NotationCategory headingAddMod
AThe Arts
ABThe arts: general issues
ABATheory of art
See also: QDTN Philosophy: aesthetics
ABCConservation, restoration & care of artworks
ABKForgery, falsification & theft of artworks
ABQArt: financial aspects
Class here: art sales & auctioneering, funding, patronage & sponsorship
AFFine arts: art forms
With AF* codes, assign also the relevant AG* code(s) & STYLE Qualifier(s) as appropriate
AFCPainting & paintings
AFCCPaintings & painting in watercolours
AFCLPaintings & painting in oils
AFFDrawing & drawings
AFHPrints & printmaking
AFJOther graphic art forms
Class here: collage; photomontage; graffiti & street art; body art & tattooing
AFKNon-graphic art forms
AFKBSculpture
AFKCCarvings: artworks
AFKGPrecious metal, precious stones & jewellery: artworks & design
Class here: Gold & silversmithing, Faberge, etc
See also: WFJ Jewellery & beadcraft, WCP Antiques & collectables: jewellery, WCR Antiques & collectables: gold, silver & other metals (other than jewellery)
AFKNInstallation art
AFKPPerformance art
AFKVElectronic, holographic & video art
AFPCeramic & glass: artworks
Class here: ceramics, pottery, mosaics, glass, stained glass as artworks
See also: WFN Pottery, ceramics & glass crafts
AFTDecorative arts
Use for ‘art book’ treatments
See also: WF* Handicrafts, decorative arts & crafts
1.1
AFWTextile artworks
Class here: carpets, tapestries & other textiles as artworks
See also: AKT Fashion & textiles, WFB* Needlework & fabric crafts, WFF Rug & carpetmaking, WFG Spinning & weaving
AGFine arts: treatments & subjects
With AG* codes, assign also the relevant AF* code(s) & STYLE Qualifier(s) as appropriate
AGAHistory of art
Use AGA in conjunction with other Arts codes as appropriate; assign also STYLE, PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers as appropriate
AGBIndividual artists, art monographs
AGCExhibition catalogues & specific collections
See also: WTHM Travel guides: museums, historic sites, galleries etc, GLZ Museology & heritage studies
AGHHuman figures depicted in art
AGHFPortraits in art
AGHNNudes depicted in art
AGHXErotic art
Use with Qualifier 5X as appropriate
See also: AJCX Erotic & nude photography
AGKSmall-scale, secular & domestic scenes in art
Class here: ‘genre’ subjects in art
AGNAnimals & nature in art (still life, landscapes & seascapes, etc)
AGNBBotanical art
AGPMan-made objects depicted in art (cityscapes, machines, etc)
AGRReligious art
Use with relevant code from QR* where appropriate
AGZArt techniques & principles
Class here: textbooks & advanced level works on techniques, colour theory, perspective, etc
See also: WFA Painting & art manuals
AJPhotography & photographs
AJCPhotographs: collections
See also: WQP Places in old photographs
AJCDIndividual photographers
AJCPPortraiture1.1
AJCXErotic & nude photography
Use with Qualifier 5X as appropriate
See also: AGHX Erotic art
AJFPhotojournalism
Class here: photographic reportage
See also: DNP Reportage & collected journalism
1.1
AJTPhotographic equipment & techniques: general
See also: UGP Photo & image editing
AJTACamera-specific manuals
AJTFPhotography: specific techniques
Class here: aerial photography
AJTVVideo photography
See also: AFKV Electronic, holographic & video art, ATFX Film production: technical & background skills, ATJX Television production: technical & background skills
AKIndustrial / commercial art & design
With AK* codes, assign also STYLE Qualifier(s) as appropriate
AKBIndividual designers
AKCGraphic design
AKDTypography & lettering
See also: WFU Calligraphy & hand-lettering
AKHBook design
See also: WFT Book & paper crafts
AKLIllustration & commercial art
AKLBIllustration
AKLCComic book & cartoon art
AKLC1Graphic novel & Manga artwork
Where necessary, indicate the form of the artwork involved using appropriate code from X*
See also: XA* Graphic novel & Comic book: types, XR* Graphic novel & comic books: guides & reviews
1.2
AKLFComputer game art
Use for works on artistic aspects of game design, artwork, graphics etc
See also: UGG Computer games design
1.1
AKLPPoster art
AKPProduct design
See also: TBD Technical design, UGC Computer-aided design (CAD)
AKRFurniture design
AKTFashion & textiles
See also: AFW Textile artworks, WFB Needlework & fabric crafts, WFF Rug & carpetmaking, WFG Spinning & weaving
AMArchitecture
With AM* codes, assign also STYLE Qualifier(s) as appropriate
AMATheory of architecture
AMBIndividual architects & architectural firms
AMCArchitectural structure & design
AMCREnvironmentally-friendly (‘green’) architecture & design
AMDArchitecture: professional practice
AMGArchitecture: public buildings
Class here: civic, commercial, & industrial buildings; also concert halls, arenas, stadia, memorials, monument, etc
See also: JWT Military institutions, memorials
AMKArchitecture: residential buildings, domestic buildings
AMKHArchitecture: holiday homes & cabins1.2
AMKLArchitecture: castles & fortifications
AMKSArchitecture: palaces, stately homes & mansions1.2
AMNArchitecture: religious buildings
AMRArchitecture: interior design
Class here: professional works
See also: WJK Interior design, decor & style guides
AMVLandscape art & architecture
AMVDCity & town planning: architectural aspects
See also: RPC Urban & municipal planning
AMXHistory of architecture
Assign also STYLE, PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers as appropriate
ATPerforming arts
ATCIndividual actors & performers
Use with relevant AT* code to indicate whether specifically theatre, film, TV, radio etc
See also: DNBF* Biography: arts & entertainment
ATDTheatre studies
See also: DD* Plays, playscripts
ATDCActing techniques
Class here: monologues, audition material, etc
ATDFTheatre direction & production
ATDHTheatre: technical & background skills
Class here: stagecraft, wardrobe & makeup, lighting, scenery, etc
ATDSTheatre management
ATFFilms, cinema
Use ATF* codes for performing arts aspects only
See also: KNT Media, entertainment, information & communication industries
ATFAFilm history, theory & criticism
ATFBIndividual film directors, film-makers
ATFDFilm scripts & screenplays
ATFGFilm guides & reviews
ATFNFilm: styles & genres
Class here: works on specific genres, eg Film Noir, Westerns, Horror films, etc
ATFRDocumentary films
ATFVAnimated films
ATFXFilm production: technical & background skills
Class here: cinematography
ATJTelevision
Use ATJ* codes for performing arts aspects only
See also: KNT Media, entertainment, information & communication industries
ATJDTelevision screenplays, scripts & performances
See also: WHG TV tie-in humour
1.2
ATJSTelevision drama
Class here: works on drama series, soap operas, plays for TV, etc
ATJXTelevision production: technical & background skills
Class here: television camerawork
ATLRadio
Use ATL* codes for performing arts aspects only
See also: KNT Media, entertainment, information & communication industries
ATLDRadio plays, scripts & performances1.2
ATNInternet & digital media: arts & performance
Class here: all aspects of Internet as media channel, especially for material that originates online; Internet celebrities, bloggers & blogging, vloggers, podcasts etc
See also: UD* Digital lifestyle
1.2
ATQDance
With ATQ* codes, assign also STYLE Qualifier(s) as appropriate
ATQCChoreography
ATQLBallet
ATQRBallroom dancing
ATQTContemporary dance
ATQZFolk dancing
ATXOther performing arts
Class here: mime, street theatre, stand-up comedy, conjuring, variety shows, music hall, cabaret, juggling, circus & circus skills, etc
ATXMPuppetry, miniature & toy theatre
ATXPPageants, parades, festivals
ATXZAnimal spectacles, performing animals
ATXZ1Bullfighting
AVMusic
With AV* codes, assign STYLE Qualifier(s) as appropriate
AVATheory of music & musicology
AVCMusic reviews & criticism
AVDDiscographies & buyer’s guides
AVLMusic: styles & genres
With AVL* codes, ALWAYS assign STYLE Qualifier(s) as appropriate
AVLAArt music, orchestral & formal music
AVLCChoral music
AVLFOpera
AVLKSacred & religious music
AVLMMusic of film & stage
Class here: works on musicals, film scores
1.1
AVLPPopular music
Use for all forms of popular music, as distinct from art music and traditional music, such as light orchestral, Tin Pan Alley, all forms of Jazz, Rock and Pop music, Soul, Rap etc. ALWAYS assign STYLE Qualifier(s) to indicate the specific style or genre of music
AVLTTraditional & folk music
AVLW‘World music’ & regional styles
AVLXElectronic music
See also: AVRS Electronic musical instruments
AVMHistory of music
AVNComposers & songwriters
AVPMusicians, singers, bands & groups
AVQMusical scores, lyrics & libretti
AVQSSongbooks
Class here: songs for easy piano, guitar, etc
AVRMusical instruments
AVRGKeyboard instruments
AVRG1Piano1.2
AVRJPercussion instruments
AVRLString instruments
AVRL1Guitar
AVRL2Plucked instruments
AVRL3Violin1.2
AVRNWind instruments
AVRQMechanical musical instruments
AVRSElectronic musical instruments
See also: AVLX Electronic music
AVSTechniques of music / music tutorials / teaching of music
Class here: learning an instrument; self study tutorials & books for or about the teaching of music
1.2
AVSASinging: techniques
AVXMusic recording & reproduction
See also: UDM Digital music & audio: consumer / user guides, TTA Acoustic & sound engineering, KNT Media, entertainment, information & communication industries
CLanguage & Linguistics
CBLanguage: reference & general
With CB* codes, assign also LANGUAGE Qualifier(s), as appropriate
CBDDictionaries
CBDXBilingual & multilingual dictionaries
CBFThesauri
CBGUsage & grammar guides
CBPSpeaking in public: advice & guides
Use for general guides to public speaking, example speeches and quotes. For wedding and best man speeches, use with WJW
1.1
CBVCreative writing & creative writing guides
CBVSScreenwriting techniques
CBWWriting & editing guides
Class here: general guides as well as journalist style guides, technical writing, etc
CBXLanguage: history & general works
CFLinguistics
With CF* codes, assign also LANGUAGE Qualifier(s) as appropriate; reserve CF* codes for use with academic & specialist works only
CFAPhilosophy of language
See also: GTD Semiotics / semiology
CFBSociolinguistics
CFCLiteracy
See also: JNF Educational strategies & policy, VSL Adult literacy guides & handbooks
CFDPsycholinguistics
CFDCLanguage acquisition
CFDMBilingualism & multilingualism
CFFHistorical & comparative linguistics
Class here: etymology, language family studies
See also: CBX Language: history & general works
CFFDDialect, slang & jargon
See also: WHL Slang & dialect humour
CFGSemantics, discourse analysis, stylistics
Class here: pragmatics, lexicology, rhetoric
CFHPhonetics, phonology
CFKGrammar, syntax & morphology
CFLPalaeography
Class here: study of writing and writing systems
1.2
CFLAWriting systems, alphabets
CFMLexicography
CFPTranslation & interpretation
Class here: hermeneutics
CFXComputational linguistics
CFZSign languages, Braille & other linguistic communication
CJLanguage teaching & learning
Use CJ* codes for all material for teaching or learning a second language for adults, including ELT material; assign also LANGUAGE & EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE Qualifier(s) as appropriate
CJALanguage teaching theory & methods
CJBLanguage teaching & learning material & coursework
CJBGLanguage learning: grammar, vocabulary & pronunciation
CJBRLanguage readers
CJBTLanguage self-study texts
See also: WTK Language phrasebooks
CJCLanguage learning: specific skills
CJCKLanguage learning: speaking skills
CJCLLanguage learning: listening skills
CJCRLanguage learning: reading skills
CJCWLanguage learning: writing skills
CJPLanguage learning for specific purposes
CJPDLanguage learning for business
CJPGLanguage learning for technical & scientific purposes
DBiography, Literature & Literary studies
DBAncient, classical & medieval texts
Use for texts, other than sagas & epics, in an early, ancient or classical language, ideally with other D* code indicating literary form
1.1
DBSSagas & epics
Use for the texts of ancient and medieval sagas and epics, whether in original language or in modern translation. Assign PLACE Qualifiers where applicable. Use FN for modern re-tellings in the form of a novel
See also: FT Generational sagas, FN Myth & legend told as fiction
1.1
DBSGAncient Greek & Roman legends1.1
DBSNIcelandic & Old Norse sagas1.1
DCPoetry
With DC* codes, assign STYLE Qualifier where appropriate
DCAClassic & pre-20th century poetry
DCCModern & contemporary poetry (c 1900 onwards)
DCFPoetry by individual poets
DCQPoetry anthologies (various poets)
See also: DNT Anthologies: general
DDPlays, playscripts
With DD* codes, assign STYLE Qualifier where appropriate
See also: ATFD Film scripts & screenplays, ATJD Television screenplays, scripts & performances, ATLD Radio plays, scripts & performances
DDAClassic & pre-20th century plays
DDCModern & contemporary plays (c 1900 onwards)
DDLComedic plays1.2
DDTTragic plays1.2
DNBiography & non-fiction prose
Note: with DN* codes, assign also a specific subject code where possible, eg SFH “Golf” with DNBS
See also: FC Biographical fiction
DNBBiography: general
DNBAAutobiography: general
DNBBBiography: business & industry
DNBB1Autobiography: business & industry
DNBFBiography: arts & entertainment
Class here: ‘celebrity biographies’
DNBF1Autobiography: arts & entertainment
Class here: ‘celebrity autobiographies’
DNBHBiography: historical, political & military
DNBH1Autobiography: historical, political & military
DNBLBiography: literary
DNBL1Autobiography: literary
DNBMBiography: philosophy & social sciences1.2
DNBM1Autobiography: philosophy & social sciences1.2
DNBRBiography: royalty
DNBR1Autobiography: royalty
DNBSBiography: sport
DNBS1Autobiography: sport
DNBTBiography: science, technology & medicine
DNBT1Autobiography: science, technology & medicine
DNBXBiography: religious & spiritual
DNBX1Autobiography: religious & spiritual
DNBZCollected biographies
Use for biographies of several people in single volume; use after appropriate DNB* code indicating area where possible
See also: GBCB Dictionaries of biography (Who’s Who)
DNCMemoirs
Memoirs are typically less structured & less encompassing than entire autobiographies, & are often about part of a life (eg childhood, a politician’s time in office) rather than one’s whole life; use with an autobiography code from the DNB* sequence above to indicate area where possible
DNDDiaries, letters & journals
Use where diary or journal entries, or letters, are collected, rather than the work being written specifically as an autobiography. Use with an autobiography code from the DNB* sequence above to indicate area where possible
DNGAnimal life stories
Use for biographies of animals, such as performing animals, race-horses, rescue animals etc
DNLLiterary essays
Use only for essays, perhaps on various subjects; class essays on a subject, eg philosophy, economics, within the subject
1.2
DNPReportage & collected journalism
Use for more general works only, reportage & collected journalism on a subject, eg economics within the subject
See also: WTL* Travel writing, AJF Photojournalism
1.2
DNSSpeeches
Use for collections of transcribed speeches; use with other code indicating subject where possible
See also: QRVH Sermons
DNTAnthologies: general
Use for all anthologies except poetry anthologies; use with other code indicating subject or literary form where possible
See also: DCQ Poetry anthologies (various poets)
DNXTrue stories: general
Use DNX* codes for popular accounts of actual events written in a novelistic style
DNXCTrue crime
DNXHTrue stories of discovery
Use for discovery of a historical or scientific nature
1.2
DNXMTrue war & combat stories
DNXPTrue stories of heroism, endurance & survival
Use for primarily physical ordeals arising from misadventure, conflict, disasters etc
See also: DNXR True stories of survival of abuse & injustice
1.2
DNXRTrue stories of survival of abuse & injustice
Use for physical or emotional ordeals arising from deliberate mistreatment, miscarriages of justice, etc. Class here ‘misery memoirs’. Prefer DNXC for objective or criminal’s view of criminal activity
See also: DNXC True crime, DNXP True stories of heroism, endurance & survival
1.2
DNXZErotic confessions & true stories
DSLiterature: history & criticism
With DS* codes, assign also STYLE & LANGUAGE Qualifier(s), as appropriate
DSALiterary theory
DSBLiterary studies: general
DSBBLiterary studies: ancient, classical & medieval1.1
DSBCLiterary studies: c 1400 to c 1600
DSBDLiterary studies: c 1600 to c 1800
DSBFLiterary studies: c 1800 to c 1900
DSBHLiterary studies: c 1900 to c 2000
DSBH5Literary studies: post-colonial literature
DSBJLiterary studies: from c 2000
DSCLiterary studies: poetry & poets
DSGLiterary studies: plays & playwrights
DSKLiterary studies: fiction, novelists & prose writers
DSMComparative Literature1.2
DSRLiterary reference works
DSRCLiterary companions, book reviews & guides
See also: FZ Fiction companions, XR* Graphic novel & comic books: guides & reviews
DSYChildren’s & teenage literature studies: general
DSYCChildren’s & teenage book reviews & guides
FFiction & Related items
F* codes may be used with PLACE and/or TIME PERIOD Qualifiers where these aspects are particularly pertinent & significant; non-fiction codes may be added after F* codes to indicate specific central themes or topics in fiction
1.1
FBFiction: general & literary
Use FB only for literary & non-genre fiction where date not known; prefer FBA or FBC as appropriate where possible; FB* codes may be used with other F* codes indicating themes, genres or features where applicable
1.1
FBAModern & contemporary fiction
Class here: works of literary & non-genre fiction first published c 1960 onwards
1.1
FBCClassic fiction
Class here: works of literary & non-genre fiction first published before c 1960 or widely regarded as ‘classic’, but where available, prefer ‘classic’ headings for genre fiction below
1.1
FCBiographical fiction
Use for highly fictionalised accounts of the lives of real people (including fictionalised autobiographies). May be used with FV where applicable
See also: DN* Biography & non-fiction prose
1.1
FDSpeculative fiction
FDBDystopian & utopian fiction
Use for any fiction set in an ideal, dysfunctional or degraded society; use with FL* or other F* codes as appropriate
1.1
FDKAlternative history fiction
Use for any fiction, apart from Fantasy or SF, set in an imagined world that might have emerged had key historical events happened differently eg outcome of WW2
FFCrime & mystery fiction
FFCClassic crime fiction
Class here: works of crime fiction first published before c 1960 or widely regarded as ‘classic’
1.1
FFHHistorical mysteries
Use for contemporary mysteries set in past times, eg in Victorian, Medieval, Roman period; use PLACE and/or TIME PERIOD Qualifiers to indicate setting as appropriate
FFJCrime & mystery: cosy mystery
Use for mysteries set in rural or traditional communities featuring minimal violence & typically amateur sleuths
FFKComic (humorous) crime & mystery
FFLCrime & mystery: hard-boiled crime, noir fiction
FFPCrime & mystery: police procedural
FFSCrime & mystery: women sleuths
FGSports fiction
S* codes may be added after FG to indicate specific sport featured
1.1
FHThriller / suspense fiction
FHDEspionage & spy thriller
FHKTechnothriller
Use for thrillers incorporating scientific, technological (including computing), medical etc elements as important parts of the narrative
1.1
FHPPolitical / legal thriller
FHQEsoteric thriller
Use for thrillers featuring traditions of ancient, secret or esoteric knowledge, such as Holy Grail, etc
FHXPsychological thriller
FJAdventure fiction
FJHHistorical adventure fiction
Use for adventure novels set in past times; prefer specific FJM* code if applicable; use PLACE and/or TIME PERIOD Qualifiers to indicate setting as appropriate
FJMWar & combat fiction
FJMCNapoleonic War fiction
FJMFFirst World War fiction
FJMSSecond World War fiction
FJMVVietnam War fiction
FJWAdventure fiction: Westerns
FKHorror & supernatural fiction
FKCClassic horror & ghost stories
Class here: horror & ghost stories first published before c 1960 or widely regarded as ‘classic’
1.1
FKMContemporary horror
FKWOccult fiction
FLScience fiction
FLCClassic science fiction
Class here: science fiction published before c 1960 or widely regarded as ‘classic’
1.1
FLGScience fiction: time travel
FLMScience fiction: Steampunk
Class here: science fiction based on an alternative world where 19th century steam power has emerged as the dominant technology
1.1
FLPScience fiction: near-future
Class here: Cyberpunk; science fiction based on marginalised or low-life characters in a highly technologically advanced society
FLQScience fiction: apocalyptic & post-apocalyptic1.1
FLRScience fiction: military
Use for science fiction set within the military or where organised use of weaponry is central to the plot
See also: FLS Science fiction: Space opera
1.1
FLSScience fiction: Space opera
Use for science fiction set in space, usually with advanced cultures & technology
FLUScience fiction: aliens / UFOs1.1
FMFantasy
FMBEpic fantasy
Class here: High fantasy
1.1
FMHHistorical fantasy
FMKComic (humorous) fantasy
FMMMagical realism1.1
FMRFantasy romance, dark romance
Class here: vampire romance, etc
FMXUrban fantasy
FNMyth & legend told as fiction
Use for modern retellings in novel form
See also: DBS Sagas & epics
1.1
FPErotic fiction
Use with Qualifier 5X as appropriate
FQContemporary lifestyle fiction
Class here: ‘chick lit’, ‘lad lit’
1.1
FRRomance
FRDAdult & contemporary romance
FRHHistorical romance
Note: use for romantic fiction set c pre-1900, eg Regency period; use PLACE and/or TIME PERIOD Qualifiers to indicate setting as appropriate
FRMRomantic suspense
FRXErotic romance
Use for fiction aimed at Romance market but with explicit sexual content; use with Qualifier 5X as appropriate
FSFamily life fiction
Use for novels of domestic or small-scale family life
See also: FT Generational sagas
1.1
FTGenerational sagas
Use for novels which chronicle the fortunes of a family or families often over generations; do not use for Icelandic or Norse sagas. Class here: family sagas
See also: FS Family life fiction
1.1
FUHumorous fiction
Use for fiction where humour is the primary aim & feature except prefer genre-specific ‘humorous’ headings where available; may be used with other F* codes as appropriate
FUPSatirical fiction & parodies
Use for humorous fiction which is satirical and/or which parodies existing fiction, genres or writers
See also: WHP Parodies & spoofs: non-fiction, FYH Fiction: pastiche
FVHistorical fiction
Use for contemporary novels set in the past, ie set c pre-1900, except prefer genre-specific ‘historical’ headings where available; use with other F* codes as appropriate; use PLACE and/or TIME PERIOD Qualifiers to indicate setting as appropriate
FWReligious & spiritual fiction
Use for fiction designed to promote a particular religious, spiritual or visionary message; use with relevant 5PG* code as appropriate, or where unavailable, a QR* or VX* code
1.1
FXFiction: narrative themes
Use FX* codes after other F* codes indicating genre or type, to indicate the underlying narrative theme of a work of fiction
1.1
FXBNarrative theme: Coming of age
Class here: bildungsroman
1.1
FXENarrative theme: Environmental issues
Use for fiction that addresses a specific environmental issue as a central theme
1.2
FXLNarrative theme: Death, grief, loss
Use for fiction where a loss or the experience of grief is a central theme
1.2
FXMNarrative theme: Interior life
Use for fiction which places particular emphasis on interior characterization, and on the motives, feelings and thoughts of characters. Use FHX for psychological thrillers
1.1
FXPNarrative theme: Politics
Use for fiction where political concerns are the underlying narrative theme including political allegories. Use FHP for political thrillers
1.1
FXRNarrative theme: Sense of place
Use for fiction set in a real location (often but not necessarily rural or historic), where the setting very deeply pervades the work to the extent that it could not be set anywhere else; eg the French tradition of ‘roman du terroir’. Add appropriate PLACE Qualifiers
1.2
FXSNarrative theme: Social issues
Use for fiction that addresses a specific social problem or issue as a central theme
1.1
FYFiction: special features
Use FY* codes after other F* code indicating genre or type
FYBShort stories
FYHFiction: pastiche
Use for fiction written deliberately in the style of another (typically earlier) author (as homage rather than parody), often as a sequel to a novel written by, or using a popular character created by, the original author
See also: FUP Satirical fiction & parodies
FYMFiction: mashup
Use for fiction which combines a pre-existing text, often a classic novel, with another contrasting genre, such as horror, into a single narrative; use with other F* or non-fiction codes to indicate component elements
See also: FUP Satirical fiction & parodies
1.1
FYTFiction in translation
Use for fiction in translation from another language. Do not use Place or Language qualifiers to describe the detail of the original language. You may still use a Place qualifier if it is relevant to the plot or setting of the book. Apply additional F* codes to ensure classification is meaningful beyond the translation of the work itself.
1.2
FZFiction companions
Class here: companion works to popular fiction, typically uncritical, ‘fan’-based
See also: DSR Literary reference works, XR* Graphic novel & comic books: guides & reviews
GReference, Information & Interdisciplinary subjects
GBEncyclopaedias & reference works
GBAGeneral encyclopaedias
Use for non-subject-specific works only
GBCReference works
Use GBC after other subject code indicating the area or scope of the work
See also: CB* Language: reference & general, DSR* Literary reference works
GBCBDictionaries of biography (Who’s Who)
With GBC* codes, assign also a subject code indicating the area or scope of the work as appropriate
GBCDSubject dictionaries
Use for dictionaries covering a particular subject e.g. Legal dictionaries
1.2
GBCQDictionaries of quotations
Class here: collections of common phrases or aphorisms, helpful quotations for specific purposes
1.2
GBCRBibliographies, catalogues
See also: AVD Discographies & buyer’s guides
GBCSSerials, periodicals, abstracts, indexes
GBCTDirectories
GBCYYearbooks, annuals, almanacs
GLLibrary & information sciences / Museology
GLCLibrary, archive & information management
GLCAInformation retrieval & access
GLFIT, Internet & electronic resources in libraries
GLHAcquisitions & collection development
GLKBibliographic & subject control
Class here: indexing, cataloguing & classification
GLMLibrary & information services
Class here: academic, specialist, public & school libraries; reference, circulation & community services
GLPArchiving, preservation & digitisation
GLZMuseology & heritage studies
Class here: museum studies; curatorship; heritage interpretation; and historical conservation of culturally & socially significant sites, buildings, monuments etc
See also: ABC Conservation, restoration & care of artworks, AGC Exhibition catalogues & specific collections, RNK Conservation of the environment, TNKX Conservation of buildings & building materials, WTHM Travel guides: museums, historic sites, galleries etc
GPResearch & information: general
GPFInformation theory
GPFCCybernetics & systems theory
Class here: control & stability of systems, entropy
GPHData analysis: general
GPJCoding theory & cryptology
See also: URY Data encryption
GPQDecision theory: general
See also: KJMD Management decision making
GPQDRisk assessment
GPSResearch methods: general
See also: JHBC Social research & statistics, KJT Operational research
GTInterdisciplinary studies
GTBHistory of scholarship (principally social sciences & humanities)
For historical studies concentrating on fields of study not covered by the English term ‘science’ (cf history of science), but included for example in the German term ‘Wissenschaft’ (ie all kinds of academic studies)
See also: PDA Philosophy of science, PDX History of science
1.1
GTCCommunication studies
Use for Communication Studies textbooks and for works covering a range of aspects of communication – linguistic, social, industrial, technological etc
See also: JBCT* Media studies
GTDSemiotics / semiology
See also: CFA Philosophy of language
GTKCognitive studies
Use for interdisciplinary works
See also: QDTM Philosophy of mind, JM* Psychology, MKJ Neurology & clinical neurophysiology, PSAN Neurosciences, UYQ* Artificial intelligence, UXJ Computer applications in the social & behavioural sciences
1.1
GTMRegional studies
Use for interdisciplinary works covering a range of topics within a defined area; always assign PLACE Qualifier
See also: RGL Regional geography
GTPDevelopment studies
See also: KCM Development economics & emerging economies
GTQGlobalization
GTTFlags, emblems, symbols, logos
See also: NHTG Genealogy, heraldry, names & honours
GTUPeace studies & conflict resolution
See also: JWLP Peacekeeping operations
GTVInstitutions & learned societies: general
See also: JPSN International institutions
GTZGeneral studies
Use for coursework aimed specifically at General Studies courses at advanced secondary and undergraduate level
JSociety & Social Sciences
JBSociety & culture: general
Use JB* codes for both general & academic works on social topics; use with JH* codes for sociology textbooks & other specialist works as appropriate
See also: VFV* Family & relationships: advice & issues
JBCCultural & media studies
JBCCCultural studies
JBCC1Popular culture
JBCC2Material culture
Class here: role of artefacts & objects in society
JBCC3Cultural studies: fashion & society
JBCC4Cultural studies: food & society
JBCC6Cultural studies: customs & traditions1.2
JBCC9History of ideas
JBCTMedia studies
See also: GTC Communication studies
JBCT1Media studies: Internet, digital media & society
JBCT2Media studies: TV & society
JBCT3Media studies: advertising & society
JBCT4Media studies: Journalism
See also: KNTP Publishing industry & journalism
1.2
JBFSocial & ethical issues
See also: PDR Impact of science & technology on society, RNT Social impact of environmental issues, QDTQ Ethics & moral philosophy
JBFASocial discrimination & equal treatment
Class here: both issues of inequality & discrimination and measures to address these issues; positive discrimination
JBFCPoverty & unemployment
JBFDHousing & homelessness
JBFFSocial impact of disasters
JBFGRefugees & political asylum
JBFHMigration, immigration & emigration
JBFKViolence in society
JBFK1Child abuse
JBFK2Sexual abuse & harassment
JBFK3Domestic violence
JBFMDisability: social aspects
JBFNHealth, illness & addiction: social aspects
Use with MBP to indicate social aspects of health systems
1.2
JBFQSocial mobility
JBFSConsumerism
JBFUAnimals & society
Class here: animal rights, vivisection, hunting, etc treated as issues
JBFVEthical issues & debates
See also: QDTQ Ethics & moral philosophy, PSAD Bioethics
1.1
JBFV1Ethical issues: abortion & birth control1.1
JBFV2Ethical issues: capital punishment1.1
JBFV3Ethical issues: censorship1.1
JBFV4Ethical issues: euthanasia & right to die1.1
JBFV5Ethical issues: scientific, technological & medical developments1.1
JBFWSex, sexuality, relationships & society: general
Class here: general interest works on sex & society, pornography and the sex industry
See also: VFVC Sex & sexuality: advice & issues, JMU Psychology: sexual behaviour, JHBK Sociology: family & relationships
1.1
JBFXSocial attitudes
Class here: political correctness
JBFZSocial forecasting, future studies
JBGPopular beliefs & controversial knowledge1.2
JBGBFolklore, myths & legends
Class here: Atlantis, Holy Grail etc
See also: FN Myth & legend told as fiction, QRS* Ancient religions & mythologies
JBGXConspiracy theories
Class here: conspiracy theories, hoaxes etc
1.2
JBSSocial groups
JBSASocial classes
JBSCRural communities
JBSDUrban communities
JBSFGender studies, gender groups
JBSF1Gender studies: women & girls
JBSF11Feminism & feminist theory
JBSF2Gender studies: men & boys
JBSF3Gender studies: transgender, transsexual, intersex people1.2
JBSJGay & Lesbian studies
Assign also 5PS* values from INTEREST Qualifiers, as appropriate
JBSLEthnic studies
Assign also 5PB* values from INTEREST Qualifiers, as appropriate
JBSL1Ethnic minorities & multicultural studies
Class here: Race relations
JBSL11Indigenous peoples
JBSPAge groups & generations1.2
JBSP1Age groups: children
JBSP2Age groups: adolescents
JBSP3Age groups: adults
JBSP4Age groups: the elderly
JBSRSocial groups: religious groups & communities
Assign also 5PG* values from INTEREST Qualifiers and QR* codes as appropriate
JBSWSocial groups: alternative lifestyles
JBSXSecret societies
Class here: Freemasonry
See also: QRY* Alternative belief systems, FHQ Esoteric thriller
JBSYSocial groups: clubs & societies
Class here: voluntary association or ‘elective affinities’, how & why people join & associate themselves with specific groups
JHSociology & anthropology
Use JH* codes for textbooks or academic & specialist works; use with other J* codes indicating specific topics where appropriate
JHBSociology
JHBASocial theory
JHBCSocial research & statistics
See also: GPS Research methods: general
JHBDPopulation & demography
JHBKSociology: family & relationships
Class here: sociology of sexual relations
See also: VFV* Family & relationships: advice & issues, JBFW Sex, sexuality, relationships & society: general
JHBLSociology: work & labour
JHBSSociology: sport & leisure
JHBZSociology: death & dying
See also: VFJX Coping with death & bereavement
JHMAnthropology1.2
JHMCSocial & cultural anthropology
Class here: ethnography, kinship, customs & traditions
See also: JBCC* Cultural studies
JKSocial services & welfare, criminology
JKSSocial welfare & social services
JKSBWelfare & benefit systems
JKSB1Child welfare
JKSFAdoption & fostering
JKSGCare of the elderly
JKSMCare of the mentally ill
See also: MBPK Mental health services
JKSNSocial work
JKSN1Charities, voluntary services & philanthropy
JKSN2Social counselling & advice services
JKSRAid & relief programmes
JKSWEmergency services
JKSW1Police & security services
JKSW2Fire services
JKSW3Ambulance & rescue services
JKVCrime & criminology
See also: DNXC True crime
JKVCCauses & prevention of crime
JKVFCriminal investigation & detection
JKVF1Forensic science
See also: MKT Forensic medicine, JMK Criminal or forensic psychology
JKVGDrugs trade / drug trafficking
JKVJStreet crime / gun crime
JKVKCorporate crime
JKVMOrganized crime
JKVPPenology & punishment
Class here: prisons, penitentiaries; penal systems & theories
See also: JWXR Prisoners of war
JKVQOffenders
JKVQ1Rehabilitation of offenders
JKVQ2Juvenile offenders
Class here: juvenile delinquency
JKVSProbation services
JMPsychology
Use JM* codes for academic, specialist and professional level works; prefer VS* codes for practical advice for the general reader
See also: VSP* Popular psychology
JMAPsychological theory, systems, schools & viewpoints
See also: QDTM Philosophy of mind
1.2
JMAFPsychoanalytical & Freudian psychology
Class here: psychoanalysis
1.2
JMAJAnalytical & Jungian psychology
JMALBehaviourism, Behavioural theory1.2
JMANHumanistic psychology
JMAPPositive psychology1.2
JMAQCognitivism, cognitive theory
JMBPsychological methodology
JMBTPsychological testing & measurement
JMCChild, developmental & lifespan psychology
See also: JNC Educational psychology
JMDPsychology of ageing
JMFFamily psychology
JMGPsychology of gender
JMHSocial, group or collective psychology
JMJOccupational & industrial psychology
See also: SCGP Sports psychology
JMKCriminal or forensic psychology
See also: JKV* Crime & criminology
JMLExperimental psychology
JMMPhysiological & neuro-psychology, biopsychology
JMPAbnormal psychology
See also: MKM* Clinical psychology
JMQPsychology: emotions
JMRCognition & cognitive psychology
Class here: psychological works on learning, memory, intelligence, reasoning, perception
JMSPsychology: the self, ego, identity, personality
JMTPsychology: states of consciousness
Class here: psychological works on conscious & unconscious mind; sleep & dreams; altered states of mind, hypnosis, drug-induced, etc
See also: VXN Dreams & their interpretation
JMUPsychology: sexual behaviour
See also: VFVC Sex & sexuality: advice & issues, JBFW Sex, sexuality, relationships & society: general
JMXParapsychological studies
Use for serious academic works
See also: VXP Psychic powers & psychic phenomena
JNEducation
JNAPhilosophy & theory of education1.1
JNAMMoral & social purpose of education
Class here: works supporting the theories behind education focussed particularly on themes connected to society and behaviour in it
1.11.2
JNBHistory of education
Class here: history of specific schools, colleges, as well as general history
JNCEducational psychology
JNDEducational systems & structures
Class here: issues of selection, admissions, inspection, governance etc
JNDGCurriculum planning & development
JNDHEducation: examinations & assessment
JNFEducational strategies & policy
Class here: teaching strategies for literacy, numeracy etc; policies regarding streaming etc
1.2
JNFCCounselling of students
Class here: pastoral care
1.2
JNFKEducational strategies & policy: Inclusion1.2
JNHHome schooling
JNKEducational administration & organization
Class here: issues of bullying, truancy, discipline
JNKGFunding of education & student finance
JNKHTeaching staff
JNLSchools
See also: VSK Advice on education
JNLAPre-school & kindergarten
JNLBPrimary & middle schools
Class here: elementary, preparatory, infant & junior schools
JNLCSecondary schools
JNLPIndependent schools, private education
JNLRFaith (religious) schools
JNMHigher & further education, tertiary education
Class here: all advanced & further education; colleges offering vocational, technical or non-degree courses; universities
See also: VSK Advice on education
JNMTTeacher training
JNPAdult education, continuous learning
See also: VSL Adult literacy guides & handbooks, VSN Adult numeracy guides & handbooks
JNQOpen learning, distance education
JNRCareers guidance
JNRVIndustrial or vocational training
Use for works on industrial/vocational training as a subject; classify vocational coursework under the appropriate subject
JNSTeaching of students with special educational needs
JNSCTeaching of students with physical impairment or disability
Class here: teaching of students with impaired hearing or vision, or any physical disability giving rise to specific educational needs
JNSGTeaching of students with learning difficulties
Class here: teaching of students with dyslexia, autism, behavioural difficulties, or any mental impairment etc giving rise to specific educational needs
JNTTeaching skills & techniques
Class here: classroom control, mentoring
JNTCCompetence development1.2
JNUTeaching of a specific subject
Assign also the code for the subject taught, using YP* Educational codes where appropriate
JNUMTeachers’ classroom resources & material
Class here: interactive resources, teachers’ editions of textbooks, etc; assign also the code for the subject taught, using YP* Educational codes where appropriate
JNVEducational equipment & technology, computer-aided learning (CAL)
JNWExtra-curricular activities
Class here: field trips, school trips, sporting and community activities, events, performances, etc; also playtime/mealtime, after-school activities, school clubs etc
1.2
JNZStudy & learning skills: general
JPPolitics & government
JPAPolitical science & theory
JPBComparative politics
JPFPolitical ideologies
JPFBAnarchism
JPFCMarxism & Communism
JPFFSocialism & left-of-centre democratic ideologies
JPFKLiberalism & centre democratic ideologies
JPFMConservatism & right-of-centre democratic ideologies
JPFNNationalism
JPFQFascism & Nazism
JPFRReligious & theocratic ideologies
JPHPolitical structure & processes
JPHCConstitution: government & the state
JPHFElections & referenda
Class here: psephology
JPHLPolitical leaders & leadership
JPHVPolitical structures: democracy
JPHXPolitical structures: totalitarianism & dictatorship
JPLPolitical parties
JPPPublic administration
See also: KNV Civil service & public sector
JPQCentral / national / federal government
JPQBCentral / national / federal government policies
See also: KCP Political economy
JPRRegional, state & other local government
Class here: Any government within a country that is not municipal or city based, which are within scope of JPT
1.2
JPRBRegional, state & other local government policies
Class here: Policy of any government within a country that is not municipal or city based, which are within scope of JPT
1.2
JPSInternational relations
JPSDDiplomacy
JPSFArms negotiation & control
Class here: Arms Race, arms stockpiling
JPSHEspionage & secret services
JPSLGeopolitics
JPSNInternational institutions
Class here: UN & UN agencies, EU institutions, etc
See also: GTV Institutions & learned societies: general
JPTMunicipal / city government
Can include city regions e.g. Greater London, Bay Area or boroughs and other key subdivisions
1.2
JPVPolitical control & freedoms
Class here: political propaganda
JPVCCivics & citizenship
JPVHHuman rights, civil rights
Class here: freedom of speech, of information, of worship; land rights etc
JPVRPolitical oppression & persecution
JPWPolitical activism
JPWAPublic opinion & polls
JPWCPolitical campaigning & advertising
JPWGPressure groups & protest movements
Class here: lobbying, demonstrations, civil disobedience, passive resistance
JPWHNon-governmental organizations (NGOs)
JPWLTerrorism, armed struggle
Class here: Political assassination
1.2
JPWQRevolutionary groups & movements
See also: NHTV Revolutions, uprisings, rebellions
JPWSArmed conflict
Class here: uprisings, armed skirmishes, flashpoints, outbreaks of organized violence short of full-scale war
JPZPolitical corruption
JWWarfare & defence
JWATheory of warfare & military science
JWCMilitary forces & sectors
JWCDLand forces & warfare
JWCGIrregular or guerrilla forces & warfare
JWCKNaval forces & warfare
See also: NHTM Maritime history
JWCMAir forces & warfare
JWCSSpecial & elite forces
JWJMilitary administration
Class here: personnel issues, discipline, procurement, funding etc
JWKMilitary & defence strategy
Class here: military tactics, civil defence
JWKFMilitary intelligence
JWLWar & defence operations
See also: NHW* Military history
JWLFBattles & campaigns
JWLPPeacekeeping operations
See also: GTU Peace studies & conflict resolution
JWMWeapons & equipment
Use with code from JWC to indicate sector
See also: WCK Militaria, arms & armour
JWMCChemical & biological weapons
JWMNNuclear weapons
JWMVMilitary vehicles
Use with code from JWC to indicate sector
JWTMilitary institutions, memorials
Class here: regiments, uniforms, insignia, memorials, war cemeteries etc
See also: WCK Militaria, arms & armour
JWXOther warfare & defence issues
JWXFArms trade
JWXKWar crimes
See also: NHTZ Genocide & ethnic cleansing, NHTZ1 The Holocaust
JWXNMercenaries
JWXRPrisoners of war
JWXTMutiny
JWXVMilitary veterans
JWXZCombat / defence skills & manuals
KEconomics, Finance, Business & Management
KCEconomics
KCAEconomic theory & philosophy
Includes history of economic thought, for which assign also TIME PERIOD Qualifiers as appropriate
1.2
KCBMacroeconomics
KCBMMonetary economics
KCCMicroeconomics
Class here: economics of domestic trade; consumer activity, business decisions, etc
KCDEconomics of industrial organisation
KCFLabour economics
KCGEconomic growth
KCHEconometrics & economic statistics
KCJEconomic forecasting
KCKBehavioural economics
KCLInternational economics
Class here: international finance, international trade, trade agreements etc
See also: RGCM Economic geography
KCMDevelopment economics & emerging economies
See also: GTP Development studies
KCPPolitical economy
KCSEconomic systems & structures
Class here: works on systems such as free market, transitional economies, planned economies, etc
KCVEconomics of specific sectors
KCVDAgricultural economics
KCVGEnvironmental economics
KCVJHealth economics
KCVKWelfare economics
KCVSUrban economics
KCXEconomic & financial crises & disasters
KCYPopular economics
Class here: accessible works for the general reader
KCZEconomic history
KFFinance & accounting
Use KF* codes for academic, specialist and professional level works; prefer VS* codes for practical advice for the general reader
KFCAccounting
See also: UFK Accounting software
KFCCCost accounting
KFCFFinancial accounting
KFCMManagement accounting & bookkeeping
Class here: auditing
KFCPPublic finance accounting
KFCRFinancial reporting, financial statements
KFCXAccounting: study & revision guides
KFFFinance
See also: VSB Personal finance
KFFDPublic finance & taxation
See also: KCP Political economy
KFFHCorporate finance
KFFKBanking
KFFLCredit & credit institutions
KFFMInvestment & securities
Class here: commodities, stocks & shares, bonds, futures, hedge funds etc
See also: VSB Personal finance
KFFNInsurance & actuarial studies
KFFPPensions
See also: VSR Retirement
KFFRProperty & real estate
See also: VSH Housing & property for the individual: buying/selling & legal aspects
KFFXBanking & finance: study & revision guides
KJBusiness & Management
Use KJ* codes for academic, specialist and professional level works; prefer VS* codes for practical advice for the general reader
KJBBusiness studies: general
KJBXBusiness & management: study & revision guides
KJCBusiness strategy
KJDBusiness innovation
KJDDDisruptive innovation
Use for developments that create new markets and value networks, and typically disrupt and replace existing markets
KJEE-commerce: business aspects
See also: KJSG Web-marketing
KJFBusiness competition
KJGBusiness ethics & social responsibility
KJHEntrepreneurship
KJJBusiness & the environment; ‘green’ approaches to business
KJKInternational business
KJLConsultancy & grants for businesses
KJMManagement & management techniques
See also: VSC Advice on careers & achieving success
KJMBManagement: leadership & motivation
KJMDManagement decision making
See also: GPQ Decision theory: general
KJMKKnowledge management
KJMPProject management
KJMQQuality Assurance (QA) & Total Quality Management (TQM)
KJMTTime management
KJMVManagement of specific areas
KJMV1Budgeting & financial management
KJMV2Personnel & human resources management
KJMV4Management of real estate, property & plant
KJMV5Production & quality control management
KJMV6Research & development management
KJMV7Sales & marketing management
KJMV8Purchasing & supply management
KJMV9Distribution & logistics management
KJNBusiness negotiation
KJPBusiness communication & presentation
KJQBusiness mathematics & systems
KJRCorporate governance: role & responsibilities of boards & directors
Class here: role & responsibilities of company secretary etc
See also: KJG Business ethics & social responsibility
1.1
KJSSales & marketing
See also: KJMV7 Sales & marketing management
KJSAAdvertising
KJSCBrands & branding
KJSGWeb-marketing
Class here: use of social media and online resources to market products
See also: KJE E-commerce: business aspects
KJSMMarket research
KJSPPublic relations
KJSUCustomer services
KJTOperational research
KJUOrganizational theory & behaviour
KJVOwnership & organization of enterprises
KJVBTakeovers, mergers & buy-outs
KJVDPrivatization
KJVFFranchises
KJVGMultinationals
KJVNPublic ownership / nationalization
KJVPMonopolies
KJVSSmall businesses & self-employed
KJVTOutsourcing
KJVVJoint ventures
KJVWEmployee-ownership & co-operatives
KJVXNon-profitmaking organizations
KJWOffice & workplace
KJWBOffice management
KJWFOffice systems & equipment
KJWSSecretarial, clerical & office skills
KJWXWorking patterns & practices
Class here: teleworking, call centres, etc
KJZHistory of specific companies / corporate history
See also: NHTK Industrialisation & industrial history
KNIndustry & industrial studies
KNAAgribusiness & primary industries
Class here: fisheries, forestry, mining etc
See also: KCVD Agricultural economics
KNBEnergy industries & utilities
Class here: solid fuel, gas, electricity, nuclear power, petroleum, renewable energy and water industries
KNDManufacturing industries
Class here: all manufacturing industries including food, chemicals, textiles, hi-tech, arms, vehicles etc
KNGTransport industries
Class here: all transport industries; road, shipping, railway, aerospace etc
See also: WG* Transport: general interest
KNJConstruction & heavy industry
Class here: iron & steel, metals industry
KNPRetail & wholesale industries
KNSHospitality & service industries
Class here: tourism, hotel & catering, sports & leisure, security, fashion & beauty industries etc
KNTMedia, entertainment, information & communication industries
Class here: advertising industries, postal, telecommunications industries etc
See also: GTC Communication studies, JBCT Media studies
KNTCCinema, TV & Radio industries1.1
KNTFMusic industry
Class here: recorded and live music sectors, music publishing
1.1
KNTPPublishing industry & journalism1.1
KNTP1Publishing & book trade
Class here: print, e-book & digital publishing, journals
1.2
KNTP2News media & journalism
Class here: print and online news, newspapers & magazines
1.2
KNTXInformation technology industries
See also: KJE E-commerce: business aspects
KNVCivil service & public sector
See also: JPP Public administration
KNXIndustrial relations, health & safety
Class here: trade unions, industrial action, industrial arbitration & negotiation, industrial health & safety etc. Use for all industry and commerce, not specifically manufacturing or heavy industry
1.1
KNXCHealth & safety issues1.1
KNXNIndustrial arbitration & negotiation1.1
KNXUTrade unions1.1
LLaw
LAJurisprudence & general issues
LABMethods, theory & philosophy of law
LAFSystems of law
LAFCSystems of law: common law
LAFDSystems of law: civil codes / civil law
LAFRSystems of law: Roman law
LAFSSystems of law: Islamic law
See also: LW Shariah law
LAFTSystems of law: Jewish Law
LAFXSystems of law: ecclesiastical (canon) law
LAMComparative law
LAQLaw & society, sociology of law
LAQGLaw & society, gender issues
LARLegal aspects of criminology
LASLegal skills & practice
LASDLegal skills: advocacy
LASPLegal practice: paralegals & paralegalism
LATLegal profession: general
See also: LNAL Legal systems: regulation of legal profession
LATCLegal ethics & professional conduct
LAYLaw as it applies to other professions & disciplines
See also: VSD Law, citizenship & rights for the lay person
LAZLegal history
LBInternational law
LBBPublic international law
LBBCPublic international law: treaties & other sources
LBBC1Public International law: customary law
LBBDPublic international law: diplomatic law
LBBFPublic international law: jurisdiction & immunities
LBBJPublic international law: territory & statehood
LBBKPublic international law: law of the sea
Class here: law concerning maritime boundaries, marine resources, etc as it affects sovereign states
See also: LBDM International law, transport & commerce: maritime law
LBBLPublic International law: health
LBBMPublic international law: economic & trade
LBBM1Public international law, economic & trade: tariffs
LBBM3Public international law, economic & trade: investment treaties & disputes
LBBM5Public international law: energy & natural resources
LBBM7Public international law, economic & trade: corporations
LBBPPublic international law: environment
LBBP1Public international law, environment: agricultural law
LBBQPublic international law: administration
LBBRPublic international law: human rights
LBBR1Public international law, human rights: labour & social
LBBSPublic international law: humanitarian law
Class here: refugee law, law of war
LBBUPublic international law: international organisations & institutions
LBBVPublic international law: responsibility of states & other entities
LBBZPublic international law: criminal law
LBDInternational law: transport, communications & commerce
LBDAInternational law, transport: space & aerospace law
LBDKInternational law: transnational commerce & international sale of goods law
LBDMInternational law, transport & commerce: maritime law
Class here: law concerning shipping, cargo, insurance, piracy etc as it affects commercial bodies but not sovereign states
See also: LBBK Public international law: law of the sea
LBDTInternational law: communications, telecommunications & media
LBGPrivate international law & conflict of laws
LBHInternational law: international disputes & civil procedure
LBHGInternational law: courts & procedures
LBHTInternational law: arbitration
LBJInternational law: intellectual property
LBKInternational law: sports
LBLInternational law reports
LNLaws of specific jurisdictions & specific areas of law
With LN* codes, assign also PLACE Qualifiers to indicate jurisdiction, as appropriate
LNALegal systems: general
LNAALegal systems: courts & procedure
LNAA1Legal systems: judicial powers
LNAA2Legal systems: law of contempt
LNACLegal systems: civil procedure, litigation & dispute resolution
See also: LNFX Criminal procedure
LNAC1Civil remedies
LNAC12Restitution
LNAC14Damages & compensation
LNAC16Injunctions & other orders
LNAC3Civil procedure: law of evidence
LNAC4Civil procedure: investigation & specific proceedings
LNAC5Arbitration, mediation & alternative dispute resolution
LNAFLegal systems: costs & funding
LNALLegal systems: regulation of legal profession
LNBPrivate or civil law: general
LNBALegal entity (natural & legal persons)
LNBBCivil registration system
LNCCompany, commercial & competition law: general
LNCBCommercial law
LNCB1Franchising law
LNCB2E-commerce law
LNCB3Sale of goods law
LNCB4Outsourcing law
LNCB5Shipping law
See also: LBDM International law, transport & commerce: maritime law
LNCB6Aviation law
LNCB7Catering, restaurants & crafts law
LNCCRegulatory compliance
LNCDCompany law
LNCD1Mergers & acquisitions law
LNCERegistry & proceedings law
LNCFPartnership & cooperative law
LNCGTransformation law, change of corporate form
LNCHCompetition law / Antitrust law
LNCJContract law
LNCKCompany & business offences
LNCLAgency law
LNCNProcurement law
LNCQConstruction & engineering law
LNCQ1Private construction & engineering law
LNCQ2Public construction law
LNCREnergy & natural resources law
LNDConstitutional & administrative law: general
LNDACitizenship & nationality law
LNDA1Immigration law
LNDA3Asylum law
LNDBAdministrative jurisdiction & public administration
LNDB1Administrative law, general
LNDB2Administrative procedure & courts
LNDB3State & public properties & assets
LNDB4Sanctioning power of the administration
LNDB5Compulsory expropriation, compulsory purchase, eminent domain
LNDB6Making of rules & administrative acts
LNDB7Regulation of public services
See also: LNCN Procurement law
1.2
LNDB8Law of science & research, university college law
See also: PDJ Regulation of science & experimentation
LNDCHuman rights & civil liberties
LNDC1Constitutional law & human rights
LNDC2Privacy law
LNDC4Freedom of expression law
LNDC5History of constitution & comparative constitutional law
LNDECivil Servants law
LNDFFreedom of information law
LNDGReligious law & concordats
LNDHGovernment powers
LNDJState liability & compensation law
LNDKMilitary & defence law & civilian service law
LNDLSafety & police law, regulatory & weapons law
LNDMJudicial review
LNDPParliamentary & legislative practice
LNDSElection law
LNDULocal government law
LNDVRegional government law
LNDXConstitution
LNEEconomic administrative law & public commercial law
LNEAFinancial administration & public finance law
LNEBForeign economics & customs law
LNECLaw of allowances & subsidies
LNEFPublic procurement, services & supplies
LNFCriminal law: procedure & offences
LNFBCriminal justice law
LNFGCriminal law: offences against the government
LNFG1Offences against the State, against public administration & the administration of justice
LNFG2Offences against land use & city planning, monument, land & environment protection
LNFJCriminal law: offences against the person
LNFJ1Harassment & stalking
LNFJ2Gender violence
LNFLCriminal law: offences against property
LNFNFraud
LNFQJuvenile criminal law
LNFROffences against public health, safety, order
LNFSCriminal law: additional penalty law
LNFTRoad traffic law, motoring offences
LNFUCriminal law: fiscal offences
LNFVCriminal law: terrorism law
LNFWCorruption
LNFXCriminal procedure
LNFX1Sentencing & punishment
LNFX3Criminal procedure: law of evidence
LNFX31Criminal procedure: investigation & specific proceedings
LNFX5Police law & police procedures
LNFX51Police law: preliminary injunction
LNFX7Prison law
LNFYJury trials
LNHEmployment & labour law: general
LNHDDiscrimination in employment & harassment law
LNHHOccupational health & safety law, working time law
LNHJLabour rules violations & penalties
LNHRIndustrial relations & trade unions law
LNHUEmployment contracts
LNHWLaw of professional training
LNHXEmployment & labour law: procedure, dispute resolution
LNJEntertainment & media law
LNJDDefamation law, slander & libel
LNJSSport & the law
LNJXAdvertising, marketing & sponsorship law
LNKEnvironment, transport & planning law: general
LNKFAgricultural law
LNKGAnimal law
LNKJEnvironment law
LNKKDisaster control & fire protection law
LNKNNature conservation law
LNKPWater & wastewater law
LNKTTransport law
LNKVWays & highways law
LNKWPlanning law
LNKXProtection of historic buildings & cultural assets
LNLLaw: equity & trusts, foundations
LNMFamily law
LNMBFamily law: marriage, separation & divorce
LNMCFamily law: cohabitation
LNMFFamily law: same-sex partnership
LNMIFamily law: financial statement between spouses
LNMKFamily law: children
LNPFinancial law: general
LNPAAccounting & auditing law
LNPBBanking law
LNPCBankruptcy & insolvency
Class here: judicial and related approaches to winding up or restructuring companies with financial issues.
1.2
LNPC1Bankruptcy law: extrajudicial procedures
Class here: approaches to company financial issues beyond the judicial e.g. voluntary arrangements.
1.2
LNPDCapital markets & securities law & regulation
LNPFFinancial services law & regulation
LNPNInsurance law
LNPPPensions, old-age provisions & private compensation
LNQIT & Communications law / Postal laws & regulations
See also: LNCB2 E-commerce law
LNQDData protection law
LNQEComputer crime, cybercrime
LNRIntellectual property law
LNRCCopyright law
LNRDPatents law
LNRFTrademarks law
LNRLDesigns law
LNRVConfidential information law
LNSProperty law: general
See also: LNKW Planning law
LNSHLand & real estate law
LNSH1Ownership & mortgage law
LNSH3Landlord & tenant law
LNSH5Conveyancing law
LNSH7Rating & valuation law
LNSH9Housing law
LNSPPersonal property law
LNTSocial law & Medical law
LNTCCharity law
LNTDEducation law
LNTHSocial security & welfare law
LNTH1Social insurance law
LNTJPublic health & safety law
LNTMMedical & healthcare law
LNTM1Mental health law
LNTM2Regulation of medicines & medical devices
LNTNPharmaceutical law
LNTQDisability & the law
LNTSLaw & the elderly
LNTUConsumer protection law
LNTVFood law
LNTXLicensing, gaming & club law
LNUTaxation & duties law
LNUCCorporate & business tax
LNUDLocal taxation, charges, public prices, excise duties
LNUPPersonal tax
LNUSSales tax & tariffs & customs duties
LNUTTrusts & estates taxation, gift tax
LNUUReal estate tax, property valuation
LNUVExcise taxes
LNUWOther transaction taxes
LNUXInternational taxation law
LNUYTaxation procedure
LNVLaw of torts, damages & compensation
See also: LNAC14 Damages & compensation
LNVCNegligence
Use for both general & professional negligence
LNVFNuisance
LNVJPersonal injury
LNWLaw: wills, probate, succession
LNXPublic Law1.2
LNZPrimary sources of law
LNZCSources of law: case law, precedent
LNZLSources of law: legislation
LWShariah law
LWFShariah law: four Schools of Fiqh
LWFAShariah law: Al-Shafi’i School of Fiqh
LWFBShariah law: Al-Hanbali School of Fiqh
LWFCShariah law: Al-Maaliki School of Fiqh
LWFDShariah law: Al-Hanafi School of Fiqh
LWKShariah law: key topics & practice
LWKFShariah law: family relations
LWKGShariah law: crime & punishment
LWKHShariah law: inheritance & disposal of property
LWKLShariah law: economics & finance
LWKMShariah law: dietary
LWKNShariah law: alcohol & gambling
LWKPShariah law: customs & behaviour
LWKRShariah law: administration of justice (including penalties & apostasy)
LWKTShariah law: Islamic rituals
LWKT1Shariah law: Islamic rituals: purification
LWKT2Shariah law: Islamic rituals: jihad
LWKT3Shariah law: Islamic rituals: prayer & funeral prayer
LWKT4Shariah law: Islamic rituals: zakat (alms)
LWKT5Shariah law: Islamic rituals: fasting
LWKT6Shariah law: Islamic rituals: pilgrimage
LXLaw: study & revision guides
MMedicine & Nursing
MBMedicine: general issues
MBDMedical profession
MBDCMedical ethics & professional conduct
MBDPDoctor/patient relationship
MBDSPatient safety
Use for professional and specialist works concerning procedures, safeguards, standards & training designed to ensure the safety & welfare of patients within healthcare systems
See also: MJCJ3 Hospital infections
1.1
MBFMedical & health informatics
See also: PSAX Computational biology / bioinformatics
MBGMedical equipment & techniques
MBGLMedical laboratory testing & techniques
MBGRMedical research
MBGR1Clinical trials
MBGTTelemedicine
MBNPublic health & preventive medicine
MBNCMedical screening
MBNHPersonal & public health
Class here: specialist & professional works on health education, patient education
1.1
MBNH1Hygiene
MBNH2Environmental factors
MBNH3Dietetics & nutrition
MBNH4Birth control, contraception, family planning
MBNH9Health psychology
MBNSEpidemiology & medical statistics
MBPHealth systems & services
MBPAPrimary care medicine, primary health care
MBPCGeneral practice
MBPKMental health services
MBPMMedical administration & management
MBPNNursing home care
Class here: elder care, convalescent home & hospices
See also: JKSG Care of the elderly, MQCL4 Geriatric nursing, MQCL9 Terminal care nursing
1.2
MBPRMedical insurance
MBQMedicolegal issues
MBSMedical sociology
MBXHistory of medicine
See also: NHTF History: plagues, diseases etc
MFPre-clinical medicine: basic sciences
See also: PSB Biochemistry
MFCAnatomy
MFCCCytology
MFCHHistology
MFCRRegional anatomy
MFCXDissection
MFGPhysiology
MFGCCellular physiology
MFGGRegional physiology
MFGMMetabolism
MFGVBiomechanics, human kinetics
Class here: exercise physiology
See also: SCGF Sport science, physical education
MFKHuman reproduction, growth & development
MFKCReproductive medicine
MFKC1Infertility & fertilization
MFKC3Embryology
MFKHHuman growth & development
MFKH3Maturation & ageing
MFNMedical genetics
MJClinical & internal medicine
MJAMedical diagnosis
MJADExamination of patients
MJCDiseases & disorders
MJCGCongenital diseases & disorders
MJCG1Hereditary diseases & disorders
MJCJInfectious & contagious diseases
MJCJ1Venereal diseases
MJCJ2HIV / AIDS
MJCJ3Hospital infections
See also: MBDS Patient safety
MJCLOncology
MJCL1Radiotherapy
MJCL2Chemotherapy
MJCMImmunology
MJCM1Allergies
MJDCardiovascular medicine
MJEMusculoskeletal medicine
See also: MNS Surgical orthopaedics & fractures
MJFHaematology
MJGEndocrinology
MJGDDiabetes
MJHGastroenterology
MJJHepatology
MJKDermatology
MJLRespiratory medicine
MJMRheumatology
MJPOtorhinolaryngology (ENT)
MJPDAudiology & otology
MJQOphthalmology
MJRRenal medicine & nephrology
MJRDHaemodialysis
MJSUrology & urogenital medicine
Class here: male sexual dysfunction
MKMedical specialties, branches of medicine
MKAAnaesthetics
MKALPain & pain management
MKBPalliative medicine
MKCGynaecology & obstetrics
MKCMMaterno-fetal medicine
MKDPaediatric medicine
MKDNNeonatal medicine
MKEDentistry
MKEPOral & maxillofacial surgery
MKFPathology
MKFCCytopathology
MKFHHistopathology
Class here: biopsy
MKFKChronic disease1.2
MKFMMedical microbiology & virology
MKFPMedical parasitology
MKFSPsychosomatics1.2
MKGPharmacology
MKGTMedical toxicology
MKGWPsychopharmacology
MKHRegenerative medicine1.1
MKHCRegenerative medicine: stem cells1.11.2
MKJNeurology & clinical neurophysiology
MKJAAutism & Asperger’s Syndrome
MKJDAlzheimer’s & dementia
MKLPsychiatry
MKMClinical psychology
See also: JMP Abnormal psychology
MKMTPsychotherapy
MKMT1Psychotherapy: general
MKMT2Psychotherapy: group
MKMT3Psychotherapy: child & adolescent
MKMT4Psychotherapy: couples & families
MKMT5Psychotherapy: counselling
MKMT6Cognitive behavioural therapy
MKNGeriatric medicine
MKPAccident & emergency medicine
MKPBTrauma & shock
MKPDBurns
MKPLIntensive care medicine
MKRNuclear medicine
MKSMedical imaging
See also: TTBM Imaging systems & technology
MKSFUltrasonics
MKSGNuclear magnetic resonance (NMR / MRI)
MKSHRadiology
MKSJTomography
MKTForensic medicine
MKVEnvironmental medicine
MKVBAviation & space medicine
MKVDDiving & hyperbaric medicine
MKVPOccupational medicine
See also: KNX Industrial relations, health & safety
MKVTTropical medicine
MKWSports injuries & medicine
See also: SCGF Sport science, physical education
MKZTherapy & therapeutics
See also: MJCL1 Radiotherapy, MJCL2 Chemotherapy, MKMT* Psychotherapy, MQS Physiotherapy, MQT* Occupational therapy
MKZDEating disorders & therapy
MKZFObesity: treatment & therapy
MKZLSpeech & language disorders & therapy
MKZRAddiction & therapy
MKZSSleep disorders & therapy
MKZVGene therapy
MNSurgery
See also: MKEP Oral & maxillofacial surgery
MNBSurgical techniques
MNCGeneral surgery
MNDAbdominal surgery
MNGGastrointestinal & colorectal surgery
MNHCardiothoracic surgery
MNJVascular surgery
MNKSurgical oncology
MNLCritical care surgery
MNNNeurosurgery
MNPPlastic & reconstructive surgery
MNPCCosmetic surgery
MNQTransplant surgery
MNSSurgical orthopaedics & fractures
See also: MJE Musculoskeletal medicine
MNZPeri-operative care
MQNursing & ancillary services
MQCNursing
MQCANursing fundamentals & skills
MQCBNursing research & theory
MQCHNurse/patient relationship
MQCLNursing specialties
MQCL1Accident & emergency nursing
MQCL2Intensive care nursing
MQCL3Paediatric nursing
MQCL4Geriatric nursing
MQCL5Psychiatric nursing
MQCL6Surgical nursing
MQCL9Terminal care nursing
MQCMNursing pharmacology
MQCWNursing sociology
MQCXCommunity nursing
MQCZNursing management & leadership
MQDMidwifery
MQDBBirthing methods
MQFFirst aid & paramedical services
MQHRadiography
MQKChiropody & podiatry
MQPPharmacy / dispensing
MQROptometry / opticians
MQSPhysiotherapy
MQTOccupational therapy
MQTCCreative therapy (eg art, music, drama)
MQUMedical counselling
MQVRehabilitation
MQVBRehabilitation: brain & spinal injuries
MQWBiomedical engineering
MQWBOrthotics
MQWPProsthetics
MQZMortuary practice
MRMedical study & revision guides & reference material
MRGMedical study & revision guides
MRGDMedical revision aids: MRCP
MRGKMedical revision aids: MRCS
MRGLMedical revision aids: PLAB
MRTMedical charts, colour atlases
MXComplementary medicine
Use MX* codes for works for medical students & practitioners; prefer VXH* codes for popular & Mind Body Spirit treatments
See also: VXH* Complementary therapies, healing & health
MXHChiropractic & osteopathy
MZVeterinary medicine
MZCVeterinary medicine: small animals (pets)
MZDVeterinary medicine: large animals (domestic / farm)
MZDHEquine veterinary medicine
MZFVeterinary medicine: laboratory animals
MZGVeterinary medicine: exotic & zoo animals
MZHVeterinary anatomy & physiology
MZKVeterinary pathology & histology
MZLVeterinary nutrition
MZMVeterinary medicine: infectious diseases & therapeutics
MZMPVeterinary bacteriology, virology, parasitology
MZPVeterinary pharmacology
MZRVeterinary radiology
MZSVeterinary surgery
MZSNVeterinary anaesthetics
MZTVeterinary dentistry
MZVVeterinary nursing
MZXComplementary medicine for animals
NHistory & Archaeology
NHHistory
For histories of specific subjects, use appropriate category within that subject where present, eg PDX “History of science”
NHAHistory: theory & methods
NHAHHistoriography
NHAPHistorical research: source documents
See also: CFL Palaeography
NHBGeneral & world history
NHCAncient history
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHDEuropean history
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHDAEuropean history: the Romans
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHDCEuropean history: the Celts
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHDEEuropean history: the Vikings
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHDGEuropean history: the Normans
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHDJEuropean history: medieval period, middle ages
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHDLEuropean history: Renaissance
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHDNEuropean history: Reformation
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHFAsian history
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHGMiddle Eastern history
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHHAfrican history
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHHAAfrican history: pre-colonial period
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHKHistory of the Americas
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHKAHistory of the Americas: pre-Columbian period
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHMAustralasian & Pacific history
Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
NHQHistory of specific lands
Class here: titles not covered by other NH* codes. Assign also relevant PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers
1.2
NHTHistory: specific events & topics
Use NHT* codes with regional NH* codes where possible; also assign PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers as appropriate
NHTBSocial & cultural history
NHTDOral history
NHTFHistory: plagues, diseases etc
See also: MBX History of medicine
NHTGGenealogy, heraldry, names & honours
See also: WQY Family history, tracing ancestors, VFXB1 Baby names: guides for parents, GTT Flags, emblems, symbols, logos
NHTKIndustrialisation & industrial history
See also: KJZ History of specific companies / corporate history
NHTMMaritime history
NHTPHistorical geography
NHTP1Historical maps & atlases
See also: RGXB World atlases / world maps
NHTQColonialism & imperialism
NHTRNational liberation & independence, post-colonialism
NHTSSlavery & abolition of slavery
NHTTInvasion & occupation
NHTVRevolutions, uprisings, rebellions
See also: JPWQ Revolutionary groups & movements
NHTWThe Cold War
NHTZGenocide & ethnic cleansing
NHTZ1The Holocaust
NHWMilitary history
With all NHW* codes, assign PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers as appropriate
See also: JW* Warfare & defence
NHWAAncient warfare
NHWFEarly modern warfare (including gunpowder warfare)
NHWLModern warfare
NHWRSpecific wars & campaigns
NHWR1Specific battles
NHWR3Civil wars
NHWR5First World War
NHWR7Second World War
NHWR9Military history: post-WW2 conflicts
NKArchaeology
NKAArchaeological theory
NKDArchaeology by period / region
Assign also PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers as appropriate
NKLLandscape archaeology
NKPEnvironmental archaeology
NKRUnderwater archaeology
NKTIndustrial archaeology
NKVBattlefield archaeology
NKXArchaeological science, methodology & techniques
PMathematics & Science
PBMathematics
PBBPhilosophy of mathematics
PBCMathematical foundations
PBCDMathematical logic
PBCHSet theory
PBCNNumber systems
PBDDiscrete mathematics
Class here: finite mathematics
PBFAlgebra
PBGGroups & group theory
PBHNumber theory
PBJPre-calculus
PBKCalculus & mathematical analysis
PBKACalculus
PBKBReal analysis, real variables
PBKDComplex analysis, complex variables
PBKFFunctional analysis & transforms
Class here: Fourier, Hilbert, Laplace, Z transforms
PBKJDifferential calculus & equations
PBKLIntegral calculus & equations
PBKQCalculus of variations
PBKSNumerical analysis
PBMGeometry
PBMBTrigonometry
PBMHEuclidean geometry
PBMLNon-Euclidean geometry
PBMPDifferential & Riemannian geometry
PBMSAnalytic geometry
PBMWAlgebraic geometry
PBMXFractal geometry
PBPTopology
PBPDAlgebraic topology
PBPHAnalytic topology
PBTProbability & statistics
PBTBBayesian inference
PBUOptimization
PBUDGame theory
PBUHLinear programming
PBVCombinatorics & graph theory
PBWApplied mathematics
See also: TBJ Maths for engineers, PDE Maths for scientists, UYAM Maths for computer scientists
PBWHMathematical modelling
PBWLStochastics
PBWRNonlinear science
PBWSChaos theory
PBWXFuzzy set theory
PBXHistory of mathematics
PDScience: general issues
PDAPhilosophy of science
PDCScientific nomenclature & classification
PDDScientific standards, measurement etc
PDEMaths for scientists
See also: PBW Applied mathematics
PDGIndustrial applications of scientific research & technological innovation
PDJRegulation of science & experimentation
Use for works on regulation, whether legal or directed by other bodies or authorities, aimed at scientists and practitioners. Use with other P* code indicating area of science where appropriate. See LNDB8 for works aimed at legal professionals
1.1
PDKScience funding & policy
PDMScientific research
PDNScientific equipment, experiments & techniques
PDRImpact of science & technology on society
Use with appropriate code from Section J wherever possible
1.1
PDTNanosciences
Use for nanomaterials, nanomaterial synthesis, nanoparticle chemistry. See TBN for general and nano-engineering aspects of nanotechnology
1.1
PDXHistory of science
See also: TBX History of engineering & technology
PDZPopular science
Use with other P* code indicating area of science given popular treatment
See also: WNX Popular astronomy & space, WNW* The Earth: natural history: general interest
PGAstronomy, space & time
See also: TTD* Space science
PGCTheoretical & mathematical astronomy
See also: PHVB Astrophysics
PGGAstronomical observation: observatories, equipment & methods
See also: WNX Popular astronomy & space
PGKCosmology & the universe
PGMGalaxies & stars
PGSSolar system: the Sun & planets
PGTAstronomical charts & atlases
PGZTime (chronology), time systems & standards
PHPhysics
PHDClassical mechanics
PHDBElementary mechanics
PHDDAnalytical mechanics
PHDFFluid mechanics
PHDSWave mechanics (vibration & acoustics)
PHDTDynamics & statics
PHDVGravity
PHDYEnergy
PHFMaterials / States of matter
PHFBLow temperature physics
PHFCCondensed matter physics (liquid state & solid state physics)
PHFC1Soft matter physics
PHFC2Mesoscopic physics
PHFGPhysics of gases
PHFPPlasma physics
PHHThermodynamics & heat
PHJOptical physics
PHJLLaser physics
PHKElectricity, electromagnetism & magnetism
PHMAtomic & molecular physics
PHNNuclear physics
PHPParticle & high-energy physics
PHQQuantum physics (quantum mechanics & quantum field theory)
PHRRelativity physics
Class here: physics of time
1.2
PHSStatistical physics
PHUMathematical physics
PHVApplied physics
PHVBAstrophysics
PHVDMedical physics
PHVGGeophysics
See also: RBG* Geology, geomorphology & the lithosphere
PHVJAtmospheric physics
PHVNBiophysics
PHVQChemical physics
PHVSCryogenics
PNChemistry
See also: TDC Industrial chemistry & chemical engineering, TQ* Environmental science, engineering & technology
PNBMedicinal chemistry
Class here drug discovery and design, drug development
See also: MKG Pharmacology
1.1
PNCEnvironmental chemistry
Use TQ* for practical applications of environmental chemistry. Class here: atmospheric, soil and water chemistry, chemical pollution and remediation
See also: RBGK Geochemistry
1.1
PNDFood chemistry
Use TDCT2 for practical applications of food chemistry
1.1
PNFAnalytical chemistry
PNFCChromatography
PNFRMagnetic resonance
PNFSSpectrum analysis, spectrochemistry, mass spectrometry
PNKInorganic chemistry
PNNOrganic chemistry
PNNDOrganometallic chemistry
PNNPPolymer chemistry
PNRPhysical chemistry
PNRAComputational chemistry1.1
PNRCColloid chemistry
PNRDCatalysis
PNRD1Bio-catalysis1.1
PNREExperimental chemistry1.2
PNRHElectrochemistry & magnetochemistry
Class here: battery chemistry
1.1
PNRLNuclear chemistry, photochemistry & radiation
PNRPQuantum & theoretical chemistry
PNRRPhysical organic chemistry1.1
PNRSSolid state chemistry
PNRWThermochemistry & chemical thermodynamics
PNRXSurface chemistry & adsorption
PNTCrystallography
PNVChemistry of minerals, crystals & gems1.2
PSBiology, life sciences
Use PS* codes for academic, specialist and professional level works; prefer WN* codes for natural history etc for the general reader
See also: WN* Nature & the natural world: general interest
PSALife sciences: general issues
PSABTaxonomy & systematics
PSADBioethics
Class here: issues surrounding the ethics of practices typically connected to new developments in biology and medicine
See also: MBDC Medical ethics & professional conduct, JBFV Ethical issues & debates
1.2
PSAFEcological science, the Biosphere
Use for comprehensive scientific, objective & descriptive works on living organisms & their relationship with their environment
See also: RNC Applied ecology
PSAGXenobiotics
PSAJEvolution
PSAKGenetics (non-medical)
Class here: DNA, Genome etc
See also: TCBG Genetic engineering, MFN Medical genetics
PSANNeurosciences
Use MKMT6 “Cognitive behavioural therapy” for therapeutic aspects of neuroscience
See also: MKJ Neurology & clinical neurophysiology, GTK Cognitive studies
1.1
PSAN1Cellular & molecular neuroscience1.1
PSAN2Developmental neuroscience1.1
PSAN3Neuroimaging & neuroanatomy1.1
PSAN4Sensory & motor systems1.1
PSAN5Cognitive & behavioural neuroscience1.1
PSAXComputational biology / bioinformatics
See also: MBF Medical & health informatics
PSBBiochemistry
Class here: biochemical immunology, non-medical toxicology, enzymology, lipids etc
PSCDevelopmental biology
PSDMolecular biology
PSEChemical biology
Class here: synthetic biology
1.1
PSFCellular biology (cytology)
PSGMicrobiology (non-medical)
Class here: protozoa, non-medical bacteriology, parasitology, virology etc
PSGNProtozoa
PSPHydrobiology
See also: RBK Hydrology & the hydrosphere
PSPAPhycology (algae & seaweed)1.2
PSPFFreshwater biology
See also: RBKF Limnology (inland waters)
PSPMMarine biology
See also: RBKC Oceanography (seas)
PSQMycology, fungi (non-medical)
Class here: lichen
1.2
PSTBotany & plant sciences
PSTBPlant biology1.1
PSVZoology & animal sciences
See also: WNC Wildlife: general interest
PSVAZoology: insects (entomology) & other invertebrates
Class here: molluscs, crustaceans, arachnids (spiders), annelids (worms)
See also: WNCN Wildlife: butterflies, other insects & spiders: general interest
PSVCZoology: fishes (ichthyology)
See also: WNCS Wildlife: aquatic creatures: general interest
PSVFZoology: amphibians & reptiles (herpetology)
See also: WNCK Wildlife: reptiles & amphibians: general interest
PSVJZoology: birds (ornithology)
See also: WNCB Wildlife: birds & birdwatching: general interest
PSVMZoology: mammals
See also: WNCF Wildlife: mammals: general interest
PSVM1Zoology: marsupials & monotremes
PSVM2Zoology: marine & freshwater mammals
Class here: cetacea & sirenia – whales, dolphins, seacows, etc; class seals, sea lions, walruses, etc under PSVM
See also: WNCS Wildlife: aquatic creatures: general interest
PSVM3Zoology: primates (primatology)
Class here: lemurs, monkeys, apes
PSXHuman biology
PSXEEvolutionary anthropology
Class here: Early man, palaeoanthropology, hominidae & human forebears
1.2
QPhilosophy & Religion
QDPhilosophy
QDHHistory of philosophy, philosophical traditions
QDHAAncient philosophy
QDHCEast Asian & Indian philosophy
QDHFMedieval philosophy
Class here: Scholastic philosophy, Aquinas, Erasmus, etc
1.2
QDHHHumanist philosophy
See also: QRYA Humanist & secular alternatives to religion
1.2
QDHKIslamic & Arab philosophy
See also: QRP* Islam
QDHMWestern philosophy: Enlightenment
Class here: Empiricism, Rationalism, Descartes to Kant
QDHRModern philosophy: since c 1800
QDHR1Idealism
QDHR3Pragmatism
QDHR5Phenomenology & Existentialism
QDHR7Structuralism & Post-structuralism
QDHR9Analytical philosophy & Logical Positivism
QDTTopics in philosophy
See also: KCA Economic theory & philosophy, JNA Philosophy & theory of education, CFA Philosophy of language, PBB Philosophy of mathematics, PDA Philosophy of science
QDTJPhilosophy: metaphysics & ontology
See also: QRAB Philosophy of religion
QDTKPhilosophy: epistemology & theory of knowledge
QDTLPhilosophy: logic
QDTMPhilosophy of mind
See also: JMA Psychological theory, systems, schools & viewpoints, GTK Cognitive studies
QDTNPhilosophy: aesthetics
See also: ABA Theory of art
QDTQEthics & moral philosophy
See also: JBFV Ethical issues & debates, KJG Business ethics & social responsibility, LATC Legal ethics & professional conduct, MBDC Medical ethics & professional conduct, PSAD Bioethics
QDTSSocial & political philosophy
See also: JPA Political science & theory, JPF Political ideologies, LAB Methods, theory & philosophy of law
QDXPopular philosophy
Class here: accessible works for the general reader seeking to apply principles of philosophy to everyday life
See also: JBFV Ethical issues & debates, VSP Popular psychology
QRReligion & beliefs
QRAReligion: general
QRABPhilosophy of religion
QRAB1Nature & existence of God
QRACComparative religion
QRAFInterfaith relations
QRAMReligious issues & debates
Use QRAM* codes with other QR* code indicating religion concerned, or with QRAC if comparative
QRAM1Religious ethics
QRAM2Religion & politics
QRAM3Religion & science
QRAM6Religious fundamentalism
QRAM7Blasphemy, heresy, apostasy
QRAM9Religious intolerance, persecution & conflict
Class here: ‘holy war’, Jihad
QRAXHistory of religion
QRDHinduism
QRDBHinduism: branches & groups
QRDFHindu sacred texts
QRDF1Hindu texts: Vedas, Upanishads
QRDF2Hindu texts: Bhagavad Gita
QRDPHindu life & practice
QRFBuddhism
QRFBBuddhism: branches & groups
QRFB1Theravada Buddhism
QRFB2Mahayana Buddhism
QRFB21Tibetan Buddhism
QRFB23Zen Buddhism
QRFFBuddhist sacred texts
QRFPBuddhist life & practice
QRJJudaism
QRJBJudaism: branches & groups
QRJB1Orthodox Judaism
QRJB3Liberal & Reform Judaism
QRJFJudaism: sacred texts
QRJF1Jewish texts: Tanakh, Torah
QRJF5Rabbinic literature
QRJPJudaism: life & practice
QRMChristianity
QRMBChristian Churches, denominations, groups
QRMB1Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church
QRMB2Orthodox & Oriental Orthodox Churches
Class here: Greek, Russian, Coptic, Syrian Churches, etc
QRMB3Protestantism & Protestant Churches
QRMB31Anglican & Episcopalian Churches
Class here: Church of England
QRMB32Baptist Churches
QRMB33Calvinist, Reformed & Presbyterian Churches
Class here: United Reformed, Church of Scotland, Huguenots, etc
QRMB34Lutheran Churches
QRMB35Methodist Churches
QRMB36Pentecostal Churches
QRMB37Quakers (Religious Society of Friends)
QRMB39Other Nonconformist & Evangelical Churches
QRMB5Denominations of American origin
Class here: Adventists, Mormons (Latter Day Saints), Jehovah’s Witnesses, Christian Science, etc
QRMB8Christian & quasi-Christian cults & sects
QRMB9Ecumenism
QRMFChristianity: sacred texts
QRMF1Bibles
QRMF12Old Testaments
QRMF13New Testaments
QRMF19Bible readings, selections & meditations
QRMPChristian life & practice
QRMP1Christian sacraments
QRPIslam
QRPBIslam: branches & groups
QRPB1Islamic groups: Sunni, Alsalaf
QRPB2Islamic groups: Khawarij, Kharijite
QRPB3Islamic groups: Shi’ah, Shi’ite
QRPB4Islamic groups: Sufis
QRPFIslamic sacred texts
QRPF1The Koran (Qur’an)
QRPPIslamic life & practice
QRROther World religions
QRRBBaha’i
QRRCJainism
QRRDSikhism
QRRFZoroastrianism
QRRLEast Asian religions
QRRL1Confucianism
QRRL3Shintoism
QRRL5Taoism
QRRTTribal religions
QRSAncient religions & mythologies
Class here: paganism; use with PLACE Qualifier as appropriate
QRSAAncient Egyptian religion & mythology
QRSGAncient Greek religion & mythology
QRSLRoman religion & mythology
QRSTCeltic religion & mythology
QRSWNorse religion & mythology
QRVAspects of religion
Use QRV* codes after other QR* code indicating religion concerned; prefer religion-specific codes above where available, eg for Buddhist sacred texts, use QRFF, not QRF with QRVA
1.1
QRVASacred texts
QRVCCriticism & exegesis of sacred texts
Class here: concordances, commentaries
QRVGTheology
QRVHSermons
See also: DNS Speeches
QRVJPrayers & liturgical material
QRVJ1Worship, rites & ceremonies
Class here: religious festivals, pilgrimage, etc
QRVJ2Prayer & prayerbooks
QRVJ3Devotional material
QRVKSpirituality & religious experience
QRVK2Mysticism
QRVPReligious life & practice
QRVP3Religious instruction
QRVP5Religious counselling
QRVP7Religious aspects of sexuality, gender & relationships
QRVSReligious institutions & organizations
QRVS1Religious & spiritual figures
Class here: religious leaders and influential or inspirational figures such as saints, gurus, mystics, prophets, theologians etc
1.1
QRVS2Religious social & pastoral thought & activity
QRVS3Religious ministry
QRVS4Religious mission & conversion
QRVS5Religious communities & monasticism
QRVXPersonal religious testimony & popular inspirational works
QRYAlternative belief systems
QRYAHumanist & secular alternatives to religion
See also: QDHH Humanist philosophy
QRYA5Agnosticism & atheism
QRYCEclectic & esoteric religions & belief systems
QRYC1Gnosticism
QRYC5Theosophy & Anthroposophy
QRYMContemporary non-Christian & para-Christian cults & sects
Class here: Scientology, apocalyptic cults, etc
QRYM2Spiritualism
QRYXOccult studies
Use for serious & academic works only
See also: VXW* Mysticism, magic & occult interests
QRYX2Magic, alchemy & hermetic thought
QRYX5Witchcraft
QRYX9Satanism & demonology
REarth Sciences, Geography, Environment, Planning
RBEarth sciences
Use RB* codes for academic, specialist and professional level works; prefer WN* codes for natural history etc for the general reader
See also: RGB* Physical geography & topography
RBCVolcanology & seismology
RBGGeology, geomorphology & the lithosphere
See also: PHVG Geophysics
1.2
RBGBSedimentology & pedology
See also: PNC Environmental chemistry, TNCC Soil & rock mechanics, TVBP Soil science & management
1.2
RBGDGeomorphology & geological surface processes
Class here: erosion, deposition, glaciology, fluvial and aeolian processes etc
1.2
RBGFHistorical geology
Class here: plate tectonics, continental drift
RBGGPetrology, petrography & mineralogy1.2
RBGHStratigraphy
RBGKGeochemistry
See also: PNC Environmental chemistry, PNV Chemistry of minerals, crystals & gems
RBGLEconomic geology
Class here: petroleum & mining geology
RBKHydrology & the hydrosphere
See also: PSP Hydrobiology
RBKCOceanography (seas)
See also: PSPM Marine biology
RBKFLimnology (inland waters)
Class here: rivers, lakes (including saline lakes), etc
See also: PSPF Freshwater biology
1.2
RBPMeteorology & climatology
See also: WNWM Weather & climate: general interest
RBXPalaeontology
RGGeography
With RG* codes, assign also PLACE Qualifiers as appropriate
RGBPhysical geography & topography
For rivers and lakes etc, use RBKF
1.2
RGBAArid zones, deserts
RGBCPlains & grasslands
RGBC1Prairies
RGBC2Savanna
RGBDTundra
RGBFWetlands, swamps, fens
RGBLForests & woodland
RGBL1Rainforest
RGBL2Mixed forest
RGBL3Broadleaf forest
RGBL4Boreal, coniferous forest
Class here: Taiga
RGBPCoastlines
Class here: Deltas & estuaries
See also: RBK* Hydrology & the hydrosphere
1.2
RGBRCoral reefs
RGBSMountains
RGCHuman geography
RGCDDevelopment & environmental geography1.2
RGCGPopulation & migration geography
Class here: population growth and movement
1.2
RGCMEconomic geography
RGCPPolitical geography
See also: JPSL Geopolitics
RGCSSocial geography1.2
RGCTTourism geography1.2
RGCUSettlement, urban & rural geography1.2
RGLRegional geography
See also: GTM Regional studies
RGMBiogeography
See also: RN* The environment, PSAF Ecological science, the Biosphere
RGRGeographical discovery & exploration
See also: WTLP Expeditions: popular accounts
RGVCartography, map-making & projections
RGWGeographical information systems & remote sensing
Class here: geomatics, quantative and qualitative methods, geostatistics, spatial analysis , GPS
1.2
RGXGeographical reference works
RGXBWorld atlases / world maps
Class here: globes
See also: NHTP1 Historical maps & atlases, WTR* Travel maps & atlases
RGXHGeographical maps (specialist)
Class here: specialist / topographical maps only, with another code indicating specific subject or application where possible
See also: WTR* Travel maps & atlases
RGXMNaval & marine charts1.2
RGXPPlace names & gazetteers
RNThe environment
RNAEnvironmentalist thought & ideology
Class here: ecocentrism, technocentrism, deep ecology, ecofeminism, etc
RNBEnvironmentalist, conservationist & Green organizations
RNCApplied ecology
Use for works taking a wide-ranging or ‘issues’-based approach
See also: PSAF Ecological science, the Biosphere
RNCBBiodiversity
RNDEnvironmental policy & protocols
See also: KCVG Environmental economics
RNFEnvironmental management
Use with code from RBK* or RGB* to indicate specific environment or habitat
1.2
RNFDDrought & water supply
See also: TQSW Water supply & treatment
RNFFFood security & supply
RNFYEnergy resources
RNHWaste management
Class here: recycling, biodegradability
See also: TQSR Waste treatment & disposal
RNKConservation of the environment
RNKHConservation of wildlife & habitats
RNKH1Endangered species & extinction of species
RNPPollution & threats to the environment
See also: TQK Pollution control
RNPDDeforestation
RNPGClimate change
Class here: global warming, ‘greenhouse effect’, ozone depletion
RNQNuclear issues
RNRNatural disasters
RNTSocial impact of environmental issues
RNUSustainability
See also: TBR Intermediate technology, THV Alternative & renewable energy sources & technology, VSZ Self-sufficiency & ‘green’ lifestyle
RPRegional & area planning
RPCUrban & municipal planning
Class here: city & town planning
See also: AMVD City & town planning: architectural aspects
RPGRural planning
RPTTransport planning & policy
SSports & Active outdoor recreation
SCSport: general
SCBSporting events & management
Use SCB* codes with other code denoting specific sport, where applicable
SCBBOlympic & Paralympic games
SCBGSports governing bodies
SCBMSports management & facilities
SCBTSports teams & clubs
SCBVSporting venues
SCGSports training & coaching
SCGFSport science, physical education
See also: MFGV Biomechanics, human kinetics
SCGPSports psychology
SCKDrug abuse in sport
SCLDisabled sports / Disability sports
SCXHistory of sport
SFBall sports / ball games
SFBFootball variants & related games
SFBCAssociation football (Soccer)1.2
SFBDAmerican football
SFBFAustralian Rules football
SFBHCanadian football1.2
SFBKGaelic football
SFBTRugby Union
SFBVRugby League
SFCBaseball
Class here: softball
1.2
SFDCricket
SFHGolf
SFJField hockey
See also: STK Ice hockey
1.2
SFKLacrosse
SFLHurling
SFMBasketball
SFNNetball
SFPVolleyball
SFQHandball1.1
SFTRacket games
SFTATennis
SFTBBadminton
SFTCSquash & rackets (racquets)1.2
SFTDTable tennis
SFVBowls, bowling, petanque
SFXSnooker, billiards, pool
SHAthletics, gymnastics & related sports
SHBTrack & field sports, athletics
SHBFMarathon & cross-country running
SHBMMultidiscipline sports
Class here: triathlon, pentathlon, heptathlon, etc
SHGGymnastics
SHPWeightlifting
SKEquestrian & animal sports
See also: ATXZ1 Bullfighting, SVH Hunting or shooting animals & game
SKGHorse racing
SKLRiding, showjumping & horsemanship
Class here: eventing, dressage etc
See also: WNGH Horses & ponies: general interest
SKRDog racing
SMVehicle sports
SMCAir sports & recreations
Class here: ballooning, paragliding, skydiving, gliding, etc
SMFMotor sports
Class here: karting, go-karts, any motorised sports not listed below
SMFACar racing
Class here: Formula 1, Grand Prix, Indianapolis 500, etc
SMFCMotor rallying / rally driving
SMFFStock car & hot rod racing
Class here: NASCAR, Daytona 500 etc
SMFKMotorcycle racing
Class here: road & track motorcycle racing; TT, Speedway etc
SMQCycle racing
Class here: road & velodrome (track) cycling racing; Tour de France etc
See also: SZD Cycling: general & touring, WGD Bicycles & non-motorised transport: general interest & maintenance
SMQBBMX cycling
SMXRollerblading, skateboarding, etc
SPWater sports & recreations
SPCSwimming & diving1.2
SPCAUnderwater (sub-aqua) swimming1.2
SPCA1Scuba diving1.2
SPCA2Snorkelling1.2
SPCDDiving
Class here: platform and springboard diving etc
1.2
SPCSSwimming
Class here: open water & pool swimming
1.2
SPGSurfing, windsurfing, water skiing
SPNBoating
SPNDMotor / power boating & cruising
Class here: speedboat racing
SPNGSailing
SPNKCanoeing & kayaking
SPNLRowing & sculling
SRCombat sports & self-defence
SRBBoxing
SRCWrestling
SRFFencing
SRMMartial arts
Class here: Capoeira, Krav Maga, Taekwondo etc
1.2
SRMAAikido1.2
SRMJJudo1.2
SRMKJu-jitsu1.2
SRMLKarate1.2
SRMMKendo1.2
SRMNKung-fu1.2
SRMSSumo1.2
STWinter sports
STASkiing
STAAAlpine skiing
Class here: Downhill skiing
1.2
STABBiathlon1.2
STANNordic skiing
Class here: Nordic combined
1.2
STAN1Cross-country skiing1.2
STAN2Ski jumping1.2
STCSnowboarding
STGIce-skating
STHSpeed skating1.2
STJFigure skating1.2
STKIce hockey
See also: SFJ Field hockey
SVField sports: fishing, hunting, shooting
SVFFishing, angling
SVHHunting or shooting animals & game
SVRArchery
SVSSmall firearms, guns & other equipment
SVTTarget shooting
SXOther sports & competitive activities
SXBBodybuilding
SXQExtreme sports
Class here: bungee jumping, etc
SZActive outdoor pursuits
SZCWalking, hiking, trekking
SZDCycling: general & touring
See also: SMQ Cycle racing, WGD Bicycles & non-motorised transport: general interest & maintenance
SZERunning & jogging
SZGClimbing & mountaineering
SZKOrienteering
SZNCaving & potholing
SZRCamping & woodcraft
SZVOutdoor survival skills
TTechnology, Engineering, Agriculture
TBTechnology: general issues
TBCEngineering: general
TBDTechnical design
See also: AKP Product design, UGC Computer-aided design (CAD)
TBDGErgonomics
TBGEngineering graphics & technical drawing
TBJMaths for engineers
See also: PBW Applied mathematics
TBMInstruments & instrumentation engineering
TBMMEngineering measurement & calibration
TBNNanotechnology
TBRIntermediate technology
TBXHistory of engineering & technology
See also: PDX History of science
TBYInventions & inventors
TCBiochemical engineering
TCBBiotechnology
TCBGGenetic engineering
Class here: cloning; stem cell technology
See also: PSAD Bioethics, PSAK Genetics (non-medical)
TCBSBiosensors
See also: TJS Sensors
TDIndustrial chemistry & manufacturing technologies
TDCIndustrial chemistry & chemical engineering
Class here: technology of detergents, rubber; biocides etc
1.1
TDCAAgrichemicals1.1
TDCFFuels & petrochemicals1.1
TDCJDyestuffs, pigments & paint technology
Class here: cosmetics technology
1.1
TDCPPlastics & polymers
See also: TGMP Engineering applications of polymers & composites
1.1
TDCQCeramic & glass technology1.1
TDCTFood & beverage technology
Use TDCT* for brewing & winemaking technology
See also: TTVC Hotel & catering trades, PND Food chemistry
1.1
TDCT1Food & beverage safety
Class here: food quality, impact of food regulation and policy
See also: RNFF Food security & supply
1.1
TDCT2Food & beverage processing & engineering
Class here: food processing by ingredient
1.1
TDCWPharmaceutical chemistry & technology1.1
TDCXProcess engineering technology & techniques
Class here: reaction engineering
1.1
TDPOther manufacturing technologies
Class here: technology of leather, timber, paper; also manufacture of precision instruments, appliances etc
1.1
TDPFTextiles & fibres1.1
TDPMMetals technology / metallurgy
TGMechanical engineering & materials
TGBMechanical engineering
TGBFTribology (friction & lubrication)
TGBNEngines & power transmission
TGMMaterials science
TGMBEngineering thermodynamics
TGMDMechanics of solids
Class here: dynamics, vibration, stress, fracture etc
TGMFMechanics of fluids
Class here: aerodynamics, hydraulics, pneumatics, flow, turbulence, rheology etc
TGMLEngineering applications of bio-materials1.1
TGMMEngineering applications of electronic, magnetic, optical materials1.1
TGMPEngineering applications of polymers & composites
See also: TDCP Plastics & polymers
1.1
TGMSEngineering applications of surface coatings & films1.1
TGMTTesting of materials
Use for destructive & non-destructive testing
TGPProduction engineering
TGPCComputer aided manufacture (CAM)
TGPQIndustrial quality control
TGPRReliability engineering
TGXEngineering skills & trades
Class here: tool-making, welding etc
THEnergy technology & engineering
THFFossil fuel technologies
THFGGas technology
THFPPetroleum technology
THFSSolid fuel technology
THKNuclear power & engineering
THNHeat transfer processes
THRElectrical engineering
THRMElectric motors
THRXElectrician skills & trades
THVAlternative & renewable energy sources & technology
See also: RNU Sustainability
THVBBiofuels1.1
THVSSolar power1.1
THVWWind power1.1
THYEnergy, power generation, distribution & storage
Class here: power networks & plants; power utilisation & applications; energy conversion & storage including fuel cells & battery technology
1.2
THYCEnergy efficiency
TJElectronics & communications engineering
TJFElectronics engineering
TJFCElectronics: circuits & components
TJFDElectronic devices & materials
Class here: microprocessors, chips, transistors, semi-conductors, super-conductors etc
TJFMAutomatic control engineering
TJFM1Robotics
TJFNMicrowave technology
TJKCommunications engineering / telecommunications
TJKDRadar technology
TJKRRadio technology
TJKSSatellite communication technology
TJKTTelephone technology
TJKT1Mobile phone technology
TJKVTelevision technology
TJKWWAP (wireless) technology
TJSSensors
See also: TCBS Biosensors
1.1
TNCivil engineering, surveying & building
TNCStructural engineering
TNCBSurveying, quantity surveying
TNCCSoil & rock mechanics
See also: RBGB Sedimentology & pedology
TNCEEarthquake engineering
TNCJBridges
TNFHydraulic engineering
Class here: engineering of dams, reservoirs, harbours etc; also land reclamation & drainage
TNFLFlood control
TNHHighway & traffic engineering
TNKBuilding construction & materials
Class here: construction and building standards
1.2
TNKAAccessibility in buildings & building design
Class here: barrier free, step free or accessible design and construction
1.2
TNKEBuilding physics & Energy-efficient construction1.2
TNKFFire protection & safety
TNKHHeating, lighting, ventilation
TNKPConstruction planning1.2
TNKRBuilding redevelopment1.2
TNKSSecurity & fire alarm systems
TNKXConservation of buildings & building materials
TNTBuilding skills & trades
Class here: bricklaying, plastering, glazing, carpentry, plumbing, roofing
TQEnvironmental science, engineering & technology
Use TQ* codes for technical & practical aspects of environment, pollution, waste disposal, etc. Use PNC for study and research
See also: RN* The environment
1.1
TQDEnvironmental monitoring
TQKPollution control
See also: RNP Pollution & threats to the environment
TQSSanitary & municipal engineering
TQSRWaste treatment & disposal
Class here: sewage & hazardous waste disposal
See also: RNH Waste management
TQSWWater supply & treatment
Class here: water purification & desalination
See also: RNFD Drought & water supply
TRTransport technology & trades
See also: KNG Transport industries, RPT Transport planning & policy, WG* Transport: general interest
TRCAutomotive technology & trades
TRCSAutomotive (motor mechanic) skills
See also: WGCV Vehicle maintenance & manuals
TRCTRoad transport & haulage trades
TRFRailway technology, engineering & trades
TRFTRailway trades
TRLShipbuilding technology, engineering & trades
TRLDShip design & naval architecture
TRLNNavigation & seamanship
TRLTMaritime & nautical trades
TRPAerospace & aviation technology
TRPSAviation skills & piloting
TRTIntelligent & automated transport system technology
TTOther technologies & applied sciences
TTAAcoustic & sound engineering
TTBApplied optics
TTBFFibre optics
TTBLLaser technology & holography
TTBMImaging systems & technology
See also: MKS* Medical imaging
TTBSScanning systems & technology
TTDSpace science
See also: WNX Popular astronomy & space
TTDSAstronautics
Class here: technical aspects of space exploration e.g. spacecraft design & technology
1.2
TTDXSpace exploration
Class here: manned & unmanned space missions & programs, Apollo, Vostok, Sputnik, Voyager etc
See also: WNX Popular astronomy & space
1.2
TTMMilitary engineering
TTMWOrdnance, weapons technology
TTPExplosives technology & pyrotechnics
TTSMarine engineering
Class here: offshore engineering, sonar etc
TTUMining technology & engineering
TTVOther vocational technologies & trades
TTVCHotel & catering trades
TTVHHairdressing & salon skills
TTVRTraditional trades & skills
Class here: blacksmithing, thatching, dry stone walling, etc
TTWAssistive technology
Class here: use of technology to assist and enable people with disabilities to live independent lives
1.2
TTXTaxidermy
TVAgriculture & farming
See also: KNA Agribusiness & primary industries, KCVD Agricultural economics
TVBAgricultural science
TVBPSoil science & management1.2
TVDAgricultural engineering & machinery
See also: WGCT Tractors & farm vehicles: general interest
TVDRIrrigation
TVFSustainable agriculture
TVGOrganic farming
TVHAnimal husbandry
See also: WNF Farm & working animals: general interest
TVHBAnimal breeding
TVHFDairy farming
TVHHApiculture (beekeeping)
TVHPPoultry farming
TVKAgronomy & crop production
TVMSmallholdings
TVPPest control
Class here: agricultural use of pesticides & herbicides
TVQTropical agriculture: practice & techniques
TVRForestry & silviculture: practice & techniques
TVSCommercial horticulture
Class here: market gardening; flower production
See also: WM* Gardening
TVSWViticulture
TVTAquaculture & fish-farming: practice & techniques
UComputing & Information Technology
UBInformation technology: general issues
UBHHealth & safety aspects of IT
UBJEthical & social aspects of IT
UBLLegal aspects of IT
UBWInternet: general works
UDDigital lifestyle
See also: ATN Internet & digital media: arts & performance
1.2
UDAPersonal organisation software & apps
UDBInternet guides & online services
See also: ATN Internet & digital media: arts & performance
1.2
UDBAOnline shopping & auctions
UDBDInternet searching
UDBGInternet gambling
UDBMOnline finance & investing
UDBRInternet browsers
UDBSSocial networking
UDBVVirtual worlds
UDFEmail: consumer / user guides
UDHE-book readers, tablets & other portable devices: consumer / user guides
UDMDigital music & audio: consumer / user guides
See also: ATN Internet & digital media: arts & performance
1.2
UDQDigital video: consumer / user guides
UDTMobile phones & smartphones: consumer / user guides
UDVDigital TV & media centres: consumer / user guides
UDXComputer games / online games: strategy guides
UFBusiness applications
UFBIntegrated software packages
Class here: Microsoft Office, Microsoft Works, Lotus Smartsuite, OpenOffice etc
UFCSpreadsheet software
Class here: Excel, Lotus 1-2-3, etc
UFDWord processing software
UFGPresentation graphics software
UFKAccounting software
UFLEnterprise software
UFLSSAP (Systems, applications & products in databases)
UFMMathematical & statistical software
UFPProject management software
UFSCollaboration & group software
UGGraphical & digital media applications
UGBWeb graphics & design
UGCComputer-aided design (CAD)
UGDDesktop publishing
UGGComputer games design
Use for logical and narrative aspects of games design. See AKLF for art and graphic design of games
1.1
UGK3D graphics & modelling
UGLIllustration & drawing software
UGMDigital music: professional
UGNDigital animation
UGPPhoto & image editing
UGVDigital video: professional
UKComputer hardware
UKCSupercomputers
UKDMainframes & minicomputers
UKFServers
UKGGrid & parallel computing
UKMEmbedded systems
UKNNetwork hardware
UKPPersonal computers
UKPCPCs (IBM-compatible personal computers)
UKPMMacintosh
UKRMaintenance & repairs
UKSStorage media & peripherals
UKXUtilities & tools
ULOperating systems
ULDMicrosoft (Windows) operating systems
ULHApple (Mac OS) operating systems
ULJOpen source & other operating systems
ULJLLinux1.2
ULPHandheld operating systems
ULQIBM mainframe operating systems
ULRReal time operating systems
UMComputer programming / software engineering
UMAProgramming techniques
UMBAlgorithms & data structures
UMCCompilers & interpreters
UMFAgile programming
UMGAspect programming / AOP
UMHExtreme programming
UMJFunctional programming
UMKGames development & programming
UMKB2D graphics: games programming
UMKC3D graphics: games programming
UMKLLevel design: games programming
UMLGraphics programming
UMNObject-oriented programming (OOP)
UMPMicrosoft programming
UMPN.Net programming
UMPWWindows programming
UMQMacintosh programming
UMRNetwork programming
UMSMobile & handheld device programming / Apps programming
UMTDatabase programming
UMWWeb programming
UMWSWeb services
UMXProgramming & scripting languages: general
UMZSoftware Engineering
UMZLUnified Modeling Language (UML)
UMZTSoftware testing & verification
UMZWObject oriented software engineering
UNDatabases
UNADatabase design & theory
UNARRelational databases
UNCData capture & analysis
UNDData warehousing
UNFData mining
UNHInformation retrieval
UNJObject-oriented databases
UNKDistributed databases
UNNDatabases & the Web
UNSDatabase software
Class here: Oracle, Access, SQL etc
UQComputer certification
UQFComputer certification: Microsoft
UQJComputer certification: Cisco
UQLComputer certification: ECDL
UQRComputer certification: CompTIA
UQTComputer certification: CLAiT
URComputer security
URDPrivacy & data protection
URHComputer fraud & hacking
URJComputer viruses, Trojans & worms
URQFirewalls
URSSpam
URWSpyware
URYData encryption
See also: GPJ Coding theory & cryptology
UTComputer networking & communications
UTCCloud computing
UTDClient–Server networking
UTESystem administration
UTFNetwork management
UTFBComputer systems back-up & data recovery
UTGGrid computing
UTMElectronic mail (email): professional
UTNNetwork security
UTPNetworking standards & protocols
UTRDistributed systems
UTSNetworking packages
UTVVirtualisation
UTWWAP networking & applications
UTXEDI (electronic data interchange)
UXApplied computing
See also: PSAX Computational biology / bioinformatics, MBF Medical & health informatics
UXAComputer applications in the arts & humanities
UXJComputer applications in the social & behavioural sciences
See also: GTK Cognitive studies
UXTComputer applications in industry & technology1.1
UYComputer science
UYAMathematical theory of computation
UYAMMaths for computer scientists
UYDSystems analysis & design
UYFComputer architecture & logic design
UYFLAssembly languages
UYFPParallel processing
UYMComputer modelling & simulation
UYQArtificial intelligence
See also: GTK Cognitive studies
UYQEExpert systems / knowledge-based systems
UYQLNatural language & machine translation
UYQMMachine learning
UYQNNeural networks & fuzzy systems
UYQPPattern recognition
UYQSSpeech recognition
UYQVComputer vision
UYSSignal processing
UYTImage processing
UYUAudio processing
UYVVirtual reality
UYZHuman–computer interaction
UYZFInformation visualization
UYZGUser interface design & usability
UYZMInformation architecture
VHealth, Relationships & Personal development
VFFamily & health
Use VF* codes for popular accounts for general readership; prefer codes from Sections J, M etc, as appropriate, for specialist & academic works
VFBPersonal safety
VFDPopular medicine & health
VFDFFirst aid for the home
VFDJChildren’s health
VFDMMen’s health
VFDWWomen’s health
VFGHome nursing & caring
VFJCoping with personal problems
VFJBCoping with illness & specific conditions
May be used before an M* code for specific condition where available
VFJB1Coping with allergies, including food allergies
VFJB2Coping with back problems1.2
VFJDCoping with disability
VFJGCoping with ageing
VFJJCoping with eating disorders
VFJKCoping with drug & alcohol problems
VFJMCoping with abuse
VFJPCoping with anxiety, phobias & other mental issues1.2
VFJSCoping with stress
VFJXCoping with death & bereavement
See also: JHBZ Sociology: death & dying
VFJX1Coping with suicide1.2
VFLGiving up smoking
VFMFitness & diet
VFMDDiets & dieting
VFMGExercise & workout books
VFMG1Yoga for exercise
VFMSMassage
See also: VXHJ Reflexology
VFVFamily & relationships: advice & issues
See also: WQY Family history, tracing ancestors, JHBK Sociology: family & relationships, JBFW Sex, sexuality, relationships & society: general
VFVCSex & sexuality: advice & issues
Class here: sex manuals
See also: JMU Psychology: sexual behaviour, JBFW Sex, sexuality, relationships & society: general
VFVGDating, relationships, living together & marriage: advice
See also: WJW Weddings, wedding planners
VFVJInvoluntary childlessness: advice & issues
VFVKAdoption & fostering: advice & issues
VFVMSolo lifestyles: advice & issues
Class here: advice on living without a partner
1.2
VFVSSeparation & divorce: advice & issues
VFVXIntergenerational relationships: advice & issues
Class here: mother-daughter, grandparent-grandchild relationships etc
VFXParenting: advice & issues
VFXBPregnancy, birth & baby care: advice & issues
VFXB1Baby names: guides for parents
VFXCChild care & upbringing: advice for parents
VFXC1Teenagers: advice for parents
VSSelf-help & personal development
Use VS* codes for popular accounts for general readership; prefer codes from Sections C, J, K, L, Q, R etc, as appropriate, for specialist & academic works
VSBPersonal finance
VSCAdvice on careers & achieving success
VSDLaw, citizenship & rights for the lay person
VSFRoadcraft & driving
Class here: study aids for driving tests
VSGConsumer advice
See also: WJS Shopping guides
VSHHousing & property for the individual: buying/selling & legal aspects
See also: WK* Home & house maintenance
VSKAdvice on education
See also: JN* Education
VSLAdult literacy guides & handbooks
See also: CFC Literacy
VSNAdult numeracy guides & handbooks
VSPPopular psychology
See also: QDX Popular philosophy
VSPDMindfulness
Class here: therapy based upon meditation & related approaches
1.2
VSPMAssertiveness, motivation & self-esteem
VSPTMemory improvement & thinking techniques
Class here: IQ tests etc for self-testing
VSPXNeuro Linguistic Programming (NLP)
VSRRetirement
See also: KFFP Pensions
VSSSoft skills & dealing with other people
Class here: advice on dealing with social situations
1.2
VSWLiving & working in other countries: practical advice
VSZSelf-sufficiency & ‘green’ lifestyle
See also: RNU Sustainability
VXMind, body, spirit
Use VX* codes for Mind Body Spirit treatments for general readers only; prefer codes from Sections J, M, Q etc, as appropriate for specialist & academic works
VXAMind, body, spirit: thought & practice
VXFFortune-telling & divination
VXFAAstrology
VXFA1Star signs & horoscopes
VXFCFortune-telling by cards (cartomancy)
VXFC1Tarot
VXFDThe I Ching
VXFGGraphology
VXFJDivination from physical attributes1.2
VXFJ1Palmistry, chiromancy
Class here: chirology, chirognomy
1.2
VXFJ2Phrenology & physiognomy1.2
VXFNNumerology
VXFTClairvoyance & precognition
VXHComplementary therapies, healing & health
Class here: Naturopathy
See also: MX* Complementary medicine
1.2
VXHAAcupuncture1.1
VXHCAromatherapy & essential oils
VXHHHomoeopathy
VXHJReflexology
See also: VFMS Massage
VXHKReiki
VXHTTraditional medicine & herbal remedies
Class here; popular works on Chinese medicine, Ayurvedic therapies etc. Use with appropriate PLACE qualifier
1.1
VXKEarth energies
Class here: dowsing, ley lines
1.1
VXMMind, body, spirit: meditation & visualisation
VXNDreams & their interpretation
See also: JMT Psychology: states of consciousness
VXPPsychic powers & psychic phenomena
Class here: ESP, popular accounts of telepathy, telekinesis etc
See also: JMX Parapsychological studies
VXPCCrystals & colour-healing
VXPHChakras, auras & spiritual energy
VXPJAstral projection & out-of-body experiences
VXPRThe afterlife, reincarnation & past lives
VXPSSpirit guides, angels & channelling
VXQUnexplained phenomena / the paranormal
VXQBUFOs & extraterrestrial beings
VXQGGhosts & poltergeists
VXQMMonsters & legendary beings
See also: JBGB Folklore, myths & legends
VXVFeng Shui & approaches to living space design & style
Class here: Vastu Shastra
1.2
VXWMysticism, magic & occult interests
Use VXV* codes for popular works on the occult; prefer QRY* codes for serious & academic works
See also: QRYX* Occult studies
VXWKKabbalah: popular works
See also: QRVK2 Mysticism
VXWMMagic, spells & alchemy
VXWSShamanism, paganism & druidry
See also: QRS Ancient religions & mythologies
VXWTWitchcraft & Wicca
See also: QRYX5 Witchcraft
WLifestyle, Hobbies & Leisure
Use Section W for popular accounts for general readership; prefer Sections A, K, P, R, T, etc, as appropriate, for specialist & academic works
WBCookery / food & drink etc
WBAGeneral cookery & recipes
WBBTV / celebrity chef cookbooks
Class here: TV series tie-in recipe books, recipes from specific restaurants, etc
WBCCooking for one
WBDBudget cookery
WBFQuick & easy cooking
WBHHealth & wholefood cookery
WBHSCookery for specific diets & conditions
WBJVegetarian cookery
WBJKVegan cookery
WBNNational & regional cuisine
Assign also the appropriate PLACE Qualifier
WBQCooking for/with children
WBRCooking for parties
WBSCooking with specific gadgets
Class here: microwave cooking, wok, barbecue etc
WBTCookery by ingredient
WBTBCooking with meat & game
WBTCCooking with chicken & other poultry
WBTFCooking with fish & seafood
WBTHCooking with herbs & spices
WBTJCooking with rice & grains
WBTMCooking with fruit & vegetables1.1
WBTPCooking with pasta
WBTRCooking with dairy products
WBTXCooking with chocolate
WBVCookery dishes & courses
WBVDCookery dishes & courses: Soups & starters
WBVGCookery dishes & courses: Salads & vegetables
WBVMCookery dishes & courses: Main courses
WBVQCookery dishes & courses: Desserts
WBVSBaking, bread & cakes1.1
WBVS1Cakes & cake decoration, icing & sugarcraft1.1
WBWCookery: Preserving & freezing
WBXFood & drink: Beverages
WBXDFood & drink: Alcoholic beverages
WBXD1Food & drink: Wines
WBXD2Food & drink: Beers
WBXD3Food & drink: Spirits & cocktails
WBXNFood & drink: Non-alcoholic beverages
WBZCigars & smoking
See also: VFL Giving up smoking
WCAntiques & collectables
WCBAntiques & collectables: buyer’s guides
Class here: price guides, guides to auctions, valuation, etc; use with other WC* code indicating types of items, as appropriate
See also: UDBA Online shopping & auctions
WCCCare & restoration of antiques
WCFCollecting coins, banknotes, medals, seals (numismatics)
WCGCollecting stamps, philately
WCJAntique clocks, watches, musical boxes & automata
WCKMilitaria, arms & armour
WCLAntique furniture / furniture collecting
WCNAntiques & collectables: ceramics & glass
WCPAntiques & collectables: jewellery
WCRAntiques & collectables: gold, silver & other metals (other than jewellery)
WCSAntiques & collectables: books, manuscripts, ephemera & printed matter
Class here: cigarette cards, programmes, postcards, comics, autographs, photographs, phonecards, etc
WCTAntiques & collectables: sports memorabilia
WCUAntiques & collectables: pictures, prints & maps
WCVAntiques & collectables: carpets, rugs & textiles
WCWAntiques & collectables: toys, games, dolls & models
WCXAntiques & collectables: scientific & musical instruments
WCXMAntiques & collectables: musical instruments1.2
WCXSAntiques & collectables: scientific instruments1.2
WDHobbies, quizzes & games
WDHHobbies
See also: WF* Handicrafts, decorative arts & crafts
WDHBModel-making & construction1.2
WDHMModel railways
WDHRRadio-controlled models
WDHWRole-playing, war games & fantasy sports
WDJ3-D images & optical illusions
WDKPuzzles & quizzes
WDKCCrosswords
WDKNSudoku & number puzzles
WDKXTrivia & quiz question books
WDMIndoor games
See also: UDX Computer games / online games: strategy guides
WDMCCard games
WDMC1Card games: Bridge
WDMC2Card games: Poker
WDMGBoard games
WDMG1Board games: Chess
WDPGambling: theories & methods
See also: UDBG Internet gambling
WFHandicrafts, decorative arts & crafts
Use WF* codes for practical, ‘how-to’ & hobbyist approaches; prefer codes from Section A where appropriate for art history & criticism approaches
See also: AFT Decorative arts
WFAPainting & art manuals
See also: AGZ Art techniques & principles
WFBNeedlework & fabric crafts
See also: AFW Textile artworks, AKT Fashion & textiles
1.2
WFBCEmbroidery crafts
Class here: cross-stitch, needlepoint, tapestry-making, etc
WFBLLace & lacemaking
WFBQQuiltmaking, patchwork & applique
WFBSKnitting & crochet
WFBS1Knitting1.2
WFBS2Crochet1.2
WFBVFabric dyeing
Class here: Batik & tie-dye
WFBWSewing1.2
WFCRopework, knots & macrame
WFFRug & carpetmaking
See also: AFW Textile artworks, AKT Fashion & textiles
WFGSpinning & weaving
See also: AFW Textile artworks, AKT Fashion & textiles
WFHToys: making & decorating
Includes soft toys, dolls, dolls’ houses etc
WFJJewellery & beadcraft
See also: AFKG Precious metal, precious stones & jewellery: artworks & design
WFKDecorative finishes & surfaces
Class here: decoupage
WFNPottery, ceramics & glass crafts
See also: AFP Ceramic & glass: artworks
WFPDecorative metalwork
WFQDecorative woodwork
Class here: decorative box-making; picture-framing
WFSCarving & modelling, moulding & casting
Class here: woodcarving, resin & plaster work, doughcraft, candle-making, etc
See also: AFKC Carvings: artworks
WFTBook & paper crafts
Class here: paper-making, book binding, greeting card-making, scrapbooking etc
See also: AKH Book design
1.2
WFTMOrigami & paper engineering
WFUCalligraphy & hand-lettering
See also: AKD Typography & lettering
WFVRural crafts
See also: AFT Decorative arts
WFWFlower arranging & floral crafts
WFXAdult colouring & activity books
WGTransport: general interest
See also: KNG Transport industries, TR* Transport technology & trades
WGCRoad & motor vehicles: general interest
See also: TRCT Road transport & haulage trades
WGCBMotor cars: general interest
WGCFBuses, trams & commercial vehicles: general interest
WGCKMotorcycles: general interest
WGCTTractors & farm vehicles: general interest
See also: TVD Agricultural engineering & machinery
WGCVVehicle maintenance & manuals
See also: TRCS Automotive (motor mechanic) skills
WGDBicycles & non-motorised transport: general interest & maintenance
See also: SMQ Cycle racing, SZD Cycling: general & touring
WGFTrains & railways: general interest
See also: TRF* Railway technology, engineering & trades
WGFLUrban rail transit systems
Class here: underground & light rail systems (metro, subway, tube, etc), trams on rails, monorail, and any urban transit or transport system based on fixed rails
1.2
WGGShips & boats: general interest
Class here: inland waterways & ocean-going craft
See also: SPN* Boating, NHTM Maritime history
WGGVBoatbuilding & maintenance
See also: TRL* Shipbuilding technology, engineering & trades
WGMAircraft: general interest
See also: TRP* Aerospace & aviation technology
WHHumour
See also: XY Strip cartoons
WHGTV tie-in humour
WHJJokes & riddles
WHLSlang & dialect humour
WHPParodies & spoofs: non-fiction
See also: FUP Satirical fiction & parodies
WHXHumour collections & anthologies
WJLifestyle & personal style guides
WJFFashion & style guides
WJHCosmetics, hair & beauty
WJKInterior design, decor & style guides
See also: AMR Architecture: interior design
WJSShopping guides
See also: VSG Consumer advice, UDBA Online shopping & auctions
WJWWeddings, wedding planners
WJXParties, etiquette & entertaining
WJXCManners: guides & advice
WKHome & house maintenance
See also: VSH Housing & property for the individual: buying/selling & legal aspects
WKDDIY: general
WKDMDIY: house maintenance manuals
WKDWDIY: carpentry & woodworking
WKHHousehold hints
WKRHome renovation & extension
See also: WJK Interior design, decor & style guides
WKUOutdoor & recreational areas: design & maintenance
WMGardening
See also: TVS Commercial horticulture
WMBGardens (descriptions, history etc)
WMDGarden design & planning
WMFGreenhouses, conservatories, patios
WMPGardening: plants & cultivation: guides
Class here: growing flowers, fruit & vegetables, herbs, succulents & cacti, house plants, shrubs & trees
WMQSpecialized gardening methods
WMQBSpecialized gardening methods: Bonsai
WMQFOrganic gardening
WMQLLandscape gardening
WMQNNatural & wild gardening
WMQPGardening with native plants
WMQRContainer gardening
WMQWWater gardens, pools
WMTAllotments
WNNature & the natural world: general interest
Use WN* codes for popular works only; prefer codes from Sections P, R, T etc, as appropriate for specialist & academic works
WNADinosaurs & the prehistoric world: general interest
See also: RBX Palaeontology
WNCWildlife: general interest
See also: PSV* Zoology & animal sciences
WNCBWildlife: birds & birdwatching: general interest
See also: PSVJ Zoology: birds (ornithology)
WNCFWildlife: mammals: general interest
See also: PSVM Zoology: mammals
WNCKWildlife: reptiles & amphibians: general interest
See also: PSVF Zoology: amphibians & reptiles (herpetology)
WNCNWildlife: butterflies, other insects & spiders: general interest
See also: PSVA Zoology: insects (entomology) & other invertebrates
WNCSWildlife: aquatic creatures: general interest
See also: PSVC Zoology: fishes (ichthyology), PSVM2 Zoology: marine & freshwater mammals, PSP Hydrobiology
WNCS1Sea life & the seashore: general interest
See also: PSPM Marine biology
WNCS2Freshwater life: general interest
See also: PSPF Freshwater biology
WNDThe countryside, country life: general interest
WNFFarm & working animals: general interest
See also: TVH Animal husbandry
WNGDomestic animals & pets
WNGCCats as pets
WNGDDogs as pets
WNGD1Dog obedience & training
WNGFFishes as pets & aquaria
WNGHHorses & ponies: general interest
WNGKBirds, including cage birds, as pets
WNGRRabbits & rodents as pets
Class here: mice, hamsters, guinea pigs, gerbils etc as pets
WNGSReptiles & amphibians as pets
Class here: snakes, lizards, newts, terrapins etc as pets
WNGXInsects & spiders as pets
WNHZoos & wildlife parks: general interest
WNJNational parks & nature reserves: general interest
WNPTrees, wildflowers & plants: general interest
See also: WMP Gardening: plants & cultivation: guides
WNRRocks, minerals & fossils: general interest
Class here: popular works on aspects of geology, including guides to gems. Use with codes for relevant discipline to indicate subject covered.
See also: RBX Palaeontology, RBG* Geology, geomorphology & the lithosphere, PNV Chemistry of minerals, crystals & gems
1.2
WNWThe Earth: natural history: general interest
Class here: popular works on natural history of the Earth as a whole, physical features & systems as well as life on Earth; Class here: popular works on volcanoes, earthquakes etc
See also: RB* Earth sciences, PSAF Ecological science, the Biosphere
WNWMWeather & climate: general interest
Class here: popular works on weather & climate including storms & other extreme weather conditions
See also: RBP Meteorology & climatology
1.2
WNXPopular astronomy & space
Class here: constellation & star guides, non-specialist guides to astronomy & space, including space exploration
See also: PG* Astronomy, space & time, TTD Space science
WQLocal & family history, nostalgia
WQHLocal history
Class here: popular accounts of the history of a specific locality, generally only of local interest; use with PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers wherever possible
WQNNostalgia: general
Class here: popular works with fond, uncritical view of past times; use with other code indicating subject where appropriate, eg WGF “Trains & railways: general interest”
WQPPlaces in old photographs
Class here: collections of early or vintage photographs relating to a specific place or places; use with PLACE & TIME PERIOD Qualifiers wherever possible
See also: AJC Photographs: collections
WQYFamily history, tracing ancestors
See also: NHTG Genealogy, heraldry, names & honours
WTTravel & holiday
With WT* codes, assign also the most specific PLACE Qualifier available, as appropriate
WTDTravel tips & advice: general
WTHTravel & holiday guides
See also: WJS Shopping guides
WTHATravel guides: adventure holidays
WTHBTravel guides: business travel
WTHCTravel guides: Eco-tourism, ‘green’ tourism
WTHDTravel guides: food & drink regions
Class here: travel guides based around local foods, wine-producing regions etc. As well as proving a PLACE code, also use appropriate code from WB* for detail on area of food & drink concerned.
See also: WTHR Travel guides: restaurants, cafes, inns, bars
1.2
WTHETravel guides: activity holidays
Class here: travel guides for active holidays, use with SZ* codes to indicate the activity involved
1.2
WTHFTravel guides: holidays with children / family holidays
WTHHTravel guides: hotel & holiday accommodation guides
WTHH1Travel guides: caravan & camp-site guides
WTHMTravel guides: museums, historic sites, galleries etc
WTHRTravel guides: restaurants, cafes, inns, bars
Class here: ‘where to eat’ guides, recommendations of specific establishments
See also: WTHD Travel guides: food & drink regions
WTHTTravel guides: theme parks & funfairs
WTHXTravel guides: cruises
WTKLanguage phrasebooks
Assign also LANGUAGE Qualifier
See also: CJBT Language self-study texts
WTLTravel writing
WTLCClassic travel writing
Class here: travel writing published before c 1960 or widely regarded as ‘classic’
1.1
WTLPExpeditions: popular accounts
Class here: popular accounts of expeditions & exploration
See also: RGR Geographical discovery & exploration
WTMPlaces & peoples: general & pictorial works
WTRTravel maps & atlases
See also: RGX* Geographical reference works
WTRDRoad atlases & maps
WTRMTravel maps
Class here: all folded maps, other than city street maps & motorists’ road maps, for general & travel use
WTRSStreet maps & city plans
Class here: maps & books of maps of cities, towns & streets for general use
WZMiscellaneous items
WZGGift books
Class here: small books, typically of a decorative, humorous or inspirational nature, intended to be given as gifts rather than read by the purchaser
See also: YZG Children’s gift books
WZSStationery items
Class here: any printed stationery item, diaries, calendars, posters, kits, postcard packs, bookmarks, etc; assign also another code indicating subject where possible
WZSNBlank stationery items
Class here: blank notebooks, autograph books and other content-free items
1.1
XGraphic novels, Comic books, Cartoons
For graphic novels & comic books, assign first a ‘type’ from XA*, followed where possible & appropriate, with a ‘genre’ from XQ*
XAGraphic novel & Comic book: types
XABEuropean tradition graphic novels
In the European tradition, graphic novels are typically one-off publications, rather than part of a series, generally for an adult audience, often with distinctive graphics & more literary textual content, usually serious rather than humorous; they are works published originally as graphic novels, not adaptations of textual works
XADEuropean tradition comic books, Bandes dessinées
In the European tradition, comic books or ‘bandes dessinées’ are typically published in ongoing series, often featuring the same characters, as distinct from ‘one-off’ graphic novels
XADCEuropean comic books: general, classic, all ages
Class here: ‘bandes dessinées tout public’, classic comic books for all ages
XAKAmerican / British style comic books & graphic novels
Class here: graphic novels & comic books in the American / British tradition
XAKCAmerican comic books: classic, Golden Age
Class here: early & classic ‘Golden Age’ characters for all ages
XAMManga & Asian style comics
This sequence includes all Japanese comic books (Manga) plus those from other Asian countries including Korean (Manhwa) & Chinese (Manhua)
XAMCManga: Kodomo
Manga for children, boys & girls, age around 6 to 10
XAMFManga: Shôjo
Manga designed for young & teenage girls, age around 10 to 15
XAMGManga: Shonen
Manga designed primarily for young & teenage boys, age around 10 to 15
XAMLManga: Seinen
Manga designed for young men & women, from around 16 years
XAMRManga: Josei
Manga designed specifically for young & adult women
XAMTManga: Yaoi
Also called Boy Love; Manga featuring young male homosexual relationships but for a young female readership
XAMXManga: adult (erotic, extreme violence)
Class here: Hentai, seijin manga. Manga designed for adults featuring scenes of an overtly sexual or violent nature; use with Qualifier 5X as appropriate
XAMYManga: Yuri
Also called Girls Love; Manga featuring young female homosexual relationships often (but not exclusively) for a young female readership
1.2
XQGraphic novel & Comic book: genres
XQAGraphic novel / Comic book: memoirs, true stories & non-fiction
Class here: ‘bandes dessinées d’auteur’
XQBGraphic novel / Comic book: literary adaptations
Class here: adaptations of pre-existing literary works into graphic form
XQCGraphic novel / Comic book: movie & TV adaptations
XQDGraphic novel / Comic book: crime, mystery & thrillers
XQGGraphic novel / Comic book: action & adventure
XQGWGraphic novel / Comic book: Westerns
XQHGraphic novel / Comic book: horror
XQKGraphic novel / Comic book: super-heroes & super-villains
XQLGraphic novel / Comic book: science fiction
XQMGraphic novel / Comic book: fantasy, esoteric
Use for comic books featuring traditions of mythical, secret or esoteric knowledge
XQRGraphic novel / Comic book: romance
XQTGraphic novel / Comic book: humorous
XQVGraphic novel / Comic book: historical
XQXGraphic novel / Comic book: adult (erotic, extreme violence)
Class here: comic books designed for adults featuring scenes of an overtly sexual or violent nature; use with Qualifier 5X as appropriate
XRGraphic novel & comic books: guides & reviews
See also: DSR Literary reference works, FZ Fiction companions
XRMManga guides & reviews
See also: DSR Literary reference works, FZ Fiction companions
XYStrip cartoons
Class here: collections of typically humorous cartoons, in 3–5 panels, usually originally published in newspapers or magazines
YChildren’s, Teenage & Educational
YBBooks for very young children, children’s picture books & activity books
With YB* codes, also assign appropriate 5A* Reading Age/Level Qualifier where possible
1.1
YBCChildren’s picture books
YBCBBaby books
Class here: small format, board book or rag book picture books with little or no text, and no early learning content
YBCHPicture books: character books
Use for all books based on TV or film characters, and all books featuring established pictorially-represented characters used in several books and or other products
YBCSPicture storybooks
Class here: picture books with a strong narrative text
YBCS1Picture storybooks: Bedtime stories & dreams1.1
YBCS2Picture storybooks: Imagination & play
Class here: picture books featuring use of imagination and/or play, for example with toys, often to create an imaginary world
1.1
YBGChildren’s interactive & activity books & packs
Use YBG for children’s activity & interactive items, such as kit books, sticker books, etc, for any age group.
1.1
YBGCColouring books1.2
YBGHChildren’s activity books: hidden object
Class here: ‘magic eye’ books & books where aim is to find item or character in pictures
1.1
YBLEarly years / early learning concepts
Use YBL* codes for pre-school material only
1.1
YBLAEarly years: letters & words
Class here: ABC books, first word books etc
1.1
YBLBEarly years: verse, rhymes & wordplay
Class here: nursery rhymes & simple verse for very young children, tongue-twisters etc
See also: YDP Children’s / Teenage: Poetry
1.1
YBLCEarly years: numbers & counting1.1
YBLDEarly years: colours1.1
YBLFEarly years: opposites1.1
YBLHEarly years: size, shapes & patterns1.1
YBLJEarly years: time & seasons
Class here: telling the time, day & night, days of the week, seasons of the year, etc
1.1
YBLLEarly years: nature & animals1.1
YBLMEarly years: daily routine
Class here: elements of daily life for very young children: washing, bedtime, potty training, etc
1.1
YBLNEarly years: first experiences1.1
YBLN1Early years: the senses1.1
YBLPEarly years: people who help us1.1
YBLTEarly years: things that go1.1
YDChildren’s / Teenage poetry, anthologies, annuals
With YD* codes, also assign appropriate 5A* Reading Age/Level Qualifier where possible
YDAChildren’s / Teenage: Annuals
Use as first code for all annuals, with second code indicating type or subject area where possible
YDCChildren’s / Teenage: Anthologies
Use with other code denoting literary form where appropriate, eg with a YF* code for fiction anthologies, with YDP for poetry anthologies. Use alone for anthologies of various literary forms
YDPChildren’s / Teenage: Poetry
See also: YBLB Early years: verse, rhymes & wordplay, YFV Children’s / Teenage fiction: Stories in verse
YFChildren’s / Teenage fiction & true stories
With YF* codes, ALWAYS also assign appropriate 5A* Reading Age/Level Qualifier, and 5X where appropriate to indicate explicit material for older readers; YF* codes may be used with PLACE and TIME PERIOD Qualifiers where these aspects are particularly pertinent and significant; use with & before relevant YN* codes for fiction with specific themes or topics not sufficiently indicate in YF*; use with YDC for fiction anthologies; use with & before appropriate YX* code for fiction dealing with specific social or personal issues; use X* codes for comic book fiction
See also: XADC European comic books: general, classic, all ages, XAKC American comic books: classic, Golden Age, XAMC Manga: Kodomo, XAMF Manga: Shôjo, XAMG Manga: Shonen
1.1
YFAChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Classic fiction
Class here: children’s & teenage novels published before c 1960 or widely regarded as ‘classic’
1.1
YFBChildren’s / Teenage fiction: General fiction
Class here: all contemporary non-genre fiction for children & teenagers
YFCChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Action & adventure stories1.1
YFCAChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Interactive adventure stories
Class here: books, physical or digital, where the reader can select from options to alter the narrative outcome; use with, and after, other YF* code indicating genre if possible
YFCBChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Thrillers
YFCFChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Crime & mystery fiction
YFCWChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Military & war fiction1.1
YFDChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Horror & ghost stories, chillers
See also: YNXW Children’s / Teenage general interest: Witches & ghosts
YFEChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Speculative, dystopian & utopian fiction
Class here: fiction set in dystopian or utopian societies, alternative history fiction; use alongside YFG or other YF* codes if possible
1.1
YFGChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Science fiction
YFGSChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Steampunk1.2
YFHChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Fantasy & magical realism
YFHRTeenage fiction: Fantasy romance
Class here: ‘dark romance’, vampire romance, etc; assign also 5X where appropriate
YFJChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Traditional stories
Class here: fairy tales, folk tales, myths & legends told as fiction
YFKChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Religious fiction
YFMChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Romance & relationships stories
YFNChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Family & home stories
Use with codes from YXF* sequence for fiction specifically designed to address family issues
1.1
YFPChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Nature & animal stories1.1
YFQChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Humorous stories
Use after other YF* code indicating genre if possible
YFRChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Sporting stories
YFSChildren’s / Teenage fiction: School stories
YFTChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Historical fiction
Use for contemporary novels set in the past, ie set c pre-1960
1.1
YFUChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Short stories
Use after other YF* code indicating genre if possible
YFVChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Stories in verse
Use after other YF* code indicating genre if possible
See also: YDP Children’s / Teenage: Poetry
1.1
YFXChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Biographical fiction
Use for highly fictionalised biographies or autobiographies of real people
1.1
YFYChildren’s / Teenage: True stories told as fiction
Class here: true stories, eg of survival, discovery, conflict etc, told in strong narrative from, as if fiction
YNChildren’s / Teenage: general interest
Use YN* codes for all general interest material not covered elsewhere & not designed specifically for school use. Use YN* codes alone for non-fiction works, or after relevant YF* code for fiction on specific topics, as appropriate. With YN* codes, assign appropriate 5A* Reading Age/Level Qualifier where possible, and any other Qualifier as applicable.
1.1
YNAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Art & artists
Assign STYLE Qualifiers where appropriate
1.1
YNBChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Biography & autobiography1.1
YNCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Music
Assign STYLE Qualifiers where appropriate
1.1
YNCSSongbooks for children1.2
YNDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Drama & performing1.1
YNDBChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Dance, ballet1.1
YNDSChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Playscripts1.1
YNFChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Television & film1.1
YNGChildren’s / Teenage general interest: General knowledge & trivia1.1
YNGLChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Libraries, museums, schools1.1
YNHChildren’s / Teenage general interest: History & the past
Use YNB for biographies of specific people
1.1
YNHAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Adventurers & outlaws
Class here: pirates, treasure hunters, etc
See also: YNB Children’s / Teenage general interest: Biography & autobiography
1.1
YNHDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Discovery & exploration
Class here: discovery of new continents, interiors, planets, etc
See also: YNB Children’s / Teenage general interest: Biography & autobiography
1.1
YNHPChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Lives of children in the past1.1
YNJChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Warfare, battles, armed forces
See also: YXZW Children’s / Teenage social issues: War & conflict issues
1.1
YNKChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Work & society1.1
YNKAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Politics1.1
YNKCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Law, police & Crime1.1
YNLChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Literature, books & writers1.1
YNMChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Places & peoples1.1
YNMCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Countries, cultures & national identity
Class here: national symbols, monuments, dress etc
1.1
YNMFChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Girls & women
Use for books where girlhood / womanhood is a central theme
1.1
YNMHChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Boys & men
Use for books where boyhood / manhood is a central theme
1.1
YNMKChildren’s / Teenage general interest: City & town life1.1
YNMLChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Rural & farm life1.1
YNMWChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Royalty1.1
YNNChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Nature, animals, the natural world1.1
YNNAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Dinosaurs & prehistoric world1.1
YNNBChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Wildlife & habitats
See also: YXZG Children’s / Teenage social issues: Environment & green issues
1.1
YNNB1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Wildlife & habitats: Oceans & seas1.1
YNNB2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Wildlife & habitats: Jungles & tropical forests
Class here: rainforests
1.1
YNNB3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Wildlife & habitats: Deserts1.1
YNNB9Children’s / Teenage general interest: Wildlife & habitats: Ice, snow & tundra
Class here: Polar regions and high mountain habitats
1.1
YNNCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Ecosystems
Class here: works on whole ecosystems
See also: YXZG Children’s / Teenage social issues: Environment & green issues
1.1
YNNFChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Farm animals1.1
YNNHChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Pets & pet care1.1
YNNH1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets & pet care: dogs1.1
YNNH2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets & pet care: cats1.1
YNNH3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets & pet care: rabbits & rodents1.1
YNNH4Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets & pet care: horses & ponies1.1
YNNJChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Mammals1.1
YNNJ1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Aquatic & marine mammals1.1
YNNJ2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Large land mammals1.1
YNNJ21Children’s / Teenage general interest: Dogs & wolves1.1
YNNJ22Children’s / Teenage general interest: Cats
Class here: big cats
1.1
YNNJ23Children’s / Teenage general interest: Bears1.1
YNNJ24Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ponies & horses1.1
YNNJ25Children’s / Teenage general interest: Cows & cattle1.1
YNNJ29Children’s / Teenage general interest: Apes & monkeys1.1
YNNJ3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Small land mammals1.1
YNNJ31Children’s / Teenage general interest: Rodents & rabbits1.1
YNNJ9Children’s / Teenage general interest: Marsupials, platypuses & echidnas
Class here: kangaroos, koalas
1.1
YNNKChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Birds1.1
YNNLChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Insects, spiders, minibeasts1.1
YNNMChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Reptiles & amphibians1.1
YNNSChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Fish & marine life
Use YNNJ1 for marine mammals
1.1
YNNTChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Plants & trees1.1
YNNVChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Rocks, weather & physical world
Class here: rocks, fossils, minerals, volcanoes, earthquakes, geology, the atmosphere, weather systems, storms, tornadoes etc
1.1
YNNZChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Space, stars & the solar system
Class here: constellation guides, space exploration, planets etc
1.1
YNPChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Practical interests1.1
YNPCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Cooking & food1.1
YNPGChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Gardening1.2
YNPHChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Handicrafts1.1
YNPH1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Woodworking, model-making1.1
YNPH2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Needlecraft & fabric crafts1.1
YNPJChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Clothing & fashion1.1
YNPKChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Money1.1
YNRChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Religion & beliefs
See also: YXZR Children’s / Teenage social issues: Religious issues, YPJN* Educational: Religious studies
1.1
YNRDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Hinduism
See also: YPJN1 Educational: Religious studies: Hinduism
1.1
YNRFChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Buddhism
See also: YPJN2 Educational: Religious studies: Buddhism
1.1
YNRJChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Judaism
See also: YPJN3 Educational: Religious studies: Judaism
1.1
YNRMChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Christianity
See also: YPJN4 Educational: Religious studies: Christianity
1.1
YNRPChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Islam
See also: YPJN5 Educational: Religious studies: Islam
1.1
YNRRChildren’s / Teenage general interest: other religions
See also: YPJN9 Educational: Religious studies: other religions
1.1
YNRUChildren’s / Teenage general interest: ancient religions & mythologies
Class here: greek, norse religion etc.
See also: YFJ Children’s / Teenage fiction: Traditional stories, YNXB Children’s / Teenage general interest: Monsters, dragons & mythological creatures
1.2
YNRXChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Religious texts, prayers & devotional material
Class here: editions of sacred texts, including simplified versions & stories based on sacred texts, prayerbooks & all devotional material, designed for children; use with other YNR* code indicating religion
1.1
YNTChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Science & technology1.1
YNTAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Science: the human body
Class here: general descriptive, scientific approaches
See also: YXA* Children’s / Teenage personal & social issues: Body & health
1.1
YNTCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Computing & Information Technology1.2
YNTDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Inventors, inventions & experiments1.1
YNTGChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Machines & how things work1.1
YNTPChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Buildings & construction1.1
YNTRChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Transport & vehicles1.1
YNUChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Humour & jokes1.1
YNUCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Cartoons & comic strips
See also: XADC European comic books: general, classic, all ages, XAKC American comic books: classic, Golden Age, XAMC Manga: Kodomo
1.1
YNVChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Hobbies, quizzes, toys & games1.1
YNVDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Toys, dolls & puppets1.1
YNVPChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Puzzle books1.1
YNVUChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Computer game guides1.1
YNWChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Sports & outdoor recreation1.1
YNWDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games & sports
Class here: all ball games not listed below
1.1
YNWD1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games & sports: Association football (Soccer)1.11.2
YNWD2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games & sports: American Football1.11.2
YNWD3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games & sports: Baseball & Softball1.1
YNWD4Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games & sports: Basketball1.1
YNWD6Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games & sports: Volleyball1.2
YNWD8Children’s/Teenage general interest: Ball games & sports: Handball1.1
YNWGChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Athletics & gymnastics1.1
YNWMChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Winter sports
Class here: ice-hockey, skiing, ice-skating etc
1.1
YNWM1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Winter sports: Skiing1.2
YNWM2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Winter sports: Ice hockey1.2
YNWWChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Swimming & water sports1.1
YNWYChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Cycling, boarding & skating1.1
YNWZChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Sports teams & clubs
Use YNWZ with other YNW* code indicating sport
1.1
YNXChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Mysteries & the unexplained1.1
YNXBChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Monsters, dragons & mythological creatures1.1
YNXFChildren’s / Teenage general interest: UFOs & extraterrestrial beings1.1
YNXWChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Witches & ghosts
See also: YFD Children’s / Teenage fiction: Horror & ghost stories, chillers
1.1
YPEducational material
With YP* codes, assign appropriate EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE Qualifier where possible; use YP* codes for primary and secondary educational material up to and including minimum school leaving age; for further education, advanced level and vocational qualifications, use adult categories
YPAEducational: Arts, general
Assign STYLE Qualifiers where appropriate
YPABEducational: Art & design
Assign STYLE Qualifiers where appropriate
YPADEducational: Music
Assign STYLE Qualifiers where appropriate
YPAFEducational: Drama & performance arts
Class here: playscripts for schools; dance
YPCEducational: Language, literature & literacy
Assign LANGUAGE Qualifiers where appropriate
1.2
YPCAEducational: first/native language
YPCA1Educational: first/native language: basic literacy
YPCA2Educational: first/native language: reading & writing skills
YPCA21Educational: first/native language: readers & reading schemes
YPCA22Educational: first/native language: handwriting skills
YPCA4Educational: first/native language: grammar & punctuation
YPCA5Educational: first/native language: speaking skills
YPCA9Educational: first/native language: literature studies
YPCA91Educational: first/native language: school editions of literature texts
YPCKEducational: modern (non-native) languages
YPCK2Educational: modern (non-native) languages: language learning
YPCK9Educational: modern (non-native) languages: literature studies
YPCK91Educational: modern (non-native) languages: school editions of literature texts
YPCSEducational: classical & ancient languages
YPCS4Educational: classical & ancient languages: language learning
YPCS9Educational: classical & ancient languages: literature studies
YPCS91Educational: classical & ancient languages: school editions of classical texts
YPJEducational: Humanities & social sciences, general
YPJHEducational: History
YPJJEducational: Social sciences, social studies
YPJJ1Educational: Politics & constitution
YPJJ3Educational: Citizenship & social education
YPJJ5Educational: Psychology
YPJLEducational: Philosophy
YPJNEducational: Religious studies
See also: YNR Children’s / Teenage general interest: Religion & beliefs
YPJN1Educational: Religious studies: Hinduism
See also: YNRD Children’s / Teenage general interest: Hinduism
YPJN2Educational: Religious studies: Buddhism
See also: YNRF Children’s / Teenage general interest: Buddhism
YPJN3Educational: Religious studies: Judaism
See also: YNRJ Children’s / Teenage general interest: Judaism
YPJN4Educational: Religious studies: Christianity
See also: YNRM Children’s / Teenage general interest: Christianity
YPJN5Educational: Religious studies: Islam
See also: YNRP Children’s / Teenage general interest: Islam
YPJN9Educational: Religious studies: other religions
See also: YNRR Children’s / Teenage general interest: other religions
YPJTEducational: Geography
YPJVEducational: Business studies & economics
YPMEducational: Mathematics, science & technology, general
YPMFEducational: Mathematics & numeracy
YPMF1Educational: Mathematics & numeracy: times tables
YPMPEducational: Sciences, general science
YPMP1Educational: Biology
YPMP3Educational: Chemistry
YPMP5Educational: Physics
YPMTEducational: Technology
YPMT2Educational: Design & technology
YPMT4Educational: Food technology, cooking skills
YPMT6Educational: IT & computing, ICT
YPWEducational: Vocational & other subjects
YPWCEducational: Vocational subjects
Class here: all vocational subjects taught at school not listed separately, eg health care, hospitality, etc
YPWFEducational: Physical education
YPWLEducational: General studies / study skills general
YPZEducational: study & revision guides
Use for ALL study & revision guides for primary and secondary education, with relevant YP* code above indicating subject where possible
1.1
YRChildren’s / Teenage reference material
YRDChildren’s / Teenage reference: Dictionaries, school dictionaries
Use LANGUAGE Qualifiers, as appropriate
YRDCChildren’s / Teenage reference: Picture dictionaries
Use LANGUAGE Qualifiers, as appropriate
YRDLChildren’s / Teenage reference: Bilingual / multilingual dictionaries
Use LANGUAGE Qualifiers, as appropriate
YREChildren’s / Teenage reference: Encyclopaedias, general reference
Use for non-subject-specific works only; for subject-specific reference works, use YRG
YRGChildren’s / Teenage reference: Subject-specific reference
Use after another Y* code indicating the subject or scope of the reference work
YRWChildren’s / Teenage reference: Atlases & maps
Use with PLACE Qualifiers, as appropriate
YXChildren’s / Teenage: Personal & social issues
Use YX* codes alone or with other Y* codes indicating type of book; use with appropriate YF* code for fiction designed to deal with these issues
YXAChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: Body & health
YXAXChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: Sex education & the facts of life
YXDChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: Self-awareness & self-esteem
YXEChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: Emotions
Class here: understanding fears, happiness, solidarity, sadness, empathy, alienation, frustration, etc
YXFChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: Family issues
YXFDChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: divorce, separation, family break-up
YXGChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: death & bereavement
YXGSChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: suicide1.2
YXHChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: Relationships (non-family)
YXHBChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: Friends & friendship issues
YXHLChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: Sexuality & relationships
YXHYChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: teenage pregnancy1.1
YXJChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: Drugs & addiction
YXKChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: Disability & special needs
YXLChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: living with disease & long-term conditions1.2
YXNChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: Racism & multiculturalism
YXQChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: Bullying, violence, abuse & peer pressure1.1
YXRChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: personal safety
Class here: dealing with strangers, road safety, safety in the home etc
1.1
YXSChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: runaways1.1
YXTChildren’s / Teenage personal & social issues: Truancy & school problems
YXVTeenage personal & social issues: Advice on careers & further education, leaving school
YXZChildren’s / Teenage: Social issues
YXZGChildren’s / Teenage social issues: Environment & green issues
YXZMChildren’s / Teenage social issues: Migration & refugees1.2
YXZRChildren’s / Teenage social issues: Religious issues
YXZWChildren’s / Teenage social issues: War & conflict issues
YZChildren’s / Teenage stationery & miscellaneous items
Use only for stationery & non-book items for children not able to be classified with any other Y* code
YZGChildren’s gift books
Class here: small books, typically decorative or humorous, intended to be given as gifts to children
YZSChildren’s stationery items
Class here: any printed stationery item, diaries, calendars, posters, kits, postcard packs, bookmarks, etc intended for children; assign also another code indicating subject where possible
See also: WZS Stationery items
1.1
YZSNBlank children’s stationery items
Class here: blank exercise books, autograph books and other content-free items for children
See also: WZSN Blank stationery items
1.1
1Place qualifiers
Do not use “1” on individual books, but select qualifiers from section 1* as appropriate
1.2
1AWorld
Use to indicate a specifically global context
1.2
1DEurope
1DDWestern Europe
1DDBBelgium
1DDB‑BE‑BBrussels / Bruxelles / Brussel
1DDB‑BE‑FFlanders / Flandre
1DDB‑BE‑FAAntwerp / Antwerpen / Anvers (province / provincie)
1DDB‑BE‑FAAAntwerp / Antwerpen / Anvers
1DDB‑BE‑FBFlemish Brabant / Vlaams-Brabant / Brabant flamand
1DDB‑BE‑FBALeuven
1DDB‑BE‑FCLimburg / Limbourg
1DDB‑BE‑FCAHasselt
1DDB‑BE‑FDOost-Vlaanderen / Flandre-Orientale
1DDB‑BE‑FDAGhent / Gand
1DDB‑BE‑FEWest-Vlaanderen / Flandre-Occidentale
1DDB‑BE‑FEABrugge / Bruges
1DDB‑BE‑WWallonia / Wallonie
1DDB‑BE‑WABrabant wallon / Waals Brabant
1DDB‑BE‑WAAWavre
1DDB‑BE‑WBHainaut / Henegouwen
1DDB‑BE‑WBAMons / Bergen
1DDB‑BE‑WBBCharleroi
1DDB‑BE‑WCLiège / Luik (province / provincie)
1DDB‑BE‑WCALiège / Luik
1DDB‑BE‑WDLuxembourg / Luxemburg (province / provincie)
1DDB‑BE‑WDAArlon / Arlen
1DDB‑BE‑WENamur / Namen (province / provincie)
1DDB‑BE‑WEANamur / Namen
1DDFFrance
1DDF‑FR‑AAlsace
1DDF‑FR‑AABas-Rhin 67
1DDF‑FR‑AAAStrasbourg
1DDF‑FR‑ABHaut-Rhin 68
1DDF‑FR‑ABAColmar
1DDF‑FR‑BAquitaine
1DDF‑FR‑BADordogne 24
1DDF‑FR‑BAAPérigueux
1DDF‑FR‑BBGironde 33
1DDF‑FR‑BBABordeaux
1DDF‑FR‑BCLandes 40
1DDF‑FR‑BCAMont-de-Marsan
1DDF‑FR‑BDLot-et-Garonne 47
1DDF‑FR‑BDAAgen
1DDF‑FR‑BEPyrénées-Atlantiques 64
1DDF‑FR‑BEAPau
1DDF‑FR‑CAuvergne
1DDF‑FR‑CAAllier 03
1DDF‑FR‑CAAMoulins
1DDF‑FR‑CBCantal 15
1DDF‑FR‑CBAAurillac
1DDF‑FR‑CCHaute-Loire 43
1DDF‑FR‑CCALe Puy-en-Velay
1DDF‑FR‑CDPuy-de-Dôme 63
1DDF‑FR‑CDAClermont-Ferrand
1DDF‑FR‑DBasse-Normandie
1DDF‑FR‑DACalvados 14
1DDF‑FR‑DAACaen
1DDF‑FR‑DBManche 50
1DDF‑FR‑DBASaint-Lô
1DDF‑FR‑DCOrne 61
1DDF‑FR‑DCAAlençon
1DDF‑FR‑EBourgogne
1DDF‑FR‑EACôte-d’Or 21
1DDF‑FR‑EAADijon
1DDF‑FR‑EBNièvre 58
1DDF‑FR‑EBANevers
1DDF‑FR‑ECSaône-et-Loire 71
1DDF‑FR‑ECAMâcon
1DDF‑FR‑EDYonne 89
1DDF‑FR‑EDAAuxerre
1DDF‑FR‑FBretagne
1DDF‑FR‑FACôtes-d’Armor 22
1DDF‑FR‑FAASaint-Brieuc
1DDF‑FR‑FBFinistère 29
1DDF‑FR‑FBAQuimper
1DDF‑FR‑FCIlle-et-Vilaine 35
1DDF‑FR‑FCARennes
1DDF‑FR‑FDMorbihan 56
1DDF‑FR‑FDAVannes
1DDF‑FR‑GCentre
1DDF‑FR‑GACher 18
1DDF‑FR‑GABBourges
1DDF‑FR‑GBEure-et-Loir 28
1DDF‑FR‑GBAChartres
1DDF‑FR‑GCIndre 36
1DDF‑FR‑GCAChâteauroux
1DDF‑FR‑GDIndre-et-Loire 37
1DDF‑FR‑GDATours
1DDF‑FR‑GELoir-et-Cher 41
1DDF‑FR‑GEABlois
1DDF‑FR‑GFLoiret 45
1DDF‑FR‑GFAOrléans
1DDF‑FR‑HChampagne-Ardenne
1DDF‑FR‑HAArdennes 08
1DDF‑FR‑HABCharleville-Mézières
1DDF‑FR‑HBAube 10
1DDF‑FR‑HBATroyes
1DDF‑FR‑HCMarne 51
1DDF‑FR‑HCAChâlons-en-Champagne
1DDF‑FR‑HDHaute-Marne 52
1DDF‑FR‑HDAChaumont
1DDF‑FR‑ICorsica
1DDF‑FR‑IACorse-du-Sud 2A
1DDF‑FR‑IAAAjaccio
1DDF‑FR‑IBHaute-Corse 2B
1DDF‑FR‑IBABastia
1DDF‑FR‑JFranche-Comté
1DDF‑FR‑JADoubs 25
1DDF‑FR‑JABBesançon
1DDF‑FR‑JBJura 39
1DDF‑FR‑JBALons-le-Saunier
1DDF‑FR‑JCHaute-Saône 70
1DDF‑FR‑JCAVesoul
1DDF‑FR‑JDTerritoire de Belfort 90
1DDF‑FR‑JDABelfort
1DDF‑FR‑KHaute-Normandie
1DDF‑FR‑KAEure 27
1DDF‑FR‑KAAÉvreux
1DDF‑FR‑KBSeine-Maritime 76
1DDF‑FR‑KBARouen
1DDF‑FR‑LÎle-de-France
1DDF‑FR‑LAParis 75
1DDF‑FR‑LAAParis
1DDF‑FR‑LBSeine-et-Marne 77
1DDF‑FR‑LBAMelun
1DDF‑FR‑LCYvelines 78
1DDF‑FR‑LCAVersailles
1DDF‑FR‑LDEssonne 91
1DDF‑FR‑LDAÉvry
1DDF‑FR‑LEHauts-de-Seine 92
1DDF‑FR‑LEANanterre
1DDF‑FR‑LFSeine-Saint-Denis 93
1DDF‑FR‑LFABobigny
1DDF‑FR‑LGVal-de-Marne 94
1DDF‑FR‑LGACréteil
1DDF‑FR‑LHVal-d’Oise 95
1DDF‑FR‑LHAPontoise
1DDF‑FR‑MLanguedoc-Roussillon
1DDF‑FR‑MAAude 11
1DDF‑FR‑MAACarcassonne
1DDF‑FR‑MBGard 30
1DDF‑FR‑MBANîmes
1DDF‑FR‑MCHérault 34
1DDF‑FR‑MCAMontpellier
1DDF‑FR‑MDLozère 48
1DDF‑FR‑MDAMende
1DDF‑FR‑MEPyrénées-Orientales 66
1DDF‑FR‑MEAPerpignan
1DDF‑FR‑NLimousin
1DDF‑FR‑NACorrèze 19
1DDF‑FR‑NAATulle
1DDF‑FR‑NBCreuse 23
1DDF‑FR‑NBAGuéret
1DDF‑FR‑NCHaute-Vienne 87
1DDF‑FR‑NCALimoges
1DDF‑FR‑OLorraine
1DDF‑FR‑OAMeurthe-et-Moselle 54
1DDF‑FR‑OAANancy
1DDF‑FR‑OBMeuse 55
1DDF‑FR‑OBABar-le-Duc
1DDF‑FR‑OCMoselle 57
1DDF‑FR‑OCAMetz
1DDF‑FR‑ODVosges 88
1DDF‑FR‑ODAÉpinal
1DDF‑FR‑PMidi-Pyrénées
1DDF‑FR‑PAAriège 09
1DDF‑FR‑PAAFoix
1DDF‑FR‑PBAveyron 12
1DDF‑FR‑PBARodez
1DDF‑FR‑PCHaute-Garonne 31
1DDF‑FR‑PCAToulouse
1DDF‑FR‑PDGers 32
1DDF‑FR‑PDAAuch
1DDF‑FR‑PELot 46
1DDF‑FR‑PEACahors
1DDF‑FR‑PFHautes-Pyrénées 65
1DDF‑FR‑PFATarbes
1DDF‑FR‑PGTarn 81
1DDF‑FR‑PGAAlbi
1DDF‑FR‑PHTarn-et-Garonne 82
1DDF‑FR‑PHAMontauban
1DDF‑FR‑QNord-Pas-de-Calais
1DDF‑FR‑QANord 59
1DDF‑FR‑QAALille
1DDF‑FR‑QBPas-de-Calais 62
1DDF‑FR‑QBAArras
1DDF‑FR‑RPays de la Loire
1DDF‑FR‑RALoire-Atlantique 44
1DDF‑FR‑RABNantes
1DDF‑FR‑RBMaine-et-Loire 49
1DDF‑FR‑RBAAngers
1DDF‑FR‑RCMayenne 53
1DDF‑FR‑RCALaval
1DDF‑FR‑RDSarthe 72
1DDF‑FR‑RDALe Mans
1DDF‑FR‑REVendée 85
1DDF‑FR‑REALa Roche-sur-Yon
1DDF‑FR‑SPicardie
1DDF‑FR‑SAAisne 02
1DDF‑FR‑SAALaon
1DDF‑FR‑SBOise 60
1DDF‑FR‑SBABeauvais
1DDF‑FR‑SCSomme 80
1DDF‑FR‑SCAAmiens
1DDF‑FR‑TPoitou-Charentes
1DDF‑FR‑TACharente 16
1DDF‑FR‑TAAAngoulême
1DDF‑FR‑TBCharente-Maritime 17
1DDF‑FR‑TBALa Rochelle
1DDF‑FR‑TCDeux-Sèvres 79
1DDF‑FR‑TCANiort
1DDF‑FR‑TDVienne 86
1DDF‑FR‑TDAPoitiers
1DDF‑FR‑UProvence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur
1DDF‑FR‑UAAlpes-de-Haute-Provence 04
1DDF‑FR‑UAADigne-les-Bains
1DDF‑FR‑UBHautes-Alpes 05
1DDF‑FR‑UBAGap
1DDF‑FR‑UCAlpes-Maritimes 06
1DDF‑FR‑UCANice
1DDF‑FR‑UDBouches-du-Rhône 13
1DDF‑FR‑UDAMarseille
1DDF‑FR‑UEVar 83
1DDF‑FR‑UEAToulon
1DDF‑FR‑UFVaucluse 84
1DDF‑FR‑UFAAvignon
1DDF‑FR‑VRhône-Alpes
1DDF‑FR‑VAAin 01
1DDF‑FR‑VAABourg-en-Bresse
1DDF‑FR‑VBArdèche 07
1DDF‑FR‑VBAPrivas
1DDF‑FR‑VCDrôme 26
1DDF‑FR‑VCAValence
1DDF‑FR‑VDIsère 38
1DDF‑FR‑VDAGrenoble
1DDF‑FR‑VELoire 42
1DDF‑FR‑VEASaint-Étienne
1DDF‑FR‑VFRhône 69
1DDF‑FR‑VFALyon
1DDF‑FR‑VGSavoie 73
1DDF‑FR‑VGAChambéry
1DDF‑FR‑VHHaute-Savoie 74
1DDF‑FR‑VHAAnnecy
1DDLLuxembourg
1DDMMonaco
1DDNNetherlands
1DDN‑NL‑AAmsterdam
1DDN‑NL‑BBrabant
1DDN‑NL‑DDrente
1DDN‑NL‑FFlevoland
1DDN‑NL‑GGelderland
1DDN‑NL‑HNoord Holland
1DDN‑NL‑LLimburg
1DDN‑NL‑NGroningen
1DDN‑NL‑RFriesland
1DDN‑NL‑SZuid Holland
1DDN‑NL‑UUtrecht
1DDN‑NL‑VOverijssel
1DDN‑NL‑ZZeeland
1DDRIreland
1DDUUnited Kingdom, Great Britain
1DDU‑GB‑EEngland
1DDU‑GB‑EAEast Anglia
1DDU‑GB‑EACCambridgeshire
1DDU‑GB‑EANNorfolk
1DDU‑GB‑EASSuffolk
1DDU‑GB‑EAXEssex
1DDU‑GB‑EMMidlands
1DDU‑GB‑EMDDerbyshire & Peak District
1DDU‑GB‑EMFHerefordshire
1DDU‑GB‑EMHLeicestershire
1DDU‑GB‑EMLLincolnshire
1DDU‑GB‑EMMNorthamptonshire
1DDU‑GB‑EMNNottinghamshire
1DDU‑GB‑EMPShropshire
1DDU‑GB‑EMRRutland
1DDU‑GB‑EMSStaffordshire
1DDU‑GB‑EMTWorcestershire
1DDU‑GB‑EMWWarwickshire, West Midlands
1DDU‑GB‑EMWBBirmingham (UK)
1DDU‑GB‑ENNorth West England
1DDU‑GB‑ENCCheshire
1DDU‑GB‑ENLLancashire, Greater Manchester, Merseyside
1DDU‑GB‑ENLLLiverpool
1DDU‑GB‑ENLMManchester
1DDU‑GB‑ENMCumbria & Lake District
1DDU‑GB‑ESSouth & South East England
1DDU‑GB‑ESBBerkshire
1DDU‑GB‑ESDBedfordshire
1DDU‑GB‑ESFOxfordshire
1DDU‑GB‑ESHHampshire
1DDU‑GB‑ESKKent
1DDU‑GB‑ESLLondon, Greater London
1DDU‑GB‑ESLCCentral London201510
1DDU‑GB‑ESLFCity of London201510
1DDU‑GB‑ESRSurrey
1DDU‑GB‑ESTHertfordshire
1DDU‑GB‑ESUBuckinghamshire
1DDU‑GB‑ESWIsle of Wight
1DDU‑GB‑ESXSussex
1DDU‑GB‑EWSouth West England
1DDU‑GB‑EWCCornwall
1DDU‑GB‑EWDDevon
1DDU‑GB‑EWGGloucestershire
1DDU‑GB‑EWSSomerset, Bristol
1DDU‑GB‑EWTDorset
1DDU‑GB‑EWWWiltshire
1DDU‑GB‑EYNorth & North East England
1DDU‑GB‑EYDDurham
1DDU‑GB‑EYKYorkshire
1DDU‑GB‑EYKLLeeds, Bradford1.1
1DDU‑GB‑EYNNorthumberland, Tyne & Wear
1DDU‑GB‑EYNCNewcastle
1DDU‑GB‑NNorthern Ireland
1DDU‑GB‑NBBelfast
1DDU‑GB‑SScotland
1DDU‑GB‑SBLowland Scotland & Borders
1DDU‑GB‑SCCentral Scotland
1DDU‑GB‑SCEEdinburgh
1DDU‑GB‑SCGGlasgow
1DDU‑GB‑SHNorthern Scotland, Highlands & Islands
1DDU‑GB‑SHFOrkney Islands
1DDU‑GB‑SHJShetland Islands
1DDU‑GB‑SHLWestern Isles, Outer Hebrides
1DDU‑GB‑SHQIsle of Skye
1DDU‑GB‑WWales
1DDU‑GB‑WCMid Wales
1DDU‑GB‑WNNorth Wales
1DDU‑GB‑WSSouth Wales
1DDU‑GB‑WSCCardiff
1DDU‑GB‑WVSouthwest Wales
1DDU‑GB‑XChannel Islands
1DDU‑GB‑ZIsle of Man
1DFCentral Europe
1DFAAustria
1DFA‑AT‑BBurgenland
1DFA‑AT‑KCarinthia
1DFA‑AT‑MStyria
1DFA‑AT‑NLower Austria
1DFA‑AT‑RUpper Austria
1DFA‑AT‑SSalzburg
1DFA‑AT‑TTyrol
1DFA‑AT‑VVorarlberg
1DFA‑AT‑WVienna
1DFGGermany
1DFG‑DE‑BNortheast Germany
1DFG‑DE‑BEBerlin
1DFG‑DE‑BGBrandenburg
1DFG‑DE‑BKGerman Baltic Sea coast & islands
1DFG‑DE‑BKARügen1.1
1DFG‑DE‑BMMecklenburg-Western Pomerania
1DFG‑DE‑BSSaxony-Anhalt
1DFG‑DE‑FEast Germany
1DFG‑DE‑FSSaxony
1DFG‑DE‑FSALeipzig1.1
1DFG‑DE‑FSBDresden1.1
1DFG‑DE‑FTThuringia
1DFG‑DE‑TSoutheast Germany
1DFG‑DE‑TBBavaria
1DFG‑DE‑TBALower Bavaria1.1
1DFG‑DE‑TBBUpper Bavaria1.1
1DFG‑DE‑TBCMunich1.1
1DFG‑DE‑TBDNuremburg1.1
1DFG‑DE‑USouthwest Germany
1DFG‑DE‑UBBaden-Württemberg
1DFG‑DE‑UBAStuttgart1.1
1DFG‑DE‑UHHesse
1DFG‑DE‑UHAFrankfurt1.1
1DFG‑DE‑URRhineland-Palatinate
1DFG‑DE‑URAPalatinate1.1
1DFG‑DE‑USSaarland
1DFG‑DE‑VNorthwest Germany
1DFG‑DE‑VAGerman North Sea coast & islands
1DFG‑DE‑VBBremen
1DFG‑DE‑VHHamburg
1DFG‑DE‑VNLower Saxony
1DFG‑DE‑VNAHanover1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VRNorth Rhine-Westphalia
1DFG‑DE‑VRBDüsseldorf1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VRCCologne1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VRDDortmund1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VREEssen1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VRRRuhr district1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VSSchleswig-Holstein
1DFG‑DE‑XHistorical areas within Germany1.1
1DFG‑DE‑XAUpper Lusatia1.1
1DFG‑DE‑XBSwabia1.1
1DFG‑DE‑XCAllgäu1.1
1DFHSwitzerland
1DFH‑CH‑CEspace Mittelland
1DFH‑CH‑CBBern / Berne / Berna
1DFH‑CH‑CFFreiburg / Fribourg / Friborgo / Friburg
1DFH‑CH‑CJJura / Giura
1DFH‑CH‑CNNeuenburg / Neuchâtel
1DFH‑CH‑CSSolothurn / Soleure / Soletta / Soloturn
1DFH‑CH‑GGenferseeregion / Lake Geneva Region
1DFH‑CH‑GGGenf / Genève / Ginevra / Genevra / Geneva
1DFH‑CH‑GVWaadt / Vaud / Vad
1DFH‑CH‑GWWallis / Valais / Vallese / Vallais
1DFH‑CH‑NNordwestschweiz / Northwest Switzerland
1DFH‑CH‑NAAargau / Argovie / Argovia
1DFH‑CH‑NBBasel-Landschaft / Bâle-Campagne / Basilea-Campagna / Basilea-Champagna / Basle-Country
1DFH‑CH‑NDBasel-Stadt / Bâle-Ville / Basilea-Città / Basilea-Citad / Basle (City)
1DFH‑CH‑POstschweiz / Eastern Switzerland
1DFH‑CH‑PCAppenzell Innerrhoden / Appenzell Rhodes-Intérieures / Appenzello Interno /Appenzell dadens
1DFH‑CH‑PDAppenzell Ausserrhoden / Appenzell Rhodes-Extérieures / Appenzello Esterno / Appenzell dador
1DFH‑CH‑PGGlarus / Glaris / Glarona / Glaruna
1DFH‑CH‑PKGraubünden / Grisons / Grigioni / Grischun
1DFH‑CH‑PNSt. Gallen / Saint-Gall / San Gallo / Son Gagl
1DFH‑CH‑PPSchaffhausen / Schaffhouse / Sciaffusa / Schaffusa
1DFH‑CH‑PRThurgau / Thurgovie / Turgovia
1DFH‑CH‑RTessin / Ticino
1DFH‑CH‑UZentralschweiz / Central Switzerland
1DFH‑CH‑ULLuzern / Lucerne / Lucerna
1DFH‑CH‑UNNidwalden / Nidwald / Nidvaldo / Sutsilvania
1DFH‑CH‑UOObwalden / Obwald / Obvaldo / Sursilvania
1DFH‑CH‑USSchwyz / Schwytz / Svitto / Sviz
1DFH‑CH‑UUUri
1DFH‑CH‑UVZug / Zoug / Zugo
1DFH‑CH‑XZürich / Zurich / Zurigo / Turitg
1DFLLiechtenstein
1DNNorthern Europe, Scandinavia
1DNCIceland
1DNDDenmark
1DNDFFaroe Islands
1DNDF‑FO‑TThorshavn201510
1DND‑DK‑BBornholm201510
1DND‑DK‑FFunen and islands201510
1DND‑DK‑FOOdense201510
1DND‑DK‑JJutland201510
1DND‑DK‑JEEsbjerg201510
1DND‑DK‑JLAlborg201510
1DND‑DK‑JRArhus201510
1DND‑DK‑LLolland-Falster201510
1DND‑DK‑SZealand201510
1DND‑DK‑SKCopenhagen201510
1DND‑DK‑SRRoskilde201510
1DNFFinland
1DNNNorway
1DNN‑NO‑DNorthern Norway
1DNN‑NO‑DFFinnmark
1DNN‑NO‑DFVVadsø
1DNN‑NO‑DLNordland
1DNN‑NO‑DLBBodø
1DNN‑NO‑DLNNarvik
1DNN‑NO‑DTTroms
1DNN‑NO‑DTRTromsø
1DNN‑NO‑JSørlandet
1DNN‑NO‑JAAust-Agder
1DNN‑NO‑JALArendal
1DNN‑NO‑JGVest-Agder
1DNN‑NO‑JGFFarsund
1DNN‑NO‑JGKKristiansand
1DNN‑NO‑JGLLillesand
1DNN‑NO‑TTrøndelag
1DNN‑NO‑TDNord-Trøndelag
1DNN‑NO‑TDSSteinkjer
1DNN‑NO‑TRSør-Trøndelag
1DNN‑NO‑TRHTrondheim
1DNN‑NO‑VVestlandet
1DNN‑NO‑VHHordaland
1DNN‑NO‑VHBBergen
1DNN‑NO‑VMMøre og Romsdal
1DNN‑NO‑VMAÅlesund
1DNN‑NO‑VMKKristiansund
1DNN‑NO‑VMLMolde
1DNN‑NO‑VRRogaland
1DNN‑NO‑VRSStavanger
1DNN‑NO‑VWSogn og Fjordane
1DNN‑NO‑XØstlandet
1DNN‑NO‑XAAkershus
1DNN‑NO‑XBBuskerud
1DNN‑NO‑XBDDrammen
1DNN‑NO‑XFOslofjorden
1DNN‑NO‑XHHedmark
1DNN‑NO‑XHRHamar
1DNN‑NO‑XPOppland
1DNN‑NO‑XPLLillehammer
1DNN‑NO‑XSOslo
1DNN‑NO‑XTTelemark
1DNN‑NO‑XTKSkien
1DNN‑NO‑XVVestfold
1DNN‑NO‑XVLLarvik
1DNN‑NO‑XVNSandefjord
1DNN‑NO‑XVRTønsberg
1DNN‑NO‑XZØstfold
1DNN‑NO‑XZFFredrikstad
1DNN‑NO‑XZHHalden
1DNN‑NO‑XZMMoss
1DNN‑NO‑XZSSarpsborg
1DNSSweden
1DNS‑SE‑ASvealand
1DNS‑SE‑AAStockholm
1DNS‑SE‑AAAStockholm archipelago1.2
1DNS‑SE‑ABUppland
1DNS‑SE‑ABAUppsala1.2
1DNS‑SE‑ACSödermanland
1DNS‑SE‑ACANyköping1.2
1DNS‑SE‑ADNärke
1DNS‑SE‑ADAÖrebro1.2
1DNS‑SE‑AEVästmanland
1DNS‑SE‑AEAVästerås1.2
1DNS‑SE‑AFDalarna
1DNS‑SE‑AFAFalun1.2
1DNS‑SE‑AGVärmland
1DNS‑SE‑AGAKarlstad1.2
1DNS‑SE‑AHBergslagen1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BGötaland
1DNS‑SE‑BASkåne
1DNS‑SE‑BAAMalmö
1DNS‑SE‑BABÖsterlen1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BBHalland
1DNS‑SE‑BBAHalmstad1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BCBlekinge
1DNS‑SE‑BCAKarlskrona1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BDSmåland
1DNS‑SE‑BDAVäxjö1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BDBKalmar1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BEÖland
1DNS‑SE‑BFGotland
1DNS‑SE‑BFAVisby1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BGÖstergötland
1DNS‑SE‑BGALinköping1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BHVästergötland
1DNS‑SE‑BJGothenburg
1DNS‑SE‑BJAGothenburg archipelago1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BKBohuslän
1DNS‑SE‑BLDalsland
1DNS‑SE‑CNorrland
1DNS‑SE‑CAGästrikland
1DNS‑SE‑CAAGävle1.2
1DNS‑SE‑CBHälsingland
1DNS‑SE‑CCJämtland
1DNS‑SE‑CCAÖstersund1.2
1DNS‑SE‑CDHärjedalen
1DNS‑SE‑CEMedelpad
1DNS‑SE‑CFÅngermanland
1DNS‑SE‑CFAHärnösand1.2
1DNS‑SE‑CGVästerbotten
1DNS‑SE‑CGAUmeå1.2
1DNS‑SE‑CHNorrbotten
1DNS‑SE‑CHALuleå1.2
1DNS‑SE‑CJLapland
1DNS‑SE‑CKTornedalen
Meänmaa
1.2
1DSSouthern Europe
1DSESpain
1DSE‑ES‑AAndalusia, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑AAAlmeria (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AAAAlmeria (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑ABCadiz (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑ABACadiz (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑ACCordoba (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑ACACordoba (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑ADGranada (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑ADAGranada (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AEHuelva (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AEAHuelva (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AFJaen (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AFAJaen (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AGMalaga (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AGAMalaga (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AHSeville (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AHASeville (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑BBalearic Islands
1DSE‑ES‑BABaleares (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑BAAMallorca201701
1DSE‑ES‑BAABPalma de Mallorca201701
1DSE‑ES‑BABMenorca201701
1DSE‑ES‑BABAMahon201701
1DSE‑ES‑BACIbiza (Island)201701
1DSE‑ES‑BACAIbiza (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑BADFormentera201701
1DSE‑ES‑CAragon, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑CAHuesca (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑CAAHuesca (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑CBTeruel (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑CBATeruel (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑CCZaragoza (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑CCAZaragoza (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑DAsturias, Principality of
1DSE‑ES‑DAAsturias (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑DAAOviedo201701
1DSE‑ES‑DABGijon201701
1DSE‑ES‑ECanary Islands
Use for political & social aspects; prefer/add 1MTANC for geophysical, natural history & travel aspects
See also: 1MTANC Canary Islands
1DSE‑ES‑EALas Palmas (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑EAAGran Canaria201701
1DSE‑ES‑EAAALas Palmas de Gran Canaria201701
1DSE‑ES‑EABFuerteventura201701
1DSE‑ES‑EACLanzarote201701
1DSE‑ES‑EBSanta Cruz de Tenerife (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑EBATenerife201701
1DSE‑ES‑EBAASanta Cruz de Tenerife (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑EBBEl Hierro201701
1DSE‑ES‑EBCLa Gomera201701
1DSE‑ES‑EBDLa Palma201701
1DSE‑ES‑FCantabria, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑FACantabria (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑FAASantander201701
1DSE‑ES‑GCastile-La Mancha, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑GAAlbacete (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GAAAlbacete (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GBCiudad Real (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GBACiudad Real (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GCCuenca (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GCACuenca (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GDGuadalajara (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GDAGuadalajara (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GEToledo (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GEAToledo (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HCastile and Leon, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑HAAvila (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HAAAvila (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HBBurgos (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HBABurgos (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HCLeon (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HCALeon (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HDPalencia (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HDAPalencia (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HESalamanca (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HEASalamanca (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HFSegovia (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HFASegovia (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HGSoria (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HGASoria (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HHValladolid (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HHAValladolid (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HJZamora (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HJAZamora (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JCatalonia
1DSE‑ES‑JABarcelona (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JAABarcelona (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JBGirona (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JBAGirona (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JCLerida / Lleida (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JCALerida / Lleida (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JDTarragona (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JDATarragona (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑KExtremadura, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑KACaceres (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑KAACaceres (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑KBBadajoz (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑KBABadajoz (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LGalicia, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑LACorunna (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LAACorunna (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LBLugo (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LBALugo (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LCOrense (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LCAOrense (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LDPontevedra (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LDAPontevedra (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑MMadrid, Community of
1DSE‑ES‑MAMadrid (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑MAAMadrid (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑NMurcia, Region of
1DSE‑ES‑NAMurcia (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑NAAMurcia (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑QNavarre, Chartered Community of
1DSE‑ES‑QANavarre201701
1DSE‑ES‑QABPamplona201701
1DSE‑ES‑RBasque Autonomous Community
1DSE‑ES‑RAAlava201701
1DSE‑ES‑RAAVitoria201701
1DSE‑ES‑RBGuipuzcoa201701
1DSE‑ES‑RBASan Sebastian201701
1DSE‑ES‑RCBiscay201701
1DSE‑ES‑RCABilbao201701
1DSE‑ES‑SLa Rioja, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑SALogroño (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑SAALogroño (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑TValencian Community
1DSE‑ES‑TAAlicante (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑TAAAlicante (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑TBCastellon (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑TBACastellon (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑TCValencia (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑TCAValencia (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑UCeuta, Autonomous City of
1DSE‑ES‑VMelilla, Autonomous City of
1DSGGibraltar
1DSMMalta
1DSNAndorra
1DSPPortugal
1DSTItaly
1DST‑IT‑NNorthern Italy
1DST‑IT‑NAValle d’Aosta
1DST‑IT‑NFFriuli Venezia Giulia
1DST‑IT‑NFGGorizia
1DST‑IT‑NFPPordenone
1DST‑IT‑NFTTrieste
1DST‑IT‑NFUUdine
1DST‑IT‑NGLiguria
1DST‑IT‑NGAGenoa
1DST‑IT‑NGMImperia
1DST‑IT‑NGSSavona
1DST‑IT‑NGZLa Spezia
1DST‑IT‑NLLombardia
1DST‑IT‑NLAVarese
1DST‑IT‑NLBBergamo
1DST‑IT‑NLCComo
1DST‑IT‑NLDLodi
1DST‑IT‑NLELecco
1DST‑IT‑NLMMilan
1DST‑IT‑NLNSondrio
1DST‑IT‑NLRCremona
1DST‑IT‑NLSBrescia
1DST‑IT‑NLTMantova
1DST‑IT‑NLVPavia
1DST‑IT‑NLZMonza e Brianza
1DST‑IT‑NPPiemonte
1DST‑IT‑NPAAlessandria
1DST‑IT‑NPLBiella
1DST‑IT‑NPNNovara
1DST‑IT‑NPRVercelli
1DST‑IT‑NPSAsti
1DST‑IT‑NPTTurin
1DST‑IT‑NPUCuneo
1DST‑IT‑NPVProvincia del Verbano Cusio Ossola
1DST‑IT‑NTTrentino Alto Adige
1DST‑IT‑NTRTrento
1DST‑IT‑NTZBolzano
1DST‑IT‑NVVeneto
1DST‑IT‑NVDPadua
1DST‑IT‑NVEVenice
1DST‑IT‑NVNVerona
1DST‑IT‑NVRRovigo
1DST‑IT‑NVSTreviso
1DST‑IT‑NVUBelluno
1DST‑IT‑NVZVicenza
1DST‑IT‑TCentral Italy
1DST‑IT‑TGEmilia Romagna
1DST‑IT‑TGBBologna
1DST‑IT‑TGCForlì-Cesena
1DST‑IT‑TGFFerrara
1DST‑IT‑TGMModena
1DST‑IT‑TGNRimini
1DST‑IT‑TGPParma
1DST‑IT‑TGRReggio nell’Emilia
1DST‑IT‑TGVRavenna
1DST‑IT‑TGZPiacenza
1DST‑IT‑TMMarche
1DST‑IT‑TMAAncona
1DST‑IT‑TMFFermo
1DST‑IT‑TMPPesaro e Urbino
1DST‑IT‑TMSAscoli Piceno
1DST‑IT‑TMTMacerata
1DST‑IT‑TRUmbria
1DST‑IT‑TRPPerugia
1DST‑IT‑TRTTerni
1DST‑IT‑TSTuscany
1DST‑IT‑TSAArezzo
1DST‑IT‑TSESiena
1DST‑IT‑TSFFlorence
1DST‑IT‑TSGGrosseto
1DST‑IT‑TSLLivorno
1DST‑IT‑TSMMassa-Carrara
1DST‑IT‑TSPPisa
1DST‑IT‑TSRPrato
1DST‑IT‑TSTPistoia
1DST‑IT‑TSULucca
1DST‑IT‑TZLazio
1DST‑IT‑TZFFrosinone
1DST‑IT‑TZLLatina
1DST‑IT‑TZRRome
1DST‑IT‑TZTRieti
1DST‑IT‑TZVViterbo
1DST‑IT‑USouthern Italy & Islands
1DST‑IT‑UAAbruzzo
1DST‑IT‑UAHChieti
1DST‑IT‑UAPPescara
1DST‑IT‑UAQL’Aquila
1DST‑IT‑UATTeramo
1DST‑IT‑UCCalabria
1DST‑IT‑UCKCrotone
1DST‑IT‑UCRReggio Calabria
1DST‑IT‑UCSCosenza
1DST‑IT‑UCVVibo Valentia
1DST‑IT‑UCZCatanzaro
1DST‑IT‑UDSardinia
1DST‑IT‑UDCCagliari
1DST‑IT‑UDGProvincia dell’Ogliastra
1DST‑IT‑UDMProvincia del Medio Campidano
1DST‑IT‑UDNCarbonia-Iglesias
1DST‑IT‑UDROristano
1DST‑IT‑UDSSassari
1DST‑IT‑UDTOlbia Tempio
1DST‑IT‑UDUNuoro
1DST‑IT‑UEMolise
1DST‑IT‑UECCampobasso
1DST‑IT‑UESIsernia
1DST‑IT‑ULSicily
1DST‑IT‑ULAAgrigento
1DST‑IT‑ULCCaltanissetta
1DST‑IT‑ULEEnna
1DST‑IT‑ULMMessina
1DST‑IT‑ULNTrapani
1DST‑IT‑ULPPalermo
1DST‑IT‑ULRRagusa
1DST‑IT‑ULSSyracuse
1DST‑IT‑ULTCatania
1DST‑IT‑UMCampania
1DST‑IT‑UMLAvellino
1DST‑IT‑UMNNaples
1DST‑IT‑UMSSalerno
1DST‑IT‑UMTCaserta
1DST‑IT‑UMVBenevento
1DST‑IT‑UPPuglia
1DST‑IT‑UPABari
1DST‑IT‑UPGFoggia
1DST‑IT‑UPLLecce
1DST‑IT‑UPRBarletta Andria Trani
1DST‑IT‑UPSBrindisi
1DST‑IT‑UPTTaranto
1DST‑IT‑USBasilicata
1DST‑IT‑USMMatera
1DST‑IT‑USPPotenza
1DST‑IT‑XHistorical and cultural areas within Italy1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNHistorical and cultural areas: Northern Italy1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNALanghe1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNCMonferrato1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNECanavese1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNFCinque Terre1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNHTigullio1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNLFranciacorta1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNNLomellina1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNPPolesine1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNRCarnia1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTHistorical and cultural areas: Central Italy1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTALunigiana1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTCGarfagnana1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTEChianti1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTGMugello1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTLVersilia1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTNCiociaria1.1
1DST‑IT‑XUHistorical and cultural areas: Southern Italy & islands1.1
1DST‑IT‑XUACilento1.1
1DST‑IT‑XUCIrpinia1.1
1DST‑IT‑XUESannio1.1
1DST‑IT‑XUGSalento1.1
1DST‑IT‑XULGallura1.1
1DSUSan Marino
1DSVVatican
1DTEastern Europe
1DTARussia
1DTBBelarus (Belorussia)
1DTDLatvia
1DTEEstonia
1DTFLithuania
1DTGGeorgia
1DTHHungary
1DTJCzech Republic
1DTKSlovakia
1DTMMoldova (Moldavia)
1DTNUkraine
1DTPPoland
1DTTTurkey
1DTVArmenia
1DTXAzerbaijan
1DTZKazakhstan
1DXSoutheast Europe
1DXAAlbania
1DXBBulgaria
1DXCCroatia
1DXDMacedonia
1DXGGreece
1DXHBosnia-Herzegovina
1DXKKosovo
1DXNMontenegro
1DXRRomania
1DXSSerbia
1DXVSlovenia
1DXYCyprus
1DZEurope: physical features
1DZAEurope: rivers, lakes etc
1DZADDanube river & tributaries
1DZARRhine river & tributaries
1DZARCLake Constance1.1
1DZAVVolga river & tributaries
1DZA‑DE‑EElbe river & tributaries1.1
1DZA‑DE‑NOder and Neisse rivers & tributaries1.1
1DZA‑DE‑WWeser river & tributaries1.1
1DZA‑IT‑APo river & tributaries1.1
1DZA‑IT‑CArno river & tributaries1.1
1DZA‑IT‑ETiber river and tributaries1.1
1DZTEurope: mountains, hills, plains, coastlines etc1.1
1DZTAThe Alps
1DZTCCarpathian mountains
1DZTPThe Pyrenees
1DZTSScandinavian Mountains1.2
1DZTUUral mountains
1DZT‑DE‑AHarz mountains1.1
1DZT‑DE‑BRhön mountains1.1
1DZT‑DE‑CEifel region1.1
1DZT‑DE‑DBlack Forest region1.1
1DZT‑DE‑ERhineland1.1
1DZT‑GB‑CCotswolds201510
1DZT‑GB‑PPennines201510
1DZT‑IT‑ANorthern Apennines1.1
1DZT‑IT‑BCentral Apennines1.1
1DZT‑IT‑CSouthern Apennines1.1
1DZT‑IT‑GKarst plateau1.1
1DZT‑IT‑LMaremma1.1
1DZT‑IT‑NVal d’Orcia1.1
1DZT‑IT‑PTavoliere delle Puglie1.1
1DZT‑IT‑RAmalfi coast1.1
1DZT‑IT‑TCosta Smeralda1.1
1FAsia
1FBMiddle East
1FBHIsrael
1FBJJordan
1FBLLebanon
1FBNIran
1FBPPalestine
1FBQIraq
1FBSSyria
1FBXArabian peninsula
1FBXBBahrain
1FBXKKuwait
1FBXMOman
1FBXQQatar
1FBXSSaudi Arabia
1FBXUUnited Arab Emirates
1FBXYYemen
1FCCentral Asia
1FCAAfghanistan
1FCDTajikistan (Tadzhikistan)
1FCKKyrgyzstan (Kirghizstan, Kirghizia)
1FCSSiberia
1FCTTurkmenistan
1FCUUzbekistan
1FKIndian sub-continent
1FKAIndia
1FKBBangladesh
1FKHBhutan
1FKNNepal
1FKPPakistan
1FKSSri Lanka (Ceylon)
1FMSouth East Asia
1FMBMyanmar (Burma)
1FMCCambodia
1FMLLaos
1FMMMalaysia
1FMNIndonesia
1FMNBBali
1FMNTEast Timor
1FMNXBorneo
1FMPPhilippines
1FMRBrunei
1FMSSingapore
1FMTThailand
1FMVVietnam
1FPEast Asia, Far East
1FPCChina
1FPC‑CN‑DNorth China201608
1FPC‑CN‑DBBeijing201608
1FPC‑CN‑DDTianjin201608
1FPC‑CN‑DFHebei201608
1FPC‑CN‑DHShanxi201608
1FPC‑CN‑DJInner Mongolia
Nei Mongol
201608
1FPC‑CN‑FNortheast China201608
1FPC‑CN‑FBLiaoning201608
1FPC‑CN‑FDJilin201608
1FPC‑CN‑FFHeilongjiang201608
1FPC‑CN‑HEast China201608
1FPC‑CN‑HBShanghai201608
1FPC‑CN‑HDJiangsu201608
1FPC‑CN‑HFZhejiang201608
1FPC‑CN‑HHAnhui201608
1FPC‑CN‑HJFujian201608
1FPC‑CN‑HLJiangxi201608
1FPC‑CN‑HNShandong201608
1FPC‑CN‑JCentral China201608
1FPC‑CN‑JBHenan201608
1FPC‑CN‑JDHubei201608
1FPC‑CN‑JFHunan201608
1FPC‑CN‑LSouth China201608
1FPC‑CN‑LBGuangdong201608
1FPC‑CN‑LDGuangxi201608
1FPC‑CN‑LFHainan201608
1FPC‑CN‑NSouthwest China201608
1FPC‑CN‑NBChongqing201608
1FPC‑CN‑NDSichuan201608
1FPC‑CN‑NFGuizhou201608
1FPC‑CN‑NHYunnan201608
1FPCTTibet
Xizang
201608
1FPC‑CN‑PNorthwest China201608
1FPC‑CN‑PBShaanxi201608
1FPC‑CN‑PDGansu201608
1FPC‑CN‑PFQinghai201608
1FPC‑CN‑PHNingxia201608
1FPC‑CN‑PJXinjiang201608
1FPCWTaiwan
1FPCHHong Kong
1FPCMMacao
1FPJJapan
1FPKKorea
1FPKNNorth Korea
1FPKSSouth Korea
1FPMMongolia
1FZAsia: physical features
1FZAAsia: rivers, lakes etc
1FZAGGanges river & tributaries
1FZAJIndus river & tributaries
1FZAMMekong river & tributaries
1FZAXYangtze river & tributaries
1FZAYYellow river & tributaries
1FZTAsia: mountains, hills, plains, coastlines etc1.1
1FZTAAltai mountains
1FZTGGobi desert
1FZTHThe Himalayas
1HAfrica
1HBNorth Africa
1HBAAlgeria
1HBCChad
1HBEEgypt
1HBE‑AA‑DNile Valley and Delta
1HBE‑AA‑DAAlexandria
1HBE‑AA‑DBAswan
1HBE‑AA‑DCCairo
1HBE‑AA‑DDBeheira
1HBE‑AA‑DFBeni Suef
1HBE‑AA‑DGDakahlia
1HBE‑AA‑DHDamietta
1HBE‑AA‑DJGharbia
1HBE‑AA‑DKGiza
1HBE‑AA‑DLKafr el-Sheikh
1HBE‑AA‑DNMinya
1HBE‑AA‑DPMonufia
1HBE‑AA‑DQQalyubia
1HBE‑AA‑DSSharqia
1HBE‑AA‑DWSohag
1HBE‑AA‑DXLuxor
1HBE‑AA‑JEgypt: Western Desert
1HBE‑AA‑JFFaiyum
1HBE‑AA‑JMMatruh
1HBE‑AA‑JVNew Valley (Governorate of Egypt)
1HBE‑AA‑MEgypt: Eastern Desert
1HBE‑AA‑MAAsyut
1HBE‑AA‑MQQena
1HBE‑AA‑MRRed Sea (Governorate of Egypt)
See also: 1QSL Red Sea
1HBE‑AA‑SSinai Peninsula
1HBE‑AA‑SLIsmailia
1HBE‑AA‑SNNorth Sinai
1HBE‑AA‑SPPort Said
1HBE‑AA‑SSSouth Sinai
1HBE‑AA‑SZSuez
1HBLLibya
1HBMMorocco
1HBSSudan
1HBTTunisia
1HBWWestern Sahara
1HBZSouth Sudan
1HFSub-Saharan Africa
1HFDWest Africa
1HFDAMauritania
1HFDBBenin
1HFDESierra Leone
1HFDFBurkina Faso
1HFDGGambia
1HFDHGhana
1HFDLLiberia
1HFDMMali
1HFDNNigeria
1HFDRNiger
1HFDSSenegal
1HFDTTogo
1HFDUGuinea
1HFDVCape Verde
1HFDXGuinea-Bissau
1HFDYIvory Coast
1HFGEast Africa
1HFGAEthiopia
1HFGDDjibouti
1HFGEEritrea
1HFGKKenya
1HFGQBurundi
1HFGRRwanda
1HFGSSomalia
1HFGSRRepublic of Somaliland
1HFGTTanzania
1HFGUUganda
1HFJCentral Africa
1HFJACameroon
1HFJCCongo
1HFJGGabon
1HFJQEquatorial Guinea
1HFJRCentral African Republic
1HFJSSao Tome & Principe
1HFJZDemocratic Republic of Congo (Zaire)
1HFMSouthern Africa
1HFMAAngola
1HFMBBotswana
1HFMKSwaziland
1HFMLLesotho
1HFMMMalawi
1HFMNNamibia
1HFMQMozambique
1HFMSRepublic of South Africa
1HFMWZimbabwe
1HFMZZambia
1HSSouth Indian Ocean Islands
1HSCComoros
1HSMMadagascar
1HSUMauritius
1HSVMaldives
1HSYSeychelles
1HS‑FR‑LLa Réunion
1HS‑FR‑LASaint-Denis
1HS‑FR‑MMayotte
1HS‑FR‑MADzaoudzi
1HZAfrica: physical features
1HZAAfrica: rivers, lakes etc
1HZACCongo river & tributaries
1HZAGNiger river & tributaries
1HZAMLake Nyasa
1HZANNile river & tributaries
1HZASSuez canal
1HZATLake Tanganyika
1HZAVLake Victoria & Victoria Falls
1HZAZZambesi river & tributaries
1HZTAfrica: mountains, hills, plains, coastlines etc1.1
1HZTAAtlas mountains
1HZTKKalahari desert
1HZTRGreat Rift Valley
1HZTSThe Sahara
1HZTTThe Sahel
1KThe Americas
1KBNorth America (USA & Canada)1.1
1KBBUnited States of America, USA
1KBB‑US‑MUS Midwest
1KBB‑US‑MLUS Midwest: East North Central (Great Lakes) States
1KBB‑US‑MLCIllinois
1KBB‑US‑MLCCChicago
1KBB‑US‑MLCSSpringfield (IL)1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLDIndiana
1KBB‑US‑MLDDIndianapolis1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLGMichigan
1KBB‑US‑MLGDDetroit1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLOOhio
1KBB‑US‑MLOLCleveland1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLONCincinnati1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLOOColumbus1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLTMinnesota
1KBB‑US‑MLTMMinneapolis-St. Paul1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLWWisconsin
1KBB‑US‑MLWMMilwaukee1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLWWMadison1.2
1KBB‑US‑MPUS Midwest: West North Central (Great Plains) States
1KBB‑US‑MPAIowa
1KBB‑US‑MPKKansas
1KBB‑US‑MPMMissouri
1KBB‑US‑MPMKKansas City (MO)1.2
1KBB‑US‑MPMLSt. Louis1.2
1KBB‑US‑MPNNebraska
1KBB‑US‑MPNLLincoln1.2
1KBB‑US‑MPNOOmaha1.2
1KBB‑US‑MPRNorth Dakota
1KBB‑US‑MPTSouth Dakota
1KBB‑US‑MPTRMount Rushmore National Memorial1.2
1KBB‑US‑NUS Northeast
1KBB‑US‑NAUS Northeast: Mid-Atlantic States
1KBB‑US‑NAJNew Jersey
1KBB‑US‑NAJAAtlantic City1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAJHHoboken1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAJNNewark1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAJSJersey Shore1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKNew York
1KBB‑US‑NAKAAlbany1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKBBuffalo1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKCNew York City
1KBB‑US‑NAKCBBrooklyn1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKCMManhattan1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKCMGGreenwich Village1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKCMHHarlem1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKLLong Island1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKNNiagara Falls (City)1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAPPennsylvania
1KBB‑US‑NAPDPennsylvania Dutch Country1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAPGGettysburg1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAPHPhiladelphia
1KBB‑US‑NAPTPittsburgh1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEUS Northeast: New England
1KBB‑US‑NECConnecticut
1KBB‑US‑NECHHartford1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEIMaine
1KBB‑US‑NEIAAcadia National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEIPPortland (ME)1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEMMassachusetts
1KBB‑US‑NEMBBoston
1KBB‑US‑NEMCCape Cod1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEMCMMartha’s Vineyard1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEMCNNantucket1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEMMCambridge (MA)1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEMSSalem (MA)1.2
1KBB‑US‑NENNew Hampshire
1KBB‑US‑NERRhode Island
1KBB‑US‑NERNNewport1.2
1KBB‑US‑NERPProvidence1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEVVermont
1KBB‑US‑SUS South
1KBB‑US‑SCUS South: East South Central States
1KBB‑US‑SCAAlabama
1KBB‑US‑SCAMMontgomery1.2
1KBB‑US‑SCKKentucky
1KBB‑US‑SCKLLouisville1.2
1KBB‑US‑SCMMississippi
1KBB‑US‑SCTTennessee
1KBB‑US‑SCTMMemphis1.2
1KBB‑US‑SCTNNashville1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEUS South: South Atlantic States
1KBB‑US‑SECDistrict of Columbia (Washington D.C.)
1KBB‑US‑SEDDelaware
1KBB‑US‑SEFFlorida
1KBB‑US‑SEFASt. Augustine1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFEEverglades1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFHTallahassee1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFJJacksonville1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFKFlorida Keys1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFMMiami
1KBB‑US‑SEFOOrlando1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFPTampa1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEGGeorgia (US State)
1KBB‑US‑SEGSSavannah1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEGTAtlanta
1KBB‑US‑SEMMaryland
1KBB‑US‑SEMAAnnapolis1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEMBBaltimore1.2
1KBB‑US‑SENNorth Carolina
1KBB‑US‑SENAAsheville1.2
1KBB‑US‑SENBOuter Banks1.2
1KBB‑US‑SENCCharlotte1.2
1KBB‑US‑SENRRaleigh1.2
1KBB‑US‑SESSouth Carolina
1KBB‑US‑SESCCharleston (SC)1.2
1KBB‑US‑SESMMyrtle Beach1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEVVirginia
1KBB‑US‑SEVCCharlottesville1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEVRRichmond1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEVVVirginia Beach1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEVWWilliamsburg1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEWWest Virginia
1KBB‑US‑SGGreat Smoky Mountains National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWUS South: West South Central States
1KBB‑US‑SWAArkansas
1KBB‑US‑SWAHHot Springs1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWALLittle Rock1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWLLouisiana
1KBB‑US‑SWLBBaton Rouge1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWLNNew Orleans
1KBB‑US‑SWOOklahoma
1KBB‑US‑SWOCOklahoma City1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWOTTulsa1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWTTexas
1KBB‑US‑SWTAAustin1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWTDDallas1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWTHHouston
1KBB‑US‑SWTNSan Antonio1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWTPEl Paso1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWTWFort Worth1.2
1KBB‑US‑WUS West
1KBB‑US‑WMUS West: Mountain States
1KBB‑US‑WMAArizona
1KBB‑US‑WMAFFlagstaff1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMAGGrand Canyon National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMAPPhoenix1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMASSedona1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMATTucson1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMCColorado
1KBB‑US‑WMCAAspen1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMCBBoulder1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMCDDenver1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMCRRocky Mountain National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMDIdaho
1KBB‑US‑WMDBBoise1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMMMontana
1KBB‑US‑WMMGGlacier National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMNNevada
1KBB‑US‑WMNRReno1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMNVLas Vegas
1KBB‑US‑WMTNew Mexico
1KBB‑US‑WMTAAlbuquerque1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMTFSanta Fe1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMTTTaos1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMUUtah
1KBB‑US‑WMUSSalt Lake City1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMUZZion National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMWWyoming
1KBB‑US‑WMWCCheyenne1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMWJJackson Hole1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMWTGrand Teton National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMYYellowstone National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPUS West: Pacific States
1KBB‑US‑WPCCalifornia
1KBB‑US‑WPCALos Angeles
1KBB‑US‑WPCABBeverly Hills1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCAHHollywood1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCDSan Diego1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCFSan Francisco
1KBB‑US‑WPCJSan Jose1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCMMonterey1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCNNapa & Sonoma1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCPPalm Springs1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCRFresno1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCSSacramento1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCYYosemite National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPHHawaii
Use for political & social aspects; prefer/add 1MKPH for geophysical, natural history & travel aspects
See also: 1MKPH Hawaiian Islands
1KBB‑US‑WPHHHawaii (Big Island)1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPHKKauai1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPHMMaui1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPHOOahu1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPHOHHonolulu1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPNUS Pacific Northwest
1KBB‑US‑WPNAAlaska
1KBB‑US‑WPNAAAnchorage1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPNAJJuneau1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPNROregon
1KBB‑US‑WPNRPPortland (OR)1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPNWWashington (US State)
1KBB‑US‑WPNWOOlympic National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPNWSSeattle
1KBCCanada
1KBC‑CA‑AAlberta
1KBC‑CA‑ANNorthern Alberta
1KBC‑CA‑ANBNorthern Alberta: Wood Buffalo and Waterton Lakes National Parks
1KBC‑CA‑ANDNorthern Alberta: Peace River Country (AB)
1KBC‑CA‑ANGNorthern Alberta: Alberta’s Rockies & Banff and Jasper National Parks
1KBC‑CA‑ASSouthern Alberta
1KBC‑CA‑ASCSouthern Alberta: Calgary Region
1KBC‑CA‑ASFSouthern Alberta: Edmonton Capital Region
1KBC‑CA‑ASJSouthern Alberta: Elk Island National Park
1KBC‑CA‑ASNSouthern Alberta: Waterton Lakes National Park
1KBC‑CA‑BBritish Columbia
1KBC‑CA‑BDBritish Columbia Interior
1KBC‑CA‑BDABritish Columbia Interior: Atlin District
1KBC‑CA‑BDBBritish Columbia Interior: Stikine Country
1KBC‑CA‑BDCBritish Columbia Interior: Peace River Country
1KBC‑CA‑BDDBritish Columbia Interior: Nechako
1KBC‑CA‑BDEBritish Columbia Interior: Bulkley
1KBC‑CA‑BDFBritish Columbia Interior: Cariboo
1KBC‑CA‑BDGBritish Columbia Interior: Chilcotin
1KBC‑CA‑BDHBritish Columbia Interior: Omineca-Prince George
1KBC‑CA‑BDJBritish Columbia Interior: Robson Valley
1KBC‑CA‑BDKBritish Columbia Interior: Kootenays
1KBC‑CA‑BDKABritish Columbia Interior: Kootenays National Parks (Mount Revelstoke, Kootenay, Glacier and Yoho)
1KBC‑CA‑BDLBritish Columbia Interior: Okanagan
1KBC‑CA‑BDMBritish Columbia Interior: Boundary
1KBC‑CA‑BDNBritish Columbia Interior: Similkameen
1KBC‑CA‑BDPBritish Columbia Interior: Thompson
1KBC‑CA‑BDQBritish Columbia Interior: Shuswap
1KBC‑CA‑BDRBritish Columbia Interior: Lillooet-Fraser Canyon
1KBC‑CA‑BFBritish Columbia South Coast
1KBC‑CA‑BFBBritish Columbia South Coast: Lower Mainland
1KBC‑CA‑BFDBritish Columbia South Coast: Greater Vancouver
1KBC‑CA‑BFFBritish Columbia South Coast: Fraser Valley
1KBC‑CA‑BFJBritish Columbia South Coast: Sea-to-Sky Corridor
1KBC‑CA‑BFMBritish Columbia South Coast: Gulf Islands & Gulf Islands National Park Reserve
1KBC‑CA‑BFRBritish Columbia South Coast: Sunshine Coast
1KBC‑CA‑BLBritish Columbia Vancouver Island
1KBC‑CA‑BLCBritish Columbia Vancouver Island: Greater Victoria
1KBC‑CA‑BLKBritish Columbia Vancouver Island: Mid-Island
1KBC‑CA‑BLNBritish Columbia Vancouver Island: North Island
1KBC‑CA‑BLSBritish Columbia Vancouver Island: West Coast
1KBC‑CA‑BLWBritish Columbia Vancouver Island: Juan de Fuca region & Pacific Rim National Park Reserve
1KBC‑CA‑BPBritish Columbia Central Coast
1KBC‑CA‑BPDBritish Columbia Central Coast: Queen Charlotte Strait
1KBC‑CA‑BPLBritish Columbia Central Coast: Bella Coola Valley
1KBC‑CA‑BTBritish Columbia North Coast
1KBC‑CA‑BTEBritish Columbia North Coast: Haida Gwaii & Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage Site
1KBC‑CA‑BTMBritish Columbia North Coast: Skeena
1KBC‑CA‑BTRBritish Columbia North Coast: Nass
1KBC‑CA‑BTYBritish Columbia North Coast: Stewart Country
1KBC‑CA‑CManitoba
1KBC‑CA‑CNNorthern Manitoba
1KBC‑CA‑CNBNorthern Manitoba: Wapusk National Park
1KBC‑CA‑CPInterlake and Central Manitoba
1KBC‑CA‑CPRInterlake and Central Manitoba: Riding Mountain National Park
1KBC‑CA‑CSSouthern Manitoba
1KBC‑CA‑CSWSouthern Manitoba: Winnipeg Capital Region
1KBC‑CA‑DNew Brunswick
1KBC‑CA‑DFNew Brunswick: Fundy National Park
1KBC‑CA‑DKNew Brunswick: Greater Saint John
1KBC‑CA‑DNNew Brunswick: Greater Fredericton
1KBC‑CA‑FNewfoundland & Labrador
1KBC‑CA‑FLLabrador
1KBC‑CA‑FLTLabrador: Torngat Mountains National Park
1KBC‑CA‑FNNewfoundland
1KBC‑CA‑FNANewfoundland: Avalon Peninsula
1KBC‑CA‑FNAJNewfoundland: Avalon Peninsula: St John’s
1KBC‑CA‑FNCNewfoundland: Burin Peninsula
1KBC‑CA‑FNENewfoundland: Bonavista Peninsula & Terra Nova National Park
1KBC‑CA‑FNHNewfoundland: South Coast
1KBC‑CA‑FNKNewfoundland: West Coast & Gros Morne National Park
1KBC‑CA‑FNMNewfoundland: Great Northern Peninsula
1KBC‑CA‑FNRNewfoundland: Northeast Coast
1KBC‑CA‑HNorthwest Territories
1KBC‑CA‑HLNorthwest Territories: Inuvik Region & Tuktut Nogait National Park
1KBC‑CA‑HPNorthwest Territories: Sahtu Region
1KBC‑CA‑HTNorthwest Territories: Dehcho Region & Nahanni and Naats’ihch’oh National Park Reserves
1KBC‑CA‑HVNorthwest Territories: North Slave Region
1KBC‑CA‑HWNorthwest Territories: Yellowknife
1KBC‑CA‑HXNorthwest Territories: South Slave Region
1KBC‑CA‑JNova Scotia
1KBC‑CA‑JANova Scotia: Annapolis Valley
1KBC‑CA‑JBNova Scotia: Cape Breton Island & Cape Breton Highlands National Park
1KBC‑CA‑JCCentral Nova Scotia
1KBC‑CA‑JDNova Scotia: Eastern Shore & Sable Island National Park Reserve
1KBC‑CA‑JHNova Scotia: Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM)
1KBC‑CA‑JKNova Scotia: North Shore
1KBC‑CA‑JMNova Scotia: South Shore & Kejimkujik National Park
1KBC‑CA‑KNunavut
1KBC‑CA‑KCNunavut: Kitikmeot Region
1KBC‑CA‑KNNunavut: Kivalliq Region & Ukkusiksalik National Park
1KBC‑CA‑KQNunavut: Qikiqtaaluk Region & Auyuittuq, Sirmilik and Quttinirpaaq National Parks
1KBC‑CA‑KQTNunavut: Qikiqtaaluk Region: Iqaluit
1KBC‑CA‑OOntario
1KBC‑CA‑OBNorthwestern Ontario
1KBC‑CA‑OBPNorthwestern Ontario: Pukaskwa National Park
1KBC‑CA‑ODNortheastern Ontario
1KBC‑CA‑OGCentral Ontario
1KBC‑CA‑OGCCentral Ontario: Haliburton and Algonquin Park
1KBC‑CA‑OGFCentral Ontario: Kawartha Lakes
1KBC‑CA‑OGJCentral Ontario: Muskoka
1KBC‑CA‑OGQCentral Ontario: Bay of Quinte
1KBC‑CA‑OMEastern Ontario
1KBC‑CA‑OMCEastern Ontario: Ottawa / National Capital Region
1KBC‑CA‑OMLEastern Ontario: Ottawa Valley
1KBC‑CA‑OMTEastern Ontario: Thousand Islands & St. Lawrence Islands National Park
1KBC‑CA‑OSSouthwestern Ontario
1KBC‑CA‑OSBSouthwestern Ontario: Bruce Peninsula & National Park
1KBC‑CA‑OSFSouthwestern Ontario: Georgian Triangle & Georgian Bay Islands National Park
1KBC‑CA‑OSMSouthwestern Ontario: Greater Toronto Area
1KBC‑CA‑OSRSouthwestern Ontario: Niagara Peninsula & Point Pelee National Park
1KBC‑CA‑PPrince Edward Island
1KBC‑CA‑PMPrince Edward Island: North Shore & Prince Edward Island National Park
1KBC‑CA‑PRPrince Edward Island: South Shore
1KBC‑CA‑PTPrince Edward Island: Summerside Area
1KBC‑CA‑PVPrince Edward Island: Charlottetown Area
1KBC‑CA‑QQuébec
1KBC‑CA‑QBQuébec: Bas-Saint-Laurent
1KBC‑CA‑QDQuébec: Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean
1KBC‑CA‑QFQuébec City, Capitale-Nationale
1KBC‑CA‑QHQuébec: Mauricie & La Mauricie National Park
1KBC‑CA‑QJQuébec: Estrie
1KBC‑CA‑QLQuébec: Outaouais
1KBC‑CA‑QMQuébec: Montréal
1KBC‑CA‑QNQuébec: Abitibi-Témiscamingue
1KBC‑CA‑QPQuébec: Côte-Nord & Mingan Archipelago National Park
1KBC‑CA‑QRQuébec: Nord-du-Québec
1KBC‑CA‑QSQuébec: Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine & Forillon National Park
1KBC‑CA‑QTQuébec: Chaudière-Appalaches
1KBC‑CA‑QUQuébec: Laval
1KBC‑CA‑QVQuébec: Lanaudière
1KBC‑CA‑QWQuébec: Laurentides
1KBC‑CA‑QXQuébec: Montérégie
1KBC‑CA‑QYQuébec: Centre-du-Québec
1KBC‑CA‑SSaskatchewan
1KBC‑CA‑SDNorthern Saskatchewan
1KBC‑CA‑SGCentral Saskatchewan
1KBC‑CA‑SGACentral Saskatchewan: Saskatoon
1KBC‑CA‑SGPCentral Saskatchewan: Prince Albert National Park
1KBC‑CA‑SSSouthern Saskatchewan
1KBC‑CA‑SSACentral Saskatchewan: Regina
1KBC‑CA‑SSPCentral Saskatchewan: Grasslands National Park
1KBC‑CA‑UYukon Territory
1KBC‑CA‑UDYukon Territory: Northern Yukon, Vuntut & Ivvavik National Parks
1KBC‑CA‑UFYukon Territory: Silver Trail Region
1KBC‑CA‑UKYukon Territory: Klondike Region
1KBC‑CA‑ULYukon Territory: Kluane Region & Kluane National Park & Reserve
1KBC‑CA‑UOYukon Territory: Campbell & Watson Lakes Regions
1KBC‑CA‑UWYukon Territory: Whitehorse & Southern Lakes Regions
1KBZNorth America: physical features
1KBZANorth America: rivers, lakes etc
1KBZAAGreat Lakes
1KBZAANNiagara Falls
1KBZACColorado river & tributaries
1KBZAGRio Grande & tributaries
1KBZAKMackenzie river & tributaries
1KBZAMMississippi-Missouri river & tributaries
1KBZASSt Lawrence river & tributaries
1KBZAYYukon river & tributaries
1KBZA‑US‑HHudson river & tributaries1.2
1KBZA‑US‑LGreat Salt Lake1.2
1KBZA‑US‑OColumbia river & tributaries1.2
1KBZA‑US‑PPotomac river1.2
1KBZTNorth America: mountains, hills, plains, coastlines etc1.1
1KBZTAAppalachian Mountains
1KBZTGGrand Canyon
1KBZTPNorth America: Great Plains
1KBZTRRocky Mountains
1KBZT‑US‑DDenali1.2
1KJCaribbean islands
1KJCCuba
1KJDDominican Republic
1KJHHaiti
1KJMCayman Islands
1KJPPuerto Rico
1KJP‑PR‑JSan Juan1.2
1KJWWest Indies
1KJWBBahamas
1KJWJJamaica
1KJWTTurks & Caicos Islands
1KJWVLeeward Islands
1KJWVAAnguilla
1KJWVBAntigua & Barbuda
1KJWVGGuadeloupe
1KJWVG‑FR‑ABasse Terre
1KJWVKSt Kitts–Nevis
1KJWVMMontserrat
1KJWVVVirgin Islands
1KJWVVKVirgin Islands (UK)
1KJWVVSVirgin Islands (USA)
1KJWWWindward Islands
1KJWWBBarbados
1KJWWDDominica
1KJWWGGrenada
1KJWWLSt Lucia
1KJWWMMartinique
1KJWWM‑FR‑AFort-De-France
1KJWWTTrinidad & Tobago
1KJWWVSt Vincent
1KJXLesser Antilles
1KJXAAruba
1KJXNNetherlands Antilles
1KLSouth & Central America (including Mexico), Latin America1.1
1KLCCentral America (including Mexico)1.1
1KLCBBelize
1KLCGGuatemala
1KLCHHonduras
1KLCMMexico
1KLCNNicaragua
1KLCPPanama
1KLCRCosta Rica
1KLCSEl Salvador
1KLSSouth America
1KLSAArgentina
1KLSBBrazil
1KLSCColombia
1KLSEEcuador
1KLSFFrench Guiana
1KLSF‑FR‑ACayenne
1KLSGGuyana
1KLSHChile
1KLSLBolivia
1KLSPParaguay
1KLSRPeru
1KLSSSurinam (Suriname)
1KLSUUruguay
1KLSVVenezuela
1KLZSouth & Central America: physical features
1KLZASouth & Central America: rivers, lakes etc
1KLZAAAmazon river & tributaries
1KLZACPanama canal
1KLZAPParaná-Río de la Plata & tributaries
1KLZTSouth & Central America: mountains, hills, plains, coastlines etc1.1
1KLZTAAndes mountains
1KLZTGGalapagos Islands
1KLZTMSierra Madre mountains
1MAustralasia, Oceania & Other land areas
1MBAustralasia
1MBFAustralia
1MBF‑AU‑CAustralian Capital Territory (ACT)
1MBF‑AU‑CACanberra
1MBF‑AU‑NNew South Wales
1MBF‑AU‑NSSydney
1MBF‑AU‑QQueensland
1MBF‑AU‑QBBrisbane
1MBF‑AU‑SSouth Australia
1MBF‑AU‑SAAdelaide
1MBF‑AU‑TTasmania
1MBF‑AU‑THHobart
1MBF‑AU‑VVictoria
1MBF‑AU‑VMMelbourne
1MBF‑AU‑WWestern Australia
1MBF‑AU‑WPPerth
1MBF‑AU‑XNorthern Territory
1MBF‑AU‑XDDarwin
1MBNNew Zealand
1MBZAustralasia: physical features
1MBZAAustralasia: rivers, lakes etc
1MBZADMurray-Darling river & tributaries
1MBZTAustralasia: mountains, hills, plains, coastlines etc1.1
1MBZTBGreat Dividing Range mountains
1MBZTDGreat Barrier Reef
1MBZTUUluru & The Outback
1MKOceania
1MKCMicronesia
1MKCBBelau (Palau)
1MKCCCaroline Islands
1MKCFFederated States of Micronesia
1MKCGGilbert Islands
1MKCMMarshall Islands
1MKCNNauru
1MKCUGuam
1MKCVNorthern Marianas
1MKLMelanesia
1MKLFFiji
1MKLNNew Caledonia
1MKLPPapua New Guinea
1MKLSSolomon Islands
1MKLVVanuatu
1MKPPolynesia
1MKPCCook Islands
1MKPCRRaratonga
1MKPEEaster Island
1MKPFFrench Polynesia
1MKPFTTahiti
1MKPHHawaiian Islands
Use for geophysical, natural history & travel aspects; or if not using US National Extensions
See also: 1KBB-US-WPH Hawaii
1MKPKKiribati
1MKPNNiue
1MKPPPitcairn Island
1MKPRSamoa
1MKPRAAmerican Samoa
1MKPRWWestern Samoa
1MKPTTonga
1MKPVTuvalu
1MKPWWallis & Futuna
1MTOther land areas
1MTAAtlantic Ocean islands
1MTANNorth Atlantic islands
1MTANBBermuda
1MTANCCanary Islands
Use for geophysical, natural history & travel aspects; or if not using Spanish National Extensions
See also: 1DSE-ES-E Canary Islands
1MTANMMadeira
1MTANZAzores
1MTASSouth Atlantic islands
1MTASCAscension Island
1MTASFFalklands
1MTASGSouth Georgia
1MTASHSt Helena
1MTASTTristan da Cunha
1MTNArctic regions
1MTNGGreenland
1MTNG‑GL‑ANorth-east Greenland (National park)201510
1MTNG‑GL‑DKommune Kujalleq201510
1MTNG‑GL‑GKommuneqarfik Sermersooq201510
1MTNG‑GL‑GNNuuk201510
1MTNG‑GL‑JQeqqata Kommunia201510
1MTNG‑GL‑JKKangerlussuaq (Søndre Strømfjord)201510
1MTNG‑GL‑MQaasuitsup Kommunia201510
1MTNG‑GL‑MPThule Air Base (Pituffik)201510
1MTN‑NO‑JJan Mayen
1MTN‑NO‑SSvalbard
Spitzbergen
1MTSAntarctica
1QOther geographical groupings, Oceans & seas
1QBHistorical states, empires & regions
1QBAAncient World
1QBAAAssyrian Empires
1QBABBabylonia
1QBAEAncient Egypt
1QBAGAncient Greece
1QBAG‑IT‑AMagna Grecia (Hellenic Italy)1.1
1QBAHHittite Empire
1QBALAncient / Biblical Israel
1QBAMMesopotamia
1QBAPPersian Empire
1QBARAncient Rome
1QBASSumeria
1QBATEtruria
1QBCHistorical states & empires: multi-continental
1QBCBByzantine Empire
1QBCEIslamic Caliphate
1QBCLMongol Empire
1QBCSOttoman Empire
1QBCUBritish Empire
1QBDHistorical states & empires: Europe
1QBDAAustro-Hungarian Empire
1QBDFHoly Roman Empire
1QBDKCzechoslovakia
1QBDLEast Germany, DDR
1QBDNWest Germany
1QBDPPrussia1.2
1QBDRUSSR, Soviet Union
1QBDTRussian tsarist empire1.2
1QBDYYugoslavia
1QBD‑FR‑ZFrance: Historical and cultural regions
1QBFHistorical states & empires: Asia
1QBHHistorical states & empires: Africa
1QBHKAshanti Kingdoms
1QBKHistorical states & empires: Americas
1QBKCConfederate States of America1.2
1QBKLInca Empire
1QBMHistorical states & empires: Australasia, Oceania & other land areas
1QFPolitical, socio-economic & strategic groupings
1QFCThe (British) Commonwealth
1QFEEU (European Union)
1QFGDeveloping countries
1QFHIndustrialized / developed countries
1QFLSapmi1.2
1QFMIslamic countries
1QFNNATO
1QFPOPEC
1QFSASEAN
1QFWWarsaw Pact, Eastern bloc
1QF‑CA‑AAtlantic Canada (NB, PE, NS, NL)
1QF‑CA‑CCentral Canada (ON, QC)
1QF‑CA‑EEastern Canada (ON, QC, NB, PE, NS, NL)
1QF‑CA‑MCanada Maritimes (NB, PE, NS)
1QF‑CA‑PCanadian Prairies (AB, SK, MB)
1QF‑CA‑TCanadian Territories (YT, NT, NU)
1QF‑CA‑WWestern Canada (BC, AB, SK, MB)
1QMClimatic regions
1QMPPolar regions
1QMTTropics
1QRGroupings linked by seas
1QRMMediterranean countries
1QRPPacific Rim countries
1QSOceans & seas
1QSAAtlantic Ocean
1QSANNorth Atlantic
1QSASSouth Atlantic
1QSBBaltic Sea
1QSCCaribbean Sea
1QSDGulf of Mexico
1QSEIrish Sea
1QSFNorth Sea
1QSGEnglish Channel
1QSJCaspian Sea
1QSKBlack Sea
1QSLRed Sea
1QSMMediterranean Sea
1QSMALigurian Sea
1QSMBTyrrhenian Sea
1QSMCAdriatic Sea
1QSMDIonian Sea
1QSNIndian Ocean
1QSPPacific Ocean
1QSPNNorth Pacific
1QSPSSouth Pacific
1QSRArctic Ocean
1QSSSouthern Ocean
1QSTTasman Sea
1ZSpace, planets & extraterrestrial locations
Use for works beyond the earth where a location has meaning either in setting or subject for the majority of the work.
1.2
1ZMThe Solar System1.2
1ZMAThe Sun1.2
1ZMCThe Planets1.2
1ZMCBMercury1.2
1ZMCDVenus1.2
1ZMCEEarth
Use for works on Earth as a planet, in the context of the Solar System or space
See also: 1A World
1.2
1ZMCELThe Moon1.2
1ZMCFMars1.2
1ZMCHJupiter1.2
1ZMCKSaturn1.2
1ZMCMUranus1.2
1ZMCNNeptune1.2
1ZMGOther entities in the Solar System1.2
1ZMGPPluto & dwarf planets1.2
1ZMGRComets1.2
1ZMGTAsteroids, the Asteroid belt1.2
2Language qualifiers
Do not use “2” on individual books, but select qualifiers from section 2* as appropriate
2AIndo-European languages
2ACGermanic & Scandinavian languages
2ACBEnglish
2ACBAAnglo-Saxon
2ACBCMiddle English
2ACBKAmerican English
2ACBMAustralian English
2ACBRCanadian English
2ACCScots (Lallans, the Doric)
2ACCUUlster Scots (Ullans)
2ACDDutch
2ACFFlemish
2ACGGerman
2ACGHSwiss German (Alemannic)
2ACGMGerman, Middle High
2ACGPGerman, Old High
2ACKAfrikaans
2ACSScandinavian languages
2ACSCIcelandic
2ACSDDanish
2ACSFFaroese
2ACSJJutish
2ACSNNorwegian
2ACSNBNorwegian, bokmål
2ACSNKNorwegian, nynorsk
2ACSWSwedish
2ACSXOld Norse
2ACYYiddish
2ACZOther Germanic languages & dialects
2ACZFFrisian
2ADRomance, Italic & Rhaeto-Romanic languages
2ADCCatalan
2ADDValencian
2ADFFrench
2ADFPProvencal
2ADFQFrench – Canada
2ADHCorsican
2ADLLatin
2ADPPortuguese
2ADPBBrazilian Portuguese
2ADQGalician (Gallego, Galego)
2ADRRomanian
2ADSSpanish
2ADSLLatin-American Spanish
2ADTItalian
2ADTXItalian dialects
2ADVSardinian
2ADWLadin languages
2AD‑ES‑GAragonese201701
2AD‑ES‑NAranese201701
2AD‑ES‑TAsturian201701
2AFCeltic languages
2AFBBreton
2AFCCornish
2AFGGaulish
2AFMManx
2AFRIrish Gaelic
2AFSScottish Gaelic
2AFWWelsh
2AGSlavic (Slavonic) languages
2AGBBulgarian
2AGCChurch Slavic
2AGKSlovak
2AGLBelarusian (Belorussian)
2AGMMacedonian
2AGPPolish
2AGRRussian
2AGSSerbo-Croatian
2AGSCCroatian
2AGSSSerbian
2AGUUkrainian
2AGVSlovenian
2AGWWendish (Lusatian, Sorbian)
2AGZCzech
2AHHellenic languages
2AHAAncient (Classical) Greek
2AHBBiblical Greek
2AHMModern Greek
2AJBaltic & other Indo-European languages
2AJBBaltic languages
2AJBLLithuanian
2AJBVLatvian (Lettish)
2AJKOther Indo-European languages
2AJKLAlbanian
2AJKRArmenian
2BIndic, East Indo-European & Dravidian languages
2BBEarly Indic languages
2BBASanskrit
2BBPPali
2BMModern Indic languages
2BMBBengali
2BMDMarathi
2BMGGujarati
2BMHHindi
2BMJRajasthani
2BMKKashmiri
2BMNNepali
2BMPPunjabi
2BMRRomany
2BMSSinhalese
2BMSMMaldivian
2BMUUrdu
2BRDravidian languages
2BRBBrahui
2BRKKannada (Kanarese)
2BRLTelugu
2BRMMalayalam
2BRTTamil
2BXIndo-Iranian languages
2BXFPersian (Farsi)
2BXKKurdish
2BXLPashto (Pushto, Afghan)
2BXZZend Avestan
2CAfro-Asiatic languages
2CSSemitic languages
2CSAAramaic
2CSBAssyro-Babylonian (Akkadian) languages
2CSJHebrew
2CSMMaltese
2CSRArabic
2CSSSyriac
2CSTEthiopic
2CSTAAmharic
2CSTTTigrinya
2CXNon-Semitic Afro-Asiatic languages
2CXBBerber (Tuareg)
2CXCCoptic
2CXGEgyptian
2CXHHausa
2CXSSomali
2CXSROromo
2FUral-Altaic & Hyperborean languages
2FCFinno-Ugric languages
2FCDEstonian
2FCFFinnish (Suomi)
2FCLSami (Lappish)
2FCLDSouthern Sami
2FCLFNorthern Sami
2FCLLLule Sami
2FCLNInari Sami
2FCLSSkolt Sami
2FCLXSami languages (other)
2FCMHungarian (Magyar)
2FMTurkic languages
2FMCTurkish
2FMHKirghiz
2FMKKazakh
2FMNTurkmen
2FMUUzbek
2FMZAzerbaijani
2FVMongolian
2FWTungusic languages
2FWKEvenki
2FWMManchu
2FXHyperborean & Palaeosiberian languages
2GEast & Southeast Asian languages
2GDSino-Tibetan languages
2GDBBurmese
2GDCChinese
2GDCCCantonese
2GDCKHokkien
2GDCMMandarin
2GDCWWu
2GDCYAmoy
2GDKKaren
2GDTTibetan
2GJJapanese
2GKKorean
2GROther Southeast Asian languages, Austroasiatic languages
2GRHCambodian (Khmer)
2GRLLao
2GRMHmong (Miao)
2GRSThai (Siamese)
2GRVVietnamese
2HAfrican languages
2HCNiger-Congo languages
2HCBBantu languages
2HCBABantu proper (Narrow Bantu)
2HCBBCentral Bantu languages
2HCBBCChichewa (Chewa)
2HCBBFChilomwe (Lomwe)
2HCBBHChinyanja (Cinyanja, Nyanja)
2HCBBJChitonga (Tonga)
2HCBBLChitumbuka (Tumbuka)
2HCBBNChiyao (Yao)
2HCBBPIcibemba (Bemba)
2HCBBQKiikaonde (Kaonde)
2HCBBRKongo
2HCBBSLunda
2HCBBULuvale
2HCBDkiSwahili (Swahili)
2HCBHOtjiHerero (Herero)
2HCBKKikuyu
2HCBLNyoro-Ganda group
2HCBLGLuganda (Ganda)
2HCBLRNyankore (Runyankore-Rukiga)
2HCBMFang (Yaunde-Fang)
2HCBNDuala
2HCBPTshivenda & Venda group
2HCBQShona
2HCBSSotho-Tswana group
2HCBSASesotho (Sotho, Sesotho sa Leboa, Southern Sotho)
2HCBSBSepedi (Northern Sotho)
2HCBSDSetswana (Tswana)
2HCBSFSilozi
2HCBVXiTsonga (Tsonga)
2HCBWSiswati (Swazi)
2HCBXisiXhosa (Xhosa)
2HCBYisiNdebele (Ndebele)
2HCBZisiZulu (Zulu)
2HCWWest Atlantic & Volta Congo languages
2HCWFFulani (Fulah)
2HCWVVolta-Congo languages
2HCWVBIbo (Igbo)
2HCWVDDagbani (Dagomba)
2HCWVEEwe
2HCWVGGa
2HCWVNFante
2HCWVSAsante Twi
2HCWVTAkwapim Twi
2HCWVYYoruba
2HKKhoisan languages
2HNNilo-Saharan & Chari-Nile (Macrosudanic) languages
2HNDDinka
2HNMMasai
2HNRNubian
2HNTTeso (Ateso)
2HXOther African languages
2JAmerican indigenous languages
2JNNorth & Central American indigenous languages
2JNAAleut
2JNBInuit
2JNBKInuktitut
2JNCAlgonkian (Algonquin) languages
2JNCECree
2JNCJOjibway
2JNDNa-Dene & Athapascan (Athabascan) languages
2JNGIroquoian & Siouan languages
2JNMMayan
2JNNUto-Aztecan languages
2JNZZuni
2JSSouth American & Caribbean indigenous languages
2JSCCarib (Cariban)
2JSGGuarani
2JSQQuechuan
2POceanic & Austronesian languages
2PBAustralian Aboriginal languages
2PCPapuan languages
2PCSSusuami
2PGAustronesian & Malayo-Polynesian languages
2PGBFormosan (Taiwanese)
2PGGMalagasy
2PGJTagalog (Filipino)
2PGNIndonesian languages
2PGNAIndonesian (Bahasa Indonesia)
2PGNCBalinese
2PGNDJavanese
2PGNMMalay (Bahasa Malaysia)
2PGPOceanic & Polynesian languages
2PGPAMaori language
2PGPFFijian
2PGPGTongan
2PGPHTahitian
2PGPRRarotongan
2PGPSSamoan
2PGPWHawaiian
2PGPXOther Oceanic languages
2PGPXKMokilese
2PGPXMMarshallese
2PGPXNPonapean
2PGPXPPalauan
2PGPXTTokelauan
2ZOther languages
2ZBBasque
2ZCCaucasian languages
2ZCGGeorgian
2ZMSumerian
2ZPPidgins & Creoles
2ZPTTok Pisin
2ZXArtificial languages
2ZXAAfrihili
2ZXCOccidental
2ZXPEsperanto
2ZXTInterlingua
3Time period qualifiers
Do not use “3” on individual books, but select qualifiers from section 3* as appropriate
3BPrehistory
3B* codes may be used for different time periods depending on the geographical area
1.1
3BDStone Age1.1
3BDFStone Age: Palaeolithic period1.11.2
3BDKStone Age: Mesolithic period1.11.2
3BDQStone Age: Neolithic period1.1
3BLBronze Age
Class here: Chalcolithic (Copper age), Early, Middle & Late Bronze Ages
1.1
3BRIron Age
Class here: Early, Middle & Late Iron Ages
1.1
3B‑AA‑EEgypt: Predynastic period
3CBCE period – Protohistory
3CDc 4000 to c 3000 BCE
3CGc 3000 to c 2000 BCE
3CJc 2000 to c 1000 BCE
3CTc 1000 BCE to start of CE period
3CT‑DE‑AGermany: the ancient / classical world (800 BCE – 500 CE)
3CT‑ES‑ASpain: Ancient History
3CT‑ES‑BSpain: Roman History (c 200 BCE – c 400 CE)
3CT‑IT‑AAncient Italy (c 1000 – c 500 BCE)
3C‑AA‑EAncient Egypt (c 2686 BCE – c 323 BCE)
3KCE period up to c 1500
3KBc 1 CE to c 500 CE
3KBF1st century, c 1 to c 99
3KBK2nd century, c 100 to c 199
3KBN3rd century, c 200 to c 299
3KBW4th century, c 300 to c 399
3KBY5th century, c 400 to c 499
3KB‑AA‑EEgypt: Classical Antiquity (c 332 BCE – c 630 CE)
3KB‑GB‑ARoman Britain
3KHc 500 CE to c 1000 CE
3KHF6th century, c 500 to c 599
3KHK7th century, c 600 to c 699
3KHN8th century, c 700 to c 799
3KHW9th century, c 800 to c 899
3KHY10th century, c 900 to c 999
3KH‑AA‑EMedieval Egypt (c 630 – c 1517)
3KH‑DK‑HDenmark: the Viking Age (c 800 – c 1050)201510
3KH‑ES‑ASpain: Germanic and visigothic invasions (c 400 – c 600)
3KH‑GB‑BAnglo-Saxon England
3KH‑IT‑CItaly: from Germanic Kingdoms to Franks (c 500 – c 1000)
3KH‑SE‑HSweden: the Viking Age (c 800 – c 1050)
3KLc 1000 CE to c 1500
3KLF11th century, c 1000 to c 1099
3KLK12th century, c 1100 to c 1199
3KLN13th century, c 1200 to c 1299
3KLN‑GB‑EEnglish conquest of Wales
3KLW14th century, c 1300 to c 1399
3KLY15th century, c 1400 to c 1499
3KLY‑GB‑FWars of the Roses
3KLY‑IT‑EItaly: Renaissance (c 1400 – c 1499)
3KL‑GB‑CNorman Conquest & Norman Britain
3KL‑GB‑DThe Plantagenets & medieval England
3KL‑IT‑DItaly: Communes, ‘Signorie’ (c 1000 – c 1400)
3KL‑SE‑JSweden: Middle Ages (c 1050 – c 1520)
3K‑ES‑ASpain: Middle Ages (c 400 – c 1492)
3K‑ES‑BSpain: Arab presence (711–1492)
3K‑ES‑CSpain: ‘Reconquista’ (711–1492)
3K‑IT‑BItaly: c 500 BCE – c 1500 CE
3Mc 1500 onwards to present day
3MD16th century, c 1500 to c 1599
3MDBEarly 16th century c 1500 to c 1550
3MDBAc 1500 to c 1509
3MDBFc 1510 to c 1519
3MDBHc 1520 to c 1529
3MDBJc 1530 to c 1539
3MDBLc 1540 to c 1549
3MDQLater 16th century c 1550 to c 1599
3MDQMc 1550 to c 1559
3MDQSc 1560 to c 1569
3MDQVc 1570 to c 1579
3MDQXc 1580 to c 1589
3MDQZc 1590 to c 1599
3MD‑GB‑GTudor England
3MD‑SE‑LSweden: the Vasa era (c 1520 – c 1611)
3MG17th century, c 1600 to c 1699
3MGBEarly 17th century c 1600 to c 1650
3MGBAc 1600 to c 1609
3MGBFc 1610 to c 1619
3MGBHc 1620 to c 1629
3MGBJc 1630 to c 1639
3MGBLc 1640 to c 1649
3MGB‑GB‑HJacobean & Early Stuart Britain
3MGQLater 17th century c 1650 to c 1699
3MGQMc 1650 to c 1659
3MGQM‑GB‑JEnglish Civil War & Interregnum
3MGQSc 1660 to c 1669
3MGQS‑GB‑KThe Restoration & Later Stuart Britain
3MGQVc 1670 to c 1679
3MGQXc 1680 to c 1689
3MGQX‑GB‑MThe Glorious Revolution
3MGQZc 1690 to c 1699
3MG‑IT‑GItaly: Spanish domination (1559–1714)
3MG‑SE‑NThe Swedish Empire (c 1611 – c 1718)
3MG‑US‑AUSA: Colonization and Settlement
3ML18th century, c 1700 to c 1799
3MLBEarly 18th century c 1700 to c 1750
3MLBAc 1700 to c 1709
3MLBFc 1710 to c 1719
3MLBHc 1720 to c 1729
3MLBJc 1730 to c 1739
3MLBLc 1740 to c 1749
3MLQLater 18th century c 1750 to c 1799
3MLQMc 1750 to c 1759
3MLQSc 1760 to c 1769
3MLQVc 1770 to c 1779
3MLQXc 1780 to c 1789
3MLQZc 1790 to c 1799
3MLQZ‑FR‑AThe French Revolution
3MLQ‑SE‑RSweden: the Gustavian Era (c 1772 – c 1809)
3MLQ‑US‑BAmerican Revolution
3MLQ‑US‑CUSA: The New Nation
3ML‑DE‑BGermany: the age of Absolutism & Enlightenment (1648–1779)
3ML‑GB‑PGeorgian & Regency Britain
3ML‑IT‑HItaly: Austrian domination (1701–1796)
3ML‑SE‑QSweden: the Age of Liberty (c 1718 – c 1772)
3MN19th century, c 1800 to c 1899
3MNBEarly 19th century c 1800 to c 1850
3MNBAc 1800 to c 1809
3MNBFc 1810 to c 1819
3MNBHc 1820 to c 1829
3MNBJc 1830 to c 1839
3MNBLc 1840 to c 1849
3MNB‑DE‑CGermany: the age of the European Revolutions (1780–1848)
3MNB‑ES‑ASpain: Spanish War of Independence (1808–1813)
3MNB‑GB‑TBritain: Industrial revolution
3MNB‑IT‑MItaly: Napoleonic era, Restoration, Risorgimento uprisings (1796–1848)
3MNB‑US‑DUSA: Exploration and Expansion
3MNQLater 19th century c 1850 to c 1899
3MNQMc 1850 to c 1859
3MNQSc 1860 to c 1869
3MNQVc 1870 to c 1879
3MNQXc 1880 to c 1889
3MNQZc 1890 to c 1899
3MNQZ‑DE‑DGermany: the age of Imperialism (1890–1914)
3MNQ‑GB‑VVictorian Britain
3MNQ‑IT‑NItaly: National Independence & Risorgimento (1850–1861)
3MNQ‑IT‑PItaly: National Unification & first decades of the Kingdom of Italy (1861–1900)
3MNQ‑US‑EAmerican Civil War and Reconstruction (1861–1877)
3MNQ‑US‑FUSA: The Gilded Age (c 1877 – c 1893)
3MN‑DK‑GDenmark: Golden Age (c 1800 – c 1850)201510
3MN‑ES‑ASpain: Contemporary history (1808–2000)
3MP20th century, c 1900 to c 1999
3MPBEarly 20th century c 1900 to c 1950
3MPBAc 1900 to c 1909
3MPBFc 1910 to c 1919
3MPBGInter-war period c 1919 to c 1939
3MPBGHc 1920 to c 1929
3MPBGH‑ES‑ASpain: Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera (1923–1930)
3MPBGH‑US‑JUSA: The Jazz Age
3MPBGJc 1930 to c 1939
3MPBGJ‑DE‑HGermany: National Socialist period (1933–1945)1.1
3MPBGJ‑ES‑ASpain: Second Republic (1931–1936)
3MPBGJ‑ES‑BSpain: Civil war (1936–1939)
3MPBGJ‑US‑KUSA: The Great Depression
3MPBG‑DE‑GGermany: Weimar Republic (1918–1933)1.1
3MPBG‑IT‑SItaly: post First World War period & Fascism (1918–1943)
3MPBLc 1940 to c 1949
3MPBL‑DK‑BDenmark: German occupation (1940–1945)201510
3MPBL‑ES‑ASpain: Postwar period (1940–1949)
3MPBL‑IT‑TItaly: Liberation from Fascism & Resistance (1943–1945)
3MPBL‑IT‑UItaly: post Second World War period & Foundation of Italian Republic (1946–1968)
3MPB‑ES‑ASpain: End of the Monarchy (c 1900 to c 1931)201701
3MPB‑IT‑RItaly: Giolittian period (1900–1914)
3MPB‑US‑HUSA: The Progressive Era (c 1890–1929)
3MPQLater 20th century c 1950 to c 1999
3MPQMc 1950 to c 1959
3MPQM‑US‑NUSA: Korean War
3MPQSc 1960 to c 1969
3MPQS‑DE‑KGermany: Protest of 19681.1
3MPQS‑US‑PUSA: Civil Rights Movement
3MPQS‑US‑QUSA: Vietnam War
3MPQVc 1970 to c 1979
3MPQV‑DE‑LGerman Autumn, 19771.1
3MPQV‑IT‑WItaly: protest movement & ‘Anni di Piombo’ (1969–1980)
3MPQXc 1980 to c 1989
3MPQZc 1990 to c 1999
3MPQZ‑IT‑XItaly: crisis of the Nineties & so-called Second Republic (1990–1999)
3MPQ‑DE‑JGermany: the Cold War (1945–1990)
3MPQ‑ES‑ASpain: Franco´s dictatorship (c 1940 – c 1975)
3MPQ‑ES‑BSpain: Democratic transition (c 1975 – c 1982)
3MPQ‑ES‑CSpain: Democracy (c 1982 – present)
3MPQ‑IT‑VItaly: reconstruction, economic miracle, social & political transformations (1950–1968)
3MP‑AA‑EModern Egypt (c 1882 to present)
3MP‑SE‑ASweden: Folkhemmet (c 1930–1965)1.2
3MR21st century, c 2000 to c 2100
3MRBEarly 21st century c 2000 to c 2050
3MRBAc 2000 to c 2009
3MRBFc 2010 to c 2019
3MRBHc 2020 to c 2029
3MRBJc 2030 to c 2039
3MRBLc 2040 to c 2049
3M‑AA‑EEarly Modern Egypt (c 1517 – c 1914)
3M‑ES‑ASpain: Modern history (1492–1808)
3M‑ES‑ABSpain: ‘Siglo de oro’ (1492–1690)
4Educational purpose qualifiers
Do not use “4” on individual books, but select qualifiers from section 4* as appropriate
4CFor all educational levels
4CAFor pre-school learning
4CDFor primary education
4CFFor middle / preparatory school education
4CLFor mandatory secondary education
4CNFor optional / advanced secondary education
4CPFor vocational / professional education
4CTFor higher / tertiary / university education
4CXFor adult education
4GFor international curricula & examinations
4GAFor International Baccalaureate (IB) pre-diploma level programmes1.1
4GAJFor International Baccalaureate (IB) Early Years programme1.1
4GASFor International Baccalaureate (IB) Middle Years programme1.1
4GBFor International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma
4GCFor International Baccalaureate (IB) Career-related Certificate1.1
4GHFor International GCSE (IGCSE)
4LFor language learning courses & examinations
4LEELT examinations & certificates
4LECInternational English Language Testing System (IELTS)1.1
4LEFTest of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)
4LEPELT: English for specific purposes
4LZFor specific language learning & courses other than ELT
4LZ‑IT‑HCertification of Italian language learning
4LZ‑IT‑HBFor Italian language learning: CELI Certificate
4LZ‑IT‑HDFor Italian language learning: CIC Certificate
4LZ‑IT‑HFFor Italian language learning: PLIDA Certificate
4LZ‑IT‑HHFor Italian language learning: CILS Certificate
4TFor specific educational purposes
4TCTextbook, coursework
4TMRevision & study guide
4TWFor specific learning difficulties
Use for educational material designed for differentiated learning and people with specific learning difficulties
1.1
4TYFor home learning
4ZFor specific national educational curricula
4Z‑AA‑For Arab world educational systems
4Z‑AA‑EFor Egyptian educational systems
4Z‑AA‑EAFor Al-Azhar Education System (Egypt)
4Z‑CA‑For Canadian educational curricula
4Z‑CA‑AFor Elementary Education (Canada)
4Z‑CA‑CFor Secondary Education (Canada)
4Z‑CA‑FFor College, Pre-University Programs (Canada)
4Z‑CA‑HFor College, Technical Programs (Canada)
4Z‑CA‑JFor University, Bachelor’s Degree (Canada)
4Z‑CA‑LFor University, Master’s Degree (Canada)
4Z‑CA‑MFor University, Doctorate (Canada)
4Z‑DE‑For German educational curricula
4Z‑DE‑UFor German vocational or university education
4Z‑DE‑UDFor German further or higher education
4Z‑DE‑UDAFor German law qualifications (bachelors & other undergraduate)
4Z‑DE‑UDBFor German law qualifications (masters, postgraduate & doctoral)
4Z‑DE‑UDCFor German first state exam in licensed professions (Erste Staatsexamen)
4Z‑DE‑UDDFor German training placements in state-licensed professions (Referendariat / Stationen)
4Z‑DE‑UDEFor German second state exam for licensed professions (Erste Staatsexamen)
4Z‑DE‑UDFFor German lawyers, paralegals and legal secretaries (professional development & reference)
4Z‑DE‑UDGFor German tax consulting (professional development & reference)
4Z‑DE‑UDHFor German curricula leading to certificatied legal specialisms
4Z‑DE‑UDIFor German tax advisors’ exams
4Z‑DE‑UDJFor German civil law notaries’ exams
4Z‑DE‑UDKFor German auditors’ exams
4Z‑DK‑For Danish educational curricula201510
4Z‑DK‑AFor early education201510
4Z‑DK‑FFor elementary school
Include here similar tuition at private and boarding schools
201510
4Z‑DK‑FAFor pre-school201510
4Z‑DK‑FBFor Grade 0
For reception
201510
4Z‑DK‑FCFor Grade 1201510
4Z‑DK‑FDFor Grade 2201510
4Z‑DK‑FEFor Grade 3201510
4Z‑DK‑FFFor Grade 4201510
4Z‑DK‑FGFor Grade 5201510
4Z‑DK‑FHFor Grade 6201510
4Z‑DK‑FIFor Grade 7201510
4Z‑DK‑FJFor Grade 8201510
4Z‑DK‑FKFor Grade 9201510
4Z‑DK‑FLFor Grade 10201510
4Z‑DK‑GFor secondary school201510
4Z‑DK‑GAFor HF (Higher Preparatory Exam)201510
4Z‑DK‑GBFor HHX (Higher Commercial Exam)201510
4Z‑DK‑GCFor HTX (Higher Technical Exam)201510
4Z‑DK‑GDFor STX (Students’ Exam)201510
4Z‑DK‑HFor vocational education and training
VET
201510
4Z‑DK‑KFor college and professional training201510
4Z‑DK‑NFor higher education, universities
For undergraduate and graduate studies
201510
4Z‑DK‑VFor adult vocational education and training
AMU
201510
4Z‑DK‑XFor continuing education
Diplomas, training academy and further education courses
201510
4Z‑FR‑For French educational curricula
4Z‑GB‑For UK educational curricula
4Z‑GB‑AFor England & Wales educational curricula
4Z‑GB‑ACFor National Curriculum (England & Wales)
4Z‑GB‑ACAFor National Curriculum Early Years (England & Wales)
4Z‑GB‑ACFFor National Curriculum Key Stage 1 (England & Wales)
4Z‑GB‑ACJFor National Curriculum Key Stage 2 (England & Wales)
4Z‑GB‑ACNFor National Curriculum Key Stage 3 (England & Wales)
4Z‑GB‑ACTFor National Curriculum Key Stage 4 & GCSE (England & Wales)
4Z‑GB‑ALDesigned / suitable for A & AS Level (England & Wales)
4Z‑GB‑NFor Northern Irish educational curricula201701
4Z‑GB‑NCFor National Curriculum (Northern Ireland)201701
4Z‑GB‑NCAFor National Curriculum Early Years (Northern Ireland)201701
4Z‑GB‑NCFFor National Curriculum Key Stage 1 (Northern Ireland)201701
4Z‑GB‑NCJFor National Curriculum Key Stage 2 (Northern Ireland)201701
4Z‑GB‑NCNFor National Curriculum Key Stage 3 (Northern Ireland)201701
4Z‑GB‑NCTFor National Curriculum Key Stage 4 & GCSE (Northern Ireland)201701
4Z‑GB‑NLDesigned / suitable for A & AS Level (Northern Ireland)201701
4Z‑GB‑SFor Scottish Curriculum
4Z‑GB‑SBFor Scottish Curriculum National 4
4Z‑GB‑SDFor Scottish Curriculum National 5
4Z‑GB‑SEFor Scottish Curriculum Intermediate 1
4Z‑GB‑SGFor Scottish Curriculum Intermediate 2
4Z‑GB‑SKFor Scottish Curriculum Higher
4Z‑GB‑SLFor Scottish Curriculum Advanced Higher
4Z‑GB‑VFor UK vocational courses
4Z‑GB‑VCFor NVQ / SVQ (National / Scottish Vocational Qualification)
4Z‑GB‑VNFor GNVQ (General National Vocational Qualification)
4Z‑GB‑VSFor GSVQ (General Scottish Vocational Qualification)
4Z‑GB‑VTFor BTEC (Business And Technology Education Council)
4Z‑IT‑For Italian educational curricula
4Z‑IT‑AFor Italian high school & teacher training education
4Z‑IT‑ACFor Italian high school (with Classics specialism)
‘Liceo classico’
4Z‑IT‑ADFor Italian high school (with Science specialism)
‘Liceo scientifico’
4Z‑IT‑AGFor Italian high school (with Languages specialism)
‘Liceo linguistico’
4Z‑IT‑AHFor Italian high school (aimed at developing European values and identity)
‘Liceo classico europeo’
4Z‑IT‑ALFor Italian high school (aimed at developing international language skills specific to the specialism chosen)
‘Scuola superiore ad indirizzo opzione internazionale’
4Z‑IT‑ANFor Italian high school (with Humanities and Social science specialism)
‘Scuola superiore ad indirizzo scienze sociali’
4Z‑IT‑APFor other Italian high schools & educational curricula
4Z‑IT‑ARFor Italian teacher training (for former Italian primary school teacher training)
‘Ex istituto magistrale’
4Z‑IT‑ASFor Italian teacher training (for former Italian nursery school teacher training)
‘Ex scuola magistrale’
4Z‑IT‑CFor artistic education (Italy)
4Z‑IT‑CBFor Italian high school (with Arts specialism)
‘Liceo artistico’
4Z‑IT‑CEFor Italian school of art / art college
4Z‑IT‑EFor professional education (Italy)
4Z‑IT‑EAFor Italian professional institute of agriculture & environment
4Z‑IT‑ECFor Italian professional institute of industry & handicraft
4Z‑IT‑EFFor Italian professional institute of commerce & tourism
4Z‑IT‑EHFor Italian professional institute of advertising
4Z‑IT‑ELFor Italian professional institute of hotel management
4Z‑IT‑ENFor Italian professional institute of social services
4Z‑IT‑EQFor Italian professional institute of auxiliary health services
4Z‑IT‑ERFor Italian professional institute of maritime activities
4Z‑IT‑ESFor other Italian professional institutes
4Z‑IT‑GFor technical education (Italy)
4Z‑IT‑GBFor Italian technical institute of commerce (chartered accounting)
4Z‑IT‑GDFor Italian technical institute of business & foreign languages
4Z‑IT‑GFFor Italian technical institute of Industry
4Z‑IT‑GHFor Italian technical institute of agriculture
4Z‑IT‑GLFor Italian technical institute of surveying
4Z‑IT‑GMFor Italian technical institute of nautical studies
4Z‑IT‑GPFor Italian technical institute of aeronautics
4Z‑IT‑GTFor Italian technical institute of tourism
4Z‑IT‑GZFor other Italian technical institutes
4Z‑US‑For US educational curricula
4Z‑US‑AFor SAT (Scholastic Assessment Test) (USA)
4Z‑US‑BFor ACT (American College Testing) (USA)
4Z‑US‑CFor GED (General Educational Development Tests) (USA)
4Z‑US‑DFor GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test) (USA)
4Z‑US‑EFor GRE (Graduate Record Examination) (USA)
4Z‑US‑FFor LSAT (Law School Admission Test) (USA)
4Z‑US‑GFor MCAT (Medical College Admission Test) (USA)
4Z‑US‑HFor PSAT & NMSQT (National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test) (USA)
4Z‑US‑IFor NTE (National Teacher Examinations) (USA)
4Z‑US‑JFor NCLEX (National Council Licensure Examination) (USA)
4Z‑US‑LFor Legal Bar (USA)
4Z‑US‑MFor High School Entrance (USA)
4Z‑US‑NFor College Entrance (USA)
4Z‑US‑OFor Advance Placement (USA)
4Z‑US‑PFor Armed Forces (USA)
5Interest qualifiers
Do not use “5” on individual books, but select qualifiers from section 5* as appropriate
5AInterest age / level
5ABFor children c 0–36 months1.1
5ABBFor babies from birth1.1
5ABDFor babies from 3 months1.1
5ABFFor babies from 6 months1.1
5ABHFor infants from c 12 months1.1
5ABKInterest age: from c 24 months1.1
5ACInterest age: from c 3 years
5ADInterest age: from c 4 years
5AFInterest age: from c 5 years
5AGInterest age: from c 6 years
5AHInterest age: from c 7 years
5AJInterest age: from c 8 years
5AKInterest age: from c 9 years
5ALInterest age: from c 10 years
5AMInterest age: from c 11 years
5ANInterest age: from c 12 years
5APInterest age: from c 13 years
5AQInterest age: from c 14 years
5ARFor reluctant readers (children)
5AXFor emergent readers (adult)
5HHolidays, events & seasonal interest
5HCHolidays & celebrations
5HCANew Year
5HCCChinese New Year
5HCEValentine’s Day
5HCGCarnival
5HCJMother’s Day
5HCLFather’s Day
5HCNMid-Autumn festival
5HCPHallowe’en
5HCSThanksgiving
5HCWInternational Workers Day (Labour Day)1.2
5HC‑CN‑DDragon Boat Festival1.2
5HC‑CN‑GChinese National Day1.2
5HC‑CN‑QAncestors’ Day1.2
5HC‑US‑AUS Independence Day
5HKSpecial events
5HKABirthdays
5HKBBack to School
5HKCGraduation
5HKFBaptism
5HKMFirst Communion, Holy Communion
5HKQConfirmation
5HKTBar Mitzvah, Bat Mitzvah
5HKUEngagement / Wedding / Marriage
5HPReligious holidays
5HPDChristmas
5HPFEaster
5HPHDiwali
5HPKRamadan
5HPUHanukkah
5HPVPassover (Pesach)
5HPWRosh Hashanah
5HRSeasonal interest
5HRASeasonal interest: Spring
5HRBSeasonal interest: Summer
5HRCSeasonal interest: Autumn, Fall
5HRDSeasonal interest: Winter
5JIntended for specific groups
Use 5J* codes in exceptional circumstances for material that is exclusively intended to be read by, but is not necessarily about, specific groups
1.1
5JAIntended specifically for women and/or girls
Use 5JA in exceptional circumstances for material that is exclusively intended to be read by, but is not necessarily about, women and/or girls
1.1
5JBIntended specifically for men and/or boys
Use 5JB in exceptional circumstances for material that is exclusively intended to be read by, but is not necessarily about, men and/or boys
1.1
5PRelating to specific groups & cultures
5PBRelating to ethnic minorities & groups
Use 5PB* codes for material that is of interest to, or has themes relating to, or is about the specific ethnic group; use with JBSL* codes as well as with other subjects
5PBRRelating to Romani people & Travellers
Use PLACE Qualifier to indicate specific location where applicable
1.1
5PBSRelating to Sami people1.1
5PB‑AU‑ARelating to Australian Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islanders
5PB‑GB‑ARelating to British Asian people
5PB‑GB‑BRelating to Black British people
5PB‑NO‑KRelating to Kven people1.1
5PB‑NZ‑ARelating to Maori people
5PB‑US‑BRelating to Amish / Mennonite people
5PB‑US‑CRelating to African American people
5PB‑US‑DRelating to Asian American people
5PB‑US‑ERelating to Native American people
5PB‑US‑FRelating to Creole people
5PB‑US‑GRelating to Cajun people
5PB‑US‑HRelating to Latin / Hispanic American people
5PGRelating to religious groups
Use 5PG* codes for material that is of interest to, or has themes relating to, or is about the specific religious group; use with JBSR as well as other subjects; do not use for items purely about the specific religion, ie classed with QR* codes only
5PGCRelating to Confucian people & groups1.2
5PGDRelating to Hindu people & groups
5PGFRelating to Buddhist people & groups
5PGJRelating to Jewish people & groups
5PGMRelating to Christian people & groups
5PGPRelating to Islamic people & groups
5PGSRelating to Shinto people & groups1.2
5PGTRelating to Taoist people & groups1.2
5PSRelating to Gay, Lesbian & bisexual people
Use 5PS* codes for material that is of interest to, or has themes relating to, or is about Gays and/or Lesbians; use with JBSJ as well as with other subjects
1.2
5PSGRelating to Gay men
5PSLRelating to Lesbians
5PTRelating to Transgender people1.2
5XContains explicit material
6Style qualifiers
Do not use “6” on individual books, but select qualifiers from section 6* as appropriate
6AStyles (A)
6AAAbstractism
6ABAbstract Expressionism
6ACArt Deco
6ADArt Nouveau
6AFArts & Crafts style
6AGAcademic style, Academism, Academicism
6AHAesthetic Movement
6AJAltermodernism
6AKAnalytic Cubism
6ALArbeitsrat für Kunst
6AMArt Informel
6ANArte Povera
6APAssemblage
6AQAvant-garde
6BStyles (B)
6BABaroque
6BBBarbizon school
6BCBauhaus
6BDBerliner Sezession
6BFBiedermeier
6BGBeat style
6BHBebop
6BJDer Blaue Reiter
6BKBloomsbury Group style
6BLBluegrass
6BMBlues
6BNDie Brücke
6BPByzantine style
6CStyles (C)
6CAClassical style
6CBCubism
6CCCeltic style
6CDCamden Town Group
6CFCloisonnism
6CGCoBrA
6CHColor Field painting
6CJComputer art
6CKConceptualism
6CLConstructivism
6CMCountry & Western
6CNCubo-Futurism
6DStyles (D)
6DADada
6DBDivisionism
6DCDüsseldorf School
6EStyles (E)
6EAEmpire style
6EBEasy listening
6ECThe Eight
6EDAncient Etruscan style
6EFExpressionism
6EGAncient Egyptian style
6EHEpic1.2
6EJElegy1.2
6FStyles (F)
6FAFauvism
6FBFado
6FCFlamenco
6FDFolk style
6FFFuturism
6FGFantasy art
6GStyles (G)
6GAGothic
6GBGeorgian style
6GCAncient Greek style
6HStyles (H)
6HAMetal, Heavy Metal1.2
6HBHague School
6HCHeidelberg School
6JStyles (IJ)
6JAImpressionism
6JBIberian style
6JCIndie
6JDJazz
6JFJack of Diamonds
6JGJugendstil
6KStyles (K)
6LStyles (L)
6LALettrism
6LBLyric1.2
6MStyles (M)
6MAMannerism
6MBMedieval style
6MCModernism
6MDMacchiaioli
6MFMinimalism
6MGAncient Minoan style
6MHMir iskusstva
6MJMozarabic style
6MKAncient Mycenaean style
6NStyles (NO)
6NANaive style
6NBNaturalism
6NCOp art
6NDOutsider art, Art brut
6NEOrientalism
Class here: Western 19th-century art & design movement depicting Middle Eastern or Asian scenes & subject, or adapting Oriental styles; do not use for art of Asian countries
1.2
6NFLes Nabis
6NGNazarene
6NHNeo-Classicism
6NJNeo-impressionism
6NKNew age
6NLNorwich School
6NMOrphism
6PStyles (P)
6PAPop art
6PBPop music
6PCPost-Impressionism
6PDPostmodernism
6PFPeredvizhniki
6PGPittura Metafisica
6PHPointillism
6PJPrehistoric styles
6PKProg Rock
6PLPre-Raphaelite
6PMPsychedelic
6PNPunk & New Wave
6PPPurism
6QStyles (Q)
6QAQueen Anne style
6RStyles (R)
6RARomanticism
6RBRomanesque
6RCRenaissance style
6RDRococo
6RFRock
6RGRock & Roll
6RHRhythm & blues, R’n’B
6RJRap & Hip Hop
6RKReggae & Ska
6RLRayonism
6RMRealism
6RNRelational style
6RPRetro art
6RQReturn to order
6RRAncient Roman style
6SStyles (S)
6SASurrealism
6SBSoul & Funk
6SCSamba & Bossa Nova
6SDSchweizerischer Werkbund
6SFScuola Romana
6SGSecession Groups
6SHSection d’Or
6SJShaker style
6SKSituationist International
6SLSoviet style
6SMSpanish Eclecticism
6SNDe Stijl, Neoplasticism
6SPStuckism International
6SQSturm und Drang
6SRSuprematism
6SSSwing
6STSymbolist style
6SUSynthetic Cubism
6SVSynthetism
6SWSatirical1.2
6TStyles (T)
6TATango
6TBTachism
6TCTartessian style
6TETransavanguardia
6UStyles (U)
6VStyles (V)
6VAVienna Secession
6VBViking style
6VCVisigoth style
6VDVorticism
6VEVernacular1.2
6WStyles (W)
6XStyles (XYZ)
6XZZydeco