all contemporary non-genre fiction for children and teenagers
YFCChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Action and adventure stories1.1
YFCAChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Interactive adventure stories
Use for: books, physical or digital, where the reader can select from options to alter the narrative outcome. Use with: and after, other YF* code indicating genre if possible
YFCBChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Thrillers
YFCFChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Crime and mystery fiction
YFCWChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Military and war fiction1.1
YFDChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Horror and ghost stories, chillers
YNXW Children’s / Teenage general interest: Witches, wizards and magicians
YFEChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Speculative, dystopian and utopian fiction
Class here: fiction set in dystopian or utopian societies, alternative history fiction. Use with: YFG or other YF* codes if possible
1.1
YFGChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Science fiction
YFGSChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Steampunk1.2
YFHChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Fantasy1.3
YFHDChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Magical realism1.3
YFHRChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Fantasy romance
Class here: vampire romance, paranormal romance etc; Use for: Fantasy stories using many of the elements and conventions of romance but that is primarily a fantasy novel. Use with: 5X code if content is more explicit and INTEREST AGE 5A* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
YFJChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Traditional stories
Class here: myths and legends, folk and fairy tales or fables told in a story form. Use for: modern retellings in story form or collections of these type of traditional stories aimed at children / teenagers
1.3
YFKChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Religious fiction
YFMChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Relationship stories – Romance, love or friendship
Use for: stories that deal with all kinds of relationships with others. Use with: YX* to give details of kinds of relationships as appropriate, for example, YXHB for stories about friendships, or YXHL for romance or love stories or YXH for stories about relationships in peer groups
YXHB Children’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Friends and friendships
1.4
YFNChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Family and home stories
Use with: codes from YXF* sequence for fiction specifically designed to address family issues
1.1
YFPChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Nature and animal stories
Use with: YNN* codes to indicate what type of animal or nature story, for example YNNJ24 for Horse stories or YNN21 for stories about Dogs
1.4
YFQChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Humorous stories
Use with: other YF* code indicating genre if possible
YFRChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Sporting stories
YFSChildren’s / Teenage fiction: School stories
Class here: back to school, going to a new school, school life, stories principally taking place in and around school, etc. Use with: values from 5L* to indicate what school level as appropriate
1.4
YFTChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Historical fiction
Use for: stories set in the past (usually before the writer’s lifetime), where the time period is a significant or essential part of the story and that portray the spirit, manners, and social conditions of that time with realistic detail. Use with: other YF* codes as appropriate, and PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers to indicate setting as appropriate
1.3
YFUChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Short stories
Use with: other YF* code indicating genre if possible
YFVChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Stories in verse
Use with: other YF* code indicating genre if possible
YDP Children’s / Teenage: Poetry
1.1
YFXChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Biographical fiction
Use for: highly fictionalised biographies or autobiographies of real people
1.1
YFYChildren’s / Teenage: True stories told as fiction
Class here: true stories, e.g. of survival, discovery, conflict etc, told in strong narrative from, as if fiction
YFZChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Special features and related items1.3
YFZRChildren’s / Teenage category fiction
Use for: genre fiction, usually published on a monthly basis, short, in clearly delineated lines and with a certain number published every month. Use with: other YF* code indicating genre or type. YFZR codes should never be the main subject code
1.31.4
YFZSChildren’s / Teenage fiction: ranobe (‘light novels’)
Use for: short fiction for children or adolescents, usually driven primarily by dialogue and character, and generally accompanied by illustrations in manga/anime or similar styles . Use with: Other YF* codes to indicate the genre
1.4
YFZTChildren’s / Teenage: Fiction in translation
Use for: fiction in translation from another language. Use with: YF* codes to ensure classification is meaningful beyond the translation of the work itself. DO NOT USE: PLACE 1* or LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers to describe the detail of the original language, this would be described elsewhere and not using Thema. You may still use a PLACE Qualifier if it is relevant to the plot or setting of the book. DO NOT USE: YFZT as the main or primary subject or the only code
1.4
YFZVChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Inspired by or adapted from
Use for: stories that were published as spin-offs or companions to pre-existing non-book media or merchandise, for example story books based on a popular film franchise, toy, an online game or a TV series. Do NOT use for titles that were subsequently made into films etc. Use with: other YF* code indicating genre or type. YFZV codes should never be the main subject code
1.3
YFZZChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Companion works
Use for: companion works to popular children’s or teenage fiction series or titles, typically uncritical, such as an atlas of a mythical world, a compendium of characters, a guide to the series, etc. Use with: other Y* codes or on its own as appropriate
1.3
YNChildren’s / Teenage: General interest
Use for: all general interest material not covered elsewhere and not designed specifically for school use. Use all YN* codes for: non-fiction works. Use all YN* codes with: INTEREST AGE 5A* Qualifiers, with relevant YF* code for fiction on specific topics, as appropriate
1.4
YNAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Art and artists
Use with: STYLE 6* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.1
YNBChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Biography and autobiography
Use for: both individual biographies and works that have multiple biographies of different people, titles about heroes or heroines, inspirational figures
1.11.4
YNCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Music
Use with: STYLE 6* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.1
YNCSSongbooks for children1.2
YNDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Drama and performing1.1
YNDBChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Dance, ballet1.1
YNDSChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Playscripts1.1
YNFChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Television, video and film
Class here: titles about making of a film, TV, series, etc
1.3
YNGChildren’s / Teenage general interest: General knowledge and interesting facts1.3
YNGLChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Information resources
Class here: titles about libraries, museums, schools, etc. Use for: informative books about museums, galleries, libraries other cultural centres, and their content
1.3
YNHChildren’s / Teenage general interest: History and the past
Use with: PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate. Use with: YNB for biographies of specific people from the past
YNB Children’s / Teenage general interest: Biography and autobiography
1.3
YNHAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Adventurers and outlaws
Class here: treasure hunters
YNB Children’s / Teenage general interest: Biography and autobiography
1.11.3
YNHA1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pirates1.3
YNHDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Discovery and exploration
Class here: explorers, travellers, expedition, first contacts with other continents and peoples, exploring interiors, the seas, etc
YNB Children’s / Teenage general interest: Biography and autobiography
1.11.3
YNHPChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Lives of children in the past
Use with: PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.11.3
YNJChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Warfare, battles, armed forces
Use with: PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
YXZW Children’s / Teenage social issues: War and conflict issues
1.3
YNJCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Castles and knights
Class here: medieval warfare
1.3
YNKChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Work and society
Class here: business, the world of work, working or different jobs, specific professions, daily life, everyday occurrences
1.4
YNKAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Politics
Use for: titles about politics, political activity, political institutions, government, human rights etc. Use with: YNB and YNH, as appropriate, for books about political figures
1.11.4
YNKCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Law, police and crime1.1
YNLChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Literature, books and writers1.1
YNMChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Places and peoples
Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
YNMCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Countries, cultures and national identity
Class here: national symbols, monuments, dress, flags, customs etc. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.11.3
YNMDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Celebrations, holidays, festivals and special events
Use with: values from 5H* INTEREST Qualifiers as appropriate, also use with YNR* codes as appropriate
YNR* Children’s / Teenage general interest: Philosophy, Religion and beliefs, 5H* Holidays, events and seasonal interest
1.3
YNMFChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Girls and women
Use for: books where girlhood / womanhood is a central theme
1.1
YNMHChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Boys and men
Use for: books where boyhood / manhood is a central theme
1.1
YNMKChildren’s / Teenage general interest: City and town life
Class here: suburbs, inner cities, small towns, urban and suburban life, etc. Use for: books about life in urban environments or works about particular cities or towns. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers especially if about a named city which has a PLACE 1* code
1.11.4
YNMLChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Rural and farm life1.1
YNMWChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Queens, kings, princesses, princes etc
Class here: royalty. Use for: titles about royals or featuring a royal character
1.11.3
YNNChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Nature, animals, the natural world1.1
YNNAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Dinosaurs and prehistoric world1.1
YNNBChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Wildlife and habitats
YXZG Children’s / Teenage social issues: Environment and green issues
1.1
YNNB1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Wildlife and habitats: Oceans and seas
Class here: seashore, coasts, beaches, etc
1.11.4
YNNB2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Wildlife and habitats: Jungles and tropical forests
Class here: rainforests
1.1
YNNB3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Wildlife and habitats: Deserts1.1
YNNB9Children’s / Teenage general interest: Wildlife and habitats: Ice, snow and tundra
Class here: Polar regions and high mountain habitats
1.1
YNNCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Ecosystems
Class here: works on whole ecosystems
YXZG Children’s / Teenage social issues: Environment and green issues
1.1
YNNFChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Farm animals
Use for: general works that include multiple farm animals or for farm animals that do not have their own code
1.3
YNNHChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Pets and pet care1.1
YNNH1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets and pet care: Dogs
YNNJ21 Children’s / Teenage general interest: Dogs and wolves
1.1
YNNH2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets and pet care: Cats
YNNJ22 Children’s / Teenage general interest: Cats including big cats
1.1
YNNH3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets and pet care: Rabbits and rodents
Class here: mice, hamsters, guinea pigs, gerbils, rats etc, as pets
YNNJ31 Children’s / Teenage general interest: Rodents and rabbits
1.3
YNNH4Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets and pet care: Horses and ponies1.1
YNNH5Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets and pet care: Birds
Class here: parrots, canaries, budgerigars etc as pets
1.3
YNNJChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Mammals1.1
YNNJ1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Freshwater and marine mammals
Use for: mammals that live most of the time in water
YNNS Children’s / Teenage general interest: Fish and marine life
1.11.3
YNNJ14Children’s / Teenage general interest: Whales, dolphins and porpoises
Use for: mammals that live permanently in water
1.3
YNNJ2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Large land mammals
Class here: camels, elephants, giraffes, rhinoceros, deer, etc. Use for: any work featuring or about large mammals that does not have its own code or note
1.11.3
YNNJ21Children’s / Teenage general interest: Dogs and wolves
Class here: hyenas, foxes etc. Use for: any work featuring or about any type of dog (canid), that is not specifically about pet care
YNNH1 Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets and pet care: Dogs
1.11.3
YNNJ22Children’s / Teenage general interest: Cats including big cats
Class here: lions, tigers, etc. Use for: any work featuring or about any type of cat (felid), that is not specifically about pet care
YNNH2 Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets and pet care: Cats
1.11.3
YNNJ23Children’s / Teenage general interest: Bears
Class here: giant pandas
1.11.3
YNNJ24Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ponies and horses
Class here: donkeys, asses, zebras. Use with: YF* codes for stories or fiction about horses
1.11.4
YNNJ25Children’s / Teenage general interest: Cows and cattle
Class here: buffalo, bison, yaks
1.11.3
YNNJ26Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pigs, hogs and boars1.3
YNNJ27Children’s / Teenage general interest: Sheep and goats1.3
YNNJ29Children’s / Teenage general interest: Apes, monkeys and lemurs
Class here: gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans, gibbons
1.11.3
YNNJ3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Small land mammals
Class here: bats, hedgehogs, racoons, etc Use for: any work featuring or about small mammals that does not have its own code or note
1.11.3
YNNJ31Children’s / Teenage general interest: Rodents and rabbits
Class here: mice, rats, squirrels, hares, porcupines, capybaras etc, not as pets
YNNH3 Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets and pet care: Rabbits and rodents
1.11.3
YNNJ9Children’s / Teenage general interest: Marsupials, platypuses and echidnas
Class here: kangaroos, koalas, possums, wombats, wallabies etc
1.11.3
YNNKChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Birds1.1
YNNLChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Insects, spiders, minibeasts1.1
YNNMChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Reptiles and amphibians
Class here: snakes, lizards, newts, terrapins, tortoises, turtles, frogs, toads, etc. Use with: YNNH for titles about pet care
1.11.3
YNNSChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Fish and marine life
YNNJ1 Children’s / Teenage general interest: Freshwater and marine mammals
1.11.3
YNNTChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Plants and trees1.1
YNNVChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Rocks, weather and physical world
Class here: rocks, fossils, minerals, volcanoes, earthquakes, geology, the atmosphere, weather systems, storms, tornados etc
1.1
YNNZChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Space, stars and the solar system
Class here: constellation guides, space exploration, planets etc
1.1
YNPChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Practical interests
Use for: general works on making and doing things, practical ideas, hackerspace / makerspace ideas
YNT Children’s / Teenage general interest: Science and technology, YPAK Educational: Handicrafts
1.4
YNPCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Cooking and food
Class here: nutrition, eating well, fruit and vegetables, cookery and recipes
1.4
YNPGChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Gardening
Class here: growing plants, flowers, herbs, vegetables
1.21.4
YNPHChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Handicrafts1.1
YNPH1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Woodworking, model-making1.1
YNPH2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Needlecraft and fabric crafts1.1
YNPJChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Clothing and fashion1.1
YNPKChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Money1.1
YNQChildren’s / Teenage: Youth clubs, societies, groups and organisations
Class here: Scouts, Guides and similar youth organisations
1.3
YNRChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Philosophy, Religion and beliefs
Use all YNR* codes for: works about schools of thought, belief systems, spiritual traditions, religion or stories from that religious tradition. Use with: other Y* codes and 5PG* INTEREST Qualifiers as appropriate
YPJN* Educational: Religious studies, YXZR Children’s / Teenage social issues: Religious issues
1.4
YNRAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Philosophy
Class here: philosophical traditions and schools of thoughts
1.4
YNRDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Hinduism
YPJN1 Educational: Religious studies: Hinduism
1.1
YNRFChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Buddhism
YPJN2 Educational: Religious studies: Buddhism
1.1
YNRJChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Judaism
YPJN3 Educational: Religious studies: Judaism
1.1
YNRMChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Christianity
Class here: Bibles and Bible stories for Children
YPJN4 Educational: Religious studies: Christianity
1.4
YNRPChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Islam
YPJN5 Educational: Religious studies: Islam
1.1
YNRRChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Other religions and spiritual traditions
Use for: works about living religions that do not have their own category, and their practices, stories, rituals and belief systems. Use with: QR* codes to give extra detail and PLACE 1* Qualifiers as appropriate
YPJN9 Educational: Religious studies: Other religions
1.4
YNRUChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Ancient religions, Mythology and legends
Use for: works on the myths or legends from any tradition, including, Greek, Norse, Roman, Egyptian, Celtic, Aztec, African, Asian, American, Middle Eastern. Use with: YFJ for fiction based on myths or retelling of the original or traditional stories and PLACE 1*, LANGUAGE 2* or INTEREST 5* Qualifiers to indicate the particular tradition
YFJ Children’s / Teenage fiction: Traditional stories, YNXB Children’s / Teenage general interest: Supernatural and mythological creatures
1.21.4
YNRXChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Religious texts, prayers and devotional material
Use for: editions of sacred texts, including simplified versions and stories based on sacred texts, prayer books and all devotional material, designed for children. Use with: other YNR* code indicating religion, and 5PG* codes as appropriate
1.4
YNTChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Science and technology
Use for: general works on science, including project ideas, experiments etc
1.3
YNTAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Science: The human body
Class here: general descriptive, scientific approaches
YXA* Children’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Body and health
1.1
YNTCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Computing and Information Technology
Class here: Artificial intelligence, virtual and augmented reality, robotics
YNVU Children’s / Teenage general interest: Computer and video games
1.21.4
YNTC1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Programming and scripting languages
Class here: coding for children
1.3
YNTC2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Social media
Class here: influencers, vlogging and vloggers, blogging
1.31.4
YNTDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Inventors, inventions and experiments1.1
YNTGChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Machines and how things work1.1
YNTMChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Mathematics and numbers
Use for: Non-educational books about math and numbers
1.3
YNTPChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Buildings and construction1.1
YNTRChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Transport and vehicles1.1
YNTTChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Time travel
Use with: YF* codes as appropriate
1.3
YNUChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Humour and jokes1.1
YNUCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Cartoons and comic strips
Use for: humorous comic strips or cartoons aimed at children or teenagers. Prefer: X* codes with appropriate 5A* Qualifiers for all graphic novels, European or American style comic books, manga etc aimed at children or teenagers
X* Graphic novels, Comic books, Cartoons
1.4
YNVChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Hobbies, quizzes, toys and games1.1
YNVDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Toys
Use all YNVD* codes for: works about toys, or featuring toys. Use with: YB*, YF*, YNP* as appropriate
1.11.4
YNVD1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Dolls, figures and similar toys
Class here: puppets, action figures, toy soldiers, etc. Use with: YB*, YF*, YNP* as appropriate
1.3
YNVD2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Stuffed or soft toys
Class here: Teddy bears. Use with: YB*, YF*, YNP* as appropriate
1.3
YNVD3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Building bricks, blocks and construction toys
Use with: YB*, YF*, YNP* as appropriate
1.3
YNVMChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Games
Class here: Indoor games, party games, board games, card games, educational games, traditional games, games of chance, games of skill, action and reflex games, strategy games, role-playing games dice games, chess etc
1.4
YNVPChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Puzzles and quizzes
Class here: number and word games, sudoku, crosswords, word searches, mazes, enigmas, riddles, brain teasers, travel puzzles, memory, logic puzzles, find the missing pieces, jigsaw puzzles. Use for: products where there is something to solve, an answer to be found, something to work out, etc
YBGH Children’s interactive and activity: hidden object / search and discover
1.4
YNVUChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Computer and video games
Class here: gameplay guides
1.3
YNWChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Sports and outdoor recreation
Class here: sporting events, outdoor games and activities. Use with: other YNW* codes as appropriate
1.4
YNWDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games and sports
Class here: all ball games not listed below. Use with: SF* codes for any ball game without a specific YNWD* code
1.4
YNWD1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games and sports: Association football (Soccer)1.11.2
YNWD2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games and sports: American Football1.11.2
YNWD3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games and sports: Baseball and Softball1.1
YNWD4Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games and sports: Basketball1.1
YNWD5Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games and sports: Cricket1.4
YNWD6Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games and sports: Volleyball1.2
YNWD7Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games and sports: Rugby1.4
YNWD8Children’s/Teenage general interest: Ball games and sports: Handball1.1
YNWGChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Athletics and gymnastics1.1
YNWMChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Winter sports1.3
YNWM1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Winter sports: Skiing
Class here: snowboarding
1.21.4
YNWM2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Winter sports: Ice hockey1.2
YNWWChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Swimming and water sports1.1
YNWYChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Cycling, rollerskating and skateboarding1.3
YNWZChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Sports teams and clubs
Use with: other YNW* code indicating sport
1.1
YNXChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Mysteries and the unexplained1.1
YNXBChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Supernatural and mythological creatures
Class here: monsters and legendary beings. Use all YNXB* codes with: YF* codes for stories about any of these creatures
1.4
YNXB1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Dragons1.3
YNXB2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Vampires, werewolves and shapeshifters1.3
YNXB3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Zombies, ghosts and the undead
Class here: mummies, skeletons, ghouls, poltergeists etc
1.3
YNXB4Children’s / Teenage general interest: Fairies, elves, etc1.3
YNXB5Children’s / Teenage general interest: Unicorns1.4
YNXB6Children’s / Teenage general interest: Mermaids / Merfolk1.4
YNXFChildren’s / Teenage general interest: UFOs and extraterrestrial beings
Class here: aliens
1.3
YNXWChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Witches, wizards and magicians
YFD Children’s / Teenage fiction: Horror and ghost stories, chillers
1.3
YPEducational material
Use all YP* codes for: pre-primary, primary and secondary educational material, including schoolbooks, textbooks, revision material, exam preparation, etc. For material aimed at higher education, for apprenticeship style and adult vocational qualifications, prefer non Y* subject code as appropriate. Use all YP* codes with: at least one EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifier as appropriate
JNU Teaching of a specific subject, JNUM Teachers’ classroom resources and material
1.4
YPAEducational: Arts, general
Use with: STYLE Qualifiers 6 * where appropriate
YPABEducational: Art and design
Use with: STYLE Qualifiers 6 * where appropriate
YPADEducational: Music
Use with: STYLE Qualifiers 6 * where appropriate
YPAFEducational: Drama and performance arts
Class here: playscripts for schools, dance
YPAGEducational: Fashion and textile1.3
YPAKEducational: Handicrafts
Class here: maker and hacker spaces, Sloyd, traditional arts and crafts in the classroom. Use for: material that combine practical approaches from cross curriculum subjects
1.31.4
YPCEducational: Language, literature and literacy
Use all YPC* codes with: LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.2
YPCAEducational: First / native language
YPCA1Educational: First / native language: Basic literacy
Use for: books aimed at teaching or encouraging primary skills such as letter and word recognition and formation
1.3
YPCA2Educational: First / native language: Reading and writing skills
Use for: books aimed at teaching or encouraging independent reading and writing
1.3
YPCA21Educational: First / native language: Readers and reading schemes
Use for: books that are part of a structured ‘learning to read’ scheme suitable for school and/or home use, usually graded by language level and breadth of vocabulary. Use with: EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers, and other Children’s and Teenage subject codes to indicate if they are stories (YF*) or general interest
1.3
YPCA22Educational: First / native language: Handwriting skills
YPCA23Educational: First / native language: Spelling and vocabulary1.3
YPCA4Educational: First / native language: Grammar and punctuation
YPCA5Educational: First / native language: Speaking skills
YPCA9Educational: First / native language: Literature studies
YPCA91Educational: First / native language: School editions of literature texts
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers and subject codes from YF* to specify the type of literature text
1.4
YPCKEducational: Modern (non-native or second) languages
Use all YPCK* codes with: LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
YPCK2Educational: Modern (non-native or second) languages: Language learning
Use for: language teaching and learning material and coursework
1.4
YPCK21Educational: Modern (non-native or second) languages: Language learning: grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation1.31.4
YPCK22Educational: Modern (non-native or second) languages: Language learning: readers
Use for: purpose-written or simplified versions of texts for language learners, usually graded by language level and breadth of vocabulary. Use with: LANGUAGE 2* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers, and other Children’s and Teenage subject codes to indicate if they are stories (YF*) or general interest
1.31.4
YPCK9Educational: Modern (non-native or second) languages: Literature studies1.4
YPCK91Educational: Modern (non-native or second) languages: School editions of literature texts
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers and subject codes from YF* to specify the type literature text
1.4
YPCSEducational: Classical and ancient languages
Use all YPCS* codes with: LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
YPCS4Educational: Classical and ancient languages: Language learning
YPCS9Educational: Classical and ancient languages: Literature studies
YPCS91Educational: Classical and ancient languages: School editions of classical texts
Use with: PLACE 1*, LANGUAGE 2* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers to specify the kind of the literature text
1.4
YPJEducational: Humanities and social sciences, general
YPJHEducational: History
Use with: PLACE 1*, TIME PERIOD 3* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
YPJJEducational: Social sciences, social studies
YPJJ1Educational: Politics and constitution
YPJJ3Educational: Citizenship and social education
Class here: civics
1.3
YPJJ4Educational: Local / integrated studies
Use for: material for pupils that teach a mixture of subjects, often linked to the place where they are living and including its customs, history, geography, natural history etc
1.3
YPJJ5Educational: Psychology
YPJJ6Educational: Personal and health education
Class here: life skills, personal health, wellbeing, relationships, personal care, personal safety. Use with: Other YX* codes as appropriate. YXR for safety, YXAX for sex education
1.3
YPJKEducational: Media studies
Class here: schoolbooks on film studies, new media, television, electronic communication
1.3
YPJLEducational: Philosophy and ethics1.3
YPJMEducational: Law / legal studies
Use for: any material that deals with legal science, the law, specific types of law at a secondary school level
1.3
YPJNEducational: Religious studies
YNR Children’s / Teenage general interest: Philosophy, Religion and beliefs
YPJN1Educational: Religious studies: Hinduism
YNRD Children’s / Teenage general interest: Hinduism
YPJN2Educational: Religious studies: Buddhism
YNRF Children’s / Teenage general interest: Buddhism
YPJN3Educational: Religious studies: Judaism
YNRJ Children’s / Teenage general interest: Judaism
YPJN4Educational: Religious studies: Christianity
YNRM Children’s / Teenage general interest: Christianity
YPJN5Educational: Religious studies: Islam
YNRP Children’s / Teenage general interest: Islam
YPJN9Educational: Religious studies: Other religions
YNRR Children’s / Teenage general interest: Other religions and spiritual traditions
YPJTEducational: Geography
YPJVEducational: Business studies and economics
YPJV1Educational: Economics1.3
YPJV2Educational: Business administration and office skills
Class here: workplace practices. Use for: educational material that covers any aspect of business administration
1.3
YPJV3Educational: Accounting1.3
YPMEducational: Mathematics, science and technology, general
Class here: STEM learning, STEAM education
1.4
YPMFEducational: Mathematics and numeracy
YPMF1Educational: Mathematics and numeracy: arithmetic / times tables1.3
YPMPEducational: Sciences, general science
YPMP1Educational: Biology
YPMP3Educational: Chemistry
YPMP5Educational: Physics
YPMP51Educational: Astronomy1.3
YPMP6Educational: Environmental science1.3
YPMTEducational: Technology
YPMT2Educational: Design and technology
Class here: Educational: product design
1.3
YPMT3Educational: Engineering
Class here: Educational: vehicle engineering and technology. Use for: Engineering courses taught at secondary level. Use with: T* codes for more specialised engineering material
1.31.4
YPMT4Educational: Food technology, cooking skills
Class here: Educational: nutrition, food preparation and cookery, food safety
YPWC4 Educational: Hospitality, catering, leisure and tourism
1.4
YPMT5Educational: Electronics
Class here: Educational: electronic products, systems and technology, electricity
1.3
YPMT6Educational: IT and computing, ICT
Class here: digital competencies or skills, coding or programming classes
1.4
YPMT7Educational: Technical drawing1.3
YPMT8Educational: Woodwork, metalwork, etc1.3
YPWEducational: Vocational and other subjects
Use for: material aimed at pupils in primary or secondary education. Use with: other subject categories to give more precise detail for specialised materials for pupils, especially from the T* section. Use with: appropriate EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* qualifiers
1.4
YPWBEducational: Family and consumer sciences / domestic management
Use for: material for pupils that deal with the economics and management of the home, the family and relationships with the wider community
1.3
YPWCEducational: Other vocational education and training
Use for: all vocational subjects taught at secondary level schools not listed separately. Use with: other subject codes to give more precise detail for specialised materials for pupils, especially the T* section. Use with: appropriate EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* qualifiers
1.4
YPWC1Educational: Health and social care
Use for: material for pupils about professions linked to health and social care
1.3
YPWC2Educational: Child care / Child development
Use for: material for pupils about professions linked to child care
1.3
YPWC3Educational: Sales and retail skills
Use for: material for pupils about sales / retail sector
1.3
YPWC4Educational: Hospitality, catering, leisure and tourism
Use for: material for pupils about the leisure industry, travel, tourism, hotels, food and drinks service
YPMT4 Educational: Food technology, cooking skills
1.31.4
YPWC5Educational: Hairdressing, salon and beauty therapy skills1.3
YPWC9Educational: Work experience / Careers
Use for: material for pupils about the world of work, the skills needed, placements
1.3
YPWDEducational: Construction, building and related skills
Class here: Built Environment, Building Engineering. Use for: material for pupils about topics in the construction and related sectors. Use with: TN* codes to give detail for more specialised material
TNT Building skills and trades
1.4
YPWEEducational: Agriculture, horticulture and related subjects
Class here: fishing, forestry, animal care and management, arboriculture, countryside management, blacksmithing, etc. Use for: material for pupils about topics in the rural or land-based sectors. Use with: TV* codes to give detail for more specialised material
1.4
YPWFEducational: Physical education
Class here: Sports studies, gym class, physical training (PT). Use for: material for pupils related to maintaining the human body through physical exercises and sports
1.3
YPWGEducational: Transport, logistics and related skills
Class here: distribution, driving skills. Use for: material for pupils about topics in these sectors. Use with: T* or K* codes to give detail for more specialised material
TR* Transport technology and trades
1.4
YPWLEducational: General studies, educational skills and competencies
Use for: educational material that takes a multi-disciplinary approach to the world the student lives in or teaches pupils general skills or competencies
1.4
YPWL1Educational: General knowledge
Use for: educational material that gives a broad sweep of general knowledge or culture or teaches cultural awareness and expression
1.4
YPWL2Educational: Study skills
Use for: general material that teaches skills needed for studying or learning efficiently, such as functional skills, learning techniques, organizational skills, writing techniques, note taking etc
1.4
YPWL3Educational: Memory skills and creative thinking
Use for: general material that teaches pupils thinking skills, including initiative
1.4
YPWL4Educational: Social and life skills
Use for: general material that teaches pupils skills for interaction with others or dealing with daily life
1.4
YPWNEducational: Uniformed public or protective services
Use for: material aimed at pupils preparing for one of the uniformed public or protective services, such as the fire service, paramedics, police or armed services. Use with: JKSW* or JWC* codes to give detail for more specialised material
1.4
YPZEducational: study and revision guides
Use for: ALL study and revision guides or supplementary workbook / exercise books for primary and secondary education, notes or resumes of texts or subjects meant to help students study or revise a particular aspect of a subject or a specific work. Use with: relevant YP* code above indicating subject where possible
1.4
YPZNEducational: Non-Verbal reasoning
Use for: material about problem solving using pictures and diagrams, visual reasoning
1.31.4
YPZPEducational: Verbal reasoning
Use for: material about problem solving using words and letters
1.31.4
YRChildren’s / Teenage reference material
YRDChildren’s / Teenage reference: Dictionaries and Languages
Class here: monolingual dictionaries for school or home use, other language reference works and titles about languages. Use all YRD* codes with:LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers, as appropriate. Prefer: YPC* codes for materials for use in a formal educational structure
1.4
YRDCChildren’s / Teenage reference: Picture dictionaries1.3
YRDLChildren’s / Teenage reference: Bilingual / multilingual dictionaries1.3
YRDMChildren’s / Teenage reference: Non-native or second language study and reference
Class here: self-study or home language learning materials, word or vocabulary books etc. Use for: any titles, independent of format, aimed at helping young people learn or improve non-maternal language skills
1.31.4
YREChildren’s / Teenage reference: Encyclopaedias, general reference
Use for: non-subject-specific works only; for subject-specific reference works, use YRG
YRGChildren’s / Teenage reference: Subject-specific reference
Class here: subject specific dictionaries / glossaries. Use with: another Y* code indicating the subject or scope of the reference work, YP* codes for material designed for education
1.4
YRWChildren’s / Teenage reference: Atlases and maps
Use for: collections of maps for children, atlases that present different topics for children. Use with: other Y* codes as appropriate. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers, as appropriate
1.4
YXChildren’s / Teenage: Personal and social topics
Use all YX* codes for: alone or with other Y* codes indicating type of book. Use with: appropriate YF* code for fiction dealing with these topics or issues
1.3
YXAChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Body and health
Use for: popular health approaches to the human body or specific parts of the body. Use with: YXL* codes for mental health topics linked to the body, such as body image
1.4
YXABChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Fitness, exercise and healthy eating
Class here: personal health, taking care of teeth, looking after your body, being active, food and health, nutrition, veganism, vegetarianism
1.31.4
YXAXChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Sex education and the facts of life
Use for: works that discuss or explain aspects of sex and sexuality advice including, but not limited to, puberty and changes to the body, consent, sexual relationships, physical intimacy, sexual health
1.4
YXBChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: LGBTQ+
Use with: 5PSG, 5PSL, 5PT INTEREST Qualifiers as appropriate or YF* codes for stories that are about these topics
1.31.4
YXCChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Gender identity
Use for: titles that deal with anything to do with gender for young people, for example what it means to be a girl or boy or questions about identity. Use with: other codes as appropriate to give more information
YNMF Children’s / Teenage general interest: Girls and women, YNMH Children’s / Teenage general interest: Boys and men
1.3
YXDChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Self-awareness and self-esteem
Class here: self-discovery, self-knowledge, self-worth, self-image, self-identity
1.4
YXEChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Emotions, moods and feelings
Class here: understanding fears, happiness, solidarity, sadness, empathy, alienation, frustration, anger, insecurity, kindness, love, anxiety etc
1.4
YXFChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Families and family members
Class here: mothers, fathers, parents and step-parents, grandparents, relatives, blended families, extended family members etc. Use for: works about families, issues in families, particular members of a family, etc
1.4
YXFDChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Divorce, separation, family break-up1.3
YXFFChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Adoption / fostering
Class here: orphans
1.3
YXFRChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: siblings
Class here: brothers, sisters, step and half brothers and sisters
1.4
YXFSChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: New baby
Class here: new brother, new sister, new sibling
1.31.4
YXGChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Death and bereavement
Class here: grief and loss
1.4
YXGSChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Suicide1.21.3
YXHChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Relationships (non-family)
Use for: relationships within peer or social groups
1.3
YXHBChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Friends and friendships
Class here: making new friends, friendship groups, issues around relationships with friends
YFM Children’s / Teenage fiction: Relationship stories – Romance, love or friendship
1.4
YXHLChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Dating, relationships, romance and love1.4
YXHPChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Life skills and choices
Class here: manners, behaviour, dilemmas, consequences, responsibilities, skills for interacting with modern life, other people, following or not following rules, etc
1.4
YXHYChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Teenage pregnancy1.3
YXJChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Drugs and addiction1.3
YXKChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Disability, impairments and special needs
Class here: physical disabilities and impairments, visible or invisible disabilities or conditions, wheelchair users etc. Use with: 5PM* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.4
YXLChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Physical and mental health conditions
Use all YXL* codes for: titles aimed either at young people who have a particular condition or to help understand others who have a particular condition. Use all YXL* codes with: 5PM* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.21.4
YXLBChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Illness and specific physical health conditions
Class here: living with disease and long-term physical conditions, injuries
1.3
YXLB1Children’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Cancer1.3
YXLDChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Mental health
Class here: mental disorders
1.3
YXLD1Children’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Eating disorders1.3
YXLD2Children’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Anxiety, depression and self-harm
Class here: panic attacks
1.3
YXLD6Children’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Positive / good mental health
Class here: mindfulness
1.3
YXMChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: multicultural
Use for: works on social and cultural topics linked to multiculturalism, multicultural societies
1.4
YXNChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Racism
Class here: xenophobia. Use for: works about discrimination and prejudice based on skin colour, race or ethnic origin, or prejudices based on the perception that someone is foreign or from outside the community, and issues of inequality and discrimination, as well as measures to address racism
JBFA1 Racism and racial discrimination
1.4
YXPChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Diversity and inclusion
Use for: books that deal with these topics and stories with a particularly diverse cast of characters, or which illustrate inclusivity within the context of the story without necessarily being the subject of the story. Use with: YF* codes for stories and values from 5P* INTEREST Qualifiers as appropriate
1.31.4
YXPBChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Prejudice and intolerance
Class here: discrimination
1.3
YXQChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Bullying, violence, abuse and peer pressure1.3
YXQDChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Abuse
Class here: physical, mental, emotional or sexual abuse, coercive control, domestic abuse
1.31.4
YXQFChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Bullying and harassment
Class here: online trolling and bullying, coercion
1.31.4
YXRChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Personal safety
Class here: dealing with strangers, road safety, safety in the home etc
1.11.3
YXSChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Runaways
Class here: homelessness
1.11.3
YXTChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: Truancy and school problems1.3
YXVTeenage personal and social topics: Advice on careers and further education, leaving school
Use for: titles about work, jobs, careers, professions aimed at a young audience but not educational
YPJV2 Educational: Business administration and office skills, YPWC9 Educational: Work experience / Careers
1.3
YXWChildren’s / Teenage personal and social topics: First experiences and growing up
Class here: coming of age
1.31.4
YXZChildren’s / Teenage: Social issues
Class here: social activism. Use for: titles that deal with directly the topics. Use with: YF* codes for stories that are about these topics
1.4
YXZGChildren’s / Teenage social issues: Environment and green issues
Class here: looking after our planet, climate change, pollution, rubbish, plastics, recycling, sustainability, climate emergency, climate strikes, environmental champions, looking after our future, protecting nature, conservation
1.4
YXZMChildren’s / Teenage social issues: Migration and refugees
Class here: asylum seekers, immigrants and immigration, emigrants and emigration
1.21.4
YXZRChildren’s / Teenage social issues: Religious issues
YXZWChildren’s / Teenage social issues: War and conflict issues
YZChildren’s / Teenage stationery and miscellaneous items
Use all YZ* codes for: products such as stationery and non-book articles for children or adolescents that would not be categorised using another Y* subject category as a primary or main subject. Use with: other subject codes as appropriate but YZ* should be the main or principal code. Details of formats are conveyed in other product metadata
1.4
YZGChildren’s gift books
Use for: books, typically small format and of a decorative, humorous or inspirational nature, intended to be given as gifts to children
1.4
YZSChildren’s stationery items
Class here: any printed stationery item, diaries, calendars, posters, kits, postcard packs, bookmarks, etc intended for children; assign also another code indicating subject where possible
WZS Stationery items
1.1
YZSGChildren’s / Teenage stationery items: thematic journals and notebooks
Use for: journals that you fill in, which have some pre-printed text or images to inspire what to write or note down. Use with: another secondary code indicating a subject where appropriate. Use with: INTEREST AGE 5A* Qualifiers and another secondary code indicating subject where appropriate
1.4
YZSNBlank children’s stationery items
Class here: blank exercise books, autograph books and other content-free items for children
WZSN Blank stationery items
1.1
1Place qualifiers
Use PLACE 1* Qualifier codes WITH appropriate subject codes for: indicating the geographical scope and applicability of the content, such as the location of a travel guide, the setting of a novel, the jurisdiction to which laws apply, the history of a particular place, etc. Where options exist, e.g. terms representing actual, historical, cultural, administrative, or geophysical entities, use the expression that best suits the content. Where no code exists for a specific location, use the nearest most appropriate broader code that includes it. DO NOT USE: to indicate any geographical aspect that is not to do with the content or subject of a book (e.g. place of publication, market availability, nationality of author – this is described in other metadata, etc). National extensions (i.e. 1*-xx- format codes, where ‘xx’ indicates a country code) can be assigned by any user, and are not exclusive to users in the indicated country. This section is not intended as an exhaustive gazetteer of all places but a list of commonly used locations in the global book supply chain. DO NOT USE: code “1” itself, but select appropriate specific qualifiers from section 1*
1.4
1AWorld
Use for: indicating a specifically global context
1.2
1DEurope
1DDWestern Europe
1DDBBelgium
1DDB‑BE‑BBrussels1.2.2
1DDB‑BE‑FFlanders1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑FAAntwerp (Province)1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑FAAAntwerp1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑FBFlemish Brabant1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑FBALeuven
1DDB‑BE‑FCLimburg (BE)1.2.8
1DDB‑BE‑FCAHasselt
1DDB‑BE‑FDEast Flanders1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑FDAGhent1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑FEWest Flanders1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑FEABruges1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑WWallonia / Wallonie1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑WAWallonian Brabant1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑WAAWavre
1DDB‑BE‑WBHainaut1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑WBAMons1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑WBBCharleroi
1DDB‑BE‑WCLiège (Province)1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑WCALiège1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑WDLuxembourg (Province)1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑WDAArlon / Arlen1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑WENamur (Province)1.2.6
1DDB‑BE‑WEANamur1.2.6
1DDFFrance
1DDF‑FR‑XRegions of France1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XAAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑CAuvergne
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑CAAllier
1DDF‑FR‑CAAMoulins
1DDF‑FR‑CABMontluçon1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑CACVichy1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑CBCantal
1DDF‑FR‑CBAAurillac
1DDF‑FR‑CBBMauriac1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑CBCSaint-Flour1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑CCHaute-Loire
1DDF‑FR‑CCALe Puy-en-Velay
Class here: Velay
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑CCBBrioude1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑CCCYssingeaux1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑CDPuy-de-Dôme
Class here: Chaîne des Puys
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑CDAClermont-Ferrand
1DDF‑FR‑CDBAmbert1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑CDCIssoire1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑CDDRiom1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑CDEThiers1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VRhône-Alpes1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VAAin
1DDF‑FR‑VAABourg-en-Bresse
Class here: Bresse
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VABBelley1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VACGex1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VADNantua1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VBArdèche
Class here: Vivarais
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VBAPrivas
1DDF‑FR‑VBBLargentière1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VBCTournon-sur-Rhône1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VCDrôme
1DDF‑FR‑VCAValence
1DDF‑FR‑VCBDie1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VCCNyons1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VDIsère
1DDF‑FR‑VDAGrenoble
1DDF‑FR‑VDBLa Tour-du-Pin1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VDCVienne (Isère)1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VELoire
1DDF-FR-ZL The Loire and the Loire Valley
1DDF‑FR‑VEASaint-Étienne
1DDF‑FR‑VEBMontbrison1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VECRoanne1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VFRhône
1DDF‑FR‑VFALyon
Class here: Lyonnais
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VFBVillefranche-sur-Saône1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VGSavoy
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VGAChambéry
1DDF‑FR‑VGBAlbertville1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VGCSaint-Jean-de-Maurienne1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VHHaute-Savoie
1DDF‑FR‑VHAAnnecy
Class here: Lake Annecy
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VHBBonneville1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VHCChamonix
1DZTA-FR-B Mont Blanc Massif
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VHDSaint-Julien-en-Genevois1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑VHEThonon-les-Bains1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XAZAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XAZBBourbonnais
Class here: Bourbon
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XAZFForez / Livradois1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XAZGBeaujolais1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XAZHDauphiné / Dauphiny1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XAZKChablais1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XBBourgogne-Franche-Comté1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑EBurgundy1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑EACôte-d’Or
1DDF‑FR‑EAADijon
1DDF‑FR‑EABBeaune1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑EACMontbard1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑EBNièvre
Class here: Nivernais
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑EBANevers
1DDF‑FR‑EBBChâteau-Chinon and the Morvan1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑EBCClamecy1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑EBDCosne-Cours-sur-Loire1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ECSaône-et-Loire
1DDF‑FR‑ECAMâcon and the Mâconnais
Class here: Cluny
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ECBAutun1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ECCChalon-sur-Saône and the Chalonnais1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ECDCharolles and the Charolais1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ECELouhans1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑EDYonne
1DDF‑FR‑EDAAuxerre
1DDF‑FR‑EDBAvallon1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑JFranche-Comté
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑JADoubs
1DDF‑FR‑JAAMontbéliard1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑JABBesançon
1DDF‑FR‑JACPontarlier1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑JBJura (39)
1DZT-FR-J Jura Mountains
1DDF‑FR‑JBALons-le-Saunier
1DDF‑FR‑JBBDole1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑JBCSaint-Claude1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑JCHaute-Saône
1DDF‑FR‑JCAVesoul
1DDF‑FR‑JCBLure1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑JDTerritoire de Belfort
1DDF‑FR‑JDABelfort
1DDF‑FR‑XCOccitanie1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑MLanguedoc-Roussillon1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑MAAude
1DDF‑FR‑MAACarcassonne
1DDF‑FR‑MABLimoux1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑MACNarbonne1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑MADRennes-le-Château1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑MBGard
1DDF‑FR‑MBANîmes
Class here: Pont du Gard
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑MBBAlès1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑MBCLe Vigan1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑MCHérault
1DDF‑FR‑MCAMontpellier
1DDF‑FR‑MCBBéziers1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑MCCLodève1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑MDLozère
1DDF‑FR‑MDAMende
1DDF‑FR‑MDBFlorac Trois Rivières1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑MEPyrénées-Orientales
1DDF‑FR‑MEAPerpignan
1DDF‑FR‑MEBCéret1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑MECPrades1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PMidi-Pyrénées1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PAAriège
1DDF‑FR‑PAAFoix
Class here: County of Foix
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PABPamiers1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PACSaint-Girons
Class here: Couserans
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PBAveyron
Class here: Rouergue
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PBARodez
1DDF‑FR‑PBBMillau1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PBCVillefranche-de-Rouergue1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PCHaute-Garonne
1DDF‑FR‑PCAToulouse
Class here: Toulousain
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PCBMuret1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PCCSaint-Gaudens
Class here: Comminges
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PDGers
1DDF‑FR‑PDAAuch
1DDF‑FR‑PDBCondom1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PDCMirande1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PELot
1DDF‑FR‑PEACahors
1DDF‑FR‑PEBFigeac1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PECGourdon1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PFHautes-Pyrénées
Class here: Bigorre, Lavedan, vallées des Gaves
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PFATarbes
1DDF‑FR‑PFBArgelès-Gazost1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PFCBagnères-de-Bigorre1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PFDLourdes1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PGTarn
1DDF‑FR‑PGAAlbi
1DDF‑FR‑PGBCastres1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑PHTarn-et-Garonne
1DDF‑FR‑PHAMontauban
1DDF‑FR‑PHBCastelsarrasin1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XCZOccitanie: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XCZAArmagnac1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XCZBAubrac1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XCZCCévennes1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XCZGGévaudan1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XCZLLanguedoc1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XCZMCanal du Midi1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XCZNCausses
Class here: Grandes Causses
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XCZQQuercy1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XCZRRoussillion1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XEGrand-Est1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑AAlsace
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑AABas-Rhin
1DDF‑FR‑AAAStrasbourg
1DDF‑FR‑AABHaguenau1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑AACMolsheim1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑AADSaverne1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑AAESélestat1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ABHaut-Rhin
1DDF‑FR‑ABAColmar
1DDF‑FR‑ABBAltkirch1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ABCMulhouse1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ABDThann1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑HChampagne-Ardenne1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑HAArdennes
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑HAASedan1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑HABCharleville-Mézières
Class here: Givet
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑HACRethel1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑HADVouziers1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑HBAube
1DDF‑FR‑HBATroyes
1DDF‑FR‑HBBBar-sur-Aube1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑HBCNogent-sur-Seine1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑HCMarne
1DDF‑FR‑HCAChâlons-en-Champagne
1DDF‑FR‑HCBÉpernay1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑HCCReims1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑HCDSainte-Menehould1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑HCEVitry-le-François1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑HDHaute-Marne
1DDF‑FR‑HDAChaumont
1DDF‑FR‑HDBLangres1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑HDCSaint-Dizier1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑OLorraine
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑OAMeurthe-et-Moselle
1DDF‑FR‑OAANancy
1DDF‑FR‑OABLunéville1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑OACToul1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑OADVal-de-Briey1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑OBMeuse
1DDF‑FR‑OBABar-le-Duc
1DDF‑FR‑OBBCommercy1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑OBCVerdun1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑OCMoselle
1DDF‑FR‑OCAMetz
1DDF‑FR‑OCBThionville1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑OCCSarreguemines1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑OCDSarrebourg1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑OCEForbach1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ODVosges
1DDF‑FR‑ODAÉpinal
1DDF‑FR‑ODBNeufchâteau1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ODCSaint-Dié-des-Vosges1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XEZGrand-Est: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XEZCChampagne1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XEZVVosges Mountains1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑FBrittany
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑FACôtes-d’Armor
1DDF‑FR‑FAASaint-Brieuc
1DDF‑FR‑FABDinan1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑FACGuingamp1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑FADLannion1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑FBFinistère
1DDF‑FR‑FBAQuimper
1DDF‑FR‑FBBBrest1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑FBCChâteaulin1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑FBDMorlaix1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑FCIlle-et-Vilaine
1DDF‑FR‑FCARennes
1DDF‑FR‑FCBFougères1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑FCCRedon1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑FCDSaint-Malo1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑FDMorbihan
1DDF‑FR‑FDAVannes
1DDF‑FR‑FDBLorient1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑FDCPontivy1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑FDDCarnac1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑FZBrittany: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑FZCCornouaille1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GCentre-Val de Loire1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GACher
1DDF‑FR‑GAASaint-Amand-Montrond1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GABBourges
1DDF‑FR‑GACVierzon1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GADSancerre
Class here: Sancerrois
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GBEure-et-Loir
1DDF‑FR‑GBAChartres
1DDF‑FR‑GBBChâteaudun
Class here: Dunois
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GBCDreux1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GBDNogent-le-Rotrou1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GCIndre
1DDF‑FR‑GCAChâteauroux
1DDF‑FR‑GCBLe Blanc1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GCCLa Châtre1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GCDIssoudun1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GDIndre-et-Loire
1DDF‑FR‑GDATours
1DDF‑FR‑GDBChinon1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GDCLoches1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GELoir-et-Cher
1DDF‑FR‑GEABlois
Class here: Blesois
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GEBRomorantin-Lanthenay1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GECVendôme1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GFLoiret
1DDF‑FR‑GFAOrléans
Class here: Orléanais
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GFBMontargis1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GFCPithiviers1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GZCentre-Val de Loire: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GZBBerry1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GZSSologne1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑GZTTouraine1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XHHauts-de-France1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑QNord-Pas-de-Calais1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑QANord
1DDF‑FR‑QAALille
1DDF‑FR‑QABAvesnes-sur-Helpe1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑QACCambrai1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑QADDouai1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑QAEDunkirk1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑QAFValenciennes1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑QBPas-de-Calais
1DDF‑FR‑QBAArras
1DDF‑FR‑QBBBéthune1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑QBCBoulogne
Class here: Boulogne-sur-Mer
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑QBDCalais1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑QBELens1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑QBFMontreuil1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑QBGSaint-Omer1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑SPicardy
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑SAAisne
1DDF‑FR‑SAALaon
1DDF‑FR‑SABChâteau-Thierry1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑SACSaint-Quentin1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑SADSoissons1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑SAEVervins1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑SBOise
1DDF‑FR‑SBABeauvais
1DDF‑FR‑SBBClermont1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑SBCCompiègne1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑SBDSenlis1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑SCSomme
1DDF‑FR‑SCAAmiens
1DDF‑FR‑SCBAbbeville1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑SCCMontdidier1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑SCDPéronne1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XHZHauts-de-France: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XHZAArtois1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ICorsica
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑IACorse-du-Sud
1DDF‑FR‑IAAAjaccio
1DDF‑FR‑IABSartène1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑IBHaute-Corse
1DDF‑FR‑IBABastia
1DDF‑FR‑IBBCalvi1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑IBCCorte1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LÎle-de-France
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LAParis (Region)1.4
1DDF‑FR‑LAAParis (city)1.4
1DDF‑FR‑LBSeine-et-Marne
1DDF‑FR‑LBAMelun
1DDF‑FR‑LBBFontainebleau1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LBCMeaux1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LBDProvins1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LBETorcy1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LCYvelines
1DDF‑FR‑LCAVersailles
1DDF‑FR‑LCBMantes-la-Jolie1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LCCRambouillet1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LCDSaint-Germain-en-Laye1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LDEssonne
1DDF‑FR‑LDAÉvry
1DDF‑FR‑LDBÉtampes1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LDCPalaiseau1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LEHauts-de-Seine
1DDF‑FR‑LEANanterre
1DDF‑FR‑LEBAntony1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LECBoulogne-Billancourt1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LFSeine-Saint-Denis
1DDF‑FR‑LFABobigny
1DDF‑FR‑LFBLe Raincy1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LFCSaint-Denis1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LGVal-de-Marne
1DDF‑FR‑LGACréteil
1DDF‑FR‑LGBL’Haÿ-les-Roses1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LGCNogent-sur-Marne1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LHVal-d’Oise
1DDF‑FR‑LHAPontoise
1DDF‑FR‑LHBArgenteuil1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LHCSarcelles1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LZÎle-de-France: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LZBBrie1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑LZVVexin1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XNNormandy
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑DBasse-Normandie1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑DACalvados
1DDF‑FR‑DAACaen
1DDF‑FR‑DABBayeux1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑DACLisieux1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑DADVire-Normandie1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑DBManche
Class here: Contentin / Cherbourg Peninsula
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑DBASaint-Lô
1DDF‑FR‑DBBAvranches1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑DBCCherbourg-en-Cotentin1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑DBDCoutances1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑DBEMont Saint-Michel1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑DCOrne
1DDF‑FR‑DCAAlençon
1DDF‑FR‑DCBArgentan1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑DCCMortagne-au-Perche1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑KHaute-Normandie1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑KAEure
1DDF‑FR‑KAAÉvreux
1DDF‑FR‑KABLes Andelys1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑KACBernay1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑KBSeine-Maritime
1DDF‑FR‑KBARouen
1DDF‑FR‑KBBDieppe1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑KBCLe Havre1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XNZNormandy: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XNZBNormandy Beaches1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XNZDPerche1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XNZFPays d’Auge1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XNZHPays de Caux1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XQNouvelle-Aquitaine1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BAquitaine
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BADordogne
1DDF-FR-Z France: Places of interest
1DDF‑FR‑BAAPérigueux
1DDF‑FR‑BABBergerac1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BACNontron1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BADSarlat-la-Canéda1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BBGironde
1DDF‑FR‑BBABordeaux
1DDF‑FR‑BBBArcachon1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BBCBlaye1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BBDLangon1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BBELesparre-Médoc1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BBFLibourne1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BBGSaint-Émilion1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BCLandes
1DDF‑FR‑BCAMont-de-Marsan
1DDF‑FR‑BCBDax1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BDLot-et-Garonne
1DDF‑FR‑BDAAgen
1DDF‑FR‑BDBMarmande1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BDCNérac1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BDDVilleneuve-sur-Lot1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BEPyrénées-Atlantiques
1DDF‑FR‑BEAPau
1DDF‑FR‑BEBBayonne1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BECBiarritz1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑BEDOloron-Sainte-Marie1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑NLimousin
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑NACorrèze
1DDF‑FR‑NAATulle
1DDF‑FR‑NABBrive-la-Gaillarde1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑NACUssel1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑NBCreuse
1DDF‑FR‑NBAGuéret
1DDF‑FR‑NBBAubusson1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑NCHaute-Vienne
1DDF‑FR‑NCALimoges
1DDF‑FR‑NCBBellac1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑NCCRochechouart1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑TPoitou-Charentes1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑TACharente
1DDF‑FR‑TAAAngoulême
Class here: Angoumois
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑TABCognac1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑TACConfolens1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑TBCharente-Maritime
1DDF‑FR‑TBALa Rochelle
Class here: Aunis
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑TBBJonzac1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑TBCRochefort1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑TBDSaint-Jean-d’Angély1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑TBESaintes
Class here: Saintonge
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑TCDeux-Sèvres
1DDF‑FR‑TCANiort
1DDF‑FR‑TCBBressuire1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑TCCParthenay1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑TDVienne (86)
1DDF‑FR‑TDAPoitiers
1DDF‑FR‑TDBChâtellerault1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑TDCMontmorillon1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XQZNouvelle-Aquitaine: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XQZBBéarn1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XQZDGascony1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XQZGGuyenne1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XQZHNavarre (Lower)1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XQZJPérigord1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XQZKPoitou1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XQZLLascaux
Class here: Prehistoric sites and caves of the Vézère Valley
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑XQZMLa Marche (Province)1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑RPays de la Loire1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑RALoire-Atlantique
1DDF‑FR‑RAASaint-Nazaire1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑RABNantes
Class here: pays Nantais
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑RACChâteaubriant1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑RBMaine-et-Loire
1DDF‑FR‑RBAAngers
1DDF‑FR‑RBBSaumur1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑RBCCholet1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑RBDSegré1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑RCMayenne
1DDF‑FR‑RCALaval
1DDF‑FR‑RCBChâteau-Gontier1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑RDSarthe
1DDF‑FR‑RDALe Mans
1DDF‑FR‑RDBLa Flèche1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑RDCMamers1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑REVendée
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑REALa Roche-sur-Yon
1DDF‑FR‑REBFontenay-le-Comte1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑RECLes Sables-d’Olonne1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑RZPays de la Loire: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑RZAAnjou1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑RZMMaine (province)1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UProvence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UAAlpes-de-Haute-Provence
1DDF‑FR‑UAADigne-les-Bains
1DDF‑FR‑UABBarcelonnette1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UACCastellane1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UADForcalquier1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UBHautes-Alpes
1DDF‑FR‑UBAGap
1DDF‑FR‑UBBBriançon1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UCAlpes-Maritimes
1DDF‑FR‑UCANice
1DDF‑FR‑UCBGrasse1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UCCCannes1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UDBouches-du-Rhône
1DDF‑FR‑UDAMarseille
1DDF‑FR‑UDBAix-en-Provence1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UDCArles1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UDDIstres1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UEVar
1DDF‑FR‑UEAToulon
1DDF‑FR‑UEBBrignoles1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UECSaint-Tropez1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UEDDraguignan1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UFVaucluse
1DDF‑FR‑UFAAvignon
1DDF‑FR‑UFBApt1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UFCCarpentras
Class here: Comtat Venaissin
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UFDOrange
Class here: principality of Orange. Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UZProvence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UZCFrench Riviera / Côte d’Azur1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UZDThe Luberon1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UZFMercantour1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UZGCamargue1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑UZPProvence1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ZFrance: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ZBThe Seine
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and estuary, mouth or delta
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ZDThe Dordogne
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and estuary, mouth or delta
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ZLThe Loire and the Loire Valley
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and estuary, mouth or delta
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ZRThe Rhône
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and estuary, mouth or delta
1.2.6
1DDF‑FR‑ZSMassif Central1.2.6
1DDLLuxembourg
1DDMMonaco
Class here: Monte Carlo
1.2.6
1DDNNetherlands
1DDN‑NL‑AAmsterdam
1DDN‑NL‑BNorth Brabant1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑BBBreda1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑BEEindhoven1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑BHs-Hertogenbosch1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑BTTilburg1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑DDrenthe1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑DAAssen1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑DEEmmen1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑FFlevoland
1DDN‑NL‑FAAlmere1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑FLLelystad1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑GGelderland
1DDN‑NL‑GAArnhem1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑GDApeldoorn1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑GEEde1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑GNNijmegen1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑GRAchterhoek
Class here: Doesburg, Doetinchem, Winterswijk, Zutphen
1.4
1DDN‑NL‑GSBetuwe (Batavia)1.4
1DDN‑NL‑GVVeluwe
Class here: Hoge Veluwe National Park
1.4
1DDN‑NL‑HNorth Holland1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑HHHaarlem1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑HMAlkmaar1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑LLimburg (NL)1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑LMMaastricht1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑LVVenlo1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑NGroningen (province)1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑NGGroningen1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑RFriesland
1DDN‑NL‑RLLeeuwarden1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑SSouth Holland1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑SAAlphen aan den Rijn1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑SCDordrecht1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑SDDelft1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑SHThe Hague1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑SLLeiden1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑SRRotterdam1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑SZZoetermeer1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑UUtrecht (province)1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑UAAmersfoort1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑UUUtrecht1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑UVUtrechtse Heuvelrug (Utrecht Hill Ridge)
Use for: the national park or the area
1.4
1DDN‑NL‑VOverijssel
1DDN‑NL‑VEEnschede1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑VTTwente1.4
1DDN‑NL‑VZZwolle1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑XNetherlands: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
1.4
1DDN‑NL‑XBGroene Hart1.4
1DDN‑NL‑XDIJsselmeer1.4.2
1DDN‑NL‑XFWest Frisian Islands
Class here: Wadden Islands
1DFG-DE-VAP East Frisia
1.4.2
1DDN‑NL‑ZZeeland
1DDN‑NL‑ZGGoes1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑ZMMiddelburg1.2.8
1DDN‑NL‑ZVVlissingen1.2.8
1DDRIreland
1DDR‑IE‑CConnaught1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑CGCounty Galway
Class here: Aran Islands, Inishmore, Inis Mór, Inishmaan
1.2.61.4
1DDR‑IE‑CGCConnemara1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑CGDThe Twelve Bens1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑CGGGalway1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑CLLeitrim1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑CMMayo
Class here: Croagh Patrick, Achill Island
1.2.61.4
1DDR‑IE‑CRRoscommon1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑CSSligo1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑LLeinster1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑LCCarlow1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑LDCounty Dublin1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑LDDDublin1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑LHLouth
Class here: Cooley mountains
1.2.61.4
1DDR‑IE‑LIWicklow1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑LIMThe Wicklow Mountains
Class here: Glendalough
1.2.61.4
1DDR‑IE‑LKKildare1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑LLLaois1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑LMMeath
Class here: Kells, Hill of Tara
1.2.61.4
1DDR‑IE‑LMNNewgrange
Class here: Brú na Bóinne, Knowth, Dowth, Boyne Valley
1.2.61.4
1DDR‑IE‑LNLongford1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑LOOffaly
Class here: Clonmacnoise
1.2.61.4
1DDR‑IE‑LWWestmeath1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑LXWexford1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑LYKilkenny1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑MMunster1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑MCCounty Cork1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑MCCCork1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑MKKerry
Class here: Skellig Michael, The Blaskets
1.2.61.4
1DDR‑IE‑MKDDingle Peninsula1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑MKKKillarney1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑MKRRing of Kerry1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑MKSMacgillycuddy’s Reeks
Class here: Iveragh Peninsula, Carrauntoohil
1.2.61.4
1DDR‑IE‑MLClare1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑MLBThe Burren
Class here: Cliffs of Moher
1.2.61.4
1DDR‑IE‑MMCounty Limerick1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑MMLLimerick1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑MTTipperary
Class here: Cashel
1.2.61.4
1DDR‑IE‑MWWaterford1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑UUlster
Use for: the nine counties of Ulster, three in Ireland and six in the U.K.
1DDU-GB-N Northern Ireland
1.2.61.3
1DDR‑IE‑UCCavan1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑UDDonegal1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑UMMonaghan1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑ZIreland: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDR‑IE‑ZAAtlantic Coast of Ireland
Class here: Wild Atlantic Way
1.2.61.4
1DDR‑IE‑ZSThe Shannon
Class here: the river, its tributaries, the valley and estuary
1.2.6
1DDUUnited Kingdom, Great Britain
1DDU‑GB‑EEngland
1DDU‑GB‑EAEast Anglia
1DDU‑GB‑EACCambridgeshire
Class here: Peterborough, Huntingdon, Ely
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EACDCambridge1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EANNorfolk
Class here: Norwich, Kings Lynn, Yarmouth
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EASSuffolk
Class here: Ipswich, Lowestoft, Newmarket, Bury St Edmunds, Felixstowe, Sutton Hoo
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EAXEssex
Class here: Colchester, Southend, Chelmsford, Epping
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EAZEast Anglia: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EAZFThe Fens and the Wash1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EAZNNorfolk Broads1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EMMidlands
1DDU‑GB‑EMDDerbyshire
Class here: Bakewell, Buxton, Chatsworth, Chesterfield
1DDU-GB-EMZD The Peak District
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EMDDDerby1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EMFHerefordshire
Class here: Hereford, Ross-on-Wye
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EMHLeicestershire
Class here: Melton Mowbray, Bosworth
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EMHLLeicester1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EMLLincolnshire
Class here: South Humberside, Grimsby, Scunthorpe, Skegness, Stamford
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EMLLLincoln (UK)1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EMMNorthamptonshire
Class here: Naseby
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EMNNottinghamshire
Class here: Sherwood Forest
1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EMNNNottingham1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EMPShropshire
Class here: Shrewsbury, Ironbridge, Ludlow, The Wrekin
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EMRRutland
1DDU‑GB‑EMSStaffordshire
Class here: Lichfield
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EMSPStoke-on-Trent and The Potteries1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EMTWorcestershire
Class here: the Malvern Hills, Evesham
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EMWWarwickshire, West Midlands
Class here: Rugby
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EMWBBirmingham (UK)
1DDU‑GB‑EMWCCoventry1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EMWSStratford-upon-Avon1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EMWWWolverhampton and the Black Country1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EMZMidlands: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EMZDThe Peak District
Class here: Kinder Scout, Mam Tor, Dark Peak, White Peak, Edale, Castleton
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑EMZMWelsh Marches
Class here: Offa’s Dyke, Wye Valley, Shropshire Hills, Forest of Dean. Use with: a code from 1DDU-GB-W Wales if necessary
1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑ENNorth West England
1DDU‑GB‑ENCCheshire
Class here: Chester, Alderley, Nantwich, Crewe
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑ENLLancashire
Class here: Preston, Lancaster, Blackburn, Burnley, Oldham, Preston, Forest of Bowland, Pendle
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑ENLBBlackpool1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑ENLLLiverpool
Class here: Merseyside
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑ENLMManchester
Class here: Greater Manchester
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑ENMCumbria
Class here: Carlisle, Eden Valley, Penrith
1DDU-GB-ENZL The Lake District
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑ENZNorth West England: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑ENZLThe Lake District
Class here: the Lakeland Fells, Scafell Pike, Windermere, Wastwater, Helvellyn, Skiddaw, Grasmere, Ullswater, Keswick, Kendal
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑ESSouth and South East England
1DDU‑GB‑ESBBerkshire
Class here: Eton, Highclere, Greenham
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑ESBRReading1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑ESBWWindsor1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑ESDBedfordshire
Class here: Luton
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑ESFOxfordshire
Class here: Uffington, Blenheim, Woodstock
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑ESFXOxford1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑ESHHampshire
Class here: Winchester, Portsmouth
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑ESHSSouthampton and the Solent1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑ESKKent
Class here: Dover
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑ESKCCanterbury1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑ESLLondon, Greater London
1DDU‑GB‑ESLCCentral London1.1.2
1DDU‑GB‑ESLCWWestminster1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑ESLFCity of London
Use for: the historic square mile, as well as the City as a financial centre
1.1.21.4
1DDU‑GB‑ESRSurrey
Class here: Guildford, Woking
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑ESTHertfordshire
Class here: St Albans
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑ESUBuckinghamshire
1DDU‑GB‑ESUBBletchley Park1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑ESWIsle of Wight
Class here: Ryde, Cowes
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑ESXSussex
Class here: Hastings, Lewes, Chichester, Rye, East Sussex, West Sussex
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑ESXBBrighton and Hove1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑ESZSouth and South East England: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑ESZCThe Chilterns1.4
1DDU‑GB‑ESZDNorth and South Downs, the Weald1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑ESZFThe New Forest1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑ESZTThe Thames
Class here: the river, its tributaries, the Thames valley and the Thames estuary
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑EWSouth West England
1DDU‑GB‑EWCCornwall
Class here: Kernow, Truro, St Ives, Tintagel
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EWCSIsles of Scilly1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EWDDevon
Class here: Exeter, Torquay
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EWDPPlymouth1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EWGGloucestershire
Class here: Cheltenham, Tewkesbury
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EWSSomerset
Class here: Taunton, Wells, the Levels, Mendip Hills, Quantock Hills, Sedgemoor
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EWSBBristol1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EWSGGlastonbury1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EWSHBath1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EWTDorset
Class here: Lyme Regis, Weymouth
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EWTBBournemouth and Poole
Class here: Christchurch, Brownsea Island
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑EWWWiltshire
Class here: Swindon
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EWWSSalisbury
Class here: Old Sarum, Wilton
1DDU-GB-EWZS Stonehenge
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑EWZSouth West England: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EWZCThe Cotswolds
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-GB-C
1.2.61.3
1DDU‑GB‑EWZDJurassic Coast and Purbeck
Class here: Dorset and East Devon Coast
1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EWZMDartmoor, Exmoor and Bodmin Moor1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EWZSStonehenge
Class here: Avebury, Silbury Hill and other prehistoric sites on Salisbury Plain
1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EWZWWessex1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EYNorth and North East England
1DDU‑GB‑EYDDurham
Class here: Teesdale. Use for: County Durham or City of Durham
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EYKYorkshire
Class here: North Humberside, Harrogate, the Ridings, Scarborough
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EYKHHull1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EYKKYork1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EYKLLeeds, Bradford
Class here: West Yorkshire
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EYKMMiddlesbrough and Teesside1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EYKSSheffield and Rotherham
Class here: South Yorkshire, Doncaster, Barnsley
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑EYKWWhitby1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EYNNorthumberland, Tyne and Wear
Class here: Northumbria, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Alnwick, Bamburgh, Hexham
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EYNCNewcastle and Gateshead
Class here: North and South Tyneside, Jarrow
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑EYNSSunderland and Wearside1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EYZNorth and North East England: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EYZBThe Pennines
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-GB-P
1.2.61.3
1DDU‑GB‑EYZFNorth York Moors1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EYZHYorkshire Dales
Class here: Howgills, Wharfedale, Wensleydale, Malham Cove, Nidderdale, Pen-y-ghent, Ingleborough, Whernside
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑EYZLFarne Islands and Lindisfarne (Holy Island)1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑EYZNNorthumberland National Park
Class here: The Cheviots, Kirk Yetholm, Kielder Forest and Kielder Water
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑EYZWHadrian’s Wall
Class here: Housesteads
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑NNorthern Ireland
1DDU‑GB‑NBBelfast
1DDU‑GB‑NCAntrim1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑NDArmagh1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑NECounty Derry / County Londonderry1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑NECDerry / Londonderry1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑NGDown
Class here: Strangford Lough, Ards Peninsula
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑NJFermanagh
Class here: Lough Erne, Enniskillen
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑NTTyrone1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑NZNorthern Ireland: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑NZAGiant’s Causeway, Antrim Coast and the Glens
Class here: the Causeway Coast, Rathlin Island
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑NZMMourne Mountains1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑NZSSperrin Mountains1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑SScotland
1DDU‑GB‑SBLowland Scotland and Borders
Class here: Dumfries and Galloway, Southern Uplands, Pentland Hills, Tweeddale
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑SBRRhinn of Kells and Galloway Hills
Class here: Galloway Forest Park
1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑SCCentral Scotland
Class here: Clyde, Perth, Firth of Forth, Bute, Ochil Hills
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑SCDDundee and Fife1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑SCEEdinburgh
1DDU‑GB‑SCGGlasgow
1DDU‑GB‑SCSStirling1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑SHNorthern Scotland, Highlands and Islands
1DDU‑GB‑SHAAberdeen and Deeside1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑SHGThe Grampians
Class here: Lochnagar, Speyside etc
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑SHGDCairngorms
Class here: Cairngorms National park, Ben Macdhui, Braeriach, Cairn Toul, Sgor an Lochain Uaine, Angus Glens, Monadhliath, Càrn Dearg, Strathspey, Aviemore, Glenshee, Braemar
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑SHGHBen Nevis and Glen Coe
Class here: Mamores, Glen Etive, Black Mount, Rannoch Moor, Loch Levan, Fort William, Glen Nevis
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑SHNLoch Ness and the Great Glen
Class here: Caledonian Canal
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑SHVInverness1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑SHWNorthwest Highlands
Class here: Torridon Hills, Ross, Cromarty, Sutherland, Caithness, Kyle of Lochalsh, Cape Wrath etc
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑SHFOrkney Islands
Class here: Scapa Flow, Hoy, Kirkwall, Skara Brae
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑SHJShetland Islands
Class here: Lerwick
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑SHLWestern Isles, Outer Hebrides
Class here: Lewis, Harris, Uist, Benbecula, Barra, Na h-Eileanan Siar, Innse Gall
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑SHPInner Hebrides
Class here: Coll, Colonsay, Eigg, Islay, Jura, Rùm, Tiree, Na h-Eileanan a-staigh, Na h-Eileanan Tarsainn, Small Isles
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑SHPMIsle of Mull and Iona
Class here: Ulva
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑SHQIsle of Skye
Class here: Cuillin Hills
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑SHRIsle of Arran1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑SHTLoch Lomond and the Trossachs
Class here: Ben Lui, the Cobbler, Arrochar Alps
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑WWales
Class here: Cymru
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑WCMid Wales
Class here: Powys, Ceredigion, Cambrian Mountains, Aberystwyth, Machynlleth
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑WNNorth Wales
Class here: Anglesey, Gwynedd, Clwyd, Llŷn Peninsula, Conwy, Llandudno, Betws-y-Coed, Caernarfon, Barmouth, Dolgellau
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑WNSSnowdonia
Class here: Crib Goch, Llyn Llydaw, Glaslyn, Y Garn, Cadair Idris, Eryri
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑WSSouth Wales
Class here: Newport, Glamorgan, Rhondda
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑WSCCardiff
1DDU‑GB‑WSGSwansea and the Gower1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑WSYBrecon Beacons
Class here: Black Mountain, Black Mountains and Fforest Fawr, Fan Brycheiniog, Pen y Fan
1.2.61.4
1DDU‑GB‑WVSouthwest Wales
Class here: Carmarthen, Llanelli
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑WVPPembrokeshire Coast1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑XChannel Islands
Class here: Alderney, Sark
1.4
1DDU‑GB‑XGGuernsey1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑XJJersey1.2.6
1DDU‑GB‑ZIsle of Man
Class here: Douglas, Ellan Vannin, Calf of Man
1.4
1DFCentral Europe
1DFAAustria
1DFA‑AT‑BBurgenland
Class here: Eisenstadt, Rust, Oberwart
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑KCarinthia
Class here: Lake Millstatt, Lake Ossiach
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑KBKlagenfurt1.4
1DFA‑AT‑KDVillach1.4
1DFA‑AT‑KFWörthersee (Lake Wort)1.4
1DFA‑AT‑MStyria
Class here: Grimming, Gesäuse
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑MBBruck an der Mur1.4
1DFA‑AT‑MGGraz1.4
1DFA‑AT‑MHHochschwab
Class here: Mariazell, Tragöß (Tragoess), Wildalpen
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑MLLeoben1.4
1DFA‑AT‑NLower Austria
Class here: Danube-Auen
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑NAIndustrieviertel
Class here: Wiener Neustadt
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑NBMostviertel
Class here: Sankt Pölten, Waidhofen an der Ybbs
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑NCWaldviertel
Class here: Krems an der Donau
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑NDWeinviertel1.4
1DFA‑AT‑NWWachau
Class here: Melk
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑RUpper Austria
1DFA‑AT‑RALinz1.4
1DFA‑AT‑RCHausruckviertel
Class here: Wels
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑RDInnviertel
Class here: Schärding
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑REMühlviertel
Class here: Freistadt
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑RFTraunviertel
Class here: Gmunden, Steyr
1DFA-AT-ZS Salzkammergut
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑SSalzburg (state)
Class here: Tennen Mountains
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑SASalzburg (City)1.4
1DFA‑AT‑SCFlachgau
Class here: Wallersee
1DFA-AT-ZS Salzkammergut
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑SDPinzgau
Class here: Saalfelden, Zell am See
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑SELungau1.4
1DFA‑AT‑SFPongau
Class here: Gastein, Werfen
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑SGTennengau
Class here: Hallein
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑TTyrol
1DFA‑AT‑TAInnsbruck1.4
1DFA‑AT‑TCAusserfern
Class here: Reutte
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑TDUpper Tyrol
Class here: Imst, Landeck, Telfs, Ötztal, Stubaital
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑TELower Tyrol
Class here: Hall in Tirol, Kitzbühel, Kaiser Mountains, Zillertal
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑TFEastern Tyrol
Class here: Lienz
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑VVorarlberg
1DFA‑AT‑VBBregenz1.4
1DFA‑AT‑VFFeldkirch1.4
1DFA‑AT‑VMMontafon1.4
1DFA‑AT‑VRBregenz Forest1.4
1DFA‑AT‑WVienna
1DFA‑AT‑ZAustria: Places of Interest1.4
1DFA‑AT‑ZAArlberg1.4
1DFA‑AT‑ZDDachstein1.4
1DFA‑AT‑ZRSemmering1.4
1DFA‑AT‑ZSSalzkammergut
Class here: Attersee, Mondsee, Traunsee, Wolfgangsee
1.4
1DFA‑AT‑ZWVienna Woods1.4
1DFGGermany
1DFG‑DE‑BNortheast Germany
1DFG‑DE‑BEBerlin
Use for: the city or the federal state, as well as in historical contexts
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BGBrandenburg
Class here: Uckermark. Use for: the city or the federal state, as well as in historical contexts
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BGBHavelland1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BGDPotsdam1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BGECottbus1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BGFFrankfurt (Oder)1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BKGerman Baltic Sea coast and islands
Class here: Bay of Lübeck
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BKARügen
Class here: Jasmund National Park
1.11.4
1DFG‑DE‑BKBFehmarn1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BKDFischland-Darss-Zingst1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BKFUsedom1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BMMecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Class here: Güstrow
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BMBSchwerin1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BMCGreifswald1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BMDRostock1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BMFStralsund1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BMHWismar1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BMMMecklenburg Lake Plateau
Class here: Neubrandenburg
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BSSaxony-Anhalt
Class here: Stendal, Anhalt, Altmark
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BSBMagdeburg
Class here: Magdeburg Börde, Elbe-Börde-Heath, Magdeburg (region)
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BSCDessau1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BSDHalberstadt1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BSFHalle (Saale)1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BSGLutherstadt Wittenberg1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BSHQuedlinburg1.4
1DFG‑DE‑BSKWernigerode1.4
1DFG‑DE‑FEast Germany
1DFG‑DE‑FSSaxony
Class here: Elster, Saxon Ore Mountains
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑FSALeipzig1.1
1DFG‑DE‑FSBDresden1.1
1DFG‑DE‑FSCBautzen
1DFG-DE-XA Upper Lusatia
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑FSDGörlitz1.4
1DFG‑DE‑FSEChemnitz1.4
1DFG‑DE‑FSFFreiberg1.4
1DFG‑DE‑FSGPlauen1.4
1DFG‑DE‑FSHZwickau1.4
1DFG‑DE‑FSNSaxon Switzerland National Park
Class here: Elbe Sandstone Mountains
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑FTThuringia
Class here: Gera, Mühlhausen, Nordhausen, Eichsfeld-Hainich-Werratal nature parks, Hainich National Park, Kyffhäuser
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑FTBErfurt1.4
1DFG‑DE‑FTDThuringian Forest1.4
1DFG‑DE‑FTDBEisenach1.4
1DFG‑DE‑FTHJena1.4
1DFG‑DE‑FTJWeimar1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TSoutheast Germany
1DFG‑DE‑TBBavaria
1DFG-DE-XB Swabia
1DFG‑DE‑TBALower Bavaria1.1
1DFG‑DE‑TBABPassau1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBBUpper Bavaria
Class here: Ammersee, Lake Ammer
1DFG-DE-XB Swabia
1.11.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBBBBerchtesgadener Land
Class here: Berchtesgaden National Park
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBBBABerchtesgaden1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBBDIngolstadt1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBBFChiemgau
Class here: Chiemsee
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBBGLake Starnberg1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBBHTegernsee
Class here: Tegernsee (City)
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBCMunich1.1
1DFG‑DE‑TBDNuremburg1.1
1DFG‑DE‑TBFFranconia
Class here: Steigerwald
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBFCUpper Franconia1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBFCBBamberg1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBFCDBayreuth1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBFMMiddle Franconia1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBFMBFürth1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBFMDRothenburg ob der Tauber1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBFVLower Franconia1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBFVBAschaffenburg1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBFVDWürzburg1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBHAugsburg
1DFG-DE-XB Swabia
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBJFüssen
1DFG-DE-XB Swabia
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBKKempten
1DFG-DE-XB Swabia
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBLLindau
1DFG-DE-XB Swabia
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBMUpper Palatinate1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBMBRegensburg1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBNAltmühltal
Class here: Altmühl
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑TBPBavarian Forest1.4
1DFG‑DE‑USouthwest Germany
1DFG‑DE‑UBBaden-Württemberg
Class here: Pforzheim, Kraichgau, Tauber Franconia, Rhine-Neckar region
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UBAStuttgart1.1
1DFG‑DE‑UBCBreisgau
Class here: Kaiserstuhl
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UBCFFreiburg im Breisgau1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UBEElectoral Palatinate1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UBEBHeidelberg1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UBEDMannheim1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UBGHeilbronn1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UBJKarlsruhe1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UBLKonstanz1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UBPSwabian Jura1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UBPBReutlingen1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UBPDUlm1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UBRSingen (Hohentwiel)1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UBTTübingen1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UHHesse
Class here: Fulda, Limburg (Lahn), Marburg, Vogelsberg, Wetterau, Rhine-Main Region
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UHAFrankfurt1.1
1DFG‑DE‑UHCRheingau1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UHCWWiesbaden1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UHEDarmstadt1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UHPKassel1.4
1DFG‑DE‑UHTTaunus1.4
1DFG‑DE‑URRhineland-Palatinate
Class here: Hunsrück
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑URAPalatinate
Class here: Ludwigshafen, Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, Bad Dürkheim
1.11.4
1DFG‑DE‑URASSpeyer1.4
1DFG‑DE‑URCRhenish Hesse
Class here: Bingen am Rhein, Ingelheim am Rhein
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑URCMMainz1.4
1DFG‑DE‑URCWWorms1.4
1DFG‑DE‑URKKoblenz1.4
1DFG‑DE‑URTTrier1.4
1DFG‑DE‑USSaarland
1DFG‑DE‑VNorthwest Germany
1DFG‑DE‑VAGerman North Sea coast and islands
Class here: North Frisian Islands, Halligen
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VAFHeligoland1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VANNorth Frisia1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VANFFöhr1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VANSSylt1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VAPEast Frisia
Class here: East Frisian Islands
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VBBremen
Use for: the city or the federal state, as well as in historical contexts
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VBCBremerhaven1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VHHamburg
Use for: the city or the federal state, as well as in historical contexts
1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VNLower Saxony
1DFG‑DE‑VNAHanover1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VNBWendland1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VNCBraunschweig1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VNDLüneburg Heath1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VNDBCelle1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VNDDLüneburg1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VNEGoslar1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VNFGöttingen1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VNGHildesheim1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VNHOldenburg1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VNKOsnabrück1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VRNorth Rhine-Westphalia
1DFG‑DE‑VRAAachen1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VRBDüsseldorf1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VRCCologne1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VRDDortmund1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VREEssen1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VRGBonn1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VRHMünster (region)1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VRHMMünster1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VRJSiegen1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VRKOstwestfalen-Lippe1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VRKBBielefeld1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VRKPPaderborn1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VRLBergisches Land1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VRLBSolingen1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VRLDWuppertal1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VRMLower Rhine region1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VRNSauerland1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VRRRuhr district1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VRRBBochum1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VRRDDuisburg1.4
1DFG‑DE‑VSSchleswig-Holstein
1DFG‑DE‑XGermany: places of interest1.11.4
1DFG‑DE‑XAUpper Lusatia
1DFG-DE-FSC Bautzen
1.1
1DFG‑DE‑XBSwabia1.1
1DFG‑DE‑XCAllgäu1.1
1DFG‑DE‑XDRothaar Mountains1.4
1DFG‑DE‑XEOdenwald1.4
1DFG‑DE‑XEBBergstrasse1.4
1DFG‑DE‑XFTeutoburg Forest1.4
1DFG‑DE‑XGWesterwald1.4
1DFG‑DE‑XHSpessart1.4
1DFHSwitzerland
1DFH‑CH‑CEspace Mittelland
1DFH‑CH‑CBBern
Class here: Biel / Bienne (lake and town), Bielersee, Burgdorf, Emmental, Gstaad. Use for: city or Canton
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑CBBBernese Oberland
Class here: Lake Brienz
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑CBBDInterlaken1.4
1DFH‑CH‑CBBGGrindelwald1.4
1DFH‑CH‑CBBTThun
Class here: Lake Thun
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑CFFribourg / Freiburg
Class here: Greyerz / Gruyères, Murten / Morat (lake and town). Use for: city or Canton
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑CJJura (Canton)
Class here: Delsberg / Delémont
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑CNNeuchâtel
Class here: Lake Neuchâtel. Use for: city or Canton
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑CSSolothurn
Class here: Olten, Weissenstein. Use for: city or Canton
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑GLake Geneva Region1.2.6
1DFH‑CH‑GGGeneva
Use for: city or Canton
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑GVVaud
Class here: Nyon, Vevey, Yverdon-les-Bains, La Côte, Vallée de Joux
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑GVLLausanne1.2.8
1DFH‑CH‑GVMMontreux1.4
1DFH‑CH‑GWValais
Class here: Brig, Saas-Fee, Sion
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑GWBZermatt1.4
1DFH‑CH‑NNorthwest Switzerland1.2.6
1DFH‑CH‑NAAargau
Class here: Lenzburg
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑NABAarau1.4
1DFH‑CH‑NBBasel-Landschaft1.2.6
1DFH‑CH‑NBLLiestal1.4
1DFH‑CH‑NDBasel
Use for: city or Canton
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑PEastern Switzerland
Class here: Appenzellerland, Appenzell Alps
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑PCAppenzell Innerrhoden1.4
1DFH‑CH‑PDAppenzell Ausserrhoden
Class here: Herisau, Trogen
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑PGGlarus
Class here: Glarus Alps. Use for: city or Canton
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑PKGrisons / Graubünden
Class here: Arosa, Münstertal / Val Müstair, Prättigau, Klosters, Surselva, Grischun, Grigioni
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑PKAChur (Coire)1.4
1DFH‑CH‑PKBDavos1.4
1DFH‑CH‑PKMEngadine
Class here: Maloja Pass, Albula Pass, Flüela Pass, Julier Pass, Maloja Pass, Ofen Pass / Fuorn Pass
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑PKMBSt. Moritz1.4
1DFH‑CH‑PNSt. Gallen / Saint-Gall
Class here: Rapperswil. Use for: city or Canton
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑PNHToggenburg
Class here: Wildhaus
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑PPSchaffhausen / Schaffhouse
Class here: Stein am Rhein. Use for: city or Canton
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑PRThurgau
Class here: Frauenfeld
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑PZEastern Switzerland: Places of interest
Class here: Lake Walen / Lake Walenstadt
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑PZBSäntis
Class here: Alpstein Massif
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑RTessin / Ticino
Class here: Valle Verzasca
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑RAAscona
Class here: Monte Verità
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑RCBellinzona1.4
1DFH‑CH‑RELocarno1.4
1DFH‑CH‑RGLugano1.4
1DFH‑CH‑UCentral Switzerland1.2.6
1DFH‑CH‑ULLucerne
Class here: Entlebuch, Sempachersee, Lake Sempach. Use for: city or Canton
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑UNNidwalden / Nidwald
Class here: Stans
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑UOObwalden / Obwald
Class here: Engelberg, Sarnen
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑USSchwyz
Class here: Lake Lauerz, Sihlsee / Lake Sihl, Muotatal, Stoos, Einsiedeln. Use for: city or Canton
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑UUUri
Class here: Altdorf, Andermatt
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑UVZug
Class here: Lake Zug. Use for: city or Canton
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑UZCentral Switzerland: Places of interest
Class here: Mount Pilatus, Mount Titlis
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑UZDLake Lucerne
Class here: the lake and its surrounding area
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑XZurich
Class here: Zürcher Oberland. Use for: city, Canton or region
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑XBWinterthur1.4
1DFH‑CH‑ZSwitzerland: Places of Interest
Class here: River Aare, River Reuss, Seetal, Lake Hallwil, Lake Baldegg
1.4
1DFH‑CH‑ZSLake Zurich
Class here: the lake and its surrounding area
1.4
1DFLLiechtenstein
1DNNorthern Europe, Scandinavia
1DNCIceland
1DNC‑IS‑RReykjavík1.2.8
1DNDDenmark
1DNDFFaroe Islands
1DNDF‑FO‑TThorshavn1.1.2
1DND‑DK‑BBornholm1.1.2
1DND‑DK‑FFunen and islands1.1.2
1DND‑DK‑FOOdense1.1.2
1DND‑DK‑JJutland1.1.2
1DND‑DK‑JEEsbjerg1.1.2
1DND‑DK‑JLAlborg1.1.2
1DND‑DK‑JRArhus1.1.2
1DND‑DK‑LLolland-Falster1.1.2
1DND‑DK‑SZealand1.1.2
1DND‑DK‑SKCopenhagen1.1.2
1DND‑DK‑SRRoskilde1.1.2
1DNFFinland
1DNF‑FI‑ASouthwest Finland
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑AATurku1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑ABTurku archipelago1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑BÅland1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑BAMariehamn1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑CUusimaa
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑CAWest Uusimaa1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑CBHelsinki Region1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑CBAHelsinki
Class here: Suomenlinna
1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑CBBEspoo1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑CBCVantaa1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑CCEast Uusimaa1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑CCAPorvoo1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑DHäme
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative. Class here: Tavastia
1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑DAKanta-Häme1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑DAAHämeenlinna1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑DBPäijät-Häme1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑DBALahti1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑DCPirkanmaa1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑DCATampere1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑DDCentral Finland1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑DDAJyväskylä1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑HSatakunta
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑HAPori1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑HBRauma1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑JSavonia
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑JASouthern Savonia1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑JABMikkeli1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑JBNorthern Savonia1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑JBKKuopio1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑KKarelia
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑KASouth Karelia1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑KABLappeenranta1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑KBNorth Karelia1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑KBAJoensuu1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑LKymenlaakso
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑LAKouvola1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑LBKotka1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑MOstrobothnia
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑MAVaasa1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑NNorth Ostrobothnia
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑NAOulu1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑PCentral Ostrobothnia1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑PAKokkola1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑QSouth Ostrobothnia
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑QASeinäjoki1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑RKainuu
Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative
1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑RAKajaani1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑SLappi
Class here: Finnish ‘Lapland’
1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑SARovaniemi1.3.2
1DNF‑FI‑SBSámi native region of Finland1.3.2
1DNNNorway
1DNN‑NO‑DNorthern Norway (Nord-Norge)
1DNN‑NO‑DATroms and Finnmark
Use for: merger of Troms and Finnmark to ‘Troms and Finnmark’
1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DFFinnmark1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DFAVardø1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DFBKirkenes
Class here: Sør-Varanger
1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DFCAlta1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DFDHammerfest
Class here: Kvalsund
1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DFGHonningsvåg1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DFKNorth Cape
Class here: Knivskjellodden, Honningsvåg
1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DFVVadsø1.2.6
1DNN‑NO‑DTTroms1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DTBHarstad
Class here: Hinnøya
1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DTDFinnsnes
Class here: Senja
1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DTRTromsø1.2.6
1DNN‑NO‑DLNordland
1DNN‑NO‑DLBBodø1.2.6
1DNN‑NO‑DLDFauske1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DLFLofoten and Vesterålen1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DLFASortland1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DLFBStokmarknes1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DLFCLeknes1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DLFDSvolvær1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DLGHelgeland
Class here: Vega
1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DLGAMo i Rana1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DLGBMosjøen1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DLGCSandnessjøen1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DLGDBrønnøysund1.4
1DNN‑NO‑DLNNarvik
1DNN‑NO‑JSouthern Norway (Sørlandet)1.2.6
1DNN‑NO‑JBAgder
Use for: merged county of Aust-Agder and Vest-Agder as Agder
1.4
1DNN‑NO‑JAAust-Agder1.4
1DNN‑NO‑JABGrimstad1.4
1DNN‑NO‑JACTvedestrand1.4
1DNN‑NO‑JADRisør1.4
1DNN‑NO‑JALArendal
1DNN‑NO‑JGVest-Agder1.4
1DNN‑NO‑JGFFarsund
1DNN‑NO‑JGKKristiansand
1DNN‑NO‑JGLLillesand1.4
1DNN‑NO‑JGMLyngdal1.4
1DNN‑NO‑JGNMandal1.4
1DNN‑NO‑JGPFlekkefjord1.4
1DNN‑NO‑TTrøndelag1.2.6
1DNN‑NO‑TDNord-Trøndelag1.2.6
1DNN‑NO‑TDALevanger1.4
1DNN‑NO‑TDBNamsos1.4
1DNN‑NO‑TDCKolvereid1.4
1DNN‑NO‑TDDStjørdal1.4
1DNN‑NO‑TDEVerdal
Class here: Verdalsøra
1.4
1DNN‑NO‑TDSSteinkjer
1DNN‑NO‑TRSør-Trøndelag1.2.6
1DNN‑NO‑TRAOrkanger1.4
1DNN‑NO‑TRBBrekstad1.4
1DNN‑NO‑TRCRøros1.4
1DNN‑NO‑TRHTrondheim
1DNN‑NO‑VWestern Norway (Vestlandet)
1DNN‑NO‑VAVestland
Use for: merged county of Sogn and Fjordane and Hordaland as Vestland
1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VHHordaland1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VHBBergen
1DNN‑NO‑VHCStord1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VHDOdda1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VMMøre and Romsdal1.2.6
1DNN‑NO‑VMAÅlesund
1DNN‑NO‑VMBFosnavåg1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VMDUlsteinvik1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VMKKristiansund
1DNN‑NO‑VMLMolde
1DNN‑NO‑VMNÅndalsnes1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VRRogaland
1DNN‑NO‑VRABryne1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VRBEigersund1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VRCHaugesund1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VRDJørpeland1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VRFSandnes1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VRGSauda1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VRHSkudeneshavn1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VRJKopervik1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VRKÅkrehamn1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VRSStavanger
1DNN‑NO‑VWSogn and Fjordane1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VWAFlorø
Class here: Flora
1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VWBFørde1.4
1DNN‑NO‑VWCMåløy1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XEastern Norway (Østlandet)1.2.6
1DNN‑NO‑XCViken
Use for: merged county of Akershus, Buskerud and Østfold as Viken
1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XAAkershus1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XAADrøbak1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XABLillestrøm1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XACSandvika1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XADSki (NO)1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XAEJessheim1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XBBuskerud1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XBCHokksund1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XBDDrammen
1DNN‑NO‑XBHHønefoss1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XBKKongsberg1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XFOslofjorden
1DNN‑NO‑XDInnlandet
Use for: merger county of Hedmark and Oppland as Innlandet
1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XHHedmark1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XHAElverum1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XHBKongsvinger1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XHCBrumunddal1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XHDMoelv1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XHRHamar
1DNN‑NO‑XPOppland1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XPAFagernes1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XPBGjøvik1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XPCOtta1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XPDRaufoss1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XPEVinstra1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XPLLillehammer
1DNN‑NO‑XSOslo
1DNN‑NO‑XRVestfold and Telemark1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XTTelemark1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XTAKragerø1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XTBNotodden1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XTCBrevik1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XTDPorsgrunn1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XTERjukan1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XTFLangesund1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XTGStathelle1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XTKSkien
1DNN‑NO‑XVVestfold1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XVAHolmestrand1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XVBHorten1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XVCStavern1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XVDSvelvik1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XVFÅsgårdstrand1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XVLLarvik
1DNN‑NO‑XVNSandefjord
1DNN‑NO‑XVRTønsberg1.2.6
1DNN‑NO‑XZØstfold1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XZAAskim1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XZBMysen1.4
1DNN‑NO‑XZFFredrikstad
1DNN‑NO‑XZHHalden
1DNN‑NO‑XZMMoss
1DNN‑NO‑XZSSarpsborg
1DNSSweden
1DNS‑SE‑ASvealand
1DNS‑SE‑AAStockholm
1DNS‑SE‑AAAStockholm archipelago1.2
1DNS‑SE‑ABUppland
1DNS‑SE‑ABAUppsala1.2
1DNS‑SE‑ACSödermanland
1DNS‑SE‑ACANyköping1.2
1DNS‑SE‑ADNärke
1DNS‑SE‑ADAÖrebro1.2
1DNS‑SE‑AEVästmanland
1DNS‑SE‑AEAVästerås1.2
1DNS‑SE‑AFDalarna
1DNS‑SE‑AFAFalun1.2
1DNS‑SE‑AGVärmland
1DNS‑SE‑AGAKarlstad1.2
1DNS‑SE‑AHBergslagen1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BGötaland
1DNS‑SE‑BASkåne
1DNS‑SE‑BAAMalmö
1DNS‑SE‑BABÖsterlen1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BBHalland
1DNS‑SE‑BBAHalmstad1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BCBlekinge
1DNS‑SE‑BCAKarlskrona1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BDSmåland
1DNS‑SE‑BDAVäxjö1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BDBKalmar1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BEÖland
1DNS‑SE‑BFGotland
1DNS‑SE‑BFAVisby1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BGÖstergötland
1DNS‑SE‑BGALinköping1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BHVästergötland
1DNS‑SE‑BJGothenburg
1DNS‑SE‑BJAGothenburg archipelago1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BKBohuslän
1DNS‑SE‑BLDalsland
1DNS‑SE‑CNorrland
1DNS‑SE‑CAGästrikland
1DNS‑SE‑CAAGävle1.2
1DNS‑SE‑CBHälsingland
1DNS‑SE‑CCJämtland
1DNS‑SE‑CCAÖstersund1.2
1DNS‑SE‑CDHärjedalen
1DNS‑SE‑CEMedelpad
1DNS‑SE‑CFÅngermanland
1DNS‑SE‑CFAHärnösand1.2
1DNS‑SE‑CGVästerbotten
1DNS‑SE‑CGAUmeå1.2
1DNS‑SE‑CHNorrbotten
1DNS‑SE‑CHALuleå1.2
1DNS‑SE‑CJLapland
1DNS‑SE‑CKTornedalen
Class here: Meänmaa
1.2
1DSSouthern Europe
1DSESpain
1DSE‑ES‑AAndalusia, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑AAAlmeria (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑AAAAlmeria (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑ABCadiz (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑ABACadiz (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑ACCordoba (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑ACACordoba (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑ADGranada (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑ADAGranada (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑ADXGranada: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.71.2.8
1DSE‑ES‑ADXASierra Nevada1.2.7
1DSE‑ES‑AEHuelva (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑AEAHuelva (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑AFJaen (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑AFAJaen (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑AGMalaga (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑AGAMalaga (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑AGXMalaga: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.71.2.8
1DSE‑ES‑AGXACosta del Sol1.2.7
1DSE‑ES‑AHSeville (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑AHASeville (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑BBalearic Islands
1DSE‑ES‑BABaleares (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑BAAMallorca1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑BAABPalma de Mallorca1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑BABMenorca1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑BABAMahon1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑BACIbiza (Island)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑BACAIbiza (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑BADFormentera1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑CAragon, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑CAHuesca (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑CAAHuesca (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑CBTeruel (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑CBATeruel (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑CCZaragoza (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑CCAZaragoza (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑DAsturias, Principality of
1DSE‑ES‑DAAsturias (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑DAAOviedo1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑DABGijon1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑ECanary Islands
Use for: political and social aspects. Prefer: 1MTANC for geophysical, natural history and travel aspects
1MTANC The Canary Islands
1DSE‑ES‑EALas Palmas (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑EAAGran Canaria1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑EAAALas Palmas de Gran Canaria1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑EABFuerteventura1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑EACLanzarote1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑EBSanta Cruz de Tenerife (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑EBATenerife1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑EBAASanta Cruz de Tenerife (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑EBBEl Hierro1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑EBCLa Gomera1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑EBDLa Palma1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑FCantabria, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑FACantabria (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑FAASantander1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑GCastile-La Mancha, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑GAAlbacete (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑GAAAlbacete (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑GBCiudad Real (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑GBACiudad Real (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑GCCuenca (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑GCACuenca (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑GDGuadalajara (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑GDAGuadalajara (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑GEToledo (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑GEAToledo (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HCastile and Leon, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑HAAvila (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HAAAvila (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HBBurgos (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HBABurgos (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HCLeon (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HCALeon (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HDPalencia (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HDAPalencia (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HESalamanca (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HEASalamanca (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HFSegovia (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HFASegovia (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HGSoria (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HGASoria (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HHValladolid (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HHAValladolid (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HJZamora (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑HJAZamora (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑JCatalonia
1DSE‑ES‑JABarcelona (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑JAABarcelona (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑JBGirona (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑JBAGirona (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑JBXGirona: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.71.2.8
1DSE‑ES‑JBXACosta Brava1.2.7
1DSE‑ES‑JCLerida / Lleida (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑JCALerida / Lleida (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑JDTarragona (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑JDATarragona (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑KExtremadura, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑KACaceres (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑KAACaceres (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑KBBadajoz (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑KBABadajoz (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑LGalicia, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑LACorunna (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑LAACorunna (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑LABSantiago de Compostela1.2.7
1DSE‑ES‑LBLugo (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑LBALugo (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑LCOrense (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑LCAOrense (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑LDPontevedra (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑LDAPontevedra (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑MMadrid, Community of
1DSE‑ES‑MAMadrid (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑MAAMadrid (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑NMurcia, Region of
1DSE‑ES‑NAMurcia (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑NAAMurcia (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑QNavarre, Chartered Community of
1DSE‑ES‑QANavarre1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑QABPamplona1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑RBasque Autonomous Community
1DSE‑ES‑RAAlava1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑RAAVitoria1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑RBGuipuzcoa1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑RBASan Sebastian1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑RCBiscay1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑RCABilbao1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑SLa Rioja, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑SALogroño (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑SAALogroño (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑TValencian Community
1DSE‑ES‑TAAlicante (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑TAAAlicante (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑TAXAlicante: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.71.2.8
1DSE‑ES‑TAXACosta Blanca1.2.7
1DSE‑ES‑TBCastellon (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑TBACastellon (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑TCValencia (Province)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑TCAValencia (City)1.2.5
1DSE‑ES‑UCeuta, Autonomous City of
1DSE‑ES‑VMelilla, Autonomous City of
1DSE‑ES‑XSpain: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
1.2.71.2.8
1DSE‑ES‑XAWay of St. James
Class here: The pilgrim trail, El Camino de Santiago
1.2.7
1DSE‑ES‑XBLa Mancha1.2.7
1DSE‑ES‑XCCantabrian Mountains1.2.7
1DSGGibraltar
1DSMMalta
1DSM‑MT‑GGozo1.2.8
1DSNAndorra
1DSPPortugal
1DSP‑PT‑BNorte (Northern Portugal)1.2.8
1DSP‑PT‑BPPorto1.2.8
1DSP‑PT‑CCentro (Central Portugal)1.2.8
1DSP‑PT‑LLisboa (Region)1.2.8
1DSP‑PT‑LLLisbon1.2.8
1DSP‑PT‑LSSintra1.2.8
1DSP‑PT‑NAlentejo1.2.8
1DSP‑PT‑PAlgarve1.2.8
1DSP‑PT‑PFFaro1.2.8
1DSP‑PT‑RMadeira – Autonomous Region
Use for: political and social aspects. Prefer: 1MTANM for geophysical, natural history and travel aspects
1.2.8
1DSP‑PT‑RFFunchal1.2.8
1DSP‑PT‑TAzores – Autonomous Region
Use for: political and social aspects. Prefer: 1MTANZ for geophysical, natural history and travel aspects
1.2.8
1DSTItaly
1DST‑IT‑NNorthern Italy
1DST‑IT‑NAAosta Valley1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑NFFriuli Venezia Giulia
1DST‑IT‑NFGGorizia
1DST‑IT‑NFPPordenone
1DST‑IT‑NFTTrieste
1DST‑IT‑NFUUdine
1DST‑IT‑NGLiguria
1DST‑IT‑NGAGenoa
1DST‑IT‑NGMImperia
1DST‑IT‑NGSSavona
1DST‑IT‑NGZLa Spezia
1DST‑IT‑NLLombardy1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑NLAVarese
1DST‑IT‑NLBBergamo
1DST‑IT‑NLCComo
1DST‑IT‑NLDLodi
1DST‑IT‑NLELecco
1DST‑IT‑NLMMilan
1DST‑IT‑NLNSondrio
1DST‑IT‑NLRCremona
1DST‑IT‑NLSBrescia
1DST‑IT‑NLTMantua1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑NLVPavia
1DST‑IT‑NLZMonza and Brianza1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑NPPiedmont1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑NPAAlessandria
1DST‑IT‑NPLBiella
1DST‑IT‑NPNNovara
1DST‑IT‑NPRVercelli
1DST‑IT‑NPSAsti
1DST‑IT‑NPTTurin
1DST‑IT‑NPUCuneo
1DST‑IT‑NPVProvince of Verbano Cusio Ossola1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑NTTrentino Alto Adige
Class here: South Tyrol
1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑NTRTrento
1DST‑IT‑NTZBolzano
1DST‑IT‑NVVeneto
1DST‑IT‑NVDPadua
1DST‑IT‑NVEVenice
1DST‑IT‑NVNVerona
1DST‑IT‑NVRRovigo
1DST‑IT‑NVSTreviso
1DST‑IT‑NVUBelluno
1DST‑IT‑NVZVicenza
1DST‑IT‑NZNorthern Italy: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑NZBThe Northern Apennines
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-A
1.2.81.3
1DST‑IT‑NZDThe Dolomites1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑NZLThe Italian lakes region
Class here: Lakes Orta, Lugano, Idro
1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑NZLCLake Como1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑NZLGLake Garda1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑NZLMLake Maggiore1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑NZLQLake Iseo1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑NZPThe Po River and its tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and delta. Preferred code: use instead of 1DZA-IT-A
1.2.81.3
1DST‑IT‑TCentral Italy
1DST‑IT‑TGEmilia Romagna
1DST‑IT‑TGBBologna
1DST‑IT‑TGCForlì-Cesena
1DST‑IT‑TGFFerrara
1DST‑IT‑TGMModena
1DST‑IT‑TGNRimini
1DST‑IT‑TGPParma
1DST‑IT‑TGRReggio Emilia1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑TGVRavenna
1DST‑IT‑TGZPiacenza
1DST‑IT‑TMMarche
1DST‑IT‑TMAAncona
1DST‑IT‑TMFFermo
1DST‑IT‑TMPPesaro and Urbino1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑TMSAscoli Piceno
1DST‑IT‑TMTMacerata
1DST‑IT‑TRUmbria
1DST‑IT‑TRPPerugia
Class here: Assisi
1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑TRPTLake Trasimeno1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑TRTTerni
1DST‑IT‑TSTuscany
1DST‑IT‑TSAArezzo
1DST‑IT‑TSESiena
1DST‑IT‑TSEBVal d’Orcia
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-N
1.2.81.3
1DST‑IT‑TSFFlorence
1DST‑IT‑TSGGrosseto
1DST‑IT‑TSLLivorno
1DST‑IT‑TSLBElba1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑TSMMassa-Carrara
1DST‑IT‑TSPPisa
1DST‑IT‑TSRPrato
1DST‑IT‑TSTPistoia
1DST‑IT‑TSULucca
1DST‑IT‑TZLazio
1DST‑IT‑TZFFrosinone
1DST‑IT‑TZLLatina
1DST‑IT‑TZRRome
1DST‑IT‑TZTRieti
1DST‑IT‑TZVViterbo
1DST‑IT‑TXCentral Italy: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑TXAThe Arno river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, and mouth. Preferred code: use instead of 1DZA-IT-C
1.2.81.3
1DST‑IT‑TXCThe Tiber river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, marshes and mouth. Preferred code: use instead of 1DZA-IT-E
1.2.81.3
1DST‑IT‑TXFThe Central Apennines
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-B
1.2.81.3
1DST‑IT‑TXMMaremma
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-L
1.2.81.3
1DST‑IT‑USouthern Italy and Islands
1DST‑IT‑UAAbruzzo
1DST‑IT‑UAHChieti
1DST‑IT‑UAPPescara
1DST‑IT‑UAQL’Aquila
1DST‑IT‑UATTeramo
1DST‑IT‑UCCalabria
1DST‑IT‑UCKCrotone
1DST‑IT‑UCRReggio Calabria
1DST‑IT‑UCSCosenza
1DST‑IT‑UCVVibo Valentia
1DST‑IT‑UCZCatanzaro
1DST‑IT‑UDSardinia
1DST‑IT‑UDCCagliari
1DST‑IT‑UDGProvince of Ogliastra1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑UDMProvince of Medio Campidano1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑UDNCarbonia-Iglesias
1DST‑IT‑UDROristano
1DST‑IT‑UDSSassari
1DST‑IT‑UDSDCosta Smeralda
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-T
1.2.81.3
1DST‑IT‑UDTOlbia Tempio
1DST‑IT‑UDUNuoro
1DST‑IT‑UEMolise
1DST‑IT‑UECCampobasso
1DST‑IT‑UESIsernia
1DST‑IT‑ULSicily
1DST‑IT‑ULAAgrigento
1DST‑IT‑ULCCaltanissetta
1DST‑IT‑ULEEnna
1DST‑IT‑ULMMessina
1DST‑IT‑ULMEAeolian Islands
Class here: Stromboli, Lipari, Vulcano, Panarea, Alicudi, Filicudi
1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑ULNTrapani
1DST‑IT‑ULPPalermo
1DST‑IT‑ULRRagusa
1DST‑IT‑ULSSyracuse
1DST‑IT‑ULTCatania
1DST‑IT‑ULTEMount Etna1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑UMCampania
1DST‑IT‑UMLAvellino
1DST‑IT‑UMNNaples
1DST‑IT‑UMNCCapri / Ischia1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑UMNPPompeii / Herculaneum1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑UMNVMount Vesuvius1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑UMSSalerno
1DST‑IT‑UMSCThe Amalfi coast
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-R
1.2.81.3
1DST‑IT‑UMTCaserta
1DST‑IT‑UMVBenevento
1DST‑IT‑UPApulia
Class here: Puglia
1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑UPABari
1DST‑IT‑UPGFoggia
1DST‑IT‑UPGBTavoliere delle Puglie
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-P
1.3
1DST‑IT‑UPLLecce
1DST‑IT‑UPRBarletta Andria Trani
1DST‑IT‑UPSBrindisi
1DST‑IT‑UPTTaranto
1DST‑IT‑USBasilicata
1DST‑IT‑USMMatera
1DST‑IT‑USPPotenza
1DST‑IT‑UZSouthern Italy: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑UZCThe Southern Apennines
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-C
1.2.81.3
1DST‑IT‑UZCEMonte Gran Sasso1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑UZCPMonte Pollino1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑UZDSila1.2.8
1DST‑IT‑XHistorical and cultural areas within Italy1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNHistorical and cultural areas: Northern Italy1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNALanghe1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNCMonferrat1.11.2.8
1DST‑IT‑XNECanavese1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNFCinque Terre1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNHTigullio1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNLFranciacorta1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNNLomellina1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNPPolesine1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNRCarnia1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTHistorical and cultural areas: Central Italy1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTALunigiana1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTCGarfagnana1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTEChianti1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTGMugello1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTLVersilia1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTNCiociaria1.1
1DST‑IT‑XUHistorical and cultural areas: Southern Italy and islands1.1
1DST‑IT‑XUACilento1.1
1DST‑IT‑XUCIrpinia1.1
1DST‑IT‑XUESannio1.1
1DST‑IT‑XUGSalento1.1
1DST‑IT‑XULGallura1.1
1DSUSan Marino
1DSVVatican
1DTEastern Europe
1DTARussia
1DTA‑RU‑BRussia: Central District1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑BKKursk1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑BMMoscow1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑BSSmolensk1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑DRussia: Southern District1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑DBVolgograd
Class here: Stalingrad
1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑DDRostov-on-Don1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑FRussia: Northwestern District1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑FAArchangel / Arkhangelsk1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑FCKaliningrad1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑FDNovgorod1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑FPSaint Petersburg
Class here: Leningrad
1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑HRussia: Far Eastern District1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑JRussia: Siberian District1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑JZSiberia: places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑JZBSiberia: Lake Baikal1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑LRussia: Ural District1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑NRussia: Volga District1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑NNNizhny Novgorod1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑PRussia: North Caucasus District1.2.8
1DTA‑RU‑PCChechen Republic (Chechnya)1.2.8
1DTBBelarus (Belorussia)
1DTB‑BY‑MMinsk1.2.8
1DTDLatvia
1DTD‑LV‑RRiga1.2.8
1DTEEstonia
1DTE‑EE‑TTallinn1.2.8
1DTFLithuania
1DTF‑LT‑VVilnius1.2.8
1DTGGeorgia
1DTG‑GE‑TTbilisi1.2.8
1DTHHungary
1DTH‑HU‑BCentral Hungary1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑BBBudapest1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑DTransdanubia1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑DBLake Balaton1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑DDLake Neusiedl / Ferto
Use with: 1DFA* if work applies specifically to Austria
1.2.81.4
1DTH‑HU‑DFMecsek Mountains1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑DGTransdanubian Mountains
Class here: Bakony mountains
1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑DHLittle Hungarian Plain1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑DPEsztergom1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑DQGyőr1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑DRPécs1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑DSSopron1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑DTSzékesfehérvár1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑DVVeszprém1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑FGreat Plain and the North1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑FDNorth Hungarian Mountains
Class here: Mátra, Bükk mountains
1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑FDEEger1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑FPGreat Hungarian plain
Class here: Great Alfold
1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑FPDHortobágy National Park1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑FPJDebrecen1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑FPKSzeged1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑FPWLake Tisza1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑ZHungary: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑ZDDanube–Tisza Interfluve1.2.8
1DTH‑HU‑ZTTranstisza / Tiszántúl1.2.8
1DTJCzechia
Class here: Czech Republic
1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑APrague1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑BSouth Moravian Region1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑CSouth Bohemian Region1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑EPardubice Region1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑HHradec Kralove Region1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑JVysocina Region1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑KKarlovy Vary Region1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑LLiberec Region1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑MOlomouc Region1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑PPilsen Region1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑SCentral Bohemian Region1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑TMoravian-Silesian Region1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑UUsti nad Labem Region1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑ZZlin Region1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑XCzechia: places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑XBBohemia1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑XBFBohemian Forest1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑XBGKrkonoše / Giant Mountains1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑XBVVltava river and tributaries
Class here: Berounka, Luznice, Otava, Sazava rivers
1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑XMMoravia1.2.8
1DTJ‑CZ‑XSCzech Silesia1.2.8
1DTKSlovakia
1DTK‑SK‑BBratislava (region)1.2.81.3
1DTK‑SK‑BBBratislava1.3
1DTK‑SK‑KKosice Region1.3
1DTK‑SK‑NNitra Region1.3
1DTK‑SK‑PPresov Region1.3
1DTK‑SK‑SBanska Bystrica Region1.3
1DTK‑SK‑TTrencin Region1.3
1DTK‑SK‑VTrnava Region1.3
1DTK‑SK‑YZilina Region1.3
1DTK‑SK‑ZSlovakia: places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
1.3
1DTK‑SK‑ZVThe Vah and tributaries
Class here: Nitra, Orava rivers
1.3
1DTMMoldova (Moldavia)
1DTNUkraine
1DTN‑UA‑KKiev1.2.8
1DTPPoland
1DTP‑PL‑AWest Pomerania voivodeship1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑ABSzczecin1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑APPomeranian Lake District1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑BEast Pomerania1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑BAKashubia1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑BAAGdańsk, Gdynia, Sopot – Tri-city1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑BDHel Peninsula1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑BFŻuławy region1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑BFAMalbork1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑CKuyavian-Pomeranian1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑CBBydgoszcz1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑CCToruń1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑DLodz / Łódź1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑EWarmia-Masuria Province1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑EAOlsztyn1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑EBBiskupiec1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑HPodlasie / Podlachia1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑HBBiałystok1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑HDSuwalki1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑HRBialowieza National Park1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑HSBiebrza National Park1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑JLubusz province
Class here: Lubusz Land
1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑JAZielona Góra1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑KKielce Upland / Holy Cross Province / Świętokrzyskie1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑KAKielce1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑KSSandomierz and the Sandomierz basin1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑LLublin Upland1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑LALublin1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑LKKazimierz Dolny1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑LRRoztocze National Park1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑MMasovian Voivodeship1.2.8
1DTP‑PL‑MAWarsaw1.2.8
1DTP‑PL‑MPPlock / Płock1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑MRKampinoski National Park1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑NGreater Poland (Wielkopolska)1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑NBPoznan1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑PLesser Poland Voivodeship1.2.8
1DTP‑PL‑PKKrakow1.2.8
1DTP‑PL‑PRKrakow-Częstochowa Upland
Class here: Polish Jurassic Highland, Polish Jura
1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑PTPodhale (Polish highlands)1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑PTZZakopane1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑RSilesian Voivodeship1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑RAKatowice1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑RCCzęstochowa1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑SLower Silesian Voivodeship1.3.2
1DTP‑PL‑SAWroclaw1.3.2
1DTTTurkey
1DTT‑TR‑AIstanbul1.3
1DTVArmenia
1DTV‑AM‑YYerevan1.2.8
1DTXAzerbaijan
1DTX‑AZ‑BBaku1.2.8
1DTZKazakhstan
1DXSoutheast Europe
1DXAAlbania
1DXA‑AL‑TTirana1.2.8
1DXBBulgaria
1DXB‑BG‑SSofia1.2.8
1DXCCroatia
1DXC‑HR‑AZagreb1.2.8
1DXC‑HR‑CCentral Croatia1.2.8
1DXC‑HR‑DDalmatia1.2.8
1DXC‑HR‑DDDubrovnik1.2.8
1DXC‑HR‑DKŠibenik1.2.8
1DXC‑HR‑DSSplit1.2.8
1DXC‑HR‑DYZadar1.2.8
1DXC‑HR‑JIstria1.2.8
1DXC‑HR‑KKvarner and the Highlands1.2.8
1DXC‑HR‑LLika-Karlovac
Class here: Northern Croatia
1.2.8
1DXC‑HR‑SSlavonia1.2.8
1DXDNorth Macedonia1.4
1DXD‑MK‑SSkopje1.2.8
1DXGGreece
1DXG‑GR‑ECentral Greece1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑EAAttica
Class here: Mount Parnes / Parnithia, Marathon
1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑EAAAthens1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑EAEEleusis1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑EAPPiraeus1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑EEEuboea1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑EECChalcis1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑EFPhocis
Class here: Mount Parnassus
1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑EFDDelphi1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑EKAetolia-Acarnania1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑EKMMissolonghi1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑ETPhthiotis
Class here: Thermopylae, Phthia
1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑ETAAtalanti1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑EVBoeotia1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑EVTThebes1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑HEpirus1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑LThessaly1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑MMacedonia1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑MCChalkidiki
Class here: Mount Athos
1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑MEPella1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑MPPieria
Class here: Mount Olympus
1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑MTThessaloniki (region)1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑MTHThessaloniki1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑PPeloponnese1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑PAAchaea1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑PAPPatras1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑PDArcadia1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑PHElis / Ilia1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑PHOAncient Olympia1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑PKCorinthia1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑PKKCorinth1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑PLLaconia1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑PLSSparta1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑PLYMystras1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑PMMessenia1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑PRArgolis1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑PRAArgos1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑PRMMycenae1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SGreek Islands1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SANorth Aegean Islands1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SACChios1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SAHLemnos1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SALLesbos1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SASSamos1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SCCrete1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SCHHeraklion
Class here: Knossos
1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SDDodecanese (Islands)1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SDHKarpathos1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SDKKos1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SDLLeros1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SDPPatmos1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SDRRhodes1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SFIonian Islands1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SFCCorfu1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SFFPaxos1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SFKCephalonia / Kefalonia1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SFLLefkada1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SFPIthaca1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SFRZakynthos1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SKCyclades (Islands)1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SKKMykonos1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SKMMilos
Class here: Kimolos
1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SKNNaxos1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SKPParos1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SKSSantorini
Class here: Thera
1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SKYSyros1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SRSaronic Islands
Class here: Agistri
1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SRAAegina1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SRSSalamis1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SSSporades (Islands)1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SSAAlonnisos1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑SSKSkiathos1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑STOther Greek Islands1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑STKKythira1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑STMSamothrace1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑STSSkyros1.2.8
1DXG‑GR‑TThrace1.2.8
1DXHBosnia-Herzegovina
1DXH‑BA‑SSarajevo1.2.8
1DXKKosovo
1DXNMontenegro
1DXN‑ME‑PPodgorica1.2.8
1DXRRomania
1DXR‑RO‑BBucharest1.2.8
1DXR‑RO‑ZRomania: places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
1.2.8
1DXR‑RO‑ZTTransylvania1.2.8
1DXSSerbia
1DXS‑RS‑BBelgrade1.2.8
1DXVSlovenia
1DXV‑SI‑CCarniola1.2.8
1DXV‑SI‑CLLjubljana1.2.8
1DXYCyprus
1DXY‑CY‑CNicosia1.2.8
1DZEurope: physical features
1DZAEurope: rivers, lakes etc
1DZADDanube river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and estuary, mouth or delta
1.2.8
1DZADTRiver Tisza and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries and its valley
1.3
1DZARRhine river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and mouth or delta
1.2.8
1DZARCLake Constance1.1
1DZAVVolga river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and estuary, mouth or delta
1.2.8
1DZA‑CH‑LLake Lugano
Class here: the lake and its surrounding area
1.4
1DZA‑DE‑EElbe river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, its basin and estuary or mouth
1.11.2.8
1DZA‑DE‑NOder and Neisse rivers and tributaries
Class here: the rivers, their tributaries, their valleys, the basin and estuary, mouth or delta
1.11.2.8
1DZA‑DE‑WWeser river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, and mouth
1.11.2.8
1DZA‑IT‑APo river and tributaries
Prefer code in Northern Italy: Places of interest
1DST-IT-NZP The Po River and its tributaries
1.11.2.8
1DZA‑IT‑CArno river and tributaries
Prefer code in Central Italy: Places of interest
1DST-IT-TXA The Arno river and tributaries
1.11.2.8
1DZA‑IT‑ETiber river and tributaries
Prefer code in Central Italy: Places of interest
1DST-IT-TXC The Tiber river and tributaries
1.11.2.8
1DZA‑PL‑VVistula river and tributaries
Class here: the rivers, their tributaries, their valleys, the basin and delta
1.3.2
1DZA‑PL‑VBBug River / Western Bug
Class here: the rivers, their tributaries, their valleys, the basin and delta
1.3.2
1DZTEurope: mountains, hills, plains, coastlines etc1.1
1DZTAThe Alps
Use with: other 1* PLACE qualifiers to indicate if a work is specifically about a particular sub-division of the Alps, such as the Austrian, French or Lepontine Alps, when there is no dedicated code
1.4
1DZTAPPennine Alps
Class here: Valais Alps
1.3
1DZTAPMMatterhorn
Class here: Mount Cervin
1.3
1DZTAPRMont Rosa Massif
Class here: Dufourspitze
1.3
1DZTA‑CH‑ASwiss Alps
Class here: Glarus Alps
1.4
1DZTA‑CH‑ADBernese Alps1.4
1DZTA‑CH‑ADAAletsch
Class here: Finsteraarhorn, Aarmassif, Aletsch Glacier, Bietschhorn
1.4
1DZTA‑CH‑ADEEiger1.4
1DZTA‑CH‑ADJJungfrau1.4
1DZTA‑CH‑AGSaint-Gotthard Massif
Class here: Gotthard Pass
1.4
1DZTA‑CH‑BVal Bregaglia
Class here: Bregaglia Range
1.4
1DZTA‑FR‑BMont Blanc Massif
Class here: Grandes Jorasses, Aiguille du Midi, Miage Glacier, Mer de Glace, Mont Dolent, Picco Luigi Amedeo
1.2.61.4
1DZTA‑FR‑BMMont Blanc1.2.6
1DZTA‑SI‑CJulian Alps1.3
1DZTBThe Caucasus
Use for: the mountains and region
1.3
1DZTCCarpathian mountains
1DZTCBBeskid Mountains1.4
1DZTCBBBieszczady Mountains1.4
1DZTCBPPeniny (Pienin Mountains)1.4
1DZTCTTatra Mountains1.3
1DZTHThe Balkans
Use for: the mountains and region
1.3
1DZTJBohemian Massif1.4
1DZTJSSudetes1.4
1DZTJSHStołowe Mountains1.4
1DZTPThe Pyrenees
1DZTSScandinavian Mountains1.2
1DZTUUral mountains
1DZT‑BE‑AThe Ardennes
Class here: Ardennes Forest
1.4
1DZT‑DE‑AHarz mountains
Class here: The Brocken
1.11.4
1DZT‑DE‑BRhön mountains1.1
1DZT‑DE‑CEifel region1.1
1DZT‑DE‑DBlack Forest region1.1
1DZT‑DE‑ERhineland1.1
1DZT‑FR‑JJura Mountains1.2.6
1DZT‑GB‑CCotswolds
Prefer: code in South west England: Places of interest
1DDU-GB-EWZC The Cotswolds
1.1.21.2.6
1DZT‑GB‑PPennines
Prefer: code in North and northeast England: Places of interest
1DDU-GB-EYZB The Pennines
1.1.21.2.6
1DZT‑IT‑ANorthern Apennines
Prefer: code in Northern Italy: Places of interest
1DST-IT-NZB The Northern Apennines
1.11.2.8
1DZT‑IT‑BCentral Apennines
Prefer: code in Central Italy: Places of interest
1DST-IT-TXF The Central Apennines
1.11.2.8
1DZT‑IT‑CSouthern Apennines
Prefer: code in Southern Italy: Places of interest
1DST-IT-UZC The Southern Apennines
1.11.2.8
1DZT‑IT‑GKarst plateau1.1
1DZT‑IT‑LMaremma
Prefer: code in Central Italy: Places of interest
1DST-IT-TXM Maremma
1.11.2.8
1DZT‑IT‑NVal d’Orcia
Prefer: code in Italy – Tuscany – Siena
1DST-IT-TSEB Val d’Orcia
1.11.2.8
1DZT‑IT‑PTavoliere delle Puglie
Prefer: code in Italy – Apulia – Foggia
1DST-IT-UPGB Tavoliere delle Puglie
1.11.2.8
1DZT‑IT‑RAmalfi coast
Prefer: code in Italy – Campania – Salerna
1DST-IT-UMSC The Amalfi coast
1.11.2.8
1DZT‑IT‑TCosta Smeralda
Prefer: code in Italy – Sardinia – Sassari
1DST-IT-UDSD Costa Smeralda
1.11.2.8
1FAsia
1FBMiddle East
1FBGJerusalem1.3
1FBHIsrael
1FBH‑IL‑ATel-Aviv
Class here: Jaffa
1.2.8
1FBH‑IL‑HHaifa
Class here: Mount Carmel
1.2.8
1FBJJordan
1FBJ‑JO‑PPetra1.2.8
1FBLLebanon
1FBL‑LB‑BBeirut1.2.8
1FBNIran
1FBN‑IR‑ATehran1.2.8
1FBN‑IR‑SShiraz
Class here: Persepolis
1.2.8
1FBPPalestine
1FBP‑PS‑GGaza1.2.8
1FBQIraq
1FBQ‑IQ‑BBaghdad1.2.8
1FBSSyria
1FBS‑SY‑AAleppo1.2.8
1FBS‑SY‑DDamascus1.2.8
1FBS‑SY‑PPalmyra1.2.8
1FBXArabian peninsula
1FBXBBahrain
1FBXKKuwait
1FBXMOman
1FBXQQatar
1FBXSSaudi Arabia
1FBXS‑SA‑HHejaz /Hijaz1.2.8
1FBXS‑SA‑HJJeddah1.2.8
1FBXS‑SA‑HMMecca / Makkah1.2.8
1FBXS‑SA‑HNMedina1.2.8
1FBXS‑SA‑RRiyadh1.2.8
1FBXUUnited Arab Emirates
1FBXU‑AE‑AAbu Dhabi1.2.8
1FBXU‑AE‑DDubai1.2.8
1FBXYYemen
1FBZMiddle East: places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.3
1FBZBTigris and Euphrates rivers
Class here: the rivers, their tributaries, the valleys and marshes
1.3
1FBZJJordan River
Class here: the river, its tributaries, the Jordan Valley
1.3
1FBZJDDead Sea1.3
1FCCentral Asia
1FCAAfghanistan
1FCA‑AF‑KKabul1.2.8
1FCDTajikistan (Tadzhikistan)
1FCKKyrgyzstan (Kirghizstan, Kirghizia)
1FCK‑KG‑BBishkek1.2.8
1FCSSiberia
1FCTTurkmenistan
1FCUUzbekistan
1FKSouth Asia (Indian sub-continent)1.2.8
1FKAIndia
1FKA‑IN‑ANorthern India1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑ABChandigarh1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑ADNational Capital Territory of Delhi1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑ADNNew Delhi1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑AGHaryana1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑AHHimachal Pradesh1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑AHSShimla / Simla1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑AJJammu and Kashmir
Class here: Ladakh
1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑APPunjab1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑APBAmritsar1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑ARRajasthan1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑ARBJaipur1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑ARDJodhpur1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑ARFUdaipur1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑CCentral India1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑CBChhattisgarh1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑CDMadhya Pradesh1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑CFUttar Pradesh1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑CFAAgra
Class here: Taj Mahal
1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑CFCVaranasi / Benares1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑CHUttarakhand1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑EEastern India1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑EBBihar1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑EDJharkhand1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑EFOdisha1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑EHWest Bengal1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑EHCKolkata
Class here: Calcutta
1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑EHDDarjeeling1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑GNorth East India1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑GAAssam1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑GCArunachal Pradesh1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑GEManipur1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑GHMeghalaya1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑GJMizoram1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑GLNagaland1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑GNTripura1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑GSSikkim1.3.2
1FKA‑IN‑JWestern India1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑JBDadra and Nagar Haveli1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑JDDaman and Diu1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑JFGoa1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑JGGujarat1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑JMMaharashtra1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑JMMMumbai
Class here: Bombay
1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑LSouthern India1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑LAAndhra Pradesh1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑LCKarnataka1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑LCBBengaluru
Class here: Bangalore
1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑LEKerala1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑LECKochi
Class here: Cochin
1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑LGPuducherry1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑LGBPondicherry
Class here: Puducherry (city of)
1.2.81.4
1FKA‑IN‑LJTamil Nadu1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑LJCChennai
class here: Madras
1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑LKTelangana1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑LKHHyderabad1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑LNAndaman and Nicobar Islands1.2.8
1FKA‑IN‑LPLakshadweep1.2.8
1FKBBangladesh
1FKB‑BD‑DDhaka1.2.8
1FKHBhutan
1FKNNepal
1FKN‑NP‑KKathmandu1.2.8
1FKPPakistan
1FKP‑PK‑BBalochistan1.2.8
1FKP‑PK‑DKhyber Pakhtunkhwa
Class here: North-West Frontier Province, Khyber Pass
1.2.8
1FKP‑PK‑FPunjab (PK)1.2.8
1FKP‑PK‑FBLahore1.2.8
1FKP‑PK‑HSindh1.2.8
1FKP‑PK‑HBKarachi1.2.8
1FKP‑PK‑LIslamabad1.2.8
1FKSSri Lanka
Class here: Ceylon
1.2.8
1FKS‑LK‑CColombo1.2.8
1FMSouth East Asia
1FMBMyanmar
Class here: Burma
1.2.8
1FMCCambodia
1FMC‑KH‑APhnom Penh1.2.8
1FMC‑KH‑BSiem Reap1.2.8
1FMC‑KH‑BAAngkor
Class here: Angkor Wat
1.2.8
1FMLLaos
1FMMMalaysia
1FMM‑MY‑BKuala Lumpur1.2.8
1FMM‑MY‑MMelaka / Malacca1.2.8
1FMM‑MY‑PPenang1.2.8
1FMM‑MY‑SSarawak1.2.8
1FMM‑MY‑TSabah1.2.8
1FMNIndonesia
1FMNBBali
1FMN‑ID‑BSumatra1.2.8
1FMN‑ID‑DJava1.2.8
1FMN‑ID‑DJJakarta1.2.8
1FMN‑ID‑FKalimantan
Class here: Indonesian Borneo
1.2.8
1FMN‑ID‑KSulawesi1.2.8
1FMN‑ID‑MMaluku1.2.8
1FMN‑ID‑PPapua
1MKLP New Guinea
1.2.8
1FMN‑ID‑SLesser Sunda Islands
Class here: East Nusa Tenggara, West Timor
1.2.8
1FMN‑ID‑SLLombok1.2.8
1FMNTEast Timor / Timor-Leste1.2.8
1FMNXBorneo
Use for: whole island
1.2.8
1FMPPhilippines
1FMP‑PH‑AManila1.2.8
1FMRBrunei
1FMSSingapore
1FMTThailand
1FMT‑TH‑BBangkok1.2.8
1FMT‑TH‑CChiang Mai1.2.8
1FMT‑TH‑KKrabi1.2.8
1FMT‑TH‑KLKo Lanta1.2.8
1FMT‑TH‑PPhuket1.2.8
1FMT‑TH‑QSurat Thani1.2.8
1FMT‑TH‑QBKo Samui / Koh Samui1.2.8
1FMT‑TH‑YAyutthaya1.2.8
1FMVVietnam
1FMV‑VN‑BHo Chi Minh City
Class here: Saigon
1.2.8
1FMV‑VN‑DHanoi1.2.8
1FPEast Asia, Far East
1FPCChina
1FPC‑CN‑DNorth China1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑DBBeijing1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑DDTianjin1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑DFHebei1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑DHShanxi1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑DJInner Mongolia
Class here: Nei Mongol
1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑FNortheast China1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑FBLiaoning1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑FDJilin1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑FFHeilongjiang1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑HEast China1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑HBShanghai1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑HDJiangsu1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑HFZhejiang1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑HHAnhui1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑HJFujian1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑HLJiangxi1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑HNShandong1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑JCentral China1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑JBHenan1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑JDHubei1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑JFHunan1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑LSouth China1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑LBGuangdong1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑LDGuangxi1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑LFHainan1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑NSouthwest China1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑NBChongqing1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑NDSichuan1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑NFGuizhou1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑NHYunnan1.2.2
1FPCTTibet
Class here: Xizang
1FPC‑CN‑PNorthwest China1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑PBShaanxi1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑PDGansu1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑PFQinghai1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑PHNingxia1.2.2
1FPC‑CN‑PJXinjiang1.2.2
1FPCWTaiwan
1FPCHHong Kong
1FPCMMacao
1FPJJapan
1FPJ‑JP‑AHokkaido (region)1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑AAHokkaido1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑BTohoku1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑BAAomori1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑BBIwate1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑BCMiyagi1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑BDAkita1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑BEYamagata1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑BFFukushima1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CKanto1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CAIbaraki1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CBTochigi1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CCGunma1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CDSaitama1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CEChiba1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CFTokyo1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CGKanagawa1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DChubu1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DANiigata1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DBToyama1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DCIshikawa1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DDFukui1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DEYamanashi1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DFNagano1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DGGifu1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DHShizuoka1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DJAichi1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑EKinki / Kansai1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑EAMie1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑EBShiga1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑ECKyoto1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑EDOsaka1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑EEHyogo1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑EFNara1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑EGWakayama1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑FChugoku1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑FATottori1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑FBShimane1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑FCOkayama1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑FDHiroshima1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑FEYamaguchi1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑GShikoku1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑GATokushima1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑GBKagawa1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑GCEhime1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑GDKochi (JP)1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HKyushu1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HAFukuoka1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HBSaga1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HCNagasaki1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HDKumamoto1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HEOita1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HFMiyazaki1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HGKagoshima1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HHOkinawa1.3
1FPKKorea
1FPKNNorth Korea
1FPKSSouth Korea
1FPKS‑KR‑BSeoul1.2.8
1FPMMongolia
1FZAsia: physical features
1FZAAsia: rivers, lakes etc
1FZAGGanges river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, its basin and delta
1.2.8
1FZAJIndus river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, its basin and delta
1.2.8
1FZAMMekong river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and delta
1.2.8
1FZAXYangtze river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, its basin and delta
1.2.8
1FZAYYellow river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, its basin and mouth
1.2.8
1FZTAsia: mountains, hills, plains, coastlines etc1.1
1FZTAAltai mountains
1FZTGGobi desert
1FZTHThe Himalayas
1FZTHAAnnapurna1.3
1FZTHKKarakoram1.3
1FZTHKKK2
Class here: Godwin-Austen or Chhogori
1.3
1FZTHMMahalangur Himal
Class here: Makalu, Lhotse, Cho Oyu
1.3
1FZTHMEMount Everest
Class here: Chomolungma
1.3
1HAfrica
1HBNorth Africa
1HBAAlgeria
1HBA‑DZ‑AAlgiers1.2.8
1HBCChad
1HBEEgypt
1HBE‑AA‑DNile Valley and Delta
1HBE‑AA‑DAAlexandria
1HBE‑AA‑DBAswan
Class here: Abu Simbel
1.2.8
1HBE‑AA‑DCCairo
1HBE‑AA‑DDBeheira
1HBE‑AA‑DFBeni Suef
1HBE‑AA‑DGDakahlia
1HBE‑AA‑DHDamietta
1HBE‑AA‑DJGharbia
1HBE‑AA‑DKGiza
Class here: Memphis, Great Pyramids
1.2.8
1HBE‑AA‑DLKafr el-Sheikh
1HBE‑AA‑DNMinya
1HBE‑AA‑DPMonufia
1HBE‑AA‑DQQalyubia
1HBE‑AA‑DSSharqia
1HBE‑AA‑DWSohag
1HBE‑AA‑DXLuxor
Class here: Thebes, Valley of the Kings
1.2.8
1HBE‑AA‑JEgypt: Western Desert
1HBE‑AA‑JFFaiyum
1HBE‑AA‑JMMatruh
1HBE‑AA‑JVNew Valley (Governorate of Egypt)
1HBE‑AA‑MEgypt: Eastern Desert
1HBE‑AA‑MAAsyut
1HBE‑AA‑MQQena
1HBE‑AA‑MRRed Sea (Governorate of Egypt)
1QSL Red Sea
1HBE‑AA‑SSinai Peninsula
1HBE‑AA‑SLIsmailia
1HBE‑AA‑SNNorth Sinai
1HBE‑AA‑SPPort Said
1HBE‑AA‑SSSouth Sinai
1HBE‑AA‑SZSuez
1HBLLibya
1HBL‑LY‑CCyrenaica1.2.8
1HBL‑LY‑CBBenghazi1.2.8
1HBL‑LY‑TTripolitania1.2.8
1HBL‑LY‑TTTripoli1.2.8
1HBMMorocco
1HBM‑MA‑BTanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima1.2.8
1HBM‑MA‑BCTangier1.2.8
1HBM‑MA‑FFès-Meknès1.2.8
1HBM‑MA‑FEFez1.2.8
1HBM‑MA‑HRabat-Salé-Kenitra1.2.8
1HBM‑MA‑HRRabat1.2.8
1HBM‑MA‑LCasablanca-Settat1.2.8
1HBM‑MA‑LCCasablanca1.2.8
1HBM‑MA‑MMarrakesh-Safi1.2.8
1HBM‑MA‑MEEssaouira1.2.8
1HBM‑MA‑MMMarrakesh / Marrakech1.2.8
1HBM‑MA‑PDrâa-Tafilalet1.2.8
1HBM‑MA‑POOuarzazate1.2.8
1HBM‑MA‑RSouss-Massa1.2.8
1HBM‑MA‑RAAgadir1.2.8
1HBSSudan
1HBS‑SD‑BKhartoum1.2.8
1HBTTunisia
1HBT‑TN‑ATunis
Class here: Carthage
1.2.8
1HBT‑TN‑DDjerba / Jerba1.2.8
1HBWWestern Sahara
1HBZSouth Sudan
1HFSub-Saharan Africa
1HFDWest Africa
1HFDAMauritania
1HFDBBenin
1HFDESierra Leone
1HFDFBurkina Faso
1HFDGGambia
1HFDHGhana
1HFDH‑GH‑AAccra1.2.8
1HFDLLiberia
1HFDL‑LR‑AMonrovia1.2.8
1HFDMMali
1HFDM‑ML‑ATimbuktu1.2.8
1HFDNNigeria
1HFDN‑NG‑ALagos1.2.8
1HFDRNiger
1HFDSSenegal
1HFDS‑SN‑ADakar1.2.8
1HFDTTogo
1HFDUGuinea
1HFDU‑GN‑AConakry1.2.8
1HFDVCabo Verde (Cape Verde)
1HFDXGuinea-Bissau
1HFDYCôte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
1HFDY‑CI‑AAbidjan1.2.8
1HFGEast Africa
1HFGAEthiopia
1HFGA‑ET‑AAddis Ababa1.2.8
1HFGDDjibouti
1HFGEEritrea
1HFGKKenya
1HFGK‑KE‑ANairobi1.2.8
1HFGK‑KE‑MMombasa1.2.8
1HFGQBurundi
1HFGRRwanda
1HFGR‑RW‑AKigali1.2.8
1HFGSSomalia
1HFGSRRepublic of Somaliland
1HFGTTanzania
1HFGT‑TZ‑BDar es Salaam1.2.8
1HFGT‑TZ‑CZanzibar
Class here: Zanzibar Archipelago
1.2.8
1HFGT‑TZ‑ENorthern Tanzania1.2.8
1HFGT‑TZ‑EBKilimanjaro1.2.8
1HFGT‑TZ‑EDSerengeti1.2.8
1HFGUUganda
1HFGU‑UG‑AKampala1.2.8
1HFJCentral Africa
1HFJACameroon
1HFJCCongo (Congo-Brazzaville)
Class here: Republic of the Congo
1.2.8
1HFJC‑CG‑ABrazzaville1.2.8
1HFJGGabon
1HFJQEquatorial Guinea
1HFJRCentral African Republic
1HFJSSao Tome and Principe
1HFJZDemocratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire)
Class here: Congo-Kinshasa
1.2.8
1HFJZ‑CD‑AKinshasa1.2.8
1HFMSouthern Africa
1HFMAAngola
1HFMBBotswana
1HFMB‑BW‑AGaborone1.2.8
1HFMB‑BW‑VOkavango River and Delta
Class here: the river, its tributaries and its valley
1.2.8
1HFMKEswatini (Swaziland)
Class here: Kingdom of Eswatini
1.2.8
1HFMLLesotho
1HFMMMalawi
1HFMNNamibia
1HFMQMozambique
1HFMQ‑MZ‑AMaputo1.2.8
1HFMSRepublic of South Africa
1HFMS‑ZA‑AEastern Cape1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑BFree State1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑BBBloemfontein1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑DGauteng1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑DBJohannesburg1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑DDPretoria1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑FKwaZulu-Natal1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑FBDurban1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑HLimpopo1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑JMpumalanga
Class here: Eastern Transvaal
1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑KNorth West Province1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑MNorthern Cape1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑NWestern Cape1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑NBCape Town1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑ZSouth Africa: places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical and cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑ZDDrakensberg1.2.8
1HFMS‑ZA‑ZKKruger National Park1.2.8
1HFMWZimbabwe
1HFMW‑ZW‑AHarare1.2.8
1HFMZZambia
1HFMZ‑ZM‑ALusaka1.2.8
1HSSouth Indian Ocean Islands
1HSCComoros
1HSMMadagascar
1HSUMauritius
1HSU‑MU‑BRodrigues1.2.8
1HSVMaldives
1HSYSeychelles
1HS‑FR‑LLa Réunion
1HS‑FR‑LASaint-Denis (Réunion)1.2.6
1HS‑FR‑LBSaint-Benoît1.2.6
1HS‑FR‑LCSaint-Paul1.2.6
1HS‑FR‑LDSaint-Pierre (Réunion)1.2.6
1HS‑FR‑MMayotte
1HS‑FR‑MADzaoudzi
1HZAfrica: physical features
1HZAAfrica: rivers, lakes etc
1HZACCongo river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, its basin and mouth or delta
1.2.8
1HZAGNiger river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and delta
1.2.8
1HZAMLake Nyasa / Lake Malawi1.2.8
1HZANNile river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and delta
1HBE-AA-D Nile Valley and Delta
1.2.8
1HZASSuez canal
1HZATLake Tanganyika
1HZAVLake Victoria1.2.8
1HZAZZambesi river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and mouth or delta
1.2.8
1HZAZVMosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls1.3
1HZTAfrica: mountains, hills, plains, coastlines etc1.1
1HZTAAtlas mountains
1HZTKKalahari desert
1HZTRGreat Rift Valley
1HZTSThe Sahara
1HZTTThe Sahel
1KThe Americas
1KBNorth America (USA and Canada)1.1
1KBBUnited States of America, USA
1KBB‑US‑MUS Midwest
1KBB‑US‑MLUS Midwest: East North Central (Great Lakes) States
1KBB‑US‑MLCIllinois
1KBB‑US‑MLCCChicago
1KBB‑US‑MLCSSpringfield (IL)1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLDIndiana
1KBB‑US‑MLDDIndianapolis1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLGMichigan
1KBB‑US‑MLGDDetroit1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLOOhio
1KBB‑US‑MLOLCleveland1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLONCincinnati1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLOOColumbus1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLTMinnesota
1KBB‑US‑MLTMMinneapolis-St. Paul1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLWWisconsin
1KBB‑US‑MLWMMilwaukee1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLWWMadison1.2
1KBB‑US‑MPUS Midwest: West North Central (Great Plains) States
1KBB‑US‑MPAIowa
1KBB‑US‑MPKKansas
1KBB‑US‑MPMMissouri
1KBB‑US‑MPMKKansas City (MO)1.2
1KBB‑US‑MPMLSt. Louis1.2
1KBB‑US‑MPNNebraska
1KBB‑US‑MPNLLincoln1.2
1KBB‑US‑MPNOOmaha1.2
1KBB‑US‑MPRNorth Dakota
1KBB‑US‑MPTSouth Dakota
1KBB‑US‑MPTRMount Rushmore National Memorial1.2
1KBB‑US‑NUS Northeast
1KBB‑US‑NAUS Northeast: Mid-Atlantic States
1KBB‑US‑NAJNew Jersey
1KBB‑US‑NAJAAtlantic City1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAJHHoboken1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAJNNewark1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAJSJersey Shore1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKNew York
1KBB‑US‑NAKAAlbany1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKBBuffalo1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKCNew York City
1KBB‑US‑NAKCBBrooklyn1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKCMManhattan1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKCMGGreenwich Village1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKCMHHarlem1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKLLong Island1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKNNiagara Falls (City)1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAPPennsylvania
1KBB‑US‑NAPDPennsylvania Dutch Country1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAPGGettysburg1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAPHPhiladelphia
1KBB‑US‑NAPTPittsburgh1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEUS Northeast: New England
1KBB‑US‑NECConnecticut
1KBB‑US‑NECHHartford1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEIMaine
1KBB‑US‑NEIAAcadia National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEIPPortland (ME)1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEMMassachusetts
1KBB‑US‑NEMBBoston
1KBB‑US‑NEMCCape Cod1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEMCMMartha’s Vineyard1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEMCNNantucket1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEMMCambridge (MA)1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEMSSalem (MA)1.2
1KBB‑US‑NENNew Hampshire
1KBB‑US‑NERRhode Island
1KBB‑US‑NERNNewport1.2
1KBB‑US‑NERPProvidence1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEVVermont
1KBB‑US‑SUS South
1KBB‑US‑SCUS South: East South Central States
1KBB‑US‑SCAAlabama
1KBB‑US‑SCAMMontgomery1.2
1KBB‑US‑SCKKentucky
1KBB‑US‑SCKLLouisville1.2
1KBB‑US‑SCMMississippi
1KBB‑US‑SCTTennessee
1KBB‑US‑SCTMMemphis1.2
1KBB‑US‑SCTNNashville1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEUS South: South Atlantic States
1KBB‑US‑SECDistrict of Columbia (Washington D.C.)
1KBB‑US‑SEDDelaware
1KBB‑US‑SEFFlorida
1KBB‑US‑SEFASt. Augustine1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFEEverglades1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFHTallahassee1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFJJacksonville1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFKFlorida Keys1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFMMiami
1KBB‑US‑SEFOOrlando1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFPTampa1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEGGeorgia (US State)
1KBB‑US‑SEGSSavannah1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEGTAtlanta
1KBB‑US‑SEMMaryland
1KBB‑US‑SEMAAnnapolis1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEMBBaltimore1.2
1KBB‑US‑SENNorth Carolina
1KBB‑US‑SENAAsheville1.2
1KBB‑US‑SENBOuter Banks1.2
1KBB‑US‑SENCCharlotte1.2
1KBB‑US‑SENRRaleigh1.2
1KBB‑US‑SESSouth Carolina
1KBB‑US‑SESCCharleston (SC)1.2
1KBB‑US‑SESMMyrtle Beach1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEVVirginia
1KBB‑US‑SEVCCharlottesville1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEVRRichmond1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEVVVirginia Beach1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEVWWilliamsburg1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEWWest Virginia
1KBB‑US‑SGGreat Smoky Mountains National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWUS South: West South Central States
1KBB‑US‑SWAArkansas
1KBB‑US‑SWAHHot Springs1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWALLittle Rock1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWLLouisiana
1KBB‑US‑SWLBBaton Rouge1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWLNNew Orleans
1KBB‑US‑SWOOklahoma
1KBB‑US‑SWOCOklahoma City1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWOTTulsa1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWTTexas
1KBB‑US‑SWTAAustin1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWTDDallas1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWTHHouston
1KBB‑US‑SWTNSan Antonio1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWTPEl Paso1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWTWFort Worth1.2
1KBB‑US‑WUS West
1KBB‑US‑WMUS West: Mountain States
1KBB‑US‑WMAArizona
1KBB‑US‑WMAFFlagstaff1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMAGGrand Canyon National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMAPPhoenix1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMASSedona1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMATTucson1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMCColorado
1KBB‑US‑WMCAAspen1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMCBBoulder1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMCDDenver1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMCRRocky Mountain National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMDIdaho
1KBB‑US‑WMDBBoise1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMMMontana
1KBB‑US‑WMMGGlacier National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMNNevada
1KBB‑US‑WMNRReno1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMNVLas Vegas
1KBB‑US‑WMTNew Mexico
1KBB‑US‑WMTAAlbuquerque1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMTFSanta Fe1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMTTTaos1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMUUtah
1KBB‑US‑WMUSSalt Lake City1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMUZZion National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMWWyoming
1KBB‑US‑WMWCCheyenne (WY)1.21.4
1KBB‑US‑WMWJJackson Hole1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMWTGrand Teton National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMYYellowstone National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPUS West: Pacific States
1KBB‑US‑WPCCalifornia
1KBB‑US‑WPCALos Angeles
1KBB‑US‑WPCABBeverly Hills1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCAHHollywood1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCDSan Diego1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCFSan Francisco
1KBB‑US‑WPCJSan Jose1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCMMonterey1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCNNapa and Sonoma1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCPPalm Springs1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCRFresno1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCSSacramento1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCYYosemite National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPHHawaii
Use for: political and social aspects. Prefer: 1MKPH for geophysical, natural history and travel aspects
1MKPH Hawaiian Islands
1KBB‑US‑WPHHHawaii (Big Island)1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPHKKauai1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPHMMaui1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPHOOahu1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPHOHHonolulu
Class here: Waikiki
1.21.2.8
1KBB‑US‑WPNUS Pacific Northwest
1KBB‑US‑WPNAAlaska
1KBB‑US‑WPNAAAnchorage1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPNAJJuneau1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPNROregon
1KBB‑US‑WPNRPPortland (OR)1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPNWWashington (US State)
1KBB‑US‑WPNWOOlympic National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPNWSSeattle
1KBCCanada
1KBC‑CA‑AAlberta
1KBC‑CA‑ANNorthern Alberta
1KBC‑CA‑ANBNorthern Alberta: Wood Buffalo and Waterton Lakes National Parks
1KBC‑CA‑ANDNorthern Alberta: Peace River Country (AB)
1KBC‑CA‑ANGNorthern Alberta: Alberta’s Rockies and Banff and Jasper National Parks
1KBC‑CA‑ASSouthern Alberta
1KBC‑CA‑ASCSouthern Alberta: Calgary Region
1KBC‑CA‑ASFSouthern Alberta: Edmonton Capital Region
1KBC‑CA‑ASJSouthern Alberta: Elk Island National Park
1KBC‑CA‑ASNSouthern Alberta: Waterton Lakes National Park
1KBC‑CA‑BBritish Columbia
1KBC‑CA‑BDBritish Columbia Interior
1KBC‑CA‑BDA